South Square, NW11

Road in/near Hampstead Garden Suburb, existing between 1912 and now

 HOME  ·  ARTICLE  ·  MAPS  ·  STREETS  BLOG 
(51.57972 -0.18983, 51.579 -0.189) 
MAP YEAR:175018001810182018301860190019502022Show map without markers
ZOOM:14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 18 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 18
TIP: To create your own sharable map, right click on the map
Road · Hampstead Garden Suburb · NW11 ·
FEBRUARY
3
2022

South Square is the name of the southern part of Central Square, Hampstead Garden Suburb.

Raymond Unwin’s 1905 proposals for a garden suburb at Hampstead showed a central core near to the location of what became Central Square. This point was the highest in the suburb and thus its proposed buildings would become the focus in views from surrounding streets. There was to be a library, a hall, an Anglican church, a chapel and shops. The east side of the square was to be filled with housing.

As 1908 dawned, Edwin Lutyens was appointed consulting architect to Hampstead Garden Suburb (HGS) and was directed to focus his energies on the central area, including the Institute. Lutyens’s drew a sketch plan for Central Square and presented to the General Purposes Committee of the HGS Trust on 18 February.

Henrietta Barnett, whose idea the suburb had been, was known not to approve it and suggested an alternative arrangement in a letter of 24 February. This plan captures what would become the final form of the Central Square, with the Institute and related buildings on the east side with churches defining the north and south boundaries.

There is no evidence to show what relationship this plan may have had with Lutyens’s original plan - whether it was entirely new or merely a refinement.

But the early success of the suburb led to plans to extend Hampstead Garden Suburb eastward on land totaling about 300 acres and owned by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners. This was before the central area had been laid out. The proposals for the square and its buildings since 1905 had been based on the premise that they would form the eastern boundary of the Suburb.

Unwin understood that doubling the size of the Suburb had implications for the Central Square, and he set about revising the plans. His new plan was ready by August 1912 and there is nothing to suggest that Lutyens’s had been consulted.

The additional of the new land put the Square at the centre of the Suburb. The challenge was now to open up a view of the extension from Central Square, thus uniting the two halves of the Suburb.

Unwin imagined a prominent crown of public buildings surrounded by public spaces near to East Finchley Station, at the apex of the new triangle of land. There would be a theatre, meeting rooms, shops and buildings. There wouls also be a market for selling the fruits of the ’co-operative effort’ which Unwin was still hoping would flourish in the Suburb.

Lutyens eventually modified his Central Square proposals to take the growth into account, and the east elevation of the Institute should be understood as his eventual concession to the Suburb’s growth.




Main source: The Hampstead Garden Suburb Trust
Further citations and sources


Click here to go to a random London street
We now have 491 completed street histories and 47009 partial histories
Find streets or residential blocks within the M25 by clicking STREETS


CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


Comment
MARY RUSHTON-BEALES   
Added: 25 Jan 2021 17:58 GMT   

MY GRANDMA GREW UP HERE - 100 WILLIFIELD WAY
MY GRANDMA WINIFRED AND HER BROTHERS ERIC AND JEFF LIVED AT 100 WILLIFIELD WAY. THEY WERE PART OF THE HAMPSTEAD GARDEN SUBURB SOCIAL EXPERIMENT. GRANDMA ALWAYS TALKED ABOUT WILLIFIELD WAY AND HER LIFE IN HAMPSTEAD GARDEN SUBURB WITH GREAT AFFECTION. SHE WAS CONVINCED THAT THEY HAD BETTER EDUCATION BECAUSE THEY LIVED THERE. NOT LONG AGO MY BROTHER AND I TOOK THE TRAIN TO THIS PART OF LONDON AND WALKED DOWN THE ROAD. THE HOUSE IS STILL THERE

Reply
Lived here
   
Added: 10 Dec 2020 23:51 GMT   

Wellgarth Road, NW11
I lived at 15 Wellgarth Road with my parents and family from 1956 until I left home in the 70s and continued to visit my mother there until she moved in the early 80s. On the first day we moved in we kids raced around the garden and immediately discovered an air raid shelter that ran right underneath the house which I assume was added in the run-up to WW2. There was a basement room with its own entrance off the garden and right opposite where the air raid shelter emerged. In no time at all up high near the ceiling of this room, we discovered a door which, while we were little enough, we could enter by standing on some item of furniture, haul ourselves in and hide from the grownups. That room was soundproof enough for us kids to make a racket if we wanted to. But not too loud if my dad was playing billiards in the amazing wood-panelled room immediately above. We had no idea that we were living in such an historical building. To us it was just fun - and home!

Reply
LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Lived here
Katharina Logan   
Added: 9 Aug 2022 19:01 GMT   

Ely place existed in name in 1857
On 7th July 1857 John James Chase and Mary Ann Weekes were married at St John the Baptist Hoxton, he of full age and she a minor. Both parties list their place of residence as Ely Place, yet according to other information, this street was not named until 1861. He was a bricklayer, she had no occupation listed, but both were literate and able to sign their names on their marriage certificate.

Source: https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSF7-Q9Y7?cc=3734475

Reply
Comment
Reginald John Gregory   
Added: 8 Aug 2022 14:07 GMT   

Worked in the vicinity of my ancestor’s house,
Between the years 1982-1998 (unknown to me at the time) I worked in an office close to the site of my ancestors cottage. I discovered this when researching family history - the cottage was mentioned in the 1871 census for Colindeep Lane/Ancient Street coming up from the Hyde. The family lived in the ares betwen 1805 and 1912.

Reply

Barry J. Page   
Added: 27 Jul 2022 19:41 GMT   

Highbury Corner V1 Explosion
Grandma described the V1 explosion at Highbury Corner on many occasions. She was working in the scullery when the flying bomb landed. The blast shattered all the windows in the block of flats and blew off the bolt on her front door. As she looked out the front room window, people in various states of injury and shock were making their way along Highbury Station Road. One man in particular, who was bleeding profusely from glass shard wounds to his neck, insisted in getting home to see if his family was all right. Others were less fortunate. Len, the local newsagent, comforted a man, who had lost both legs caused by the blast, until the victim succumbed to his injuries. The entire area was ravaged and following are statistics. The flying bomb landed during lunch hour (12:46 p.m.) on June 27th 1944. 26 people lost their lives, 84 were seriously injured and 71 slightly injured.

Reply
Comment
ANON   
Added: 20 Jul 2022 13:36 GMT   

The Square & Ashmore park
The Square and Ashmore park was the place to be 2000-2005. Those were the greatest times on the estate. everyday people were playing out. the park was full of kids just being kids and having fun, now everyone is grown up and only bump into eachother when heading to the shops or work. I miss the good days( Im 25yrs old as im writing this)

Reply
Spotted here
   
Added: 18 Jul 2022 13:56 GMT   

Map of Thornsett Road Esrlsfield


Reply
Born here
Carolyn Hirst   
Added: 16 Jul 2022 15:21 GMT   

Henry James Hirst
My second great grandfather Henry James Hirst was born at 18 New Road on 11 February 1861. He was the eighth of the eleven children of Rowland and Isabella Hirst. I think that this part of New Road was also known at the time as Gloucester Terrace.

Reply
Lived here
Richard   
Added: 12 Jul 2022 21:36 GMT   

Elgin Crescent, W11
Richard Laitner (1955-1983), a barrister training to be a doctor at UCL, lived here in 1983. He was murdered aged 28 with both his parents after attending his sister’s wedding in Sheffield in 1983. The Richard Laitner Memorial Fund maintains bursaries in his memory at UCL Medical School

Source: Ancestry Library Edition

Reply
Comment
Anthony Mckay   
Added: 11 Jul 2022 00:12 GMT   

Bankfield Cottages, Ass House Lane, Harrow Weald
Bankfield Cottages (now demolished) at the end of Ass House Lane, appear twice in ’The Cheaters’ televison series (made 1960) in the episodes ’The Fine Print’ and ’Tine to Kill’

Source: THE CHEATERS: Episode Index

Reply

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Hampstead Garden Suburb Hampstead Garden Suburb is a suburb, north of Hampstead, west of Highgate, and east of Golders Green. It is an example of early twentieth-century domestic architecture and town planning located in the London Borough of Barnet in northwest London.

NEARBY STREETS
Alyth Gardens, NW11 Alyth Gardens is in an area of Temple Fortune
Bigwood Road, NW11 Bigwood Road, lies in Hampstead Garden Suburb
Brunner Close, NW11 Brunner Close is in an area of Hampstead Garden Suburb
Central Square, NW11 Central Square was the original centre of Hampstead Garden Suburb due to the further development of the Suburb in the 1920s and 1930s, it is now located towards the west.
Chatham Close, NW11 Chatham Close is in the Hampstead Garden Suburb part of the NW11 area
Clifton Gardens, NW11 Clifton Gardens is in Temple Fortune
Constable Close, NW11 Constable Close lies within the NW11 postal area
Cotman Close, NW11 Cotman Close, was planned as part of Hampstead Garden Suburb
Dingwall Gardens, NW11 Dingwall Gardens is in Temple Fortune
Farm Walk, NW11 In Farm Walk, there are roughcast terraces with brick doorways and bay windows designed by Parker and Unwin in 1911.
Forres Gardens, NW11 Forres Gardens is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Green Close, NW11 Green Close lies within the NW11 postal area
Hampstead Gardens, NW11 Hampstead Gardens backs onto the Jewish Cemetary.
Hampstead Way, NW11 Hampstead Way was one of the major roads designed for Hampstead Garden Suburb.
Heathgate, NW11 Heathgate is part of Hampstead Garden Suburb
Hill Close, NW11 Hill Close forms an intimate cul de sac rising towards Central Square.
Hoop Lane, NW11 Hoop Lane was originally called Wheel Lane.
Hurst Close, NW11 Hurst Close is part of Hampstead Garden Suburb
Linnell Close, NW11 Linnell Close, like nearby Linnell Drive, was named for a Victorian artist.
Linnell Drive, NW11 Linnell Drive was named for the painter John Linnell.
Litchfield Square, NW11 Litchfield Square is a large formal composition designed by Parker and Unwin.
Litchfield Way, NW11 Litchfield Way is in the Hampstead Garden Suburb part of the NW11 area
Lucas Square, NW11 Lucas Square was named after its architect, Geoffrey Lucas.
Meadway Close, NW11 Meadway Close is in the Hampstead Garden Suburb area
Meadway Court, NW11 Meadway Court was designed by G.L. Sutcliffe in 1913.
Meadway Gate, NW11 Meadway Gate is a location in Hampstead Garden Suburb
Meadway, NW11 Meadway is in Hampstead Garden Suburb
Middleway, NW11 Middleway is part of Hampstead Garden Suburb
North Square, NW11 North Square is in an area of Hampstead Garden Suburb
Northway, NW11 Northway runs from Central Square to Falloden Way.
Raeburn Close, NW11 Raeburn Close is in the Hampstead Garden Suburb part of the NW11 area
Ruskin Close, NW11 Ruskin Close is part of Hampstead Garden Suburb
Sheridan Walk, NW11 Sheridan Walk is in Hampstead Garden Suburb
Southway, NW11 Southway is in Hampstead Garden Suburb
St Edward’s Close, NW11 St Edward’s Close lies off Finchley Road.
Temple Fortune Hill, NW11 Temple Fortune Hill is within the oldest part of Hampstead Garden Suburb.
Temple Fortune Lane, NW11 Temple Fortune Lane leads from Temple Fortune itself into Hampstead Garden Suburb.
Temple Grove, NW11 Temple Grove is in the Temple Fortune part of the NW11 area
The Orchard, NW11 57 flats were built in The Orchard in 1909, one of the earliest developments of Hampstead Garden Suburb.
Thornton Way, NW11 Thornton Way, lies in Hampstead Garden Suburb
Turner Close, NW11 Turner Close, was planned as part of Hampstead Garden Suburb
Turner Drive, NW11 Turner Drive is one of a number of Hampstead Garden Suburb roads named after artists.
Wild Hatch, NW11 Wild Hatch, now a small road, is part of an ancient route.
Willifield Way, NW11 Willifield Way runs south from ‘Crickmer Circus’ to meet Hampstead Way before the junction with Meadway.

NEARBY PUBS
St Edwards Church Social Club This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


Hampstead Garden Suburb

Hampstead Garden Suburb is a suburb, north of Hampstead, west of Highgate, and east of Golders Green. It is an example of early twentieth-century domestic architecture and town planning located in the London Borough of Barnet in northwest London.

The master plan was prepared by Barry Parker and Sir Raymond Unwin.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Click here to see map view of nearby Creative Commons images
Click here to see Creative Commons images near to this postcode
Click here to see Creative Commons images tagged with this road (if applicable)
North End Road, NW11
TUM image id: 1492987726
Licence:
Bute Mews
Credit: Godfrey and Barr
TUM image id: 1658403397
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
View towards Central Square
Credit: Hampstead Garden Suburb trust
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Hampstead Garden Suburb from Willifield Way (1914) Golders Green crematorium can be seen in the background
Credit: William Whitehead Ratcliffe/Tate
Licence:


The corner of Corringway and Corringham Road in Hampstead Garden Suburb (2021)
Credit: Instagram/@audsbitsnbobs
Licence:


Print-friendly version of this page

  Contact us · Copyright policy · Privacy policy