British Museum station

Underground station in/near Holborn, existed between the 1900s and 1933

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British Museum station

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Underground station · * · WC2B ·
October
8
2020

British Museum was a station on the Central line, located in Holborn and taking its name from the nearby British Museum in Great Russell Street.

British Museum station was opened by the Central London Railway on 30 July 1900 with an entrance at 133 High Holborn.

There had been ideas for an underground passageway between British Museum and Holborn (100 metres away and open in 1906) but tunnelling would have been complex. A proposal to enlarge the tunnels under High Holborn to create new platforms at Holborn station for the Central and to abandon the British Museum station was originally included in a private bill submitted to parliament as early as November 1913. The First World War prevented any work taking place. The works were eventually carried out as part of the modernisation of Holborn station at the beginning of the 1930s when escalators were installed. British Museum station was closed on 24 September 1933, with the new platforms at Holborn opening the following day.

British Museum station was subsequently used up to the 1960s as a military administrative office and emergency command post, but the surface station building was demolished in 1989.

The station was reputed to be haunted by the ghost of the daughter of an Egyptian Pharaoh called Amen-ra which would appear and scream so loudly that the noise would carry down the tunnels to adjoining stations.




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British Museum station

British Museum station
London Transport Museum

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
British Museum station British Museum was a station on the Central line, located in Holborn and taking its name from the nearby British Museum in Great Russell Street.
Lisle’s Tennis Court Lisle’s Tennis Court was a building off Portugal Street in Lincoln’s Inn Fields in London.
The 1860s map of London "Stanford’s Library Map of London and its Suburbs" was published in 1862
Weston’s Music Hall Weston’s Music Hall was a music hall and theatre that opened in 1857. In 1906, the theatre became known as the Holborn Empire.

NEARBY STREETS
Adeline Place, WC1B Adeline Place was named after Adeline Marie Russell.
Africa House, WC2B Residential block
Arne Street, WC2E Arne Street was named after the 18th century composer Thomas Arne, who was born near here.
Atkin Building, WC1R Atkin Building is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Bainbridge Street, WC1A Bainbridge Street is a road in the WC1A postcode area
Bainbridge Street, WC1B Bainbridge Street is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Barter Street, WC1A Barter Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Beaumont Buildings, WC2B Beaumont Buildings is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Bedford Avenue, WC1B Bedford Avenue is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Bedford Place, WC1B Bedford Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Bedford Row, SE1 A street within the WC1R postcode
Bedford Row, WC1R Bedford Row is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Bedford Square, WC1B Bedford Square was designed as a unified architectural composition in 1775-6 by Thomas Leverton.
Betterton Street, WC2H Betterton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Bloomsbury Place, WC1B The name of Bloomsbury Place is derived from William Blemund.
Bloomsbury Place, WC1B Bloomsbury Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Bloomsbury Square, WC1A The 4th Earl of Southampton was granted a building license for the construction of Bloomsbury Square in 1661.
Bloomsbury Street, WC1A Bloomsbury Street runs from Gower Street in the north to the junction of New Oxford Street and Shaftesbury Avenue in the south.
Bloomsbury Street, WC1B Bloomsbury Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Bloomsbury Way, WC1A Bloomsbury Way is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Boswell Street, WC1N Boswell Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Boswell Street, WC1X Boswell Street is a road in the WC1X postcode area
Bow Street, WC2B Bow Street was built in the shape of a bow between 1633 and 1677.
Bristol House, WC1B Residential block
British Museum, WC1B British Museum is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Broad Court, WC2B Broad Court is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Bucknall Street, WC2H Bucknall Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Bury Place, WC1A Bury Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Castlewood House, WC1A Residential block
Catton Street, WC1R Catton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Centre Point House, WC2H Residential block
Clare Market, WC2A Clare Market is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Clement’s Inn, WC2R Clement’s Inn is a road in the WC2R postcode area
Clements Inn, WC2A Clements Inn is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Coptic Street, WC1A Coptic Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Cosmo Place, WC1B Cosmo Place is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Cosmo Place, WC1N Cosmo Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Covent Garden, WC2H Covent Garden is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Crown Court, WC2B Crown Court is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Crystal Wharf, N1 A street within the WC2B postcode
Dane Street, WC1R Dane Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Denmark Place, WC2H Denmark Place is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Denmark Street, WC2H Denmark Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Dombey Street, WC1N Dombey Street is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Drury Lane, WC2B Drury Lane is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Dryden Street, WC2E Dryden Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2E postal area.
Dudley Court, WC2H Dudley Court is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Dyott Street, WC1A Dyott Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Eagle Street, WC1R Eagle Street runs parallel to High Holborn, one block north.
Earlham Street, WC2H Earlham Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Earnshaw Street, WC2H Earnshaw Street was at first called Arthur Street.
Emerald Street, WC1N Emerald Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Endell Street, WC2H Endell Street, originally known as Belton Street, is a street that runs from High Holborn in the north to Long Acre and Bow Street in the south.
Excel Court, WC2H Excel Court is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Field Court, WC1R Field Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Fisher Street, WC1R Fisher Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Flichcroft Street, WC2H Flichcroft Street is a road in the WC2H postcode area
Flitcroft Street, WC2H Flitcroft Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Galen Place, WC1A Galen Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Gate Street, WC2A Gate Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Gilbert Place, WC1A Gilbert Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Gloucester Road, WC1N Gloucester Road is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Grape Street, WC2H Grape Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Great Court, WC1B Great Court is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Great James Street, WC1N Great James Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Great Queen Street, WC2B Great Queen Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Great Russell Street, WC1A Great Russell Street commemorates the marriage of the daughter of the 4th Earl of Southampton to William Russell in 1669.
Great Russell Street, WC1B Great Russell Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Great Turnstile, WC1V This is a street in the WC1V postcode area
Hand Court, WC1V Hand Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
High Holborn, WC1V High Holborn was part of the old road from Newgate and the Tower to the gallows at Tyburn.
High Holborn, WC2A High Holborn is a road in the WC2A postcode area
High Holborn, WC2B High Holborn is a road which is the highest point in the City of London - 22 metres above sea level.
Hog Lane, WC2H Hog Lane was a lane that went from St Giles’ leper hospital (set up in the 12th century) to the monument to Eleanor at Charing Cross.
Houghton Square, SW9 Houghton Square is a road in the SW9 postcode area
Houghton Street, WC2A Houghton Street is a street which has been ’demoted’ over time.
Jockeys Fields, WC1R Jockeys Fields is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Kean Street, WC2B Kean Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Keeley Street, WC2B Keeley Street has a dual history
Kemble Street, WC2B Kemble Street is a road in the WC2B postcode area
Keppel Street, WC1E Keppel Street links Store Street and Gower Street in the west to Malet Street in the east.
Kingsgate Est, N1 A street within the WC1B postcode
Kingsgate Street, WC1R Kingsgate Street ran from High Holborn to Theobald’s Road.
Kingsway, WC2A This is a street in the WC2A postcode area
Kingsway, WC2B Kingsway is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Lamb’s Conduit Passage, WC1R This is a street in the WC1R postcode area
Lambs Conduit Passage, WC1R Lambs Conduit Passage is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Lincoln’s Inn Fields, WC2A Lincoln’s Inn Fields is the largest public square in London, laid out in the 1630s under the initiative of the speculative builder William Newton.
Lion Court, WC1V Lion Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Little Russel Street, WC1A Little Russel Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Little Russell Street, WC1A Little Russell Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Little Turnstile, WC1V Little Turnstile is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Macklin Street, WC2B Macklin Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Malet Street, WC1E Sir Edward Malet was married to Lady Ermyntrude Sackville Russell, daughter of Francis Russell who owned much of the surrounding area.
Martlett Court, WC2B Martlett Court is a road in the WC2B postcode area
Mercer Street, WC2H Mercer Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Monmouth Street, WC2H Monmouth Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Montague Place, WC1E Montague Place was developed in the decade after 1800.
Montague Street, WC1B Montague Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Museum Street, WC1A Museum Street is so-named since it approaches the main entrance of the British Museum.
Neal Street, WC2H Neal Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Neals Yard, WC2H Neals Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
New Compton Street, WC2H New Compton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
New North Street, WC1N New North Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
New Oxford Street, WC1A New Oxford Street was built in 1840 to ease congestion in St Giles High Street.
New Oxford Street, WC2H New Oxford Street is a road in the WC2H postcode area
Newton Street, WC2B Newton Street is named for Isaac Newton, scientist and mathematician.
Nottingham Court, WC2H Nottingham Court is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Odhams Walk, WC2H Odhams Walk is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Old Glocester Street, WC1N Old Glocester Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Old Gloucester Street, WC1N Old Gloucester Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Old Glouster Street, WC1N Old Glouster Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Orange Street, WC1R Orange Street disappeared from the map to be replaced by St Martin’s College of Art (now Central Saint Martins).
Ormond Close, WC1N Ormond Close is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Parker Mews, WC2B Parker Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Parker Street, WC2B Parker Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Peabody Trust Estate, SE21 Peabody Trust Estate is a road in the SE21 postcode area
Peabody Trust Estate, SE24 Peabody Trust Estate is a road in the SE24 postcode area
Phoenix Street, WC2H Phoenix Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Pied Bull Court, WC1A Pied Bull Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Pied Bull Yard, WC1A Pied Bull Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Portsmouth Street, WC2A Portsmouth Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Portugal Street, WC2A Portugal Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Princeton Street, WC1R Princeton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Procter Street, WC1V Procter Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Proctor Street, WC1V Proctor Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Queen Square, WC1N Queen Square was laid out by speculator Nicholas Barbon.
Raymond Buildings, WC1R Raymond Buildings is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Red Lion Square, WC1R Red Lion Square was built from the late 1680s by speculator Nicholas Barbon.
Red Lion Street, WC1R Red Lion Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Richbell Place, WC1N Richbell Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Russell Square, WC1H Russell Square is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Saint Giles High Street, WC2H This is a street in the WC2H postcode area
Sandland Street, WC1R Sandland Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Sardinia House, WC2A Residential block
Sardinia Street, WC2A Sardinia Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Sardinia Street, WC2B Sardinia Street, formerly Duke Street, was a street that ran from Prince’s Street in the south to the western side of Lincoln’s Inn Fields in the north.
Serle Street, WC2A Serle Street is a road in the WC2A postcode area
Seven Dials, WC2H Seven Dials was built on the site of the Cock-and-Pie Fields, named for a nearby inn.
Shaftesbury Avenue, WC2H Shaftesbury Avenue was named after Anthony Ashley Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury, Victorian politician and philanthropist.
Sheffield Street, WC2A Sheffield Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Shelton Street, WC2B Shelton Street is a road in the WC2B postcode area
Shelton Street, WC2H Shelton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Shorts Gardens, WC2H Shorts Gardens is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Sicilian Avenue, WC1A Sicilian Avenue is a shopping parade that diagonally runs in between Southampton Row and Bloomsbury Way.
Sounding Alley, E3 Sounding Alley is a road in the E3 postcode area
Southampton Place, WC1A Southampton Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Southampton Row, WC1B Southampton Row is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Southampton Row, WC1V Southampton Row is a road in the WC1V postcode area
St Clement’s Passage, WC2A St Clement’s Passage is a road in the WC2A postcode area
St Clements Lane, WC2A St Clements Lane is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
St Giles High Street, WC2H St Giles High Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
St Giles House, WC2B Residential block
Stacey Street, WC2H Stacey Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Stedham Place, WC1A Stedham Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Streatham Street, WC1A Streatham Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Stukeley Street, WC2B Stukeley Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
The Arcade, WC2B The Arcade is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Theobald’s Road, WC1R Theobald’s Road is a road in the WC1R postcode area
Theobalds Road, WC1X Theobalds Road is one of the streets of London in the WC1X postal area.
Thomas Neal Centre, WC2H Thomas Neal Centre is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Thomas Neal’s shopping centre, WC2H Thomas Neal’s shopping centre is a road in the WC2H postcode area
Verulam Buildings, WC1R Verulam Buildings is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Victoria House, WC1A Residential block
West Central Street, WC1A West Central Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Whetstone Park, WC2A Whetstone Park is a road in the WC2A postcode area
Wild Court, WC2B Wild Court leads west from the Kingsway.
Wild Street, WC2B Wild Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Willoughby Street, WC1B Willoughby Street was formerly known as both Vine Street and Wooburn Street.
Yorkshire Grey Yard, WC1R Yorkshire Grey Yard lies off of Eagle Street, WC1


Holborn

Hol^born is both an area and also the name of the area’s principal street, known as High Holborn between St. Giles’s High Street and Gray’s Inn Road and then Hol^born Viaduct between Hol^born Circus and Newgate Street.

The area’s first mention is in a charter of Westminster Abbey, by King Edgar, dated to 959. This mentions ’the old wooden church of St Andrew’ (St Andrew, Hol^born). The name Holborn may be derived from the Middle English hol for hollow, and bourne, a brook, referring to the River Fleet as it ran through a steep valley to the east.

It was at first outside the City’s jurisdiction and a part of Ossulstone Hundred in Middlesex. The original Bars were the boundary of the City of London from 1223, when the City’s jurisdiction was extended beyond the Walls, at Newgate, into the suburb here, as far as the point where the Bars where erected, until 1994 when the border moved to the junction of Chancery Lane. In 1394 the Ward of Farringdon Without was created, but only the south side of Holborn was under its jurisdiction with some minor properties, such as parts of Furnival’s Inn, on the northern side.

The Holborn District was created in 1855, consisting of the civil parishes and extra-parochial places of Glasshouse Yard, Saffron Hill, Hatton Garden, Ely Rents and Ely Place, St Andrew Holborn Above the Bars with St George the Martyr and St Sepulchre. The Metropolitan Borough of Holborn was created in 1900, consisting of the former area of the Holborn District and the St Giles District, excluding Glasshouse Yard and St Sepulchre, which went to the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury. The Metropolitan Borough of Holborn was abolished in 1965 and its area now forms part of the London Borough of Camden.

In the 18th century, Holborn was the location of the infamous Mother Clap’s molly house but in the modern era High Holborn has become a centre for entertainment venues to suit more general tastes: 22 inns or taverns were recorded in the 1860s and the Holborn Empire, originally Weston’s Music Hall, stood between 1857 and 1960, when it was pulled down after structural damage sustained in the Blitz. The theatre premièred the first full-length feature film in 1914, The World, the Flesh and the Devil, a 50-minute melodrama filmed in Kinemacolour.

Charles Dickens took up residence in Furnival’s Inn, on the site of the former Prudential building designed by Alfred Waterhouse now named Holborn Bars. Dickens put his character Pip, in Great Expectations, in residence at Barnard’s Inn opposite, now occupied by Gresham College. Staple Inn, notable as the promotional image for Old Holborn tobacco, is nearby. The three of these were Inns of Chancery. The most northerly of the Inns of Court, Gray’s Inn, is in Holborn, as is Lincoln’s Inn: the area has been associated with the legal professions since mediaeval times, and the name of the local militia (now Territorial Army unit, the Inns of Court & City Yeomanry) still reflects that. Subsequently the area diversified and become recognisable as the modern street.

A plaque stands at number 120 commemorating Thomas Earnshaw’s invention of the Marine chronometer, which facilitated long-distance travel. At the corner of Hatton Garden was the old family department store of Gamages. Until 1992, the London Weather Centre was located in the street. The Prudential insurance company relocated in 2002. The Daily Mirror offices used to be directly opposite it, but the site is now occupied by Sainsbury’s head office.

Hatton Garden, the centre of the diamond trade, was leased to a favourite of Queen Elizabeth I, Sir Christopher Hatton at the insistence of the Queen to provide him with an income. Behind the Prudential Building lies the Anglo-Catholic church of St Alban the Martyr.

In the early 21st century, Holborn has become the site of new offices and hotels: for example, the old neoclassical Pearl Assurance building near the junction with Kingsway was converted into an hotel in 1999.

Holborn station is located at the junction of High Holborn and Kingsway. Situated on the Piccadilly and Central Lines, it is the only station common to the two lines, although the two lines also cross each other three times in West London.

The station was opened by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway (GNP&BR, now the Piccadilly Line) on 15 December 1906 with the name Holborn (Kingsway). Kingsway was a new road, cutting south from High Holborn through an area of cleared slums to Strand. The suffix was dropped from tube maps in the 1960s.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Wild Street (1902)
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Yorkshire Grey Yard street sign
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Gamages in the late 19th century
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