Gardens in/near Cobham, existing between 1738 and now

(51.328 -0.427) 


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Gardens · Cobham · KT11 ·

Painshill is one of the finest remaining examples of an 18th-century English landscape park.

Painshill was created between 1738 and 1773 by the Charles Hamilton, a Member of Parliament though the original house built in the park has since been demolished.

Hamilton, born in 1704, was the 9th son of the 6th Earl of Abercorn. He went on two Grand Tours, one in 1725 and a further one in 1732.

In 1738 Hamilton began to acquire land at Painshill and, over the years, built up a holding of more than 200 acres. His plan was amongst the earliest to reflect the changing fashion in garden design prompted by the Landscape Movement. The garden was open to "respectable visitors" who were shown around by the head gardener.

There was a particular route round the park designed to bring the visitor to see successive views with best effect. Views from Painshill were painted on plates for a Wedgwood service of porcelain commissioned by Catherine the Great of Russia.

Hamilton ran out of money in 1773 and sold the estate to Benjamin Bond Hopkins, until the latter’s death in 1794. In 1778 Hopkins had commissioned architect Richard Jupp to rebuild Painshill House in a different location within the park. The house was later extended in the 19th century by architect Decimus Burton.

Henry Lawes Luttrell, 2nd Earl of Carhampton bought Painshill in 1807 from William Moffat. After his death in 1821, Jane Luttrell, his wife, lived at Painshill until her death in 1831 when it was sold it to Sir William Cooper, High Sheriff of Surrey. Sir William Cooper and his wife, later his widow, lived there until 1863. In 1904 Charles Combe purchased and lived in Painshill Park.

Until World War II Painshill Park was held by a succession of private owners. In 1948 the estate was split up and sold in separate lots for commercial uses. The Park, as such, soon disappeared and its features fell into decay.

By 1980 the local authority, Elmbridge Borough Council, had bought 158 acres of Hamilton’s original estate and the following year the Painshill Park Trust was founded with the remit "to restore Painshill as nearly as possible to Charles Hamilton’s Original Concept of a Landscaped Garden for the benefit of the public."

Main source: Painshill | 18th century landscape garden - Painshill Park Trust
Further citations and sources

Painshill "Abbey", one of the surviving original follies.

Painshill "Abbey", one of the surviving original follies.
Antony McCallum

Bennett Close, KT11 Bennett Close is a road in the KT11 postcode area
Bridge Way, KT11 A street within the KT11 postcode
Bridgeway, KT11 Bridgeway is a road in the KT11 postcode area
Byfleet Road, KT11 A street within the KT11 postcode
Cedar Court, KT11 Cedar Court is a road in the KT11 postcode area
Cobham Court Farm, KT11 A street within the KT11 postcode
Gavell Road, KT11 A street within the KT11 postcode
Lodge Close, KT11 Lodge Close is a road in the KT11 postcode area
Lodge Cottages Cobham Court Farm, KT11 A street within the KT11 postcode
Matthew Arnold Close, KT11 Matthew Arnold Close is a road in the KT11 postcode area
Riverview Gardens, KT11 Riverview Gardens is a road in the KT11 postcode area

Queen's Park

Queen's Park lies between Kilburn and Kensal Green, developed from 1875 onwards and named to honour Queen Victoria.

The north of Queen's Park formed part of the parish of Willesden and the southern section formed an exclave of the parish of Chelsea, both in the Ossulstone hundred of Middlesex. In 1889 the area of the Metropolitan Board of Works that included the southern section of Queen's Park was transferred from Middlesex to the County of London, and in 1900 the anomaly of being administered from Chelsea was removed when the exclave was united with the parish of Paddington. In 1965 both parts of Queen's Park became part of Greater London: the northern section - Queen's Park 'proper' formed part of Brent and the southern section - the Queen's Park Estate - joined the City of Westminster.

Queen's Park, like much of Kilburn, was developed by Solomon Barnett. The two-storey terraced houses east of the park, built between 1895 and 1900, typically have clean, classical lines. Those west of the park, built 1900–05, tend to be more Gothic in style. Barnett's wife was from the West Country, and many of the roads he developed are named either for places she knew (e.g. Torbay, Tiverton, Honiton) or for popular poets of the time (e.g. Tennyson). The first occupants of the area in late Victorian times were typically lower middle class, such as clerks and teachers. Queen's Park is both demographically and architecturally diverse. The streets around the park at the heart of Queens Park are a conservation area.

There is hardly any social housing in the streets around Queens Park itself, and the area was zoned as not suitable for social housing in the 1970s and 1980s as even then house prices were above average for the borough of Brent, which made them unaffordable for local Housing Associations. The main shopping streets of Salusbury Road and Chamberlayne Road have fewer convenience stores and more high-value shops and restaurants. Local schools – some of which struggled to attract the children of wealthier local families in the past – are now over-subscribed. House prices have risen accordingly.

Queen's Park station was first opened by the London and North Western Railway (LNWR) on 2 June 1879 on the main line from London to Birmingham.

Services on the Bakerloo line were extended from Kilburn Park to Queen's Park on 11 February 1915. On 10 May 1915 Bakerloo services began to operate north of Queen's Park as far as Willesden Junction over the recently built Watford DC Line tracks shared with the LNWR. As of December 2013, no mainline services calling at the station and the Watford service has been transferred to London Overground.
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