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Underground station · Charing Cross · ·
August
4
2013

Charing Cross denotes the junction of the Strand, Whitehall and Cockspur Street, just south of Trafalgar Square in central London. It gives its name to several local landmarks, including Charing Cross railway station, one of the main London rail termini.

Charing Cross is named after the now demolished Eleanor cross that stood there, in what was once the hamlet of Charing. It was where King Edward I placed a memorial to his wife, Eleanor of Castile.

It was one of twelve places where Eleanor's coffin rested overnight during the funeral procession from Lincolnshire to her final resting-place at Westminster. At each of these, Edward erected an Eleanor cross, of which only three now remain.

The original site of the cross has been occupied since 1675 by an equestrian statue of King Charles I. A Victorian replacement, in different style from the original, was later erected a short distance to the east outside the railway station.

Formerly, until 1931, Charing Cross also referred to the part of what is now Whitehall lying between Great Scotland Yard and Trafalgar Square. At least one property retains a Charing Cross postal address: Drummonds Bank, on the corner of Whitehall and The Mall, which is designated 49 Charing Cross (not to be confused with the separate Charing Cross Road).

Since the second half of the 18th century, Charing Cross has been seen by some as the exact centre of London, being the main point used for measuring distances from London.

The railway station opened in 1864, fronted on the Strand with the Charing Cross Hotel. The original station building was built on the site of the Hungerford Market by the South Eastern Railway, designed by Sir John Hawkshaw, with a single span wrought iron roof arching over the six platforms on its relatively cramped site.

Charing Cross tube station has entrances located in Trafalgar Square and The Strand. The station is served by the Northern and Bakerloo lines, originally separate tube stations called Strand and Trafalgar Square, and provides an interchange with the National Rail network. The station was served by the Jubilee Line between 1979 and 1999, acting as the southern terminus of the line during that period.



Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence


Charing Cross Northern Line platform

Charing Cross Northern Line platform
Mikegr

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
101 Strand, WC2R This shop was one of the first in London to have gas lighting fitted.
Ackermann’s Rudolph Ackermann (20 April 1764 in Stollberg, Saxony – 30 March 1834 in Finchley) was an Anglo-German bookseller, inventor, lithographer, publisher and businessman.
Garrick Yard Garrick Yard, together with the more familiar Garrick Street to the northeast of here, both took their names from the Garrick Club which commemorates the famous 18th century actor, David Garrick.
Hungerford Bridge Hungerford Bridge is a rail bridge crossing the Thames into Charing Cross station.
Hungerford Stairs The Hungerford Stairs were the entrance point to Hungerford Market from the River Thames. They are now the site of Charing Cross railway Station.
Leicester Square Leicester Square, while indeed a square, is also the name for a tube station.
Northumberland House Northumberland House was a large Jacobean townhouse in London, which was the London residence of the Percy family, who were the Dukes of Northumberland.
Royal Society The Royal Society is a self-governing Fellowship of many of the world’s most distinguished scientists drawn from all areas of science, engineering and medicine.
Shipley's Drawing School 101 The Strand was an art school from 1750 until 1806.
The Adelphi The Adelphi is a small district surrounding the streets of Adelphi Terrace, Robert Street and John Adam Street.
Wyld’s Great Globe Wyld’s Great Globe was an attraction situated in Leicester Square between 1851 and 1862.

THE STREETS OF CHARING CROSS
Adelaide Street, WC2N Adelaide Street was named for Queen Adelaide, Consort to King William IV.
Agar Street, WC2N Agar Street is named after George Agar, who built the street in the 1830s with John Ponsonby, Earl of Bessborough
C1 Mint Business Park, E16 A street within the E16 postcode
Cannon Street, WC2N Cannon Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2N postal area.
Chandos Place, WC2N Chandos Place is one of the streets of London in the WC2N postal area.
Charing Cross, SW1A Charing Cross, long regarded as London’s central point, as an address is an enigma.
Cockspur Street, SW1Y Cockspur Street is possibly after the cock fighting that formerly occurred here, cocks often having spurs attached to their feet during fights.
Craven Passage, WC2N Craven Passage is named after William Craven, 3rd Baron Craven, who owned the land when the street was built in the 1730s.
Craven Street, WC2N Craven Street is named after William Craven, 3rd Baron Craven, who owned the land when the street was built in the 1730s.
Dn, SE1 A street within the postcode
Duncannon Street, WC2N Duncannon Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2N postal area.
Elmhurstreet Villas, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Fullwood’s Mews, N1 A street within the 77381 postcode
Garrick Street, WC2E Garrick Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2E postal area.
Great Scotland Yard, SW1A Great Scotland Yard is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
London Borough Of Hackney, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
London Borough Of Southwark, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Lyndhurstreet Grove, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Northumberland Avenue, WC2N The part of Northumberland Avenue nearest to Trafalgar Square lies in the SW1 rather than WC2 postcode.
Northumberland Street, WC2N Northumberland Street commemorates the former Northumberland House, built originally in the early 17th century for the earls of Northampton and later acquired by the earls of Northumberland.
Pall Mall East, SW1Y Pall Mall East is an eastern extension of Pall Mall towards Trafalgar Square.
Pelican Estate, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Rose Street, WC2E Rose Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2E postal area.
Spring Gardens, SW1A Spring Gardens derives its name from the Spring Garden, formed in the 16th century as an addition to the pleasure grounds of Whitehall Palace.
St. James’s Drive, SW12 A street within the 78257 postcode
St. Kilda’s Road, N16 A street within the N16 postcode
The Arches, WC2N The Arches is one of the streets of London in the WC2N postal area.
The Gallery, E20 The Gallery is a road in the E20 postcode area
The National Gallery, WC2N The National Gallery is one of the streets of London in the WC2N postal area.
Thunderer Walk, SE18 A street within the postcode
Trafalgar Square, SW1Y Trafalgar Square commemorates Horatio Nelson’s 1805 victory at the Battle of Trafalgar.
Villiers Street, WC2N Villiers Street was named after George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham
Westreet Drive, SW16 A street within the SW16 postcode
Whitehall Place, SW1A Whitehall Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
William IV Street, WC2N William IV Street runs from Charing Cross Road to the Strand.
York Place, WC2N York Place marks the location of a house on this site.




LOCAL PHOTOS
Waterloo Place (1913)
TUM image id: 1466520232
101 Strand, WC2R
TUM image id: 1481554517
On This Day in London: 1 November
TUM image id: 1509551019
Bilingual Wardour Street
TUM image id: 1526420734
Newport Court streetsign
TUM image id: 1530109678
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