Nantes Passage, E1

Courtyard in/near Spitalfields, existed between the 1700s and 2003

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(51.52072 -0.07649) 

Nantes Passage, E1

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Courtyard · Spitalfields · E1 ·
July
16
2018

Nantes Passage (also Church Passage) was built for Huguenot weavers.

Since the late 15th century many of the houses situated around the area of Spital Fields had been occupied by Flemish protestant weavers. They had built up a reputation for fine quality products and a century later the number of workers in the trade had increased. An order proclaimed by the French authorities in 1598 – the Edict of Nantes – gave religious freedom to French protestants, known as Huguenots. Its revocation in 1688 caused thousands of refugee Huguenot silk weavers to leave France and set up their workshops near to the Spital Fields.

By the early 1700s the number of weavers employed was over 30,000 and it is estimated that there were some 15,000 looms in operation. The weavers adopted as their spokesman and campaigner, a local landowner by the name of George Wheler. Having recently returned from France, he understood the lives of the Huguenots, showed sympathy to their needs and built them a small chapel on the site of this Passage. It was the first of twelve places of worship built over the following years for the sole use of the silk weavers.

As fashions changed and cheap imitations were imported from the Continent the prosperity of Spitalfields went into decline, forcing workers and their families to move to cheaper housing. Further gloom hung over their heads as technical advances lead to automation in the weaving industry, spelling out very clearly the numbered days of the handloom. Steadily the French population decreased. One by one the chapels were sold off or demolished and by the beginning of the 19th century there were over 40,000 silk weavers without any form of work. The last of the chapels, on the corner of Fournier Street and Brick Lane was taken over by the Wesleyan congregation, and in 1899 it was modified as a synagogue to serve the increasing Jewish community.

Alas Nantes Passage is no more in its original form. Spitalfields Market has moved to another site and the area redeveloped.


Citation information: The alleyways and courtyards of London: N – The Undergroun
Further citations and sources




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Petticoat Lane Market Petticoat Lane Market is a fashion and clothing market in the East End.
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Wentworth Street (1901) Turn-of-the-century fashion in east London.

NEARBY STREETS
7-, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
A Half, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Acorn Street, E1 Acorn Street, Bishopsgate, was named from an old tavern sign.
Aldermans Walk, EC2M Alderman’s Walk was formerly Dashwood’s Walk, for Francis Dashwood, who lived here in the 18th century.
Appold Street, EC2A Appold Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Artillery Lane, E1 The name Artillery Lane remembers the skills of the operators of the longbow.
Artillery Passage, E1 Artillery Passage dates from its time as part of The Old Artillery Ground.
Bacon Street, E1 Bacon Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Bacon Street, E2 Bacon Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Bell Lane, E1 Bell Lane is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Bethnal Green Rd/Bethnall Green, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Bethnal Green Road, E1 Bethnal Green Road is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Bishops Square, E1 Bishops Square is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Bishopsgate Arcade, EC2M Bishopsgate Arcade is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Bishopsgate Churchyard, EC2M Bishopsgate Churchyard is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Bishopsgate, EC2M Bishopsgate was originally the entry point for travellers coming from the north east into London.
Blossom Street, E1 Blossom Street runs from Fleur De Lis Street to Folgate Street.
Bowl Court, E1 Bowl Court is a road in the E1 postcode area
Boxpark Retail Mall 2-10, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Braithwaite Street, E1 Braithwaite Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Brick Lane, E1 Brick Lane runs north from the junction of Osborn Street, Old Montague Street and Wentworth Street, through Spitalfields to Bethnal Green Road.
Broadgate Circle, EC2M Broadgate Circle is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Broadgate, EC2M Broadgate is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Brody House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Browns Lane, E1 Browns Lane is marked on the 1862 Stanford map.
Brune House, E1 Residential block
Brune Street, E1 Brune Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Brushfield Street, E1 Brushfield Street is a thoroughfare running east-west from Commercial Street to Bishopsgate.
Bull & Pump, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Calvin Street, E1 Calvin Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Celia Blairman House, E1 Residential block
Chance Street, E1 Chance Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Cheshire Street, E2 Cheshire Street is a street in the East End linking Brick Lane with Bethnal Green and Whitechapel.
Chicksand Street, E1 Chicksand Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Chilton Street, E2 Chilton Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Christina Street, EC2A Christina Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Clifton Street, EC2A Clifton Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Club Row, E1 Club Row is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Cobb Street, E1 Cobb Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Code Street, E1 Code Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
College East, E1 College East is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Commercial Street, E1 Commercial Street is a major thoroughfare running north-south from Shoreditch High Street to Whitechapel High Street.
Coppergate House, E1 Residential block
Corbet Place, E1 Corbet Place is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Crinoline Mews, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Crispin Place, E1 Crispin Place is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Crispin Street, E1 Crispin Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Crown Place, EC2A Crown Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Curtain Road, EC2A Curtain Road is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Curtan Road, EC2A Curtan Road is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Cutlers Gardens Arcade, EC2M Cutlers Gardens Arcade is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Devonshire Row, EC2M Devonshire Row is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Dorset Street, E1 Dorset Street was a small thoroughfare running east-west from Crispin Street to Commercial Street.
Dowson Place, E1 Dowson Place appears on the 1862 Stanford map.
Dray Walk, E1 Dray Walk is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Earl Street, EC2A Earl Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Ebor Street, E1 Ebor Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Elder Street, E1 Elder Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Ely Place, E1 Ely Place appears on the 1862 Stanford map.
Exchange Arcade, EC2M Exchange Arcade is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Exchange Place, EC2M Exchange Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Exchange Square, EC2A Exchange Square is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Exchange Square, EC2M Exchange Square is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Fairchild Place, EC2A Fairchild Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Fairchild Street, EC2A Fairchild Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Fashion Street, E1 Fashion Street is a thoroughfare running east-west from Brick Lane to Commercial Street.
Firstreet Floor, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Fleur De Lis Street, E1 Fleur De Lis Street runs west from Commercial Street.
Flower & Dean Walk, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Flower and Dean Street, E1 Flower and Dean Street was a narrow street running east-west from Commercial Street to Brick Lane.
Folgate Street, E1 Folgate Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Fournier Street, E1 Fournier Street is a street running east-west from Brick Lane to Commercial Street alongside Christ Church.
Frostic Walk, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Frying Pan Alley, E1 Frying Pan Alley is situated close to Middlesex Street and its Petticoat Lane market.
Gatesborough Street, EC2A Gatesborough Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
George Street, E1 George Street was a street running north-south from Flower and Dean Street to Wentworth Street, crossing Thrawl Street approx. half way along its length..
Great Eastern Street, EC2A Great Eastern Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Green Dragon Yard, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Grimsby Street, E2 Grimsby Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Gun Street, E1 Gun Street was part of the Old Artillery Ground - land formerly designated one of the Liberties of the Tower of London.
Hanbury Hall, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Hanbury Street, E1 Hanbury Street is a long road running west-east from Commercial Street to Vallance Road.
Hearn Street, EC2A Hearn Street is a road in the EC2A postcode area
Heneage Street, E1 Heneage Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Hewett Street, EC2A Hewett Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Holywell Centre, EC2A Holywell Centre is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Holywell Lane, EC2A Holywell Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Holywell Row, EC2A Holywell Row is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Hopetown Street, E1 This is a street in the E1 postcode area
Horner Square, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Hunton Street, E1 Hunton Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Jerome Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Kerbela Street, E2 Kerbela Street is a road in the E2 postcode area
King John Court, EC2A King John Court is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Kings Arms Court, E1 Kings Arms Court is a road in the E1 postcode area
Lamb Street, E1 Lamb Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Leonard Street, EC2A Leonard Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Leyden Street, E1 Leyden Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Little Paternoster Row, E1 Little Paternoster Row was once known as French Alley.
Liverpool Street, EC2M Liverpool Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Lolesworth Close, E1 Lolesworth Close is a short cul-de-sac on the east side of Commercial Street which was originally the western extremity of Flower and Dean Street.
London Fruit Exchange, E1 London Fruit Exchange is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
London Wall Buildings, EC2M London Wall Buildings are a commercial development.
Ltd, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Luke Street, EC2A Luke Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Luntley Place, E1 Luntley Place appears on the 1862 Stanford map.
Mark Street, EC2A Mark Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Market Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Mill House, EC2A Residential block
Monmouth House, E1 Residential block
Monthope Road, E1 This is a street in the E1 postcode area
Nathaniel Close, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
New Broad Street, EC2M New Broad Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
New Inn Yard, EC2A New Inn Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
New North Place, EC2A New North Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
New Street, EC2M New Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Norton Folgate, E1 Norton Folgate is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Norton Folgate, EC2M Norton Folgate is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Octagon Arcade, EC2M Octagon Arcade is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Old Broad Street, EC2M Old Broad Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Old Spitalfields Market, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Osborn Place, E1 Osborn Place appears on the 1862 Stanford map.
Osborn Street, E1 Osborn Street is a short road leading from Whitechapel Road to the crossroads with Brick Lane, Wentworth Street and Old Montague Street.
Osborne Street, E1 Osborne Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Osbourne Street, E1 Osbourne Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Parliament Court, E1 Parliament Court is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Paul Street, EC2A Paul Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Paxton House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Pecks Yard, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Phipp Street, EC2A Phipp Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Pindar Street, EC2A Pindar Street is a road in the EC2A postcode area
Plough Yard, EC2A Plough Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Primrose Street, EC2A Primrose Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Princelet Street, E1 Princelet Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Puma Court, E1 Puma Court is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Quaker Street, E1 Quaker Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Railway Arches, EC2A Railway Arches is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Redchurch Street, E2 Redchurch Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Rose Court, E1 Rose Court is a road in the E1 postcode area
Sandy’s Row, E1 This is a street in the E1 postcode area
Sandys Row, E1 Sandys Row is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Sclater Street, E1 Sclater Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Sclaterrace Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Scrutton Street, EC2A Scrutton Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Seven Stars Yard, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Sheba Place, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Shorditch High Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Shoreditch High Street, E1 Shoreditch High Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Shoreditch High Street, E8 This is a street in the E8 postcode area
Shoreditch High Street, EC1V Shoreditch High Street is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Shoreditch High Street, EC2A Shoreditch High Street is a road in the EC2A postcode area
Shoreeditch High Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Silwex House, E1 Residential block
Snowden Street, EC2A Snowden Street is a road in the EC2A postcode area
Spellman Street, E1 Spellman Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Spelman House, E1 Spelman House is a residential block in Whitechapel.
Spelman Street, E1 Spelman Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Spital Square, E1 Spital Square was started in 1733 - Robert Seymour’s edition of Stow’s Survey of London re marked that "in place of this hospital (St. Mary Spital), ... are now built many handsome houses for merchants and others".
Spital Street, E1 Spital Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
St. John’s Drive, SW18 A street within the E1 postcode
Standard Place, EC2A Standard Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Stothard Place, E1 A street within the postcode
Stothard Place, EC2M Stothard Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Strype Street, E1 John Strype, who became an antiquary, historian and parson was the son of a Huguenot weaver and born here in 1643.
Sun Street Passage, EC2A Sun Street Passage is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Sun Street Passage, EC2M Sun Street Passage is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Tea Building, E1 Tea Building is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Tenter Ground, E1 Tenter Ground is one of the notable streets of Spitalfields.
The Arcade, EC2M The Arcade is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Thrawl Street, E1 Originally built by Henry Thrall (or Thrale) c.1656, Thrawl Street ran east-west from Brick Lane as far as George Street across a former tenter field owned by the Fossan brothers, Thomas and Lewis.
Toynbee Street, E1 Toynbee Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Unit 405, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Vandy Street, EC2A Vandy Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Victoria Avenue, EC2M This is a street in the EC2M postcode area
Victoria Yard, E1 Victoria Yard is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Wentworth Street, E1 Wentworth Street runs east-west from the junction of Brick Lane, Osborn Street and Old Montague Street to Middlesex Street, forming part of the boundary between Spitalfields and St Mary’s Whitechapel.
Wheler Street, E1 Wheler Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Whitby Street, E1 Whitby Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Whites Row, E1 White’s Row is a narrow thoroughfare running east-west from Commercial Street to Crispin Street.
Widegate Street, E1 Widegate Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Wilkes Street, E1 Wilkes Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Worship Mews, EC2A Worship Mews is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Worship Street, EC2A Worship Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.


Spitalfields

Spitalfields is near to Liverpool Street station and Brick Lane.

The area straddles Commercial Street and is home to several markets, including the historic Old Spitalfields Market, and various Brick Lane Markets on Brick Lane and Cheshire Street. Petticoat Lane Market lies on the area's south-western boundaries.

The name Spitalfields appears in the form Spittellond in 1399; as The spitel Fyeld on the 16th-century Civitas Londinium map associated with Ralph Agas. The land belonged to St Mary Spital, a priory or hospital erected on the east side of the Bishopsgate thoroughfare in 1197, and the name is thought to derive from this. An alternative, and possibly earlier, name for the area was Lolsworth.

After the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, Spitalfields was inhabited by prosperous French Huguenot silk weavers. In the early 19th century their descendants were reduced to a deplorable condition due to the competition of the Manchester textile factories and the area began to deteriorate into crime-infested slums. The spacious and handsome Huguenot houses were divided up into tiny dwellings which were rented by poor families of labourers, who sought employment in the nearby docks.

The area has recently attracted a IT-literate younger population.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Wentworth Street (1901)
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The Crown public house.
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Osborn Street in the early 1900s
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Hanbury Street c.1918, looking east
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