Brindley Street, W2

Road in/near Westbourne Green, existed between 1855 and 1962

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Road · Westbourne Green · W2 ·
JUNE
29
2013

Brindley Street was once one of the poorest streets in Paddington.

Brindley Street, Alfred Road, and their neighbours were built as densely-packed terraces around 1855.

The commercial prosperity of Westbourne Grove contrasted with a rapid social decline in these streets between the railway and the canal. Subletting to weekly lodgers had made Brindley Street the most overcrowded in Paddington, with three and a half persons to a room by 1865. By 1894-5, nearby Waverley Road was ’among the eleven worst in the parish’. A few street further south Marlborough Street (later Torquay Street), was singled out as one of six poor patches amid the general affluence of north-west London.

Subletting had gone so far that a room might have different tenants by day and by night. This was controlled only by declaring buildings to be lodging houses. This was attributed in 1899 to the canal isolating the area against through traffic and to the density of building.

The worst slums, between the railway and the canal, were transformed by the LCC. In 1957 it had bought 206 properties from the borough council and 266 from the Church Commissioners. Under a 1958 scheme, half of the land was to be used for 1,127 dwellings, of which 946 were to be in new blocks and the others in renovated houses. The Warwick estate, as it came to be called, was opened in 1962 and soon extended west of Harrow Road over the site of Brindley Street.

Most of the old street names have disappeared, including Brindley Street - a few names were reassigned to rebuilt roads or cul-de-sacs.


Main source: A History of the County of Middlesex | British History Online
Further citations and sources


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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY

Comment
PETER FAIRCLOUGH   
Added: 10 May 2021 14:46 GMT   

We once lived here
My family resided at number 53 Brindley Street Paddington.
My grandparents George and Elizabeth Jenkinson (ne Fowler) had four children with my Mother Olive Fairclough (ne Jenkinson) being born in the house on 30/09/1935.
She died on 29/04/2021 aged 85 being the last surviving of the four siblings

Reply

Roy Batham   
Added: 7 Jan 2022 05:50 GMT   

Batham Family (1851 - 1921)
I start with William Batham 1786-1852 born in St.Martins Middlesex. From various sources I have found snippets of information concerning his early life. A soldier in 1814 he married Mary Champelovier of Huguenot descent By 1819 they were in Kensington where they raised 10 children. Apart from soldier his other occupations include whitesmith, bell hanger and pig breeder. I find my first record in the 1851 English sensus. No street address is given, just ’The Potteries’. He died 1853. Only one child at home then George Batham 1839-1923, my great grandfather. By 1861 he is living in Thomas St. Kensington with his mother. A bricklayer by trade 1871, married and still in Thomas St. 1881 finds him in 5,Martin St. Kensington. 1891 10,Manchester St. 1911, 44 Hunt St Hammersmith. Lastly 1921 Census 7, Mersey St. which has since been demolished.

Source: Batham/Wiseman - Family Tree

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Lived here
Tom Vague   
Added: 9 Sep 2020 14:02 GMT   

The Bedford family at 3 Acklam Road (1860 - 1965)
From the 19th century up until 1965, number 3 Acklam Road, near the Portobello Road junction, was occupied by the Bedford family.

When the Westway construction work began the Bedfords sold up and moved to south London. In the early 1970s the house was taken over by the North Kensington Amenity Trust and became the Notting Hill Carnival office before its eventual demolition.

Anne Bedford (now McSweeney) has fond memories of living there, although she recalls: ‘I now know that the conditions were far from ideal but then I knew no different. There was no running hot water, inside toilet or bath, apart from the tin bath we used once a week in the large kitchen/dining room. Any hot water needed was heated in a kettle. I wasn’t aware that there were people not far away who were a lot worse off than us, living in poverty in houses just like mine but families renting one room. We did have a toilet/bathroom installed in 1959, which was ‘luxury’.

‘When the plans for the Westway were coming to light, we were still living in the house whilst all the houses opposite became empty and boarded up one by one. We watched all this going on and decided that it was not going to be a good place to be once the builders moved in to demolish all the houses and start work on the elevated road. Dad sold the house for a fraction of what it should have been worth but it needed too much doing to it to bring it to a good living standard. We were not rich by any means but we were not poor. My grandmother used to do her washing in the basement once a week by lighting a fire in a big concrete copper to heat the water, which would have been there until demolition.

‘When we moved from number 3, I remember the upright piano that my grandparents used to play ’ and me of sorts ’ being lowered out of the top floor and taken away, presumably to be sold. I used to play with balls up on the wall of the chemist shop on the corner of Acklam and Portobello. We would mark numbers on the pavement slabs in a grid and play hopscotch. At the Portobello corner, on one side there was the Duke of Sussex pub, on the other corner, a chemist, later owned by a Mr Fish, which I thought was amusing. When I was very young I remember every evening a man peddling along Acklam Road with a long thin stick with which he lit the streetlights.’ Michelle Active who lived at number 33 remembers: ‘6 of us lived in a one-bed basement flat on Acklam Road. When they demolished it we moved to a 4-bed maisonette on Silchester Estate and I thought it was a palace, two toilets inside, a separate bathroom that was not in the kitchen, absolute heaven.’



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Admin   
Added: 26 Aug 2022 12:44 GMT   

The world’s first underground train
The very first underground train left Paddington on the new Metropolitan Railway bound for Farringdon Street.

Reply
Lived here
Brenda Jackson   
Added: 13 Aug 2017 21:39 GMT   

83 Pembroke Road
My Gt Gt grandparents lived at 83 Pembroke Road before it became Granville Road, They were married in 1874, John Tarrant and Maryann Tarrant nee Williamson.

Her brother George Samuel Williamson lived at 95 Pembroke Road with his wife Emily and children in the 1881 Census

Apparently the extended family also lived for many years in Alpha Place, Canterbury Road, Peel Road,

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Comment
Fumblina   
Added: 27 Mar 2021 11:13 GMT   

St Jude’s Church, Lancefield Street
Saint Jude’s was constructed in 1878, while the parish was assigned in 1879 from the parish of Saint John, Kensal Green (P87/JNE2). The parish was united with the parishes of Saint Luke (P87/LUK1) and Saint Simon (P87/SIM) in 1952. The church was used as a chapel of ease for a few years, but in 1959 it was closed and later demolished.

The church is visible on the 1900 map for the street on the right hand side above the junction with Mozart Street.

Source: SAINT JUDE, KENSAL GREEN: LANCEFIELD STREET, WESTMINSTER | Londo

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The Underground Map   
Added: 24 Nov 2020 14:25 GMT   

The 1879 Agricultural Show
The 1879 Royal Agricultural Society of England’s annual show was held on an area which later became Queen’s Park and opened on 30 June 1879.

The show ran for a week but the poor weather meant people had to struggle through deep mud and attendances fell disastrously. The visit to the show by Queen Victoria on the fifth day rallied visitors and nearly half the people who visited the show went on that day.

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Comment
Fumblina   
Added: 27 Mar 2021 11:08 GMT   

Wedding at St Jude’s Church
On 9th November 1884 Charles Selby and Johanna Hanlon got married in St Jude’s Church on Lancefield Street. They lived together close by at 103 Lancefield Street.
Charles was a Lather, so worked in construction. He was only 21 but was already a widower.
Johanna is not shown as having a profession but this is common in the records and elsewhere she is shown as being an Ironer or a Laundress. It is possible that she worked at the large laundry shown at the top of Lancefield Road on the 1900 map. She was also 21. She was not literate as her signature on the record is a cross.
The ceremony was carried out by William Hugh Wood and was witnessed by Charles H Hudson and Caroline Hudson.

Source: https://www.ancestry.co.uk/imageviewer/collections/1623/images/31280_197456-00100?pId=6694792

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Comment
The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 14:30 GMT   

Kilburn Park - opened 1915
Kilburn Park station was opened at the height of the First World War

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Lived here
David Jones-Parry   
Added: 7 Sep 2017 12:13 GMT   

Mcgregor Road, W11 (1938 - 1957)
I was born n bred at 25 Mc Gregor Rd in 1938 and lived there until I joined the Royal Navy in 1957. It was a very interesting time what with air raid shelters,bombed houses,water tanks all sorts of areas for little boys to collect scrap and sell them on.no questions asked.A very happy boyhood -from there we could visit most areas of London by bus and tube and we did.

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Dave Fahey   
Added: 6 Jan 2021 02:40 GMT   

Bombing of the Jack O Newberry
My maternal grandfather, Archie Greatorex, was the licensee of the Earl of Warwick during the Second World War. My late mother Vera often told the story of the bombing of the Jack. The morning after the pub was bombed, the landlord’s son appeared at the Warwick with the pub’s till on an old pram; he asked my grandfather to pay the money into the bank for him. The poor soul was obviously in shock. The previous night, his parents had taken their baby down to the pub cellar to shelter from the air raids. The son, my mother never knew his name, opted to stay in his bedroom at the top of the building. He was the only survivor. I often wondered what became of him.

Reply
Comment
   
Added: 30 Dec 2022 21:41 GMT   

Southam Street, W10
do any one remember J&A DEMOLITON at harrow rd kensal green my dad work for them in a aec 6 wheel tipper got a photo of him in it

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Lived here
Robert Burns   
Added: 5 Jan 2023 17:46 GMT   

1 Abourne Street
My mother, and my Aunt and my Aunt’s family lived at number 1 Abourne Street.
I remember visitingn my aunt Win Housego, and the Housego family there. If I remember correctly virtually opposite number 1, onthe corner was the Lord Amberley pub.

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Lived here
Scott Hatton   
Added: 11 Sep 2020 15:38 GMT   

6 East Row (1960 - 1960)
We lived at 6 East Row just before it was demolished.

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Comment
danny currie   
Added: 30 Nov 2022 18:39 GMT   

dads yard
ron currie had a car breaking yard in millers yard back in the 60s good old days

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Comment
   
Added: 4 Sep 2022 15:42 GMT   

Superman 2
I worked here in 1977. The scene in the prison laundry in Superman 2 was filmed here.

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Comment
   
Added: 26 Mar 2023 14:50 GMT   

Albert Mews
It is not a gargoyle over the entrance arch to Albert Mews, it is a likeness of Prince Albert himself.

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Comment
Christine D Elliott   
Added: 20 Mar 2023 15:52 GMT   

The Blute Family
My grandparents, Frederick William Blute & Alice Elizabeth Blute nee: Warnham lived at 89 Blockhouse Street Deptford from around 1917.They had six children. 1. Alice Maragret Blute (my mother) 2. Frederick William Blute 3. Charles Adrian Blute 4. Violet Lillian Blute 5. Donald Blute 6. Stanley Vincent Blute (Lived 15 months). I lived there with my family from 1954 (Birth) until 1965 when we were re-housed for regeneration to the area.
I attended Ilderton Road School.
Very happy memories of that time.

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Pearl Foster   
Added: 20 Mar 2023 12:22 GMT   

Dukes Place, EC3A
Until his death in 1767, Daniel Nunes de Lara worked from his home in Dukes Street as a Pastry Cook. It was not until much later the street was renamed Dukes Place. Daniel and his family attended the nearby Bevis Marks synagogue for Sephardic Jews. The Ashkenazi Great Synagogue was established in Duke Street, which meant Daniel’s business perfectly situated for his occupation as it allowed him to cater for both congregations.

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Comment
Dr Paul Flewers   
Added: 9 Mar 2023 18:12 GMT   

Some Brief Notes on Hawthorne Close / Hawthorne Street
My great-grandparents lived in the last house on the south side of Hawthorne Street, no 13, and my grandmother Alice Knopp and her brothers and sisters grew up there. Alice Knopp married Charles Flewers, from nearby Hayling Road, and moved to Richmond, Surrey, where I was born. Leonard Knopp married Esther Gutenberg and lived there until the street was demolished in the mid-1960s, moving on to Tottenham. Uncle Len worked in the fur trade, then ran a pet shop in, I think, the Kingsland Road.

From the back garden, one could see the almshouses in the Balls Pond Road. There was an ink factory at the end of the street, which I recall as rather malodorous.

Reply

KJH   
Added: 7 Mar 2023 17:14 GMT   

Andover Road, N7 (1939 - 1957)
My aunt, Doris nee Curtis (aka Jo) and her husband John Hawkins (aka Jack) ran a small general stores at 92 Andover Road (N7). I have found details in the 1939 register but don’t know how long before that it was opened.He died in 1957. In the 1939 register he is noted as being an ARP warden for Islington warden

Reply

   
Added: 2 Mar 2023 13:50 GMT   

The Queens Head
Queens Head demolished and a NISA supermarket and flats built in its place.

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Comment
Mike   
Added: 28 Feb 2023 18:09 GMT   

6 Elia Street
When I was young I lived in 6 Elia Street. At the end of the garden there was a garage owned by Initial Laundries which ran from an access in Quick Street all the way up to the back of our garden. The fire exit to the garage was a window leading into our garden. 6 Elia Street was owned by Initial Laundry.

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Comment
Fumblina   
Added: 21 Feb 2023 11:39 GMT   

Error on 1800 map numbering for John Street
The 1800 map of Whitfield Street (17 zoom) has an error in the numbering shown on the map. The houses are numbered up the right hand side of John Street and Upper John Street to #47 and then are numbered down the left hand side until #81 BUT then continue from 52-61 instead of 82-91.

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V:7

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Bridge House Canal side house in Westbourne Park
Desborough Lodge Desborough Lodge was a house which was one of five grand houses in the village of Westbourne Green.
Kilburn Aqueduct Some way from the area now called Kilburn, the Kilburn Aqueduct of the Grand Union Canal spanned the River Westbourne.
Orme’s Green Ormes Green was the former name for this part of Westbourne Park.
River Westbourne The Westbourne is one of the lost rivers of London.
Royal Oak Royal Oak is a station on the Hammersmith and City Line, between Westbourne Park and Paddington stations, and is the least used station on the Hammersmith and City line.
Spotted Dog The Spotted Dog public house was one of the earliest buildings in Westbourne Green.
St Mary’s Harrow Road St Mary’s Harrow Road was built as the infirmary for the Paddington Workhouse.
The Prince of Wales Cinema The Prince of Wales Cinema was located at 331 Harrow Road.
Westbourne Farm Westbourne Farm - an old farm with a theatrical connection.
Westbourne Green The story of the building of a suburb.
Westbourne House Two hundred years ago, the biggest house hereabouts...
Westbourne Lodge Westbourne Lodge appeared in one of the earliest photographs in London.
Westbourne Manor The Manor of Westbourne
Weston’s Cider House In 1930 Weston’s opened their first and only cider mill on the Harrow Road.
Windsor Castle The Windsor Castle dates from the 1820s but its main incarnation was as a classic Victorian public house, seminal in 1970s musical history.

NEARBY STREETS
Abourne Street, W9 Before the Second World War, Abourne Street had been called Netley Street.
Admiral Walk, W9 Admiral Walk is a street in Maida Vale.
Aldridge Court, W11 Aldridge Court is in Aldridge Road Villas.
Aldridge Road Villas, W11 Aldridge Road Villas is a surviving fragment of mid-Victorian residential development.
Aldsworth Close, W9 Aldsworth Close is a pale buff brick terrace.
Alfred Road, W2 Alfred Road is the last survivor of a set of Victorian streets.
Amberley Mews, W9 Amberley Mews starred as Tom Riley’s home in the 1950 movie "The Blue Lamp".
Amberley Road, W2 Amberley Road was formerly lined by canalside wharves.
Ascot House, W9 Ascot House was built as part of the GLC’s small Windsor estate.
Barnard Lodge, W9 Barnard Lodge is a street in Maida Vale.
Barnwood Close, W9 Barnwood Close replaced a set of canal-side industrial buildings.
Bourne Terrace, W2 Bourne Terrace is part of the Warwick Estate in Paddington and has 38 properties.
Brinklow House, W2 Brinklow House is a block on Torquay Street.
Buckshead House, W2 Buckshead House is a block on Great Western Road.
Caradoc Close, W2 Caradoc Close is a street in Paddington.
Celbridge Mews, W2 Celbridge Mews is a street in Paddington.
Charfield Court, W9 Charfield Court is part of the 1972 Amberley Estate.
Chippenham Mews, W9 Chippenham Mews lies behind Harrow Road running from Chippenham Road to Marylands Road.
Cirencester Street, W2 Cirencester Street came about in the 1860s but was shortened when the Warwick Estate was built.
Clarendon Crescent, W2 Clarendon Crescent was said to be the longest road in London without a turning.
Clearwell Drive, W9 Clearwell Drive is a newer street, roughly built over the line of the former Amberley Mews.
Combe House, W2 Combe House is a block on Great Western Road.
Culham House, W2 Culham House is a block on Great Western Road.
Dainton House, W2 Dainton House is a block on Great Western Road.
Dartmouth Close, W11 Dartmouth Close is a street in Notting Hill.
Derrycombe House, W2 Derrycombe House is a block on Great Western Road.
Desborough Close, W2 Desborough Close was named after Desborough House which was demolished in the 19th century.
Devonport House, W2 Devonport House is a block on Great Western Road.
Downfield Close, W9 Downfield Close is a street in Maida Vale.
Edbrooke Road, W9 Edbrooke Road is a street in Maida Vale.
Ellwood Court, W9 Ellwood Court is a two-storey block.
Elmfield Way, W9 Elmfield Way is a street in Maida Vale.
Elnathan Mews, W9 Elnathan Mews is a street in Maida Vale.
Elsie Lane Court, W2 Elsie Lane Court is a block on Elsie Lane Court.
Fermoy House, W9 Fermoy House can be found on Fermoy Road.
Foscote Mews, W9 This is a street in the W9 postcode area
Gaydon House, W2 Gaydon House is a 21-storey block containing 125 dwellings.
George Lowe Court, W2 George Lowe Court is a block on George Lowe Court.
Goldney Road, W9 Goldney Road was built around 1860 on land which was once the property of Westminster Abbey.
Great Western Road, W11 The name of the Great Western Road dates from the 1850s.
Great Western Road, W9 Great Western Road’s northernmost section was created after a bridge was constructed over the canal.
Hampden Street, W2 Hampden Street is a now demolished street.
Hanwell House, W2 Hanwell House is a block on Great Western Road.
Harrow Road, W9 Harrow Road is a main road running through Paddington, Willesden and beyond.
Hermes Close, W9 Hermes Close is a street in Maida Vale.
Hunter Lodge, W9 Hunter Lodge is a street in Maida Vale.
Keyham House, W2 The twenty-storey Keyham House is on Westbourne Park Road.
Landor House, W2 Landor House is a block on Westbourne Park Road.
Leamington House, W11 Leamington House was built by 1962.
Leamington Road Villas, W11 Leamington Road Villas is a street in Notting Hill.
Lister Lodge, W9 Lister Lodge is a street in Maida Vale.
Lockbridge Court, W9 Lockbridge Court can be found on Elmfield Way.
Lord Hills Road, W2 Lord Hill’s Road was at first called Ranelagh Road.
Marylands Road, W9 Marylands Road was built by the Neeld family during the 1860s.
Mickletone House, W2 Mickletone House is a block on Westbourne Park Road.
Modena Street, W9 Modena Street was swept away in the late 1960s.
Moulsford House, W2 Moulsford House is a block on Westbourne Park Road.
Oakington Road, W9 Oakington Road is a street in Maida Vale.
Oldbury House, W2 Oldbury House is a shopping parade along the Harrow Road with accommodation above, part of the Warwick Estate development.
Polesworth House, W2 Polesworth House is a block on Alfred Road.
Polperro House, W2 Polperro House is a block on Westbourne Park Road.
Portishead House, W2 Portishead House is part of the Brunel Estate.
Princethorpe House, W2 Princethorpe House is a block on Woodchester Square.
Riverford House, W2 Riverford House is a block on Westbourne Park Road.
Rowington Close, W2 Rowington Close probably dates from 1962.
Sappertone House, W2 Sappertone House is a block on Westbourne Park Road.
Senior Street, W2 Senior Street has a long history of over 150 years.
Sevington Street, W9 Sevington Street is a street in Maida Vale.
Shrewsbury Road, W2 Shrewsbury Road is a street in Paddington.
St Lukes Mews, W11 St Lukes Mews is a mews off of All Saints Road, W11.
St Luke’s Road, W11 St Luke’s Road is a street in Notting Hill.
St Stephens Mews, W2 St Stephens Mews is a street in Paddington.
St Stephen’s Gardens, W2 St Stephen’s Gardens is a street in Paddington.
Stonehouse House, W2 Stonehouse House is a block on Westbourne Park Road.
Sunderland House, W2 Sunderland House is sited on Westbourne Park Road.
Surrendale Place, W9 Surrendale Place is a street in Maida Vale.
Sutherland Court, W9 Sutherland Court is located on Marylands Road.
Swanleys, W2 Swanleys was built east of St Stephen’s Church in 1978.
The Greene House, W9 The Greene House is a block on Goldney Road.
Thorngate Road, W9 This is a street in the W9 postcode area
Torquay Street, W2 Torquay Street underwent name changes and building changes.
Truro House, W2 Truro House is a block on Westbourne Park Road.
Waverley Road, W2 Waverley Road, now gone, lasted just over a hundred years.
Westbourne Park Road, W11 Westbourne Park Road runs between Notting Hill and the Paddington area.
Westbourne Park Road, W2 Houses at the Paddington end of Westbourne Park Road date from the 1850s.
Westbourne Park Villas, W2 Westbourne Park Villas is a street in Paddington.
Westbury House, W11 Westbury House was built on the corner of Westbourne Park Road and Aldridge Road Villas in 1965.
Western Mews, W9 Western Mews is a street in Maida Vale.
Wilmcote House, W2 Wilmcote House is sited on Woodchester Square.
Windsor Gardens, W9 Windsor Gardens is a street in Maida Vale.
Woodchester Square, W2 Woodchester Square is a street in Paddington.
Woodchester Street, W2 Woodchester Street disappeared from the map in 1961.
Woodfield Crescent, W9 Woodfield Crescent was a former street in London W9.
Woodfield Place, W9 Woodfield Place is a street in Maida Vale.
Woodfield Road, W9 The first section of Woodfield Road seems to date from the 1830s.

NEARBY PUBS
Great Western The Great Western was a pub in Hampden Street.
Spotted Dog The Spotted Dog public house was one of the earliest buildings in Westbourne Green.
Weston’s Cider House In 1930 Weston’s opened their first and only cider mill on the Harrow Road.
Windsor Castle The Windsor Castle dates from the 1820s but its main incarnation was as a classic Victorian public house, seminal in 1970s musical history.


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Westbourne Green

The story of the building of a suburb.

Westbourne Green had only a few houses by 1745, mostly south of the point where Harrow Road had a junction with Westbourne Green Lane (also known as Black Lion Lane) running northward from the Uxbridge Road. A footpath later called Bishop’s Walk (eventually Bishop’s Bridge Road) provided a short cut to Paddington Green. The Red Lion, where Harrow Road bridged the Westbourne, and another inn were recorded in 1730. The second inn was probably one called the Jolly Gardeners in 1760 and the Three Jolly Gardeners in 1770, near the Harrow Road junction, where it probably made way for the Spotted Dog.

The early 19th-century village contained five notable residences: Westbourne Place, west of Black Lion Lane at its junction with Harrow Road, and, from south to north on the east side of Harrow Road, Desborough Lodge, Westbourne Farm, Bridge House, and Westbourne Manor House. Bridge House was built c. 1805 by the architect John White, owner of Westbourne Farm.

Westbourne Green had a very refined air in 1795 and was still considered a beautiful rural place in 1820. The Grand Junction canal, passing north of the village between the grounds of Westbourne Farm and Bridge House, was a scenic enhancement, later used to attract expensive building to the area. Although housing was spreading along Black Lion Lane, it had not reached Westbourne Green by 1828, when a house later called Elm Lodge stood north-west of Westbourne Manor House. There was also a short row, later called Belsize Villas, alone to the west on the south side of Harrow Road at Orme’s Green, by 1830. The main addition was at the southern end of the village, opposite Bishop’s Walk, where Pickering Terrace (later part of Porchester Road), backed by a double row called Pickering Place, formed a compact block of cottages amid the fields.

The cutting of the G.W.R. line across the middle of Westbourne Green was begun in 1836, necessitating a slight northward realignment of Harrow Road east of its junction with Black Lion Lane, where a turnpike gate was moved. Since the railway obstructed the Paddington green end of Bishop’s Walk, the footpath was replaced by Bishop’s Road, soon extended westward as Westbourne Grove. (Although no large houses were demolished, the railway passed close to Westbourne Park, from which Lord Hill moved out. By 1840 several new roads were projected, including Westbourne Grove. Houses had been built there by 1842, when the Lock hospital, giving its name to the Lock bridge where Harrow Road crossed the canal, stood opposite Westbourne Manor House to the north. The centre of the area, however, along Harrow Road and on either side of the railway, remained empty.

Housing spread in the 1840s, mainly south of the railway. The eastern end of Bishop’s Road was built up and at first called Westbourne Place, where the publisher George Smith was visited by Charlotte Bronte in 1848 and 1849. Further north, residential growth was curtailed by the G.W.R. depots and sidings. Immediately to the west, where the Paddington Estate straddled the Westbourne, roads were laid out, with bridges over the railway to link them with Harrow Road. Holy Trinity church was finished in 1846 and Orsett Terrace, Gloucester Crescent (later the northernmost part of Gloucester Terrace), and Porchester Square had been planned by 1851. No. 37 Gloucester Gardens, Bishop’s Road, was the London home of the architect Decimus Burton by 1855. Most of the area between Bishop’s Road and the railway had been filled by 1855, except the site of Penny’s House, which was to be taken in 1871 for Royal Oak station.

A builder, William Scantlebury, erected much of the neighbourhood around Orsett Terrace and Gloucester Crescent, where he took leases in 1849-50 and 1852 respectively. John Scantlebury of Porchester Terrace North built part of Porchester Square, where many plots were subleased by George Wyatt between 1853 and 1855.

Farther west building had already begun for William Kinnaird Jenkins, a lawyer who also acquired part of the Ladbroke estate from W. H. Jenkins and was responsible for laying out Kensal New Town. Houses were planned for W. K. Jenkins along both sides of Westbourne Grove, west of Pickering Place, in 1838 and along an extension of Westbourne Grove in 1840. They were detached villas, like those to be built for him in Newton Road in 1846, when he also had plans for Hereford Road. More land in Hereford Road was leased out by the Paddington Estate between 1853 and 1855, much of it for terraces by J. P. Waterson, a Bayswater builder, who assigned his interest in several sites to John Wicking Phillips. To the north, Westbourne Park and its grounds made way for large semidetached villas in Westbourne Park Road and, beside the railway, Westbourne Park Villas. No. 16 Westbourne Park Villas from 1863 to 1867 was the intermittent home of Thomas Hardy, who also lived briefly at no. 4 Celbridge Place (later Porchester Road) and in Newton Road. Fields survived between Westbourne Park Road and Newton Road in 1851 but had been covered with modest terraces by 1855, when St. Stephen’s church was being built.

Between the railway and the canal, the pace of building and the social pattern were more varied. The eastern part, where Delamere Terrace lined the canal and Warwick Crescent overlooked the pool, was begun as an extension of Little Venice. Leases for 13 houses in Westbourne Terrace Road were taken in 1847 by G. L. Taylor, architect of some of the grandest houses in Tyburnia and Maida Vale, who also built in Blomfield Terrace, along Harrow Road. Other lessees included William Buddle, for 19 houses in Blomfield Street (later Villas) and Delamere Terrace in 1851 and 12 in Warwick Crescent, where plots were assigned to him by G. L. Taylor in 1852. Early residents included Elizabeth Barrett Browning’s sister Arabel Barrett in Delamere Terrace; in order to be near her Robert Browning moved from lodgings at no. 1 Chichester Road and made his English home at no. 19 Warwick Crescent from 1862 until 1887.

Farther west, beyond Ranelagh (from 1938 Lord Hill’s) Road, building was slightly delayed by the survival until after 1855 of Desborough Lodge and Westbourne Farm. Brindley Street, Alfred Road, and their neighbours already formed densely packed terraces west of the Lock Bridge and Harrow Road. By 1861 Desborough Lodge and Westbourne Farm had made way for Clarendon, Woodchester and Cirencester Streets, whose small houses resembled those around Brindley Street rather than the stately terraces to the east.

North of the canal, the workhouse was built next to the Lock in 1846-7. Building, although not the imposing crescent planned in 1847, stretched from there along the south side of Harrow Road to Woodfield Road at Orme’s Green by 1855.

The 1860s saw housing, which had ended in 1855 at St. Stephen’s Church and Hereford Road, spread to the Kensington boundary.

North of the canal the site of Westbourne Manor House was built over from 1867 and Amberley Road with its timber wharves was built along the canal bank. The whole of Westbourne Green thus came to be built up.


LOCAL PHOTOS
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In the neighbourhood...

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This photo from 6 August 1857 shows guests at the wedding at Westbourne Lodge, Paddington (Royal Oak) The wedding was of Florence Augusta Saunders, daughter of Charles Saunders, first general secretary of the Great Western Railway, with the Reverend Frederick Manners Stopford. Isambard Kingdom Brunel was amongst the guests. During the wedding, both Brunel and Saunders were able to experience trains running beside the wedding party along the railway which they had built.
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Mrs Siddons’ house at Westbourne Green c. 1800
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Duke of Cornwall, Ledbury Road W11, around 1990. Later the Ledbury restaurant, holder of two Michelin Stars
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The Royal Oak pub in Bayswater gave its name to the nearby station
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Bourne Terrace - taken from Torquay Street. On the corner of Bourne Terrace is Saws Ltd at number 264 along with various blocks which no longer exist.
Credit: Bernard Selwwyn
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Chippenham Mews (1959) This photo was taken by a Swiss maid who worked in the area during the late 1950s. Chippenham Mews lies behind Harrow Road running from Chippenham Road to Marylands Road. Building had been begun in the 1860s with substantial terraces near Harrow Road. The area did not attract the upper classes that were expected and parts of the area came to suffer from cramped layouts and houses.
Credit: Gregoire Ming
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Junction of Cirencester Street, W2 Cirencester Street was curtailed when the post-war Warwick Estate was built
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Great Western Road (1959) Great Western Road, which runs past Westbourne Park station, replaced a lane called Green Lane. The bridge over the railway, pictured here, was known as Green Lane Bridge until the 1860s - maybe later.
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Lord Hills Road at the junction with Senior Street
Credit: Historic England
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Powis Square, W11 west side (1900s)
Old London postcard
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