South Square, NW11

Road in/near Hampstead Garden Suburb, existing between 1912 and now

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South Square, NW11

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Road · Hampstead Garden Suburb · NW11 ·
MARCH
13
2019

South Square is the name of the southern part of Central Square, Hampstead Garden Suburb.

Raymond Unwin’s 1905 proposals for a garden suburb at Hampstead showed a central core near to the location of what became Central Square. This point was the highest in the suburb and thus its proposed buildings would become the focus in views from surrounding streets. There was to be a library, a hall, an Anglican church, a chapel and shops. The east side of the square was to be filled with housing.

As 1908 dawned, Edwin Lutyens was appointed consulting architect to Hampstead Garden Suburb (HGS) and was directed to focus his energies on the central area, including the Institute. Lutyens’s drew a sketch plan for Central Square and presented to the General Purposes Committee of the HGS Trust on 18 February.

Henrietta Barnett, whose idea the suburb had been, was known not to approve it and suggested an alternative arrangement in a letter of 24 February. This plan captures what would become the final form of the Central Square, with the Institute and related buildings on the east side with churches defining the north and south boundaries.

There is no evidence to show what relationship this plan may have had with Lutyens’s original plan - whether it was entirely new or merely a refinement.

But the early success of the suburb led to plans to extend Hampstead Garden Suburb eastward on land totaling about 300 acres and owned by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners. This was before the central area had been laid out. The proposals for the square and its buildings since 1905 had been based on the premise that they would form the eastern boundary of the Suburb.

Unwin understood that doubling the size of the Suburb had implications for the Central Square, and he set about revising the plans. His new plan was ready by August 1912 and there is nothing to suggest that Lutyens’s had been consulted.

The additional of the new land put the Square at the centre of the Suburb. The challenge was now to open up a view of the extension from Central Square, thus uniting the two halves of the Suburb.

Unwin imagined a prominent crown of public buildings surrounded by public spaces near to East Finchley Station, at the apex of the new triangle of land. There would be a theatre, meeting rooms, shops and buildings. There wouls also be a market for selling the fruits of the ’co-operative effort’ which Unwin was still hoping would flourish in the Suburb.

Lutyens eventually modified his Central Square proposals to take the growth into account, and the east elevation of the Institute should be understood as his eventual concession to the Suburb’s growth.


Main source: The Hampstead Garden Suburb Trust
Further citations and sources



South Square

South Square
Hampstead Garden Suburb Heritage

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Hampstead Garden Suburb Hampstead Garden Suburb is a suburb, north of Hampstead, west of Highgate, and east of Golders Green. It is an example of early twentieth-century domestic architecture and town planning located in the London Borough of Barnet in northwest London.

NEARBY STREETS
Alyth Gardens, NW11 Alyth Gardens is a street in Golders Green.
Bigwood Road, NW11 Bigwood Road is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Central Square, NW11 Central Square was the original centre of Hampstead Garden Suburb due to the further development of the Suburb in the 1920s and 1930s, it is now located towards the west.
Chatham Close, NW11 Chatham Close is a street in Golders Green.
Clifton Gardens, NW11 Clifton Gardens is a street in Golders Green.
Constable Close, NW11 Constable Close is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Cotman Close, NW11 Cotman Close is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Dingwall Gardens, NW11 Dingwall Gardens is a street in Golders Green.
Farm Walk, NW11 Farm Walk is a street in Golders Green.
Forres Gardens, NW11 Forres Gardens is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Green Close, NW11 Green Close is a street in Golders Green.
Hampstead Gardens, NW11 Hampstead Gardens is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Hampstead Way, NW11 Hampstead Way was one of the major roads designed for Hampstead Garden Suburb.
Hanstead Garden, NW11 Hanstead Garden is a street in Golders Green.
Heathgate, NW11 Heathgate is a street in Golders Green.
Hoop Lane, NW11 Hoop Lane was originally called Wheel Lane.
Hurst Close, NW11 Hurst Close is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Linnell Close, NW11 Linnell Close is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Linnell Drive, NW11 Linnell Drive is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Litchfield Way, NW11 Litchfield Way is a street in Golders Green.
Lucas Square, NW11 Lucas Square is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Meadway Close, NW11 Meadway Close is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Meadway Court, NW11 Meadway Court is a street in Golders Green.
Meadway Gate, NW11 Meadway Gate is a street in Golders Green.
Meadway, NW11 Meadway is a street in Golders Green.
Middleway, NW11 Middleway is a street in Golders Green.
North Square, NW11 North Square is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Northway, NW11 Northway is a street in Golders Green.
Raeburn Close, NW11 Raeburn Close is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Ruskin Close, NW11 Ruskin Close is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Sheridan Walk, NW11 Sheridan Walk is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Southway, NW11 Southway is a road in the NW11 postcode area
St Edward’s Close, NW11 St Edward’s Close is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Temple Fortune Hill, NW11 Temple Fortune Hill is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Temple Fortune Lane, NW11 Temple Fortune Lane is a street in Golders Green.
The Orchard, NW11 57 flats were built in The Orchard in 1909, one of the earliest roads of Hampstead Garden Suburb.
Thornton Way, NW11 Thornton Way is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Turner Close, NW11 Turner Close is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Turner Drive, NW11 Turner Drive is a street in Golders Green.
Wild Hatch, NW11 Wild Hatch is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Willifield Way, NW11 Willifield Way, started in 1911, contains cottages built by Parker and Unwin.


Hampstead Garden Suburb

Hampstead Garden Suburb is a suburb, north of Hampstead, west of Highgate, and east of Golders Green. It is an example of early twentieth-century domestic architecture and town planning located in the London Borough of Barnet in northwest London.

The master plan was prepared by Barry Parker and Sir Raymond Unwin.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Hoop Lane Cemetery
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