Print-friendly version of this page Aldgate Aldgate was one of the massive gates which defended the City from Roman times until 1760. Aldgate Holy Trinity Priory The Holy Trinity Priory, also known as Christchurch Aldgate, was a priory of Austin canons (Black Canons) founded around 1108 by Queen Matilda of England. Aldgate Pump Aldgate Pump is a historic water pump, located at the junction where Aldgate meets Fenchurch Street and Leadenhall Street. All Hallows Staining All Hallows Staining was a church located at the junction of Mark Lane and Dunster Court. Bank of England The Bank of England is the central bank of the United Kingdom. Great Synagogue of London The Great Synagogue of London was, for centuries, the centre of Ashkenazi synagogue and Jewish life in London. It was destroyed during World War II, in the Blitz. London Metal Exchange The London Metal Exchange (LME) is the futures exchange with the world’s largest market in options and futures contracts on base and other metals. Mark Lane station Mark Lane is a disused Circle and District line Underground station. St Augustine Papey St Augustine Papey was a mediaeval church in the City of London situated just south of London Wall. St Benet Sherehog St Benet Sherehog was a medieval parish church built before the year 1111 in Cordwainer Ward, in what was then the wool-dealing district. St Botolph’s St. Botolph’s without Aldgate, located on Aldgate High Street, has existed for over a thousand years. St Gabriel Fenchurch St Gabriel Fenchurch (or Fen Church) was a parish church in the City of London, destroyed in the Great Fire and not rebuilt. St James Duke’s Place St James Duke’s Place was an Anglican parish church in the Aldgate ward of the City of London. St Katharine Cree St Katharine Cree is a Church of England church on the north side of Leadenhall Street near Leadenhall Market.
St Martin Pomary St Martin Pomeroy was a parish church in the Cheap ward of the City of London. St Mary Axe St Mary Axe was a mediaeval church situated just north of Leadenhall Street on a site now occupied by Fitzwilliam House. St Mary Colechurch St Mary Colechurch was a parish church in the City of London destroyed in the Great Fire of London in 1666 and not rebuilt. St Olave Hart Street St Olave’s Church is a Church of England church located on the corner of Hart Street and Seething Lane. St. Mary Axe St Mary Axe was a medieval parish in the City of London whose name survives as that of the street which formerly occupied it. Steelyard The Steelyard was the main trading base (kontor) of the Hanseatic League in London during 15th and 16th centuries. 100 Bishopsgate 100 Bishopsgate is a development of two mixed-use buildings on Bishopsgate in London. 99 Bishopsgate, EC2N 99 Bishopsgate is a commercial skyscraper located on Bishopsgate, a major thoroughfare in the City of London financial district. Abchurch Yard, EC4N First mentioned in 1732, Abchurch Yard was built on the St Mary Abchurch churchyard. Aldermans Walk, EC2M Alderman’s Walk was formerly Dashwood’s Walk, for Francis Dashwood, who lived here in the 18th century. Aldgate High Street, EC3N Once the route to one of the six original gates of the Wall of London, Aldgate High Street has an important place in medieval London’s history. Aldgate, EC3N Aldgate was the easternmost gateway through the London Wall leading from the City of London to Whitechapel and the East End. America Square, EC3N America Square is a street and small square, built in about 1760 and dedicated to the American colonies. Austin Friars, EC2N Austin Friars was an Augustinian friary from its foundation in the 1260s, until its dissolution in 1538. Ball Court, EC3V Ball Court is one of the streets of London in the EC3V postal area. Bartholomew Lane, EC2N Bartholomew Lane runs between the junction of Lothbury and Throgmorton Street in the north to Threadneedle Street in the south. Bevis Marks, EC3A Bevis Marks is a short street in the ward of Aldgate in the City of London. Bishopsgate, EC2N Bishopsgate is named after one of the original eight gates in the London Wall. Budge Row, EC4N Budge Row lies off the north side of Cannon Street, about 80 yards west of the main line station. Bury Street, EC3A Bury Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area. Bush Lane, EC4R Bush Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area. Cannon Street, EC4N Cannon Street runs nearly parallel with the River Thames, about 250 metres north of it, in the south of the City of London. Capel Court, EC2R On the east side of the Bank of England turn into Bartholomew Lane. Capel Court is off to the east. Change Alley, EC3V Change Alley is a thoroughfare between Lombard Street and Cornhill in London’s financial district. Cobb Street, E1 Cobb Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area. Colchester Street, EC3N Before its was renamed and extended in 1923, Colchester Street was a side street near to the Tower of London. Coopers Row, EC3N Coopers Row is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area. Cornhill, EC3V Cornhill is one of the streets of London in the EC3V postal area. Cousin Lane, EC4R Cousin Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area. Cutler Street, E1 Cutler Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area. Dowgate Hill, EC4R Dowgate Hill is a continuation of Walbrook along the west side of Cannon Street Station, leading to Dowgate Dock. Eastcheap, EC3M Eastcheap is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area. Finch Lane, EC3V Finch Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3V postal area. George Yard, EC3V George Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC3V postal area. Gracechurch Street, EC3V Gracechurch Street is in the heart of Roman Londinium - it runs directly over the site of the basilica and forum. Gravel Lane, E1 Gravel Lane is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area. Great Tower Street, EC3R Great Tower Street, originally known just as Tower Street, forms an eastern continuation of Eastcheap. Harrow Place, E1 Harrow Place is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area. Hart Street, EC3R Hart Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area. Houndsditch, EC3A Houndsditch is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area. Idol Lane, EC3R Idol Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area. Leyden Street, E1 Leyden Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area. Lime Street, EC3M Lime Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area. Lombard Court, EC3V Lombard Court is a small street between Gracechurch Street and Clements Lane in the heart of London’s financial district. London Wall, EC2M London Wall is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area. Lothbury, EC2R Lothbury is one of the streets of London in the EC2R postal area. Lovat Lane, EC3R Lovat Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area. Mark Lane, EC3R Mark Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area. Martin Lane, EC4R Martin Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area. Mitre Avenue, E17 Mitre Avenue is one of the streets of London in the E17 postal area. Moorgate, EC2R Moorgate is one of the streets of London in the EC2R postal area. New Street, EC2M New Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area. Old Jewry, EC2R Old Jewry is one of the streets of London in the EC2R postal area. Pepys Street, EC3N Pepys Street links Seething Lane in the west to Cooper’s Row in the east. Plantation Place Plantation Place takes its name from a previous Plantation House, once the recognised centre of the tea trade. Poultry, EC2R Poultry is one of the streets of London in the EC2R postal area. Rood Lane, EC3M Rood Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area. Royal Court, EC3V Royal Court is one of the streets of London in the EC3V postal area. Savage Gardens, EC3N Savage Gardens connects Crutched Friars in the north to Trinity Square in the south, crossing Pepys Street. St James’s Place, EC3A St James Place was an open square, formerly Broad Court, which held a daily market that sold fruits of various kinds. St Mary Axe, EC3A St Mary Axe is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area. Staple Hall, EC3A Staple Hall is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area. Stoney Lane, E1 Stoney Lane is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area. Strype Street, E1 John Strype, who became an antiquary, historian and parson was the son of a Huguenot weaver and born here in 1643. Swan Lane, EC4R Swan Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area. Talbot Court, EC3V Talbot Court was next to the Talbot Inn until the Great Fire of London. Throgmorton Street, EC3V The name of Throgmorton Street is a corruption of the name of Nicholas Throckmorton, Elizabeth I’s ambassador to France and Scotland.
Tokenhouse Yard, EC2R Tokenhouse Yard marked the site of the manufacturer of tokens that were used as the copper coinage of England before the reign of James I. Tower Hill, EC3N Tower Hill is a street and square, northwest of the Tower of London. Undershaft, EC2N Undershaft is one of the streets of London in the EC2N postal area. Undershaft, EC3A Undershaft is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area. Vine Street, EC3N Vine Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area. Walbrook, EC4N Walbrook is one of the streets of London in the EC4N postal area. Wormwood Street, EC2N Wormwood Street refers to the wormwood plant which used to grow on the London Wall and in other areas of wasteland in the City.
The City of London constituted most of London from its settlement by the Romans in the 1st century AD to the Middle Ages, but the conurbation has since grown far beyond its borders.
As the City's boundaries have remained almost unchanged since the Middle Ages, it is now only a tiny part of the metropolis of Greater London, though it remains a notable part of central London. It holds city status in its own right and is also a separate ceremonial county.
It is widely referred to as 'The City' (often written on maps as City
and differentiated from the phrase 'the city of London') or 'the Square Mile' as it is 1.12 square miles in area. These terms are also often used as metonyms for the United Kingdom's financial services industry, which continues a notable history of being largely based in the City.
The local authority for the City, the City of London Corporation, is unique in the UK and has some unusual responsibilities for a local council, such as being the police authority. It also has responsibilities and ownerships beyond the City's boundaries. The Corporation is headed by the Lord Mayor of the City of London, an office separate from (and much older than) the Mayor of London.
The City is a major business and financial centre, ranking as the world's leading centre of global finance. Throughout the 19th century, the City was the world's primary business centre, and continues to be a major meeting point for businesses.
The City had a resident population of about 7000 in 2011 but over 300,000 people commute to it and work there, mainly in the financial services sector. The legal profession forms a major component of the northern and western sides of the City - especially in the Temple and Chancery Lane areas where the Inns of Court are located, of which two—Inner Temple and Middle Temple - fall within the City of London boundary.