Southwark

Underground station, existing between 1999 and now

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Southwark

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Underground station · Southwark · SE1 ·
MARCH
31
2013

Southwark is the area immediately south of London Bridge, opposite the City of London.

Southwark is on a previously marshy area south of the River Thames. Recent excavation has revealed prehistoric activity including evidence of early ploughing, burial mounds and ritual activity. The area was originally a series of islands in the River Thames. This formed the best place to bridge the Thames and the area became an important part of Londinium owing its importance to its position as the endpoint of the Roman London Bridge. Two Roman roads, Stane Street and Watling Street, met at Southwark in what is now Borough High Street.

At some point the Bridge fell or was pulled down. Southwark and the city seem to have become largely deserted during the Early Middle Ages. Archaeologically, evidence of settlement is replaced by a largely featureless soil called the Dark Earth which probably (although this is contested) represents an urban area abandoned.

Southwark appears to recover only during the time of King Alfred and his successors. Sometime in and around 886 AD the Bridge was rebuilt and the City and Southwark restored. Southwark was called ’Suddringa Geworc’ which means the ’defensive works of the men of Surrey’. It was probably fortified to defend the bridge and hence the re-emerging City of London to the north. This defensive role is highlighted by the use of the Bridge as a defense against King Swein, his son King Cnut and in 1066, against King William the Conqueror. He failed to force the Bridge during the Norman conquest of England, but Southwark was devastated.

Much of Southwark was originally owned by the church - the greatest reminder of monastic London is Southwark Cathedral, originally the priory of St Mary Overy.

During the Middle Ages, Southwark remained outside of the control of the City and was a haven for criminals and free traders, who would sell goods and conduct trades outside the regulation of the City Livery Companies. An important market - later to become known as the Borough Market - was established there some time in the 13th century. The area was renowned for its inns, especially The Tabard, from which Chaucer’s pilgrims set off on their journey in The Canterbury Tales.

After many decades’ petitioning, in 1550, Southwark was incorporated into the City of London as ’The Ward of Bridge Without’. It became the entertainment district for London, and it was also the red-light area. In 1599, William Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre was built on the South Bank in Southwark, though it burned down in 1613. A modern replica, also called the Globe, has been built near the original site. Southwark was also a favorite area for entertainment like bull and bear-baiting. There was also a famous fair in Southwark which took place near the Church of St. George the Martyr. William Hogarth depicted this fair in his engraving of Southwark Fair (1733).

In 1844 the railway reached Southwark with the opening of London Bridge station.

In 1861 the Great Fire of Southwark destroyed a large number of buildings between Tooley Street and the Thames, including those around Hays Wharf, where Hays Galleria was later built, and blocks to the west almost as far as St Olave’s Church.

In 1899 Southwark was incorporated along with Newington and Walworth into the Metropolitan Borough of Southwark, and in 1965 this was incorporated with the Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell and Metropolitan Borough of Bermondsey into the London Borough of Southwark.

Southwark tube station was opened on 20 November 1999 as part of the Jubilee Line Extension.

The original plan for the Extension did not include a station between those at Waterloo and London Bridge; Southwark station was added after lobbying by the local council. Although it is close to Waterloo, not near the Bankside attractions it was intended to serve, and its only rail interchange is to London Waterloo East mainline station; the passenger usage matches those of other minor central stations. It does however get over double the traffic of nearby Borough station and around triple Lambeth North.


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THE STREETS OF SOUTHWARK
Abbots Lane, SE1 Abbots Lane was named in memory of the medieval Abbots of Lewes.
Aberdour Street, SE1 Aberdour Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Alderney Mews, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Alice Street, SE1 Alice Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Anchor Terrace, SE1 The streetscape of Anchor Terrace largely involves small late 18th century residential properties
Archie Street, SE1 Archie Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Artbrand House, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Avondale Pavement, SE1 Avondale Pavement is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Bank End, SE1 Bank End is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Bankside way, SE19 Bankside way is a road in the SE19 postcode area
Bankside, SE1 Bankside is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Barge House Street, SE1 Barge House Street is a renamed section of Upper Ground Street.
Barnham Street, SE1 Barnham Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Bartholomew Street, SE1 Bartholomew Street’s set of late Georgian houses date from 1819.
Battle Bridge Lane, SE1 Battle Bridge Lane is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Bear Gardens, SE1 Bear Gardens is the site of a medieval pleasure ground.
Bell Yard Mews, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Bell Yaroad Mews, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Belvedere Building, SE1 Belvedere Building is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Benbow House, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Bermondsey Exchange 179-181, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Bermondsey Square, SE1 Bermondsey Square is located on Tower Bridge Road, the former the site of Bermondsey Abbey.
Bermondsey Street, SE1 Bermondsey Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Black Eagle Yard, SE1 Black Eagle Yard is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Black Friars Road, SE1 Black Friars Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Black Swan Yard, SE1 Black Swan Yard is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Blackfriars Bridge, SE1 Blackfriars Bridge is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Blackfriars Road, BL8 This is a street in the BL8 postcode area
Blackfriars Road, SE1 Blackfriars Road runs between St George’s Circus at the southern end and Blackfriars Bridge over the River Thames at the northern end, leading to the City of London.
Blue Fin Bldg, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Bluelion Place, SE1 Bluelion Place is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Brewery Square, SE1 Brewery Square is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Bricklayers Arms Flyover, SE1 Bricklayers Arms Flyover is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Bridge Walk, SE8 Bridge Walk is a road in the SE8 postcode area
Brinton Walk, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Brockham Street, SE1 Brockham Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Brunswick Court, SE1 Brunswick Court is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Burbage Close, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Burge Street, SE1 Burge Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Bursar Street, SE1 Bursar Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Bushbaby Close, SE1 Bushbaby Close is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Calico House, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Canvey Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Cardinal Bourne Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Cardinal Cap Alley, SE1 Cardinal Cap Alley is an alley in Bankside.
Carmarthen Place, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Cedar Court, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Charlie Chaplin Walk, SE1 Charlie Chaplin Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Chettle Close, SE1 Chettle Close is a road in the SE1 postcode area
City Walk, SE1 City Walk is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Clink St Studios, SE1 Clink St Studios is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Clink Street, SE1 Clink Street is best known as the historic location of the Clink Prison.
Clink Wharf, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Cluny Estate, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Coach House Mews, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Cole Street, SE1 Cole Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Colombo Street, SE1 Colombo Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Colour House, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Columbo House 50-60, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Cottage, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Crosby Row, SE1 Crosby Row is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Crucifix Lane, SE1 Crucifix Lane is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Decima Street, SE1 Decima Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Decima Studios, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Deverell Street, SE1 Deverell Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Dickens Estate, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Dolben Street, SE1 Dolben Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Dorset House 27-45, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Dunsterville Way, SE1 Dunsterville Way is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Elephant Castle Super Bowl, SE1 Elephant Castle Super Bowl is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Elm Court, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Emerson Street, SE1 Emerson Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Empire Square East, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Empire Square South, SE1 Empire Square South is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Empire Square West, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
English Grounds, SE1 English Grounds is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Fair Street, SE1 Fair Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Falcon Point Piazza, SE1 Falcon Point Piazza is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Fenning Street, SE1 Fenning Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Flat Iron Square, SE1 Flat Iron Square is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Floor 8Nw, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Gallery Court, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Gatehouse Square, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
George Inn Yard, SE1 George Inn Yard is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Globe Street, SE1 Globe Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Graduate Place, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Great Dover Street, SE1 Great Dover Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Green Dragon Court, SE1 Green Dragon Court is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Green Walk, SE1 Green Walk was originally one of two Green Walks in Southwark, the other being in Bankside.
Guinness Court, SE1 Guinness Court is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Guy Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Hamlet Way, SE1 Hamlet Way is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Hankey Place, SE1 Hankey Place is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Hardwidge Street, SE1 Hardwidge Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Hartley Buildings, SE1 Hartley Buildings is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Hatchers Mews, SE1 Hatchers Mews is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Hatfields, SE1 Hatfields is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Heath Lodge, WD23 A street within the SE1 postcode
Holland Street, SE1 Today’s Holland Street was originally part of a street called Gravel Lane.
Holyrood Street, SE1 Holyrood Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Hopton Street, SE1 Hopton Street was known as Green Walk until the late nineteenth century.
Horsemongers Mews, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Horseshoe Wharf Apartments 6a, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Horseshoe Wharf Apartments, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Hoxton Square, SE13 A street within the SE1 postcode
Hunter Close, SE1 Hunter Close is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Invicta Plaza, SE1 Invicta Plaza is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Isabella Street, SE1 Isabella Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Joan Street, SE1 Joan Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Kings Reach, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Kipling Estate, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Kipling Street, SE1 Kipling Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Kirby Grove, SE1 Kirby Grove is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Lafone House 11-13, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Lamb Walk, SE1 Lamb Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Lansdowne Place, SE1 Lansdowne Place is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Larch Court, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Larnaca Works, SE1 Larnaca Works is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Law Street, SE1 Law Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Leathermarket Court, SE1 Leathermarket Court is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Leathermarket Court, SE1P Leathermarket Court is a road in the SE1P postcode area
Leathermarket Street, SE1 Leathermarket Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Lockesley Square, KT6 A street within the SE1 postcode
Lockyer Estate, SE1 Lockyer Estate is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Long Lane, SE1 Long Lane is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Lower Road, SE1 Lower Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Magdalen Street, SE1 Magdalen Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Maltings Place, SE1 Maltings Place is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Manciple Street, SE1 Manciple Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Market Yard Mews, SE1 Market Yard Mews is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Marlborough Gardens, KT6 A street within the SE1 postcode
Mason Close, SE1 Mason Close is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Mason Street, SE1 Mason Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Mead, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Meakin Estate, SE1 Meakin Estate is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Melior Place, SE1 Melior Place is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Melior Street, SE1 Melior Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Merrick Square, SE1 Merrick Square is a garden square in Newington.
Meymott Street, SE1 Meymott Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Middle Yard, SE1 Middle Yard is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Milroy Walk, SE1 Milroy Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Montague Close, SE1 Montague Close is a street close to London Bridge.
Montague Close, SW1P Montague Close is a road in the SW1P postcode area
More London Place, SE1 More London Place is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
More London Riverside, SE1 More London Riverside is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Morgans Lane, SE1 Morgans Lane is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Morocco Street, SE1 Morocco Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Mulvaney Way, SE1 Mulvaney Way is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Nebraska Street, SE1 Nebraska Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
New Globe Walk, SE1 New Globe Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Newhams Row, SE1 Newhams Row is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Newington Court, SE1 Newington Court is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Nicholson Street, SE1 Nicholson Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Nw, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
O Ltd, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Old Barge House Alley, SE1 This is an article about Old Barge House Alley.
Oxford Drive, SE1 Oxford Drive is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Oxo Tower Wharf Barge House Street, SE1 Oxo Tower Wharf Barge House Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Pardoner Street, SE1 Pardoner Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Paris Garden, SE1 Paris Garden is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Park Street, SE1 Park Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Peabody Estate, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Perkins Square, SE1 Perkins Square is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Pickfords Wharf, SE1 Pickfords Wharf is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Pilgrimage Street, SE1 Pilgrimage Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Pope Street, SE1 Pope Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Porlock Street, SE1 Porlock Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Porter Street, SE1 Porter Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Potier Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Potters Fields, SE1 Potters Fields is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Preston Close, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Prioress Street, SE1 Prioress Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Quadrangle Close, SE1 Quadrangle Close is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Rankin House 139-143, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Rennie Street, SE1 Rennie Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Rephidim Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Resource Centre, E1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Rich Industrial Estate, SE1 Rich Industrial Estate is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Richer House, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Riverside Walk, SE1 Riverside Walk is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Robinson Road, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Rose Alley, SE1 Rose Alley is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Rothsay Street, SE1 Rothsay Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Royal Oak Yard, SE1 Royal Oak Yard is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Scoresby Street, SE1 Scoresby Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Shand Street, SE1 Shand Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Ship & Mermaid Row, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Snowsfields, SE1 Snowsfields is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Soho Wharf, SE1 Soho Wharf is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Southall Place, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Southwalk Street, SE1 Southwalk Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Southwark Bridge, EC4R This is a street in the EC4R postcode area
Southwark Bridge, SE1 Southwark Bridge is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Spurgeon Street, SE1 Spurgeon Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
St. Thomas Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Stainer Street, SE1 Stainer Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Staple Street, SE1 Staple Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Sterry Street, SE1 Sterry Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Studios, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Sugar Quay Walk, EC3N Sugar Quay Walk is a road in the EC3N postcode area
Swan Court, SE1 Swan Court is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Swan Street, SE1 Swan Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Sycamore Court, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Tabard Garden Estate, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Tabard Street, SE1 Tabard Street was the old road to Kent and called Kent Street until 1877.
Tabaroad Garden Estate, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Tabaroad Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Tennis Street, SE1 Tennis Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
The Blue Fin Building, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
The Glass House, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
The Grain Store, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
The Grain Stores, SE1 The Grain Stores is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
The Jam Factory, SE1 The Jam Factory is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
The Leather Market, SE1 The Leather Market is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
The Leathermarket, SE1 The Leathermarket is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
The Tanneries, SE1 The Tanneries is a road in the SE1 postcode area
The Terrace, SE1 The Terrace is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Tooley Street, SE1 Tooley Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Tooley Street, SE1P A street within the SE1 postcode
Tower Bridge Road, SE1 Tower Bridge Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Trinity Church Square, SE1 Trinity Church Square is a garden square in Newington.
Trinity Street, SE1 Trinity Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Trowbray House, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Two, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Tyers Estate, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Tyers Gate, SE1 Tyers Gate is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Victor Wharf, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Vine Lane, SE1 Vine Lane is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Vintage Yard, SE1 Vintage Yard is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Vogans Mill Wharf, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Weavers Lane, SE1 Weavers Lane is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Weston Street, SE1 Weston Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Whites Grounds Estate, SE1 Whites Grounds Estate is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Whites Grounds, SE1 Whites Grounds is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Wilds Rents, SE1 Wilds Rents is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Winchester Square, SE1 Winchester Square is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Winchester Walk, SE1 Winchester Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Winchester Walk, SW15 A street within the SE1 postcode
Winchester Wharf, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Wood’s Place, SE1 Wood’s Place is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Zoar Street, SE1 Zoar Street is named after the former Zoar Chapel here, named for the Biblical Zoara.


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