St Stephen’s Church

Bathhouse in/near Belsize Park, existing between the 1870s and now

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St Stephen’s Church

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Bathhouse · * · NW3 ·
October
6
2015

St. Stephen’s is a former church building, sited on Rosslyn Hill at its junction with Pond Street, a steep slope adjacent to the Royal Free Hospital.

It was designed in the Neo Gothic style by Samuel Sanders Teulon and he considered it the best of the 114 churches he designed, calling it his "mighty church" – it was also the most expensive of them. He accepted the commission to design it after Sir Thomas Maryon Wilson, Lord of the Manor of Hampstead, offered Hampstead Green to be the site for a new church in 1864. From 1864 to 1867 funds were raised (the projected cost was estimated as £7,500; the final sum was actually £27,000).

Work began in January 1869, with the foundation stone being laid May that year and consecration by John Jackson the Bishop of London occurring on 31 December. It was fully complete by 1870, but was continually prone to subsidence due to its hilly site.

It held up to 1200 worshippers at its peak.

By the later 1960s concerns had been raised on structural grounds and, with maintenance costs rising and its congregation declining, it was closed for worship in 1977.

It was saved from demolition to provide a car park for the hospital or being split into flats by being made a Grade I listed building in the late 1970s. However, it went into slow decay, with squatters, whilst discussions for a new used for it dragged on.

A lease on it was awarded to the St Stephen’s Restoration and Preservation Trust in 1999 and, after this body raised over £4 million from English Heritage, the Heritage Lottery Fund, local businesses and individual donors, it has restored it to a usable condition in three phases.


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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Hampstead Heath Hampstead Heath railway station has been part of the London Overground since 11 November 2007.
Keats House Keats House is a writer’s house museum in a house once occupied by the Romantic poet John Keats.
Rosslyn Hill Unitarian Chapel The Rosslyn Hill Unitarian Chapel is a place of worship and a member of the General Assembly of Unitarian and Free Christian Churches, the umbrella organisation for British Unitarians.
Rosslyn House Rosslyn (Roslyn) House, which stood between Wedderburn and Lyndhurst Roads, was one of the last of the famous old Hampstead houses to be destroyed.
Shepherd’s Well Shepherd’s Well, whose flow was thought to be nearly as pure as distilled water, is the source of the River Tyburn.
South End Green South End Green is the focus of a distinct Hampstead community.
St Stephen’s Church St. Stephen’s is a former church building, sited on Rosslyn Hill at its junction with Pond Street, a steep slope adjacent to the Royal Free Hospital.
The Royal School, Hampstead The Royal School, Hampstead, was an independent girls’ day and boarding school. The school educated girls aged 3-16.

NEARBY STREETS
Agincourt Road, NW3 Agincourt Road dates from 1881.
Akenside Road, NW3 Akenside Road is a street named after a famous local resident.
Aspern Grove, NW3 Aspern Grove is a street in Hampstead.
Belsize Avenue, NW3 Belsize Avenue was once the driveway to the former Belsize House.
Belsize Court Garages, NW3 Belsize Court Garages were built by Willett in around 1880 as livery stables.
Belsize Court, NW3 Belsize Court is a street in Hampstead.
Belsize Crescent, NW3 Belsize Crescent is a street in Hampstead.
Belsize Cresent, NW3 Belsize Cresent, NW3 dates from 1868.
Belsize Lane, NW3 Belsize Lane is a thoroughfare linking Rosslyn Hill with Swiss Cottage.
Belsize Mews, NW3 This is a street in the NW3 postcode area
Belsize Park, NW3 Belsize Park is a street in Hampstead.
Belsize Place, NW3 Belsize Place is a street in Hampstead.
Byron Mews, NW3 Byron Mews is a street in Hampstead.
Carlingford Road, NW3 Carlingford Road runs between Pilgrim’s Lane and Willoughby Road.
Cayford House, NW3 Residential block
Connaught Mews, NW3 Connaught Mews is a street in Hampstead.
Constantine Road, NW3 Constantine Road was planned as a direct route from Gospel Oak and Kentish Town to South End Green and the heath.
Cressy Road, NW3 Cressy Road was named for a famous English victory by its builder Thomas Gibb.
Denning Road, NW3 Denning Road is a street in Hampstead.
Downshire Hill, NW3 Downshire Hill is a street in Hampstead.
Downside Crescent, NW3 Downside Crescent is a street in Hampstead.
Ella Mews, NW3 Ella Mews is a street in Hampstead.
Fitzjohn’s Avenue, NW3 Fitzjohn’s Avenue links Hampstead with Swiss Cottage.
Fleet Road, NW3 Fleet Road is a street in Hampstead.
Garnett Road, NW3 Garnett Road is a street in Hampstead.
Gayton Crescent, NW3 Gayton Crescent is a street in Hampstead.
Gayton Road, NW3 Gayton Road is a street in Hampstead.
Glenloch Road, NW3 Glenloch Road is a street in Hampstead.
Greenhill, NW3 Greenhill is a street in Hampstead.
Hampstead Green, NW3 Hampstead Green is a street in Hampstead.
Hampstead Hill Gardens, NW3 Hampstead Hill Gardens is a street in Hampstead.
Heath Hurst Road, NW3 Heath Hurst Road is a street in Hampstead.
Hillfield Court Hillfield Court is a prominent art deco residential mansion block in Belsize Park, in the London Borough of Camden, built in 1934.
Hillfield Court, NW3 Hillfield Court serves a prominent art deco residential mansion block of the same name in Belsize Park.
Hillfield Mansions, NW3 Hillfield Mansions is a street in Hampstead.
Keats Grove, NW3 John Keats lived in the road and his house is now a museum.
Kemplay Road, NW3 Kemplay Road is a street in Hampstead.
Lawn Road, NW3 Lawn Road is a street in Hampstead.
Lowlands, NW3 Lowlands is a street in Hampstead.
Lyndhurst Gardens, NW3 Lyndhurst Gardens is a street in Hampstead.
Lyndhurst Road, NW3 Lyndhurst Road is a street in Hampstead.
Lyndhurst Terrace, NW3 Lyndhurst Terrace is a street in Hampstead.
Marion Mews, SE21 Marion Mews is a road in the SE21 postcode area
Martys Yard, NW3 Martys Yard is a street in Hampstead.
Maryon Mews, NW3 Maryon Mews is a street in Hampstead.
Midland Crescent, NW3 Midland Crescent is a street in Hampstead.
Nassington Road, NW3 Nassington Road is a street in Hampstead.
Old Brewery Mews, NW3 Old Brewery Mews is a street in Hampstead.
Ornan Road, NW3 Ornan Road is a street in Hampstead.
Park End, NW3 Park End is a street in Hampstead.
Perceval Avenue, NW3 Perceval Avenue is a street in Hampstead.
Pilgrim’s Lane, NW3 This is a street in the NW3 postcode area
Pilgrim’s Place, NW3 This is a street in the NW3 postcode area
Pilgrims Lane, NW3 Pilgrims Lane is a street in Hampstead.
Pilgrims Place, NW3 Pilgrims Place is a street in Hampstead.
Pond Street, NW3 Pond Street is a street in Hampstead.
Princess Mews, NW3 Princess Mews is a mews of Belsize Park.
Rosslyn Hill, NW3 Rosslyn Hill is a road connecting the south end of Hampstead High Street to the north end of Haverstock Hill.
Rosslyn Mews, NW3 Rosslyn Mews is a street in Hampstead.
Rowland Hill Street, NW3 Rowland Hill Street is a street in Hampstead.
Rudall Crescent, NW3 Rudall Crescent was laid out by a builder John Culverhouse in 1878.
Shepherd’s Path, NW3 Shepherd’s Path is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Shepherd's Path, NW3 Shepherd?s Path is a street in Hampstead.
Shepherds Walk, NW3 Shepherds Walk is a street in Hampstead.
South End Close, NW3 South End Close is a street in Hampstead.
South End Road, NW3 South End Road is a street in Hampstead.
South Hill Park, NW3 South Hill Park is a road on the edge of Hampstead Heath.
St Crispins Close, NW3 St Crispins Close is a street in Hampstead.
St. Crispin?s Close, NW3 St. Crispin?s Close is a street in Hampstead.
Sumpter Close, NW3 Sumpter Close is a street in Hampstead.
The Old Orchard, NW3 The Old Orchard is a street in Hampstead.
Thurlow Road, NW3 Thurlow Road is a street in Hampstead.
Tranley Mews, NW3 Tranley Mews is a street in Hampstead.
Tudor Close, NW3 Tudor Close is a street in Hampstead.
Vane Close, NW3 Vane Close is a street in Hampstead.
Wandsworth Place, NW3 Wandsworth Place is a street in Hampstead.
Waterhouse Close, NW3 Waterhouse Close is a street in Hampstead.
Wedderburn Road, NW3 Wedderburn Road is a street in Hampstead.
Willoughby Road, NW3 Willoughby Road is a street in Hampstead.
Woodland Walk, NW3 Woodland Walk is a street in Hampstead.
Woodland Walk, NW6 Woodland Walk is a road in the NW6 postcode area


Belsize Park

The Manor of Belsize dates back to 1317, with the name is derived from French bel assis meaning 'well situated'.

Belsize Manor was built by Daniel O'Neill for his wife, the Countess of Chesterfield, in the 17th century. Urbanisation took place largely between 1852 and 1878, by which time it extended to Haverstock Hill. After World War I, the construction of blocks of flats began, and now a great many of the larger houses are also converted into flats.

Belsize Park underground station was opened on 22 June 1907 by the Charing Cross, Euston & Hampstead Railway as an intermediate station on its line from Charing Cross to Hampstead. It is served by three lifts and there are 219 steps. The station was designed by Leslie Green and has his familiar facade of ox-blood faience with four round arched windows. It remained largely untouched until the late 1980s when the lifts were replaced and a new ticketing system installed.

It was during the 1930s that Belsize Park contributed most to the artistic and intellectual life of Hampstead. Artists associated with the Mall studios included Dame Barbara Hepworth from 1927 to 1939, her first husband John Skeaping and second Ben Nicholson from 1931 to 1939, and Henry Moore, who lived at no. 11A Parkhill Road from 1929 to 1940. They were members of Unit One, a group of artists and architects founded in 1933 by Paul Nash (1889-1946), who lived at no. 3 Eldon Grove from 1936 to 1939. Sir Herbert Read, the poet and art critic, who lived in 1934-5 at the Mall studios, which he described as a 'nest of gentle artists', published the group's manifesto, a theory of modern style.

Another centre was no. 37 Belsize Park Gardens, meeting place of MARS, an architectural group, and home of Jack Pritchard, who founded Isokon, a firm making modern furniture designed by people like Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer, refugees who brought a European dimension to the abstract design movement in the arts. Others included Piet Mondrian, the Dutch painter, who stayed with the Pritchards before moving to no. 60 Parkhill Road (1938-41). Pritchard also commissioned Wells Coates in 1934 to build the Isokon or Lawn Road flats, partly to house artistic refugees, on a site which he owned. Built in concrete in a functional style, the flats came to be recognized as 'a milestone in the introduction of the modern idiom into London'.

In World War II, a large underground air-raid shelter was built here and its entrance can still be seen near the tube station at Downside Crescent. The area on Haverstock Hill north of Belsize Park underground station up to Hampstead Town Hall and including part of a primary school near the Royal Free Hospital was heavily bombed.

Belsize Park these days is a lively area with many restaurants, pubs and cafés along Haverstock Hill and also England's Lane.

Glossary: A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9, edited by C R Elrington.



LOCAL PHOTOS
Fitzjohn's Avenue sign
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Shepherd’s Well in 1820
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201404091644
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Wedderburn Road, NW3
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Royal Free Hospital
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Belsize Avenue in Belsize Park
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