Cremorne Gardens

Park in/near River Thames, existing between 1846 and now

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Cremorne Gardens

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Park · * · SW10 ·
MAY
7
2018

Cremorne Gardens, with a vestige existing today, was in its prime between 1846 and 1877.

From Anglo-Saxon times, the tract of land on the northern banks of the Thames was divided into individually owned ‘lots’, and open to common pasturage after the annual harvest.

Later, in the 17th Century, Chelsea Farm was constructed and the area was used for market gardening plots, supplying central London. In 1778, Lord Cremorne bought Chelsea Farm and Cremorne House was built along with Ashburnham House and Ashburnham Cottage.

Fifty years later in 1825 the ‘Lammas’ rights of common grazing were abolished on the ‘Lots’. In 1830 Charles Random de Berenger, a colourful character implicated in financial fraud during the Napoleonic War, purchased Cremorne House. He was a keen sportsman and opened a sports club know as Cremorne Stadium for ‘skilful and manly exercise’ including shooting, sailing, archery and fencing.

In 1846, De Berenger’s Cremorne Stadium was transformed into a pleasure garden which became a popular and noisy place of entertainment. The entertainment included a diverse range of activities including concerts, fireworks, balloon ascents, galas and theatre.

In 1850 under the ownership of Thomas Bartlett Simpson, the twelve acres were increased to include the grounds of Ashburnham House which held flower shows and other exhibitions.

When Simpson retired in 1861 Edward Tyrrell Smith took on the management. His attractions included a woman who undertook to cross the Thames on a tightrope some hundred metres above the river. She got two thirds of the way across, but the rope was sabotaged and she was lucky to survive with her life.

John Baum became the lessee in 1870. Under his stewardship a new theatre was built. Over the course of their life however, the pleasure gardens became notorious for prostitution and vice. Increasing public clamour for their abolition was spearheaded locally by the Chelsea Vestry. The gardens eventually closed in 1877 after the lease on the land lapsed.

Today only a vestige survives as a small park on the river at the southern end of Cheyne Walk, just east of Lots Road power station. It is largely paved over, and there is little to suggest the grand scale of the original gardens, though it still has two attached jetties, an echo of the landing stages where visitors to the original pleasure gardens would arrive by boat.


Main source: Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea
Further citations and sources



The Dancing Platform at Cremorne Gardens

The Dancing Platform at Cremorne Gardens
Phoebus Levin (1864)

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Chelsea Farm Chelsea Farm was established on the northern banks of the Thames on land previously open to common pasturage after the annual harvest.
Cremorne Gardens Cremorne Gardens, with a vestige existing today, was in its prime between 1846 and 1877.
Lots Road Power Station Lots Road Power Station was a coal (and later oil-fired then gas-fired) power station, which supplied electricity to the London Underground system.

NEARBY STREETS
Ann Lane, SW10 Ann Lane is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Ashburnham Road, SW10 Ashburnham Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Battersea Bridge, SW10 Battersea Bridge is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Battersea Bridge, SW11 Battersea Bridge is a road in the SW11 postcode area
Battersea Church Road, SW11 Battersea Church Road is one of the streets of London in the SW11 postal area.
Blantyre Street, SW10 Blantyre Street is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Bolingbroke Walk, SW11 Bolingbroke Walk is one of the streets of London in the SW11 postal area.
Burnaby Street, SW10 Burnaby Street is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Chelsea Crescent, SW10 Chelsea Crescent is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Chelsea Harbour Design Centre, SW10 Chelsea Harbour Design Centre is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Chelsea Harbour Drive, SW10 Chelsea Harbour Drive is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Chelsea Reach, SW10 Chelsea Reach is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Chelsea Studios, SW10 Chelsea Studios is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Chelsea Wharf, SW10 Chelsea Wharf is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Cheyne Walk, SW10 Cheyne Walk is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Condray Place, SW11 Condray Place is a road in the SW11 postcode area
Cremorne Road, SW10 Cremorne Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Damer Terrace, SW10 Damer Terrace is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Danvers Street, SW3 Sir John Danvers (died 1655) introduced Italian gardens to England in his mansion Danvers House whose grounds spread from the river to the Kings Road.
Dartrey Tower, SW10 Dartrey Tower is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
East Road, SW10 East Road is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Edith Grove, SW10 Edith Grove is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Edith Terrace, SW10 Edith Terrace is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Edith Yard Edith Grove, SW10 Edith Yard Edith Grove is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Fernshaw Close, SW10 Fernshaw Close is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Fernshaw Road, SW10 Fernshaw Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Gertrude Street, SW10 Gertrude Street is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Greaves Tower, SW10 Greaves Tower is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Gunter Grove, SW10 Gunter Grove is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Gwyn Close, SW6 Gwyn Close is a road in the SW6 postcode area
Hobury Street, SW10 Hobury Street is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Hortensia Road, SW10 Hortensia Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
King’s Road, SW10 This is a street in the SW10 postcode area
Kings Road, SW10 Kings Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Kingswater Place, SW11 A street within the SW11 postcode
Lamont Road, SW10 Lamont Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Langton Street, SW10 Langton Street is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Lots Road, SW10 Lots Road, older than the surrounding streets, was once Pooles Lane which was a track leading to Chelsea Farm.
Milmans Street, SW10 Milmans Street is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Moravian Place, SW10 Moravian Place is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Paveley Drive, SW11 Paveley Drive is one of the streets of London in the SW11 postal area.
Petyt Place, SW3 Petyt Place is a road in the SW3 postcode area
Plaza, SW10 Plaza is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Raasay Street, SW10 Raasay Street ran from Dartrey Road to Edith Grove.
Riley Street, SW10 Riley Street is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Shalcomb Street, SW10 Shalcomb Street is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Slaidburn Street, SW10 Slaidburn Street is a street in London
Stadium Street, SW10 Stadium Street is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Sunbury Lane, SW11 Sunbury Lane is one of the streets of London in the SW11 postal area.
Tadema Road, SW10 Tadema Road was named after Lawrence Alma-Tadema
Tetcott Road, SW10 Tetcott Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Thames Avenue, SW10 Thames Avenue is a road in the SW10 postcode area
The Chambers, SW10 The Chambers is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
The Plaza, SW10 The Plaza is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Thorndike Close, SW10 Thorndike Close is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Thorney Crescent, SW11 Thorney Crescent is one of the streets of London in the SW11 postal area.
Upcerne Road, SW10 Upcerne Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Upper Whistler Walk, SW10 This is a street in the SW10 postcode area
Uverdale Road, SW10 Uverdale Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Vicarage Walk, SW11 Vicarage Walk is a road in the SW11 postcode area
Wardens Square, SW6 Wardens Square is one of the streets of London in the SW6 postal area.
West Road, SW10 West Road is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Westbridge Road, SW11 Westbridge Road is one of the streets of London in the SW11 postal area.
Whistlers Avenue, SW11 Whistlers Avenue is one of the streets of London in the SW11 postal area.
World’s End Passage, SW10 World’s End Passage is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Worlds End Place, SW10 Worlds End Place is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.


River Thames

London’s river




LOCAL PHOTOS
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