New Palace Yard, SW1P

Road in/near Westminster, existing until now

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(51.49581 -0.13059, 51.495 -0.13) 

New Palace Yard, SW1P

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502021Remove markers
Road · Westminster · SW1P ·
August
9
2017

New Palace Yard was built by William II (William Rufus).

New Palace Yard was named ’new’ to distinguish it from Old Palace Yard which lies to the south but it dates from 1097. It formed an entrance to Westminster Hall, also built by William II (Rufus).

An octagonal fountain was built in 1443 by Henry VI. The fountain, which incorporated the remains of an early 12th century conduit, stood in the yard until the late 17th century.

The yard was laid out as a garden and a fountain commemorating the Queen’s Silver Jubilee was added in 1977.

New Palace Yard now conceals a five-level underground car park opened in 1974.


Main source: Old and New Palace Yards - UK Parliament
Further citations and sources




NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
St Mary’s Church, Vincent Square St Mary’s was established in 1837 and closed in 1923.
Tothill Fields Bridewell Tothill Fields Bridewell (also known as Tothill Fields Prison and Westminster Bridewell) was a prison located in Westminster between 1618 and 1884.
Westminster Abbey Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is one of the world’s greatest churches.
Westminster Under School Westminster Under School is an independent school and preparatory school for boys aged 7 to 13 and is attached to Westminster School.

NEARBY STREETS
Abbey Orchard Street, SW1P Abbey Orchard Street was the heart of a former slum area.
Abingdon Street, SW1P Abingdon Street has linked Old Palace Yard and Millbank since at least 1593.
Angela Hooper Place, SW1E Angela Hooper Place is a location in London.
Arneway Street, SW1P Arneway Street is named for Thomas Arneway, former benefactor to the Westminster parish poor.
Artillery Place, SW1P Artillery Place was named after a former nearby artillery practice ground which stood here in the 19th century.
Artillery Row, SW1P Artillery Row skirts a former artillery ground.
Ashley Gardens, SW1P Ashley Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Barton Street, SW1P Barton Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Bennett’s Yard, SW1P Bennett’s Yard is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Bloomberg Street, SW1V Bloomberg Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Bloomburg Street, SW1V Bloomburg Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Brewers Green, SW1H Brewers Green is one of the streets of London in the SW1H postal area.
Broadway, SW1H Broadway - formerly the location of the headquarters of both London Transport and the Metropolitan Police.
Caxton Street, SW1H William Caxton was responsible for the introduction of the printing press to England.
Chadwick Street, SW1P Chadwick Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Chapter Chambers, SW1P Chapter Chambers is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Chapter Street, SW1P Chapter Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Coburg Close, SW1P Coburg Close is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Cowley Street, SW1P Cowley Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Dacre Street, SW1H Dacre Street is named after Lady Anne Dacre.
Dalkeith Court, SW1P Dalkeith Court is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Dean Bradley House, SW1P Residential block
Dean Bradley Street, SW1P George Granville Bradley was Dean of Westminster Abbey from 1881.
Dean Farrar Street, SW1H Frederic William Farrar was a canon of Westminster Abbey.
Dean Ryle Street, SW1P Dean Ryle Street was named after Herbert Edward Ryle.
Dean Stanley Street, SW1P Dean Stanley Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Dean Trench Street, SW1P Dean Trench Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Deans Yard, SW1P Dean’s Yard comprises most of the precincts of the former monastery of Westminster, not occupied by the Abbey buildings.
Elverton Street, SW1P Elverton Street is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Emery Hill Street, SW1P Emery Hill Street is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Esterbrooke Street, SW1P Esterbrooke Street is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Francis Street, SW1P Francis Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Gayfere Street, SW1P Gayfere Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Gordon House, SW1P Residential block
Great College Street, SW1P Great College Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Great Peter Street, SW1P Great Peter Street bears the name of the patron saint of Westminster Abbey.
Great Smith Street, SW1P Great Smith Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Greencoat Place, SW1P Greencoat Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Greycoat Gardens, SW1P Greycoat Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Greycoat Place, SW1P Greycoat Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Greycoat Street, SW1P Greycoat Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Hatherley Street, SW1V Hatherley Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Hide Place, SW1P Hide Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Horseferry Road, SW1P Horseferry Road is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Howick Place, SW1P Howick Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Howick Place, SW1P This is a street in the SW1E postcode area
John Islip Street, SW1P John Islip Street commemorates the Abbot of Westminster between 1500 and 1532.
Joseph Conrad House, SW1V Residential block
Kingsgate Parade, SW1E Kingsgate Parade is one of the streets of London in the SW1E postal area.
Lambeth Bridge, SW1P Lambeth Bridge is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Little Cloisters, SW1P Little Cloisters is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Little College Street, SW1P Little College Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Little Deans Yard, SW1P Little Deans Yard is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Lord North Street, SW1P Lord North Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Marsham Street, SW1P Marsham Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Medway Street, SW1P Medway Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Millbank Tower, SW1P Millbank Tower is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Millbank, SW1P Millbank was the beginning of a riverside walk from Westminster Abbey to Chelsea.
Monck Street, SW1P Monck Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
North Court, SW1P North Court is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Old Palace Yard, SW1P Old Palace Yard lies between the Palace of Westminster and Westminster Abbey.
Old Pye Street, SW1P Old Pye Street gets its name from Sir Robert Pye, member of parliament for Westminster in the time of Charles I.
Page Street, SW1P Page Street runs from Regency Street in the west to the junction of John Islip Street and Dean Ryle Street in the east.
Palmer Street, SW1H Palmer Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1H postal area.
Petty France, SW1H Petty France is one of the streets of London in the SW1H postal area.
Post Office Way, SW1H Post Office Way is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Regency Place, SW1P Regency Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Regency Street, SW1P Regency Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Rochester Row, SW1P Rochester Row was home to the Bishop of Rochester in 1666.
Rochester Street, SW1P Rochester Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Romney Street, SW1P Romney Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Rutherford Street, SW1P Rutherford Street is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Seaforth Place, SW1E Seaforth Place is a road in the SW1E postcode area
Smith Square, SW1P Smith Square was originally developed by Sir James Smith around 1726.
Spenser Street, SW1P Spenser Street is a road in the SW1E postcode area
St Anns Street, SW1P St Anns Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
St Matthew Street, SW1P St Matthew Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
St Vincents Centre, SW1P St Vincents Centre is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
St. Ermin’s Hill, SW1H St. Ermin’s Hill is a road in the SW1H postcode area
St. Matthew Street, SW1P St. Matthew Street is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Stillington Street, SW1P Stillington Street is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Strutton Ground, SW1P Strutton Ground is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
The Sanctuary, SW1P The Sanctuary is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
The Terrace, SW1P The Terrace is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Thirleby Road, SW1P Thirleby Road is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Thorney Street, SW1P Thorney Street is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Tothill Street, SW1H Tothill Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1H postal area.
Tufton Street, SW1P Tufton Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Udall Street, SW1V Udall Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Vandon Passage, SW1H Vandon Passage probably dates from the fifteenth century.
Vandon Street, SW1H Vandon Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1H postal area.
Vauxhall Bridge Road, SW1V Vauxhall Bridge Road is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Vauxhall Bridge Road, SW1V This is a street in the SW1P postcode area
Victoria Chambers, SW1P Victoria Chambers is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Victoria Street, SW1E Victoria Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
Victoria Street, SW1P Victoria Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1H postal area.
Vincent Square, SW1P Vincent Square is a large grass-covered square which provides playing fields for Westminster School, which owns it.
Vincent Street, SW1P Vincent Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Walcott Street, SW1P Walcott Street was named after Reverend MEC Walcott, curate of the St Margaret’s, Westminster in the 1840s.
Westminster Mansions, SW1P Westminster Mansions is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Westminster Palace Gardens, SW1P Westminster Palace Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Wilcox Place, SW1P Wilcox Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1E postal area.
Willow Place, SW1P Willow Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.


Westminster

Westminster - heart of government.

While the underground station dates from 1868, Westminster itself is almost as old as London itself. It has a large concentration of London’s historic and prestigious landmarks and visitor attractions, including the Palace of Westminster, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Cathedral.

Historically part of the parish of St Margaret in the City and Liberty of Westminster and the county of Middlesex, the name Westminster was the ancient description for the area around Westminster Abbey – the West Minster, or monastery church, that gave the area its name – which has been the seat of the government of England (and later the British government) for almost a thousand years.

Westminster is the location of the Palace of Westminster, a UNESCO World Heritage Site which houses the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

The area has been the seat of the government of England for almost a thousand years. Westminster is thus often used as a metonym for Parliament and the political community of the United Kingdom generally. The civil service is similarly referred to by the area it inhabits, Whitehall, and Westminster is consequently also used in reference to the ’Westminster System’, the parliamentary model of democratic government that has evolved in the United Kingdom.

The historic core of Westminster is the former Thorney Island on which Westminster Abbey was built. The Abbey became the traditional venue of the coronation of the kings and queens of England. The nearby Palace of Westminster came to be the principal royal residence after the Norman conquest of England in 1066, and later housed the developing Parliament and law courts of England. It can be said that London thus has developed two distinct focal points: an economic one in the City of London; and a political and cultural one in Westminster, where the Royal Court had its home. This division is still very apparent today.

The monarchy later moved to the Palace of Whitehall a little towards the north-east. The law courts have since moved to the Royal Courts of Justice, close to the border of the City of London.

The Westminster area formed part of the City and Liberty of Westminster and the county of Middlesex. The ancient parish was St Margaret; after 1727 split into the parishes of St Margaret and St John. The area around Westminster Abbey formed the extra-parochial Close of the Collegiate Church of St Peter surrounded by—but not part of—either parish. Until 1900 the local authority was the combined vestry of St Margaret and St John (also known as the Westminster District Board of Works from 1855 to 1887), which was based at Westminster City Hall on Caxton Street from 1883. The Liberty of Westminster, governed by the Westminster Court of Burgesses, also included St Martin in the Fields and several other parishes and places. Westminster had its own quarter sessions, but the Middlesex sessions also had jurisdiction. The area was transferred from Middlesex to the County of London in 1889 and the local government of Westminster was reformed in 1900 when the court of burgesses and parish vestries were abolished, to be replaced with a metropolitan borough council. The council was given city status, allowing it to be known as Westminster City Council.

The underground station was opened as Westminster Bridge on 24 December 1868 by the steam-operated Metropolitan District Railway (MDR) (now the District line) when the railway opened the first section of its line from South Kensington. It was originally the eastern terminus of the MDR and the station cutting ended at a concrete wall buffered by timber sleepers. The approach to the station from the west runs in cut and cover tunnel under the roadway of Broad Sanctuary and diagonally under Parliament Square. In Broad Sanctuary the tunnel is close to Westminster Abbey and St Margaret’s church and care was required to avoid undermining their foundations when excavating in the poor ground found there.

The station was completely rebuilt to incorporate new deep-level platforms for the Jubilee line when it was extended to the London Docklands in the 1990s. During the works, the level of the sub-surface platforms was lowered to enable ground level access to Portcullis House. This was achieved in small increments carried out when the line was closed at night.


LOCAL PHOTOS
William Shakespeare
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Broadway SW1
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Entrance to Pickering Place
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In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
The Lillington Gardens estate
Credit: Ewan Munro
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Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath (1749)
Credit: Canaletto
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Broadway SW1
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