Spa Road, SE1

Road in/near Bermondsey

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(51.49587 -0.07178) 

Spa Road, SE1

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Road · Bermondsey · SE16 ·
August
13
2017

Spa Road is a road in the SE1 postcode area




NEARBY STREETS
Abbey Gardens, SE1 Abbey Gardens is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Abbey Gardens, SE16 Abbey Gardens is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Abbey Street, SE1 Abbey Street takes its name from Bermondsey Abbey which was situated between Bermondsey Square, Grange Walk and Long Walk.
Abbey Street, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Alexis Street, SE16 Alexis Street is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Alscot Road, SE1 Alscot Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Alscot Road, SE16 Alscot Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Alscot Way, SE1 Alscot Way is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Amina Way, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Arabella Street, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Arc House, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Archie Street, SE1 Archie Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Arnold Estate, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Arts Lane, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Attilburgh House, SE1 Residential block
Aulay House, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Bacon Grove, SE1 Bacon Grove is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Bakery Street, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Bevington Street, SE16 Bevington Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Bridewain Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Buttermere Close, SE1 Buttermere Close is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Cadbury Way, SE16 Cadbury Way is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Chartes House, SE1 Residential block
Collett Road, SE16 Collett Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Crimscott Street, SE1 Crimscott Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Curtis Street, SE1 Curtis Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Curtis Way, SE1 Curtis Way is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Dhonau House Longfield, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Dockley Road, SE16 Dockley Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Drappers Way, SE16 Drappers Way is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Dunlop Place, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Enid Street, SE16 Enid Street is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Eveline Lowe Estate, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Fendall Street, SE1 Fendall Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Frean Street, SE16 Frean Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Freda Street, SE16 A street within the postcode
Gedling Place, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
George Row, SE16 George Row is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Goodwin Close, SE16 Goodwin Close is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Grange Road, SE1 Grange Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Grange Walk, SE1 Grange Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Grange Walk, SE16 Grange Walk is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Grange Yard, SE1 Grange Yard is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Haven Way, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Hazel Way, SE1 Hazel Way is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Henley Drive, SE1 Henley Drive is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Henley Drive, SE16 Henley Drive is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Jamaica Road, SE1 Jamaica Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
John Felton Road, SE16 John Felton Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
John Roll Way, SE16 John Roll Way is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Kintore Way, SE1 Kintore Way is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Limasol Street, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Linsey Street, SE16 Linsey Street is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Llewellyn Street, SE16 Llewellyn Street is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Long Walk, SE1 Long Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Longley Street, SE1 Longley Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Lucey Road, SE16 Lucey Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Lucey Way, SE16 Lucey Way is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Macks Road, SE16 Macks Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Maltby Street, SE1 Maltby Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Maria Close, SE16 Maria Close is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Marine Street, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Millstream Road, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Neckinger Estate, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Neckinger Street, SE1 Neckinger Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Neckinger, SE16 Neckinger is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Old Abbey Lane, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Old Jamaica Road Business Estate, SE16 Old Jamaica Road Business Estate is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Old Jamaica Road, SE16 Old Jamaica Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Pickwick House, SE16 Residential block
Radcliffe Road, SE1 Radcliffe Road is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Riley Road, SE1 Riley Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Rock Grove Way, SE16 Rock Grove Way is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Rope Walk, SE1 Rope Walk is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Rouel Road, SE16 Rouel Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Scott Lidgett Crescent, SE16 Scott Lidgett Crescent is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Setchell Road, SE1 Setchell Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Setchell Way, SE1 Setchell Way is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Spa Business Park, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Spa Court, SE16 Spa Court is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Spa Road, SE16 Spa Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
St Saviours Estate, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
St. Saviours Estate, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Stanworth Street, SE1 Stanworth Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Stevens Street, SE1 Stevens Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Stork’s Road, SE16 This is a street in the SE16 postcode area
Sun Passage, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Sweeney Crescent, SE1 Sweeney Crescent is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Swift Court, SE1 Swift Court is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
The Globe Rope Walk, E14 The Globe Rope Walk is a road in the E14 postcode area
The Grange, SE1 The Grange is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Thetford House, SE1 Residential block
Thurland Road, SE16 Thurland Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Toussaint Walk, SE16 Toussaint Walk is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Tower Bridge Road, SE1 Tower Bridge Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Tower Workshops, SE1 Tower Workshops is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Tranton Road, SE16 Tranton Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Vauban Street, SE16 Vauban Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Wade House, SE1 Residential block
Wade House, SE16 Wade House is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Waterside Close, SE16 Waterside Close is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Webster Road, SE16 Webster Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Weightman House, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Willow Walk, SE1 Willow Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Woodmill Close, SW15 Woodmill Close is a road in the SW15 postcode area
Woodmill Street, SE16 A street within the SE1 postcode
Woolstaplers Way, SE16 Woolstaplers Way is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Yalding Road, SE16 Yalding Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.


Bermondsey

The name Bermondsey first appears in a letter from Pope Constantine (708-715), in which he grants privileges to a monastery at ’Vermundesei’, then in the hands of the abbot of Medeshamstede, as Peterborough was known at the time.

Though Bermondsey’s name may derive from Beornmund’s island (whoever the Anglo-Saxon Beornmund was, is another matter), but Bermondsey is likely to have been a higher, drier spot in an otherwise marshy area, rather than a real island.

The area first appears in a letter from Pope Constantine (708-715), in which he grants privileges to a monastery at Vermundesei, then in the hands of the abbot of Medeshamstede, as Peterborough was known at the time.

Bermondsey appears in Domesday Book. It was then held by King William, though a small part was in the hands of Robert, Count of Mortain, the king’s half brother, and younger brother of Odo of Bayeux, then Earl of Kent.

Bermondsey Abbey was founded as a Cluniac priory in 1082, and was dedicated to St Saviour. Monks from the abbey began the development of the area, cultivating the land and embanking the riverside. They turned an adjacent tidal inlet at the mouth of the River Neckinger into a dock, named St Saviour’s Dock after their abbey. The Knights Templar also owned land here and gave their names to one of the most distinctive streets in London, Shad Thames (a corruption of ’St John at Thames’). Other ecclesiastical properties stood nearby at Tooley (a corruption of ’St Olave’s’) Street, located in the Archbishop of Canterbury’s manor of Southwark, where wealthy citizens and clerics had their houses, including the priors of Lewes and St Augustine’s, Canterbury, and the abbot of Battle.

As it developed over the centuries, Bermondsey underwent many changes. After the Great Fire of London, it was settled by the well-to-do and took on the character of a garden suburb especially along the lines of Grange Road, as Bermondsey Street became more urbanised. A pleasure garden was founded there in the 17th century, commemorated by the Cherry Garden Pier. Samuel Pepys visited ’Jamaica House’ at Cherry Gardens in 1664 and recorded in his diary that he had left it "singing finely".

Though not many buildings survive from this era, one notable exception is the church of St Mary Magdalen in Bermondsey Street, completed in 1690 (although a church has been recorded on this site from the 13th Century). This church came through both 19th-century redevelopment and The Blitz unscathed. It is not just an unusual survivor for Bermondsey; buildings of this era are relative rarities in Inner London in general.

In the 18th century, the discovery of a spring from the river Neckinger in the area led to Bermondsey becoming a spa leisure resort, as the area between Grange and Jamaica Roads called Spa Road commemorates.

It was from the Bermondsey riverside that the painter J.M.W. Turner executed his famous painting of The Fighting Temeraire Tugged to her Last Berth to be Broken Up (1839), depicting the veteran warship being towed to Rotherhithe to be scrapped.

By the mid-19th century parts of Bermondsey, especially along the riverside had become a notorious slum — with the arrival of industrial plants, docks and immigrant housing. The area around St Saviour’s Dock, known as Jacob’s Island, was one of the worst in London. It was immortalised by Charles Dickens’s novel Oliver Twist, in which the principal villain Bill Sikes meets a nasty end in the mud of ’Folly Ditch’ an area which was known as Hickmans Folly — the scene of an attack by Spring Heeled Jack in 1845 — surrounding Jacob’s Island. Dickens provides a vivid description of what it was like:

<CITE>... crazy wooden galleries common to the backs of half a dozen houses, with holes from which to look upon the slime beneath; windows, broken and patched, with poles thrust out, on which to dry the linen that is never there; rooms so small, so filthy, so confined, that the air would seem to be too tainted even for the dirt and squalor which they shelter; wooden chambers thrusting themselves out above the mud and threatening to fall into it — as some have done; dirt-besmeared walls and decaying foundations, every repulsive lineament of poverty, every loathsome indication of filth, rot, and garbage: all these ornament the banks of Jacob’s Island.</CITE>

Bermondsey Town Hall was built on Spa Road in 1881. The area was extensively redeveloped during the 19th century and early 20th century with the expansion of the river trade and the arrival of the railways. London’s first passenger railway terminus was built by the London to Greenwich Railway in 1836 at London Bridge. The first section to be used was between the Spa Road Station and Deptford High Street. This local station had closed by 1915.

The industrial boom of the 19th century was an extension of Bermondsey’s manufacturing role in earlier eras. As in the East End, industries that were deemed too noisome to be carried on within the narrow confines of the City of London had been located here — one such that came to dominate central Bermondsey, away from the riverfront, was the processing and trading of leather and hides. Many buildings from this era survive around Leathermarket Street including the huge Leather, Hide and Wool Exchange (now residential and small work spaces). Hepburn and Gale’s tannery (disused as of early 2007) on Long Lane is also a substantial survivor of the leather trade.

Peek, Frean and Co was established in 1857 at Dockhead, Bermondsey by James Peek and George Hender Frean. They moved to a larger plant in Clements Road in 1866, leading to the nickname ’Biscuit Town’ for Bermondsey, where they continued baking until the brand was discontinued in 1989. Wee Willie Harris (usually credited as the first British rock and roll player) came from Bermondsey. He was known as Britain’s Wild man of Rock N’ Roll). He also worked in Peak Freans.

To the east of Tower Bridge, Bermondsey’s 3½ miles of riverside were lined with warehouses and wharves, of which the best known is Butler’s Wharf. They suffered severe damage in World War II bombing and became redundant in the 1960s following the collapse of the river trade. After standing derelict for some years, many of the wharves were redeveloped under the aegis of the London Docklands Development Corporation during the 1980s. They have now been converted into a mixture of residential and commercial accommodations and have become some of the most upmarket and expensive properties in London. In 1997, US President Bill Clinton and Prime Minister Tony Blair visited the area to dine at the Pont de la Tour restaurant at Butler’s Wharf.

Millwall F.C. moved to a new stadium on Coldblow Lane in 1910, having previously played in Millwall, but have kept their original name despite playing at the opposite side of the River Thames to the Millwall area. They played at The Den until 1993, when they relocated to the New Den nearby. A public sports centre is also included in their stadium.

Reorganisation of lines and closure of stations left Bermondsey’s transport links with the rest of London poorer in the late twentieth century. This was remedied in 2000 with the opening of Bermondsey tube station on the Jubilee Line Extension.

Bermondsey tube station was designed by Ian Ritchie Architects and was originally intended to have a multi-storey office building sitting on top.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Temple of Mithras
TUM image id: 1088
Monument (1890)
TUM image id: 2356
Lowder Street (1918)
TUM image id: 3144
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