Spaniards End, NW3

Road in/near Hampstead Garden Suburb, existing between 1680 and now

(51.57021 -0.17545, 51.57 -0.175) 

Spaniards End, NW3

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502021Remove markers
Road · * · NW3 ·

Spaniards End lies behind the eponymous inn.

By the end of the 1600s houses can be found around a pond on North End Way - these formed a village called North End. By 1710 there were 10 people paying 19 quit rents for 18 houses and cottages, and nearly three acres, almost all taken from the heath, at ’over the heath or North End’.

Two of the 18 houses were recently built cottages at ’Parkgate’, later called Spaniard’s End. The only other building in the area was Mother Huff’s, an inn later called the Shakespeare’s Head, fronting Spaniard’s Road. The house, where Mother Huff claimed in 1728 to have been for 50 years, was recorded in 1680 and may have been the New inn marked on the road through Cane Wood (Kenwood) to Highgate c. 1672.

The name Spaniard’s End was only gradually applied in connection with the nearby inn. Only by the end of the nineteenth century was it named on maps as such.

In Spaniard’s End, Heath End House was occupied by Sir William Parry (1790-1855), the Arctic explorer, and from 1889 to 1912 by Canon Samuel Barnett (1844-1913), the social reformer, and his wife Dame Henrietta (1851-1936), founder of Hampstead Garden Suburb. In 1895 they lent the house, which they called St. Jude’s Cottage, to the painter James Whistler (1834-1903) and in 1903 they took over Erskine House for a convalescent home.

The whole estate was acquired by Sir Hall Caine - a novelist - who demolished Erskine House in 1923. From 1894 to 1908 the Elms was the home of Sir Joseph Joel Duveen, an art dealer. The house to the north was demolished between 1891 and 1913. A new house, called Mount Tyndale, was built in the 1920s and occupied in 1938 by Viscount Knollys.

There was a larger house called the Firs. This was divided in the 1950s into three houses called the White House, the Chantry, and Casa Maria, the third being formed from the billiard room. The outbuildings were converted into other dwellings. Heath End House survived under the name Evergreen Hill, next to a wing of the old Erskine House. The Elms housed St. Columba’s hospital from 1957 and was then owned, but rarely inhabited, by Barbara Hutton, the Woolworth heiress. In 1981 it was sold for a large sum to a sheikh of the United Arab Emirates but it remained unoccupied and in 1987 was sold to developers.

Main source: Hampstead: North End, Littleworth, and Spaniard's End | Bri
Further citations and sources

Spaniards Inn The Spaniards Inn lies in Hampstead Lane on the way from Hampstead to Highgate and on the edge of Hampstead Heath.

Columbas Drive, NW3 Columbas Drive is a road in the NW3 postcode area
George Lane, N2 George Lane ran from Hampstead Lane to East End Road.
Hampstead Lane, NW3 Hampstead Lane is a street in Hampstead.
Ingram Avenue, N2 Ingram Avenue is a road in the N2 postcode area
Ingram Avenue, NW11 Ingram Avenue is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Kenwood Close, NW3 Kenwood Close is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Mountview Close, NW11 Mountview Close is a road in the NW11 postcode area
North End Avenue, NW3 North End Avenue runs south from North End.
North End, NW3 North End is a street in Hampstead.
Romney Close, NW11 Romney Close is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Sandy Road, NW3 Sandy Road is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Sandy Road, NW3 Sandy Road is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Spaniards Close, NW11 Spaniards Close is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Spaniards Road, NW3 Spaniards Road is a street in Hampstead.
The Bishops Avenue, NW3 The Bishops Avenue is a road in the NW3 postcode area
The Limes, NW3 The Limes replaced the Hare and Hounds pub which previously stood here.
The Village, NW3 The Village is a street in Hampstead.
Turners Wood, NW11 Turner’s Wood, built in 1916, was the final road of the original Hampstead Garden Suburb before the First World War brought work to an end.
Wildwood Grove, NW3 Wildwood Grove was a terraced row begun in the 1860s.
Wildwood Rise, NW11 Wildwood Rise is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Wyldes Close, NW3 Wyldes Close is a road in the NW3 postcode area

Hampstead Garden Suburb

Hampstead Garden Suburb is a suburb, north of Hampstead, west of Highgate, and east of Golders Green. It is an example of early twentieth-century domestic architecture and town planning located in the London Borough of Barnet in northwest London.

The master plan was prepared by Barry Parker and Sir Raymond Unwin.

The Old Bull and Bush
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Licence: CC BY 2.0
Whitestone Pond (1900s)
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In the neighbourhood...

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Turners Wood
Credit: Hampstead Garden Suburb Trust
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