Chelsea Farm

Farm in/near Chelsea, existed between 1650 and 1785

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Chelsea Farm

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Farm · * · SW10 ·
December
27
2010

Chelsea Farm was established on the northern banks of the Thames on land previously open to common pasturage after the annual harvest.

Chelsea Farm was constructed in the 17th century and was used for market gardening, supplying central London.

The Earl of Huntingdon, in the middle of the eighteenth century, rebuilt Chelsea Farm as a house rather than a farm. It became the residence of the Countess of Huntington, a pious Methodist. Chelsea Farm was bought in 1778 by Thomas Dawson, who was created Viscount Cremorne in 1785. Cremorne House was built along with Ashburnham House and Ashburnham Cottage.

By the early 1800s the grounds extended north from the river Thames up to the King’s Road. The estate was famous for its elegant gardens, laid out by Nathaniel Richmond. After Lady Cremorne’s death (his second wife, who was the grand-daughter of William Penn, who founded Pennsylvania) there were no direct male heirs.

In 1825 the ‘Lammas’ rights of common grazing were abolished and in 1831 it was sold to Charles Random who established a ’National Sporting Club’, called the Stadium, in the grounds for ’the cultivation of skilful and manly exercise’ which included shooting, sailing, bathing, archery and fencing. The name lives on in Stadium Street. The venture failed and he was forced to surrender the property to his creditors.


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Chelsea Farm in the days of Countess Huntindon

Chelsea Farm in the days of Countess Huntindon
Kensington and Chelsea Libraries

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Chelsea Farm Chelsea Farm was established on the northern banks of the Thames on land previously open to common pasturage after the annual harvest.
Cremorne Gardens Cremorne Gardens, with a vestige existing today, was in its prime between 1846 and 1877.
Lots Road Power Station Lots Road Power Station was a coal (and later oil-fired then gas-fired) power station, which supplied electricity to the London Underground system.
Sands End Sands End was a close knit working class community.

NEARBY STREETS
Althorpe Mews, SW11 Althorpe Mews is a road in the SW11 postcode area
Ashburnham Road, SW10 Ashburnham Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Bagleys Lane, SW6 Bagleys Lane is one of the streets of London in the SW6 postal area.
Battersea Church Road, SW11 Battersea Church Road is one of the streets of London in the SW11 postal area.
Battersea Square, SW11 Battersea Square is one of the streets of London in the SW11 postal area.
Billing Road, SW10 Billing Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Billing Street, SW10 Billing Street is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Blantyre Street, SW10 Blantyre Street is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Bridges Place, SW6 Bridges Place is one of the streets of London in the SW6 postal area.
Burnaby Street, SW10 Burnaby Street is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Cambria Street, SW6 Cambria Street is a road in the SW6 postcode area
Chelsea Harbour Design Centre, SW10 Chelsea Harbour Design Centre is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Chelsea Harbour Drive, SW10 Chelsea Harbour Drive is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Chelsea Harbour, SW10 Chelsea Harbour is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Chelsea Reach, SW10 Chelsea Reach is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Chelsea Studios, SW10 Chelsea Studios is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Chelsea Wharf, SW10 Chelsea Wharf is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Cheyne Walk, SW10 Cheyne Walk is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Cooper House, SW6 Residential block
Cotswold Mews, SW11 Cotswold Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW11 postal area.
Cremorne Road, SW10 Cremorne Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Damer Terrace, SW10 Damer Terrace is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Dartrey Tower, SW10 Dartrey Tower is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
East Road, SW10 East Road is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Edith Grove, SW10 Edith Grove is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Edith Terrace, SW10 Edith Terrace is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Fernshaw Road, SW10 Fernshaw Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Fulmead Street, SW6 Fulmead Street is a road in the SW6 postcode area
Greaves Tower, SW10 Greaves Tower is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Gunter Grove, SW10 Gunter Grove is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Gwyn Close, SW6 Gwyn Close is a road in the SW6 postcode area
Harbour Avenue, SW10 Harbour Avenue is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Harbour Avenue, SW6 Harbour Avenue is a road in the SW6 postcode area
Harbour Yard, SW10 Harbour Yard is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Holmead Road, SW6 Holmead Road is a road in the SW6 postcode area
Hortensia Road, SW10 Hortensia Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Imperial Road, SW6 Imperial Road is one of the streets of London in the SW6 postal area.
Imperial Square, SW6 Imperial Square is a road in the SW6 postcode area
King’s Road, SW10 This is a street in the SW10 postcode area
King’s Road, SW6 This is a street in the SW6 postcode area
Kings Road, SW10 Kings Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Kings Road, SW6 Kings Road is one of the streets of London in the SW6 postal area.
King’s Road, SW6 King’s Road is a road in the SW6 postcode area
Langton Street, SW10 Langton Street is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Lots Road, SW10 Lots Road, older than the surrounding streets, was once Pooles Lane which was a track leading to Chelsea Farm.
Maynard Close, SW6 Maynard Close is one of the streets of London in the SW6 postal area.
Michael Road, SW6 Michael Road is one of the streets of London in the SW6 postal area.
Micheal Road, SW6 Micheal Road is one of the streets of London in the SW6 postal area.
Plaza, SW10 Plaza is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Raasay Street, SW10 Raasay Street ran from Dartrey Road to Edith Grove.
Riley Street, SW10 Riley Street is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Rumbold Road, SW6 Rumbold Road is one of the streets of London in the SW6 postal area.
Slaidburn Street, SW10 Slaidburn Street is a street in London
Stadium Street, SW10 Stadium Street is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Sunbury Lane, SW11 Sunbury Lane is one of the streets of London in the SW11 postal area.
Tadema Road, SW10 Tadema Road was named after Lawrence Alma-Tadema
Tetcott Road, SW10 Tetcott Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Thames Avenue, SW10 Thames Avenue is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Thames Towpath, SW10 Thames Towpath is a road in the SW10 postcode area
The Chambers, SW10 The Chambers is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
The Crainewell, SW6 The Crainewell is one of the streets of London in the SW6 postal area.
The Plaza, SW10 The Plaza is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Thorndike Close, SW10 Thorndike Close is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Upcerne Road, SW10 Upcerne Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Upper Whistler Walk, SW10 This is a street in the SW10 postcode area
Uverdale Road, SW10 Uverdale Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Valiant House, SW11 Residential block
Vicarage Walk, SW11 Vicarage Walk is a road in the SW11 postcode area
Wandon Road, SW6 Wandon Road is a road in the SW6 postcode area
Wardens Square, SW6 Wardens Square is one of the streets of London in the SW6 postal area.
West Road, SW10 West Road is a road in the SW10 postcode area
World’s End Passage, SW10 World’s End Passage is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Worlds End Place, SW10 Worlds End Place is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.


Chelsea

Chelsea is an affluent area, bounded to the south by the River Thames.

Its eastern boundary was once defined by the River Westbourne, which is now in a pipe above Sloane Square tube station. The modern eastern boundary is Chelsea Bridge Road and the lower half of Sloane Street, including Sloane Square, along with parts of Belgravia. To the north and northwest, the area fades into Knightsbridge and South Kensington, but it is safe to say that the area north of King’s Road as far northwest as Fulham Road is part of Chelsea.

The word Chelsea originates from the Old English term for chalk and landing place on the river. The first record of the Manor of Chelsea precedes the Domesday Book and records the fact that Thurstan, governor of the King’s Palace during the reign of Edward the Confessor (1042–1066), gave the land to the Abbot and Convent of Westminster. Abbot Gervace subsequently assigned the manor to his mother, and it passed into private ownership. The modern-day Chelsea hosted the Synod of Chelsea in 787 AD.

Chelsea once had a reputation for the manufacture of Chelsea buns (made from a long strip of sweet dough tightly coiled, with currants trapped between the layers, and topped with sugar).

King Henry VIII acquired the manor of Chelsea from Lord Sandys in 1536; Chelsea Manor Street is still extant. Two of King Henry’s wives, Catherine Parr and Anne of Cleves, lived in the Manor House; Princess Elizabeth – the future Queen Elizabeth I – resided there; and Thomas More lived more or less next door at Beaufort House. In 1609 James I established a theological college on the site of the future Chelsea Royal Hospital, which Charles II founded in 1682.

By 1694, Chelsea – always a popular location for the wealthy, and once described as ’a village of palaces’ – had a population of 3000. Even so, Chelsea remained rural and served London to the east as a market garden, a trade that continued until the 19th-century development boom which caused the final absorption of the district into the metropolis.

Chelsea shone, brightly but briefly, in the 1960s Swinging London period and the early 1970s. The Swinging Sixties was defined on King’s Road, which runs the length of the area. The Western end of Chelsea featured boutiques Granny Takes a Trip and The Sweet Shop, the latter of which sold medieval silk velvet caftans, tabards and floor cushions, with many of the cultural cognoscenti of the time being customers, including Keith Richards, Twiggy and many others.

The exclusivity of Chelsea as a result of its high property prices has historically resulted in the term Sloane Ranger to be used to describe its residents. From 2011, Channel 4 broadcast a reality television show called Made in Chelsea, documenting the ’glitzy’ lives of several young people living in Chelsea. Moreover, Chelsea is home to one of the largest communities of Americans living outside of the United States, with 6.53% of Chelsea-residents being born in the United States.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Sands End
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