South Square, NW11

Road in/near Queen’s Park, existing between 1912 and now

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(51.57972 -0.18983, 51.579 -0.189) 
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Road · * · NW11 ·
MARCH
13
2019

South Square is the name of the southern part of Central Square, Hampstead Garden Suburb.

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Raymond Unwin’s 1905 proposals for a garden suburb at Hampstead showed a central core near to the location of what became Central Square. This point was the highest in the suburb and thus its proposed buildings would become the focus in views from surrounding streets. There was to be a library, a hall, an Anglican church, a chapel and shops. The east side of the square was to be filled with housing.

As 1908 dawned, Edwin Lutyens was appointed consulting architect to Hampstead Garden Suburb (HGS) and was directed to focus his energies on the central area, including the Institute. Lutyens’s drew a sketch plan for Central Square and presented to the General Purposes Committee of the HGS Trust on 18 February.

Henrietta Barnett, whose idea the suburb had been, was known not to approve it and suggested an alternative arrangement in a letter of 24 February. This plan captures what would become the final form of the Central Square, with the Institute and related buildings on the east side with churches defining the north and south boundaries.

There is no evidence to show what relationship this plan may have had with Lutyens’s original plan - whether it was entirely new or merely a refinement.

But the early success of the suburb led to plans to extend Hampstead Garden Suburb eastward on land totaling about 300 acres and owned by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners. This was before the central area had been laid out. The proposals for the square and its buildings since 1905 had been based on the premise that they would form the eastern boundary of the Suburb.

Unwin understood that doubling the size of the Suburb had implications for the Central Square, and he set about revising the plans. His new plan was ready by August 1912 and there is nothing to suggest that Lutyens’s had been consulted.

The additional of the new land put the Square at the centre of the Suburb. The challenge was now to open up a view of the extension from Central Square, thus uniting the two halves of the Suburb.

Unwin imagined a prominent crown of public buildings surrounded by public spaces near to East Finchley Station, at the apex of the new triangle of land. There would be a theatre, meeting rooms, shops and buildings. There wouls also be a market for selling the fruits of the ’co-operative effort’ which Unwin was still hoping would flourish in the Suburb.

Lutyens eventually modified his Central Square proposals to take the growth into account, and the east elevation of the Institute should be understood as his eventual concession to the Suburb’s growth.


Main source: The Hampstead Garden Suburb Trust
Further citations and sources


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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


Lived here
   
Added: 10 Dec 2020 23:51 GMT   

Wellgarth Road, NW11
I lived at 15 Wellgarth Road with my parents and family from 1956 until I left home in the 70s and continued to visit my mother there until she moved in the early 80s. On the first day we moved in we kids raced around the garden and immediately discovered an air raid shelter that ran right underneath the house which I assume was added in the run-up to WW2. There was a basement room with its own entrance off the garden and right opposite where the air raid shelter emerged. In no time at all up high near the ceiling of this room, we discovered a door which, while we were little enough, we could enter by standing on some item of furniture, haul ourselves in and hide from the grownups. That room was soundproof enough for us kids to make a racket if we wanted to. But not too loud if my dad was playing billiards in the amazing wood-panelled room immediately above. We had no idea that we were living in such an historical building. To us it was just fun - and home!

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MARY RUSHTON-BEALES   
Added: 25 Jan 2021 17:58 GMT   

MY GRANDMA GREW UP HERE - 100 WILLIFIELD WAY
MY GRANDMA WINIFRED AND HER BROTHERS ERIC AND JEFF LIVED AT 100 WILLIFIELD WAY. THEY WERE PART OF THE HAMPSTEAD GARDEN SUBURB SOCIAL EXPERIMENT. GRANDMA ALWAYS TALKED ABOUT WILLIFIELD WAY AND HER LIFE IN HAMPSTEAD GARDEN SUBURB WITH GREAT AFFECTION. SHE WAS CONVINCED THAT THEY HAD BETTER EDUCATION BECAUSE THEY LIVED THERE. NOT LONG AGO MY BROTHER AND I TOOK THE TRAIN TO THIS PART OF LONDON AND WALKED DOWN THE ROAD. THE HOUSE IS STILL THERE

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Lived here
roger morris   
Added: 16 Oct 2021 08:50 GMT   

Atherton Road, IG5 (1958 - 1980)
I moved to Atherton road in 1958 until 1980 from Finsbury Park. My father purchased the house from his brother Sydney Morris. My father continued to live there until his death in 1997, my mother having died in 1988.
I attended The Glade Primary School in Atherton Road from sept 1958 until 1964 when I went to Beal School. Have fond memories of the area and friends who lived at no2 (Michael Clark)and no11 (Brian Skelly)

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Lived here
margaret clark   
Added: 15 Oct 2021 22:23 GMT   

Margaret’s address when she married in 1938
^, Josepine House, Stepney is the address of my mother on her marriage certificate 1938. Her name was Margaret Irene Clark. Her father Basil Clark was a warehouse grocer.

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Martin Eaton    
Added: 14 Oct 2021 03:56 GMT   

Boundary Estate
Sunbury, Taplow House.

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Simon Chalton   
Added: 10 Oct 2021 21:52 GMT   

Duppas Hill Terrace 1963- 74
I’m 62 yrs old now but between the years 1963 and 1975 I lived at number 23 Duppas Hill Terrace. I had an absolutely idyllic childhood there and it broke my heart when the council ordered us out of our home to build the Ellis Davd flats there.The very large house overlooked the fire station and we used to watch them practice putting out fires in the blue tower which I believe is still there.
I’m asking for your help because I cannot find anything on the internet or anywhere else (pictures, history of the house, who lived there) and I have been searching for many, many years now.
Have you any idea where I might find any specific details or photos of Duppas Hill Terrace, number 23 and down the hill to where the subway was built. To this day it saddens me to know they knocked down this house, my extended family lived at the next house down which I think was number 25 and my best school friend John Childs the next and last house down at number 27.
I miss those years so terribly and to coin a quote it seems they just disappeared like "tears in rain".
Please, if you know of anywhere that might be able to help me in any way possible, would you be kind enough to get back to me. I would be eternally grateful.
With the greatest of hope and thanks,
Simon Harlow-Chalton.


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Linda Webb   
Added: 27 Sep 2021 05:51 GMT   

Hungerford Stairs
In 1794 my ancestor, George Webb, Clay Pipe Maker, lived in Hungerford Stairs, Strand. Source: Wakefields Merchant & Tradesmens General Directory London Westminster 1794

Source: Hungerford Stairs

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Born here
jack stevens   
Added: 26 Sep 2021 13:38 GMT   

Mothers birth place
Number 5 Whites Row which was built in around 1736 and still standing was the premises my now 93 year old mother was born in, her name at birth was Hilda Evelyne Shaw,

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Born here
Ron Shepherd   
Added: 18 Sep 2021 17:28 GMT   

More Wisdom
Norman Joseph Wisdom was born in St Mary’s Hospital, Paddington, West London.

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Jonathan Penner   
Added: 11 Sep 2021 16:03 GMT   

Pennard Road, W12
My wife and I, young Canadians, lodged at 65 (?) Pennard Road with a fellow named Clive and his girlfriend, Melanie, for about 6 months in 1985. We loved the area and found it extremely convenient.

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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Hampstead Garden Suburb Hampstead Garden Suburb is a suburb, north of Hampstead, west of Highgate, and east of Golders Green. It is an example of early twentieth-century domestic architecture and town planning located in the London Borough of Barnet in northwest London.

NEARBY STREETS
Alyth Gardens, NW11 Alyth Gardens is a street in Golders Green.
Bigwood Road, NW11 Bigwood Road is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Brunner Close, NW11 Brunner Close is a location in London.
Central Square, NW11 Central Square was the original centre of Hampstead Garden Suburb due to the further development of the Suburb in the 1920s and 1930s, it is now located towards the west.
Chatham Close, NW11 Chatham Close is a street in Golders Green.
Clifton Gardens, NW11 Clifton Gardens is a street in Golders Green.
Constable Close, NW11 Constable Close is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Cotman Close, NW11 Cotman Close is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Dingwall Gardens, NW11 Dingwall Gardens is a street in Golders Green.
Farm Walk, NW11 Farm Walk is a street in Golders Green.
Forres Gardens, NW11 Forres Gardens is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Green Close, NW11 Green Close is a street in Golders Green.
Hampstead Gardens, NW11 Hampstead Gardens is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Hampstead Way, NW11 Hampstead Way was one of the major roads designed for Hampstead Garden Suburb.
Hanstead Garden, NW11 Hanstead Garden is a street in Golders Green.
Heathgate, NW11 Heathgate is a street in Golders Green.
Hoop Lane, NW11 Hoop Lane was originally called Wheel Lane.
Hurst Close, NW11 Hurst Close is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Linnell Close, NW11 Linnell Close is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Linnell Drive, NW11 Linnell Drive is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Litchfield Way, NW11 Litchfield Way is a street in Golders Green.
Lucas Square, NW11 Lucas Square is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Meadway Close, NW11 Meadway Close is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Meadway Court, NW11 Meadway Court is a street in Golders Green.
Meadway Gate, NW11 Meadway Gate is a street in Golders Green.
Meadway, NW11 Meadway is a street in Golders Green.
Middleway, NW11 Middleway is a street in Golders Green.
North Square, NW11 North Square is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Northway, NW11 Northway is a street in Golders Green.
Raeburn Close, NW11 Raeburn Close is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Ruskin Close, NW11 Ruskin Close is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Sheridan Walk, NW11 Sheridan Walk is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Southway, NW11 Southway is a road in the NW11 postcode area
St Edward’s Close, NW11 St Edward’s Close is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Temple Fortune Hill, NW11 Temple Fortune Hill is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Temple Fortune Lane, NW11 Temple Fortune Lane is a street in Golders Green.
Temple Grove, NW11 Temple Grove runs off Temple Fortune Lane.
The Orchard, NW11 57 flats were built in The Orchard in 1909, one of the earliest roads of Hampstead Garden Suburb.
Thornton Way, NW11 Thornton Way is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Turner Close, NW11 Turner Close is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Turner Drive, NW11 Turner Drive is a street in Golders Green.
Wild Hatch, NW11 Wild Hatch is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Willifield Way, NW11 Willifield Way, started in 1911, contains cottages built by Parker and Unwin.

NEARBY PUBS
St Edwards Church Social Club This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


Queen’s Park

Queen’s Park lies between Kilburn and Kensal Green, developed from 1875 onwards and named to honour Queen Victoria.

The north of Queen’s Park formed part of the parish of Willesden and the southern section formed an exclave of the parish of Chelsea, both in the Ossulstone hundred of Middlesex. In 1889 the area of the Metropolitan Board of Works that included the southern section of Queen’s Park was transferred from Middlesex to the County of London, and in 1900 the anomaly of being administered from Chelsea was removed when the exclave was united with the parish of Paddington. In 1965 both parts of Queen’s Park became part of Greater London: the northern section - Queen’s Park ’proper’ formed part of Brent and the southern section - the Queen’s Park Estate - joined the City of Westminster.

Queen’s Park, like much of Kilburn, was developed by Solomon Barnett. The two-storey terraced houses east of the park, built between 1895 and 1900, typically have clean, classical lines. Those west of the park, built 1900–05, tend to be more Gothic in style. Barnett’s wife was from the West Country, and many of the roads he developed are named either for places she knew (e.g. Torbay, Tiverton, Honiton) or for popular poets of the time (e.g. Tennyson). The first occupants of the area in late Victorian times were typically lower middle class, such as clerks and teachers. Queen’s Park is both demographically and architecturally diverse. The streets around the park at the heart of Queen’s Park are a conservation area.

There is hardly any social housing in the streets around Queens Park itself, and the area was zoned as not suitable for social housing in the 1970s and 1980s as even then house prices were above average for the borough of Brent, which made them unaffordable for local Housing Associations. The main shopping streets of Salusbury Road and Chamberlayne Road have fewer convenience stores and more high-value shops and restaurants. Local schools – some of which struggled to attract the children of wealthier local families in the past – are now over-subscribed. House prices have risen accordingly.

Queen’s Park station was first opened by the London and North Western Railway on 2 June 1879 on the main line from London to Birmingham.

Services on the Bakerloo line were extended from Kilburn Park to Queen’s Park on 11 February 1915. On 10 May 1915 Bakerloo services began to operate north of Queen’s Park as far as Willesden Junction over the recently built Watford DC Line tracks shared with the LNWR.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Golders Green crossroads
TUM image id: 1489497573
Licence: CC BY 2.0
North End Road, NW11
TUM image id: 1492987726
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
View towards Central Square
Credit: Hampstead Garden Suburb trust
Licence: CC BY 2.0
To View or share the image, go to its dedicated web page

The corner of Corringway and Corringham Road in Hampstead Garden Suburb (2021)
Credit: Instagram/@audsbitsnbobs
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