Aldgate, EC3N

Road in/near City of London, existing until now

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Aldgate, EC3N

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Road · City of London · EC3N ·
FEBRUARY
16
2018

Aldgate was the easternmost gateway through the London Wall leading from the City of London to Whitechapel and the East End.

It gives its name to a City ward bounded by White Kennet Street in the north and Crutched Friars in the south, taking in Leadenhall and Fenchurch Streets, which remain principal thoroughfares through the City, each splitting from the short street named Aldgate that connects to Aldgate High Street.

It is thought that a gate at Aldgate spanned the road to Colchester in the Roman period, when London Wall was constructed. The gateway – which probably had two circular towers – stood at the corner of the modern Duke’s Place, on the east side of the City, with a busy thoroughfare passing through it. It was rebuilt between 1108 and 1147, again in 1215, and reconstructed completely between 1607 and 1609 “in a more classical and less functional style”. Like London’s other gates, Aldgate was “fortified with porticullises and chained” in 1377 due to concerns about potential attacks by the French. The gate was finally removed in 1761; it was temporarily re-erected at Bethnal Green.

Aldgate did have defensive functions, and, between its early 13th and early 17th-century reconstructions, was breached on only two occasions. The first occurred during the Great Rising in the summer of 1381 when thousands of insurgents from surrounding region, assisted by sympathizers within and without, entered the City through Aldgate. The second breach came in the summer of 1471 when troops led by the Bastard of Fauconberg forced open the gate. According to Chaucer scholar Paul Strohm, the assault was only successful “by the design of Aldgate’s defenders”: after a number of Fauconberg’s men were allowed to gain entry, the gate’s "portcullis was lowered to trap them inside, where they were taken and slain".

The Augustinians priory of Holy Trinity Aldgate was founded by Matilda, the wife of King Henry I, in 1108, on ground just inside the gate.

While he was a customs official, from 1374 until 1386, Geoffrey Chaucer occupied apartments above the gate, where he wrote some of his poems.

Within Aldgate ward, a short distance to the north of the gate, Jews settled from 1181, until their expulsion in 1290 by King Edward I. The area became known as Old Jewry. Jews were welcomed back by Oliver Cromwell, and once again they settled in the area, founding London’s oldest synagogue at Bevis Marks in 1698.

In about 1420 the Whitechapel Bell Foundry was founded in Aldgate, but it later moved to nearby Whitechapel. The foundry continued to supply bells to churches in the City, including the rebuilt church of St Botolph Without Aldgate in 1744.

In his Survey of London (1598), John Stowe wrote that Aldgate, “hath had two pair of gates, though now but one; the hooks remaineth yet. Also there hath been two portcullisses; the one of them remaineth, the other wanteth, but the place of letting down is manifest”.

At Aldgate’s junction with Leadenhall Street and Fenchurch Street is the site of the old Aldgate Pump. From 1700 it was from this point that distances were measured into the counties of Essex and Middlesex. The original pump was taken down in 1876, and a ’faux’ pump and drinking fountain was erected several yards to the west of the original; it was supplied by water from the New River. In ancient deeds, Alegate Well is mentioned, adjoining the City wall, and this may have been the source (of water) for the original pump. A section of the remains of Holy Trinity Priory can be seen through a window in a nearby office block, on the north side.

The area around the large traffic roundabout to the east of where the gate stood is also often referred to as Aldgate (although strictly, this is Aldgate High Street, and extends a short distance into Whitechapel; it is also known occasionally by the epithet ’Gardiners’ Corner’, in honour of a long-disappeared department store).


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"Alders-gate", a crop of a 1690 map of London with boxed illustrations of the gates of below plan of city

"Alders-gate", a crop of a 1690 map of London with boxed illustrations of the gates of below plan of city
User unknown/public domain

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
29 Aldgate High Street 29 Aldgate High Street is a demolished property, originally on the north side of Aldgate High Street..
46 Aldgate High Street This Grade II Listed office building is one of the few timber-framed buildings in the City that predates the Great Fire of 1666.
Aldgate Aldgate was one of the massive gates which defended the City from Roman times until 1760.
Aldgate bus station Aldgate Bus Station serves the Aldgate area of the City of London.
Aldgate Holy Trinity Priory The Holy Trinity Priory, also known as Christchurch Aldgate, was a priory of Austin canons (Black Canons) founded around 1108 by Queen Matilda of England.
Aldgate Pump Aldgate Pump is a historic water pump, located at the junction where Aldgate meets Fenchurch Street and Leadenhall Street.
All Hallows Staining All Hallows Staining was a church located at the junction of Mark Lane and Dunster Court.
Bevis Marks Synagogue Bevis Marks Synagogue is the oldest synagogue in the United Kingdom.
Boar’s Head Theatre The Boar’s Head Theatre was an inn-yard theatre in the Whitechapel area.
Eastminster Eastminster (The Abbey of St. Mary de Graces) was a Cistercian abbey on Tower Hill and founded by Edward III in 1350.
Goodman’s Fields Goodman’s Fields was a farm beyond the walls of the City.
Goodman’s Fields Theatre Two 18th century theatres bearing the name Goodman’s Fields Theatre were located on Alie Street, Whitechapel.
Great Synagogue of London The Great Synagogue of London was, for centuries, the centre of Ashkenazi synagogue and Jewish life in London. It was destroyed during World War II, in the Blitz.
Holy Trinity, Minories Holy Trinity, Minories was a Church of England parish church outside the eastern boundaries of the City of London, but within the Liberties of the Tower of London.
London Metal Exchange The London Metal Exchange (LME) is the futures exchange with the world’s largest market in options and futures contracts on base and other metals.
Mark Lane station Mark Lane is a disused Circle and District line Underground station.
Minories railway station Minories was the western terminus of the London and Blackwall Railway.
Portsoken Portsoken is one of 25 wards in the City of London, each electing an alderman to the Court of Aldermen and commoners (the City equivalent of a councillor) elected to the Court of Common Council of the City of London Corporation.
St Augustine Papey St Augustine Papey was a mediaeval church in the City of London situated just south of London Wall.
St Botolph’s St. Botolph’s without Aldgate, located on Aldgate High Street, has existed for over a thousand years.
St Gabriel Fenchurch St Gabriel Fenchurch (or Fen Church) was a parish church in the City of London, destroyed in the Great Fire and not rebuilt.
St George’s German Lutheran Church St George’s German Lutheran Church is a church in Alie Street, Whitechapel.
St James Duke’s Place St James Duke’s Place was an Anglican parish church in the Aldgate ward of the City of London.
St Katharine Cree St Katharine Cree is a Church of England church on the north side of Leadenhall Street near Leadenhall Market.
St Mary Axe St Mary Axe was a mediaeval church situated just north of Leadenhall Street on a site now occupied by Fitzwilliam House.
St Olave Hart Street St Olave’s Church is a Church of England church located on the corner of Hart Street and Seething Lane.
St. Mary Axe St Mary Axe was a medieval parish in the City of London whose name survives as that of the street which formerly occupied it.
Toynbee Hall Toynbee Hall is a building which is the home of a charity of the same name.
Wentworth Street (1901) Turn-of-the-century fashion in east London.
Whitechapel Gallery The Whitechapel Gallery is a public art gallery in Aldgate.

NEARBY STREETS
100 Bishopsgate 100 Bishopsgate is a development of two mixed-use buildings on Bishopsgate in London.
99 Bishopsgate, EC2N 99 Bishopsgate is a commercial skyscraper located on Bishopsgate, a major thoroughfare in the City of London financial district.
Adams Court, EC2N Adam’s Court is thought to be named for Sir Thomas Adams.
Aldermans Walk, EC2M Alderman’s Walk was formerly Dashwood’s Walk, for Francis Dashwood, who lived here in the 18th century.
Aldgate High Street, EC3N Once the route to one of the six original gates of the Wall of London, Aldgate High Street has an important place in medieval London’s history.
Aldgate House, E1 A street within the EC3N postcode
Alie Street, E1 Originally called Ayliff Street, Alie Street was named after a relative of William Leman, whose great-uncle, John Leman had bought Goodman’s Fields.
America Square, EC3N America Square is a street and small square, built in about 1760 and dedicated to the American colonies.
Angel Alley, E1 Angel Alley was a narrow passage which ran north-south from Wentworth Street to Whitechapel High Street..
Arcadia Court, E1 Arcadia Court is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Artizan Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Arts Quarter, E1 Arts Quarter is a road in the E1 postcode area
Back Alley, EC3N Back Alley is a small alleyway off of Northumberland Alley.
Bevis Marks, EC3A Bevis Marks is a short street in the ward of Aldgate in the City of London.
Billiter Square, EC3M Billiter Square is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Billiter Street, EC3M Billiter Street was once home to a medieval bell foundry.
Bishopsgate, EC2N Bishopsgate is named after one of the original eight gates in the London Wall.
Blue Anchor Yard, E1 Blue Anchor Yard is a road in the E1 postcode area
Botolph Alley, EC3R Botolph Alley is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
Botolph Lane, EC3R Botolph Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
Braham Street, E1 Braham Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Buckle Street, E1 Buckle Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Bukle Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Bulls Head Passage, EC3V Bulls Head Passage is one of the streets of London in the EC3V postal area.
Bury Street, EC3A Bury Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Byward Street, EC3R Byward Street was laid out between 1895 and 1906.
Camomile Street, EC3A Camomile Street is a short street in the City of London
Camperdown Street, E1 Camperdown Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Carlisle Avenue, EC3N Carlisle Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Cavendish Court, EC3A Cavendish Court is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Central House, E1 Residential block
Chamber Street, E1 Chamber Street is a thoroughfare running east-west from Leman Street to Mansell Street.
Circle Place, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Clothier Street, E1 A street within the E1, postcode
Clothworkers Hall, EC3R Clothworkers Hall is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
Cobb Street, E1 Cobb Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Colchester Street, EC3N Before its was renamed and extended in 1923, Colchester Street was a side street near to the Tower of London.
College East, E1 College East is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Coney Way, SW8 Coney Way is a road in the SW8 postcode area
Contemporary Art Gallery, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Cooper?s Row, EC3N Cooper?s Row is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Coopers Row, EC3N Coopers Row is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Corbet Court, EC3V Corbet Court is one of the streets of London in the EC3V postal area.
Creechurch Lane, EC3A Creechurch Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Crescent, EC3N Crescent is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Cresent, EC3N Cresent is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Crinoline Mews, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Crosswall, EC3N Crosswall was formerly named John Street, after King John.
Crutched Friars, EC3N Crutched Friars is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Cullum Street, EC3M Cullum Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Cutler Street, E1 Cutler Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Cutler Street, EC3A Cutler Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Denning Point 33 Commercial Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Devonshire Row, EC2M Devonshire Row is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Devonshire Square, E1 Devonshire Square is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Devonshire Square, EC2M Devonshire Square is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Dukes Place, EC3A Duke’s Place was formerly called Duke Street.
Dukes Place, EC3N Dukes Place is a road in the EC3N postcode area
Dunster Court, EC3R Dunster Court is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
East Tenter Street, E1 East Tenter Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Eastcheap, EC3M Eastcheap is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Fenchurch Avenue, EC3M Fenchurch Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Fenchurch Buildings, EC3M Fenchurch Buildings is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Fenchurch Place, EC3M Fenchurch Place is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Fenchurch Street, EC3M Fenchurch Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
French Ordinary Court, EC3M French Ordinary Court is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Goodman’s Yard, E1 Goodman’s Yard is a street between Minories and Mansell Street.
Goodmans Yard, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Goring Street, EC3A Goring Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Goulston Street, E1 Goulston Street is a thoroughfare running north-south from Wentworth Street to Whitechapel High Street.
Gravel Lane, E1 Gravel Lane is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Great St Helen’s, EC3A This is a street in the EC3A postcode area
Great St Helens, EC3A Great St Helens is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Great Tower Street, EC3R Great Tower Street, originally known just as Tower Street, forms an eastern continuation of Eastcheap.
Great Winchester Street, EC2N Great Winchester Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2N postal area.
Gunthorpe Street, E1 Gunthorpe Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Harp Lane, EC3R Harp Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
Harrow Place, E1 Harrow Place is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Hart Street, EC3R Hart Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
Haydon Street, E1 The eastern end of Haydon Street was called Mansell Passage.
Haydon Street, EC3N Haydon Street heads east from the Minories.
Heneage Lane, EC3A Heneage Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Houndsditch, E1 A street within the EC3A postcode
Houndsditch, EC3A Houndsditch is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Ibex House, EC3N Residential block
Idol Lane, EC3R Idol Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
India Street, EC3N India Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Irongate House, EC3A Residential block
Jewry Street, EC3N Jewry Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
John Sessions Square, E1 John Sessions Square lies off of Alie Street.
Kent and Essex Yard, E1 Kent and Essex Yard ran north of Whitechapel High Street, close to the west side of Commercial Street.
Leadenhall Market, EC3M Leadenhall Market is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Leadenhall Market, EC3V Leadenhall Market is one of the streets of London in the EC3V postal area.
Leadenhall Place, EC3M Leadenhall Place is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Leadenhall Place, EC3V Leadenhall Place is one of the streets of London in the EC3V postal area.
Leadenhall Street, EC3M Leadenhall Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Leadenhall Street, EC3N Leadenhall Street is a road in the EC3N postcode area
Leadenhall Street, EC3P Leadenhall Street - historic home to both the East India Company and Lloyd’s of London.
Leadenhall Street, EC3V Leadenhall Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3V postal area.
Leman Street, E1 Leman Street was named after Sir John Leman.
Leyden Street, E1 Leyden Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Library Square, E1 Library Square is a road in the E1 postcode area
Lime Street, E17 A street within the EC3M postcode
Lime Street, EC3M Lime Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Little Somerset Street, E1 Little Somerset Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Lloyd?s Avenue, EC3N Lloyd?s Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Lloyds Avenue, EC3N Lloyds Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Loft House 46a Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
London Street, EC3R London Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
Lovat Lane, EC3R Lovat Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
Manningtree Street, E1 Manningtree Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Mansell Street, E1 Mansell Street runs north-south on the City of London border.
Mansell Street, EC3N Mansell Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Mark Lane, EC3R Mark Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
Middlesex Street, E1 Middlesex Street is home to the Petticoat Lane Market.
Middlesex Street, EC3A Middlesex Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Mincing Lane, EC3R Mincing Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
Minories, EC3N Minories is one of the old streets of the City of London.
Minster Court, EC3R Minster Court is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
Minsters Pavement, EC3A Minsters Pavement is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Mitre Avenue, E17 Mitre Avenue is one of the streets of London in the E17 postal area.
Mitre Square, EC3A Mitre Square is a small square in the City of London.
Mitre Street, EC3A Mitre Street connects Creechurch Lane with the Aldgate.
Munster Court, SW6 Munster Court is a road in the SW6 postcode area
Muscovy Street, EC3R Muscovy Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
Nathaniel Close, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
New Broad Street, EC2M New Broad Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
New Drum Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
New Goulston Street, E1 New Goulston Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
New London Street, EC3R New London Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
New Street, EC2M New Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
North Tenter Street, E1 North Tenter Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Old Broad Street, EC2M Old Broad Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Old Broad Street, EC2N Old Broad Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2N postal area.
Old Castle Street, E1 Old Castle Street runs north-south from Wentworth Street to Whitechapel High Street, the southern section of which incorporates the former Castle Alley, murder site of Ripper victim Alice McKenzie.
Osborn Street, E1 Osborn Street is a short road leading from Whitechapel Road to the crossroads with Brick Lane, Wentworth Street and Old Montague Street.
Osborne Street, E1 Osborne Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Osbourne Street, E1 Osbourne Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Pepys Street, EC3N Pepys Street links Seething Lane in the west to Cooper’s Row in the east.
Petticoat Square, E1 A street within the postcode
Petticoat Tower, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Philpot Lane, EC3M Philpot Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Plantain Gardens, E11 A street within the EC3V postcode
Plantain Gardens, E11 A street within the EC3V postcode
Plantation Lane, EC3R Plantation Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
Plantation Place Plantation Place takes its name from a previous Plantation House, once the recognised centre of the tea trade.
Pomell Way, E1 Pomell Way is a road in the E1 postcode area
Portsoken Street, E1 Portsoken Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Prescot Street, E1 Prescot Street was named for Rebecca Prescott, wife of William Leman.
Prescott Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Railway Arches, EC3N Railway Arches is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Riga Mews, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Rood Lane, EC3M Rood Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Royal Mint Place, E1 Royal Mint Place is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Royal Mint Street, E1 Royal Mint Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Rupert Street, E1 Rupert Street was situated to the east of Leman Street.
Saint Dunstan?s Hill, EC3R Saint Dunstan?s Hill is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
Saint Mary Axe, EC3A Saint Mary Axe is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Saracen’s Head Yard, EC3N Saracen’s Head Yard was to the south of Aldgate.
Savage Gardens, EC3N Savage Gardens connects Crutched Friars in the north to Trinity Square in the south, crossing Pepys Street.
Scarborough Street, E1 This is a street in the E1 postcode area
Seething Lane, EC3N Seething Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Ship Tavern Passage, EC3M Ship Tavern Passage is a City of London alleyway.
Shorter Street, E1 Shorter Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Shorter Street, EC3N Shorter Street is a road in the EC3N postcode area
South Tenter Street, E1 South Tenter Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
St Botolph Street, EC3A St Botolph Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
St Clare House, EC3N Residential block
St Clare Street, EC3N St Clare Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
St Georges Lane, EC3R St Georges Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
St Helen’s Place, EC3A St Helen’s Place runs east from Bishopsgate.
St James’s Passage, EC3A St James’s Passage was formerly known as Church Passage.
St James’s Place, EC3A St James Place was an open square, formerly Broad Court, which held a daily market that sold fruits of various kinds.
St Margaret Pattens Church, EC3M St Margaret Pattens Church is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
St Mark Street, E1 St Mark Street was built on the old Goodman’s Fields.
St Mary At Hill, EC3R St Mary At Hill is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
St Mary Axe, EC3A St Mary Axe is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
St. Botolph Street, EC3A St. Botolph Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
St. Mary’s Grove, N1 A street within the EC3A postcode
Staple Hall, EC3A Staple Hall is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Stone House Court, EC3A Stone House Court is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Stoney Lane, E1 Stoney Lane is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Strype Street, E1 John Strype, who became an antiquary, historian and parson was the son of a Huguenot weaver and born here in 1643.
Talbot Court, EC3V Talbot Court was next to the Talbot Inn until the Great Fire of London.
The Queen?s Steps, EC3N The Queen?s Steps is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
The Queen’s Steps, EC3N The Queen’s Steps is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Tower Hill, EC3N Tower Hill is a street and square, northwest of the Tower of London.
Toynbee Street, E1 Toynbee Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Trinity Square, EC3N Trinity Square is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Undershaft, EC2N Undershaft is one of the streets of London in the EC2N postal area.
Undershaft, EC3A Undershaft is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Undershaft, EC3P Undershaft is a road in the EC3P postcode area
Union Court, EC2N Union Court is an alleyway off of Broad Street.
Vine Street, EC3N Vine Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Wentworth Street, E1 Wentworth Street runs east-west from the junction of Brick Lane, Osborn Street and Old Montague Street to Middlesex Street, forming part of the boundary between Spitalfields and St Mary’s Whitechapel.
West Tenter Street, E1 West Tenter Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
White Church Passage, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
White Kennet Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
White Kennett Street, E1 White Kennett Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
White Kennett Street, EC3A White Kennett Street was named after a Bishop of Peterborough.
White Lion Court, EC3V White Lion Court is one of the streets of London in the EC3V postal area.
Whitechapel High Street, E1 Whitechapel High Street runs approximately west-east from Aldgate High Street to Whitechapel Road and is designated as part of the A11.
Whittington Avenue, EC3A Whittington Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Whittington Avenue, EC3V Whittington Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC3V postal area.
Wormwood Street, EC2N Wormwood Street refers to the wormwood plant which used to grow on the London Wall and in other areas of wasteland in the City.
Wrestlers Court, EC3A Wrestlers Court is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.


City of London

The City of London constituted most of London from its settlement by the Romans in the 1st century AD to the Middle Ages, but the conurbation has since grown far beyond its borders.

As the City's boundaries have remained almost unchanged since the Middle Ages, it is now only a tiny part of the metropolis of Greater London, though it remains a notable part of central London. It holds city status in its own right and is also a separate ceremonial county.

It is widely referred to as 'The City' (often written on maps as City and differentiated from the phrase 'the city of London') or 'the Square Mile' as it is 1.12 square miles in area. These terms are also often used as metonyms for the United Kingdom's financial services industry, which continues a notable history of being largely based in the City.

The local authority for the City, the City of London Corporation, is unique in the UK and has some unusual responsibilities for a local council, such as being the police authority. It also has responsibilities and ownerships beyond the City's boundaries. The Corporation is headed by the Lord Mayor of the City of London, an office separate from (and much older than) the Mayor of London.

The City is a major business and financial centre, ranking as the world's leading centre of global finance. Throughout the 19th century, the City was the world's primary business centre, and continues to be a major meeting point for businesses.

The City had a resident population of about 7000 in 2011 but over 300,000 people commute to it and work there, mainly in the financial services sector. The legal profession forms a major component of the northern and western sides of the City - especially in the Temple and Chancery Lane areas where the Inns of Court are located, of which two—Inner Temple and Middle Temple - fall within the City of London boundary.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Wentworth Street (1901)
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Whitechapel High Street, 1899
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46 Aldgate High Street
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Duke Street, looking south, 1941.
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Osborn Street in the early 1900s
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St James' Place, 1884
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Boar
Credit: Unknown
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