Goodwin’s Field

Agricultural land in/near Chelsea, existed between 1530 and the 1850s

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Goodwin’s Field

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Agricultural land · * · SW10 ·
JUNE
2
2018

Goodwins Field - a field with a story.

In 1715, Goodwin’s Field was a field owned by a Peter Lavigne, grocer or perfumier of Covent Garden. He bought it from two brothers, John and Thomas Morgan of Marlborough, Wiltshire in 1699. Goodwin’s Field had been inherited in 1699 by the Morgans under the provisions of the will of their brother Charles Morgan (d. 1682), also a grocer of Covent Garden, who had bequeathed his shop there directly to Lavigne, formerly his ’servant’.

Morgan had bought Goodwin’s Field in 1680 from a William Chare who in turn had inherited it, by the custom of the manor of Earl’s Court, as the youngest son of a John Chare.. The latter had bought it in 1641 from mortgagees of Samuel Arnold, one of a family widely propertied in the vicinity of Earl’s Court. Earlier, in the 1530s to 1550s, Goodwin’s Field had been owned by a family called Thatcher.

Goodwin’s Field passed on Lavigne’s death in 1717 to his widow and then in 1719 to their daughter, at that time also a widow, who promptly sold it to Edward Williams, described as of the Customs House, gentleman.

After Williams’s death in 1752 his son, also Edward Williams, of the Inner Temple, leased and then, in the following year, sold Goodwin’s Field to trustees for the banker George Campbell, head of the firm that was to become Courts. Campbell, like subsequent owners of Goodwin’s Field, lived in Coleherne House.

After Campbell’s death in 1760 his trustees, in 1761, sold Goodwin’s Field to the bearer of a name that became locally important — William Boulton, esquire, of Frith Street, Soho. Like the elder Williams he was a public official, being one of the Clerks of the Roads in the Post Office. This was at that time a lucrative situation (by reason of its perks rather than its salary), and Boulton’s nephew, the diarist William Hickey, calls him ’very rich’.

In 1796 William Boulton, the elder Boulton’s son, bought the area to the east of the field, and thus acquired, though only for a short time, the area that still commemorates his name.

Towards the south end of Goodwin’s Field a gravel pit is mentioned in 1753, and the right to excavate gravel was reserved by the ground landlord a few years later. In 1808 land in this vicinity was said to be on lease of recent date for the purpose of extracting gravel.

The field was arable in 1748, and rye grew there in 1808. Other nearby fields in 1746 were variously described as ’planted with Walnut Trees, Mulberry Trees, Apple Trees and other fruit Trees’. The walnut trees in particular were a landmark and presumably account for the name of Walnut Tree Walk, on the line of Redcliffe Gardens, which existed as a ’lane or drove’ in 1639, a ’warple’ in 1753, a ’footpath or bridle way’ in 1797, and a ’bridle or carriage way’ in 1805.

In 1843 the occupants of the land was reported as the market gardener John Poupart, with a name later well known at Covent Garden. He, too, lived here, in the small unpretentious farm-house west of Walnut Tree Walk. It stood near the present No. 2a Redcliffe Gardens and perhaps dated from the late 1780s. Apart from this house, the only buildings of any note in the field in the 1840s seem to have been a cottage at the south-west corner of the field near the present 49 Redcliffe Gardens.


Main source: The Boltons and Redcliffe Square area: Introduction | British Hi
Further citations and sources




NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Coleherne House Coleherne House once stood on the corner of Brompton Lane (later Brompton Road) and Walnut Tree Lane (now Redcliffe Gardens).
Earl's Court Farm Earl’s Court Farm is pictured here as it was in 1867, before the opening of the underground station two years later.
Goodwin’s Field Goodwins Field - a field with a story.

NEARBY STREETS
Adrian Mews, SW10 Adrian Mews is a small mews off of Ifield Road.
Barkston Gardens, SW5 Barkston Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Bina Gardens, SW5 Bina Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Bolton Gardens Mews, SW10 Bolton Gardens Mews is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Bolton Gardens, SW5 Bolton Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Boltons Place, SW5 Boltons Place is a road in the SW5 postcode area
Bramham Gardens, SW5 Bramham Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Brechin Place, SW7 Brechin Place is one of the streets of London in the SW7 postal area.
Carmichael Close, SW11 A street within the SW10 postcode
Cathcart Road, SW10 Cathcart Road is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Coleherne Mews, SW10 Coleherne Mews is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Coleherne Road, SW10 Coleherne Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Collingham Gardens, SW5 Collingham Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Cranley Mews, SW7 Cranley Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW7 postal area.
Cresswell Gardens, SW10 Cresswell Gardens is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Cresswell Gardens, SW5 This is a street in the SW5 postcode area
Cresswell Place, SW10 Cresswell Place is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Dove Mews, SW5 Dove Mews is a road in the SW5 postcode area
Drayton Gardens, SW10 Drayton Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Eagle Place, SW7 This is a street in the SW7 postcode area
Earls Court Square, SW5 Earls Court Square is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Earl’s Court Road, SW5 Earl’s Court Road is a road in the SW5 postcode area
East Terrace, SW10 East Terrace is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Esher House, SW10 Residential block
Farnell Mews, SW5 Farnell Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Farrier Walk, SW10 Farrier Walk is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Fawcett Street, SW10 Fawcett Street is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Finborough Road, SW10 Finborough Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Fulham Road, SW10 Fulham Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Gilston Road, SW10 Gilston Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Gledhow Gardens, SW5 Gledhow Gardens is a road in the SW5 postcode area
Harcourt Terrace, SW10 Harcourt Terrace is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Harley Gardens, SW10 Harley Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Hereford Square, SW7 Hereford Square is a road in the SW7 postcode area
Hesper Mews, SW5 Hesper Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Holly Mews, SW10 Holly Mews is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Hollywood Mews, SW10 Hollywood Mews is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Hollywood Road, SW10 Hollywood Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Ifield Road, SW10 Ifield Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Kempsford Gardens, SW5 Kempsford Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Kramer Mews, SW5 Kramer Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Langham Mansions, SW5 Langham Mansions is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
London House, SW10 Residential block
Milborne Grove, SW10 Milborne Grove was built between 1851 and 1862.
Munro Terrace, SW10 Munro Terrace is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Nightingale Place, SW10 Nightingale Place is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Old Brompton Road, SW5 Old Brompton Road is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Old Brompton Road, SW6 Old Brompton Road is a road in the SW6 postcode area
Old Manor Yard, SW5 Old Manor Yard is a road in the SW5 postcode area
Owen Close, UB4 Owen Close is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Penywern Road, SW5 Penywern Road is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Priory Walk, SW10 Priory Walk and Milborne Grove both have development on one side of the road only and together they book-end Harley Gardens.
Redcliffe Close, SW5 Redcliffe Close is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Redcliffe Gardens, SW10 Redcliffe Gardens began life as Walnut Tree Walk, a pathway running through nurseries and market gardens.
Redcliffe Mews, SW10 Redcliffe Mews is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Redcliffe Place, SW10 Redcliffe Place is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Redcliffe Road, SW10 Redcliffe Road is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Redcliffe Square, SW10 Redcliffe Square was built as part of the Gunter estate in the 1860s.
Redcliffe Street, SW10 Redcliffe Street is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Roland Gardens, SW7 Roland Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW7 postal area.
Roland Way, SW7 Roland Way is one of the streets of London in the SW7 postal area.
Rosary Gardens, SW7 Rosary Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW7 postal area.
Seagrave Road, SW6 Seagrave Road is one of the streets of London in the SW6 postal area.
Seymour Walk, SW10 Seymour Walk was almost entirely built between the 1790s-1820s in an area then known as Little Chelsea.
South Bolton Gardens, SW5 South Bolton Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
South Walk, SW10 South Walk is a road in the SW10 postcode area
St Lukes Church Hall, SW10 St Lukes Church Hall is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
The Boltons, SW10 The Boltons is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
The Boltons, SW5 The Boltons is a road in the SW5 postcode area
The Little Boltons, SW10 The Little Boltons - originally called "The Grove" - connects Old Brompton Road with Tregunter Road.
The Mansions, SW5 The Mansions is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Thistle Grove, SW10 Thistle Grove is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Trebouir Road, SW5 Trebouir Road is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Trebovir Road, SW5 Trebovir Road is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Tregunter Road, SW10 Development began at the east end of Tregunter Road in 1851 and was complete by 1866 at the west end.
Weir Road, SW17 Weir Road is a road in the SW17 postcode area
Westgate Terrace, SW10 Westgate Terrace is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Wetherby Gardens, SW5 Wetherby Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Wetherby Mansions, SW5 Wetherby Mansions is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Wetherby Mews, SW5 Wetherby Mews is a road in the SW5 postcode area
Wharfedale Street, SW10 This is a street in the SW10 postcode area
Whistler Walk, SW10 Whistler Walk is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.


Chelsea

Chelsea is an affluent area, bounded to the south by the River Thames.

Its eastern boundary was once defined by the River Westbourne, which is now in a pipe above Sloane Square tube station. The modern eastern boundary is Chelsea Bridge Road and the lower half of Sloane Street, including Sloane Square, along with parts of Belgravia. To the north and northwest, the area fades into Knightsbridge and South Kensington, but it is safe to say that the area north of King’s Road as far northwest as Fulham Road is part of Chelsea.

The word Chelsea originates from the Old English term for chalk and landing place on the river. The first record of the Manor of Chelsea precedes the Domesday Book and records the fact that Thurstan, governor of the King’s Palace during the reign of Edward the Confessor (1042–1066), gave the land to the Abbot and Convent of Westminster. Abbot Gervace subsequently assigned the manor to his mother, and it passed into private ownership. The modern-day Chelsea hosted the Synod of Chelsea in 787 AD.

Chelsea once had a reputation for the manufacture of Chelsea buns (made from a long strip of sweet dough tightly coiled, with currants trapped between the layers, and topped with sugar).

King Henry VIII acquired the manor of Chelsea from Lord Sandys in 1536; Chelsea Manor Street is still extant. Two of King Henry’s wives, Catherine Parr and Anne of Cleves, lived in the Manor House; Princess Elizabeth – the future Queen Elizabeth I – resided there; and Thomas More lived more or less next door at Beaufort House. In 1609 James I established a theological college on the site of the future Chelsea Royal Hospital, which Charles II founded in 1682.

By 1694, Chelsea – always a popular location for the wealthy, and once described as ’a village of palaces’ – had a population of 3000. Even so, Chelsea remained rural and served London to the east as a market garden, a trade that continued until the 19th-century development boom which caused the final absorption of the district into the metropolis.

Chelsea shone, brightly but briefly, in the 1960s Swinging London period and the early 1970s. The Swinging Sixties was defined on King’s Road, which runs the length of the area. The Western end of Chelsea featured boutiques Granny Takes a Trip and The Sweet Shop, the latter of which sold medieval silk velvet caftans, tabards and floor cushions, with many of the cultural cognoscenti of the time being customers, including Keith Richards, Twiggy and many others.

The exclusivity of Chelsea as a result of its high property prices has historically resulted in the term Sloane Ranger to be used to describe its residents. From 2011, Channel 4 broadcast a reality television show called Made in Chelsea, documenting the ’glitzy’ lives of several young people living in Chelsea. Moreover, Chelsea is home to one of the largest communities of Americans living outside of the United States, with 6.53% of Chelsea-residents being born in the United States.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Sands End
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Gloucester Road, 1866
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Earl's Court Farm (1867)
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Boyne Terrace Mews, W11
TUM image id: 1453967964
Perrymead Street, SW6
TUM image id: 1466600332
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