Wheelwright Street, N7

Road in/near Barnsbury, existing between 1854 and now

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(51.54417 -0.11585) 

Wheelwright Street, N7

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Road · Barnsbury · N7 ·
September
28
2020

Wheelwright Street was built for prison wardens and other staff.

In 1826 Thomas Cubitt had bought 24 acres of the then Copenhagen Fields. In the 1850s building began on Cubitt’s land. In 1853, a builder called Henry Law made up Arthur Terrace on the Caledonian Road, Ponder Street (then called Cumberland Street), the City of Rome pub and, in 1854, Pentonville Cottages. The latter street, runs along the south edge of Pentonville Prison, and was only completed in 1863.

While the whole street was at first called Pentonville Cottages, the cottages kept their name but the street got its own name - Market Street - in 1863. The cottages themselves consisted of 11 dwellings but in 1981 were demolished in an expansion of the prison.

The road was renamed again in 1938 since there were many Market Streets in London - postal workers found the jumble of similar streetnames throughout London rather confusing. It was decided in the 1930s to find distinct names for streets where possible.

Most local authorities chose local connections for new names and Wheelwright Street was no exception. Charles Apthorp Wheelwright of Highbury Terrace, amongst other life experiences of note, was the former Commanding Officer between 1803-6 of the Loyal Islington Volunteer Cavalry. In November 1803, his widow presented colours to the Corps in the name of the Ladies of Islington.




Main source: A History of the County of Middlesex | British History Online
Further citations and sources



The former Pentonville Cottages awaiting demolition

The former Pentonville Cottages awaiting demolition
London Metropolitan Archives

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Barnsbury

Barnsbury is a place in the London Borough of Islington. The name is a corruption of Bernersbury, being so called after the Berners family, who gained ownership of the lands after the Norman Conquest.

By the end of the 18th century, Barnsbury, like other parts of Islington, was being regarded as attractive part-rural suburbs by the comparatively wealthy people wanting to move out of the cramped City of London and industrial Clerkenwell.

The area is close to the City, and had strong local trade in its position as the first staging post for travellers making the journey from London to the north, and with considerable agricultural traffic and cattle driving to the nearby Smithfield cattle market in the City.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Euston Road, NW1
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Risinghill Street, N1
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The British Library
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Highbury Corner
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The Polygon, Somers Town in 1850.
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Agar Town (1857)
Credit: Percy Lovell
TUM image id: 1499434317
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