The Crown

Pub/bar in/near Islington

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(51.53640 -0.10947, 51.536 -0.109) 
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Pub/bar · Islington · N1 ·
FEBRUARY
6
2019

This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.

If you know the current status of this business, please comment.


Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence


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We now have 521 completed street histories and 46979 partial histories
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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


Reg Carr   
Added: 10 Feb 2021 12:11 GMT   

Campbellite Meeting
In 1848 the Campbellites (Disciples of Christ) met in Elstree Street, where their congregation was presided over by a pastor named John Black. Their appointed evangelist at the time was called David King, who later became the Editor of the British Millennial Harbinger. The meeting room was visited in July 1848 by Dr John Thomas, who spoke there twice on his two-year ’mission’ to Britain.

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Jeff Owen   
Added: 20 Mar 2021 16:18 GMT   

Owen’s School
Owen Street is the site of Owen’s Boys’ School. The last school was built in 1881 and was demolished in the early 1990s to make way for the development which stand there today. It was a “Direct Grant” grammar school and was founded in 1613 by Dame Alice Owen. What is now “Owen’s Fields” was the playground between the old school and the new girls’ school (known then as “Dames Alice Owen’s School” or simply “DAOS”). The boys’ school had the top two floors of that building for their science labs. The school moved to Potters Bar in Hertfordshire in 1971 and is now one of the top State comprehensive schools in the country. The old building remained in use as an accountancy college and taxi-drivers’ “knowledge” school until it was demolished. The new building is now part of City and Islington College. Owen’s was a fine school. I should know because I attended there from 1961 to 1968.

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Carol   
Added: 7 May 2021 18:44 GMT   

Nan
My nan lily,her sister Elizabeth and their parents Elizabeth and William lived here in1911

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Born here
Bernard Miller   
Added: 12 Apr 2022 17:36 GMT   

My mother and her sister were born at 9 Windsor Terrace
My mother, Millie Haring (later Miller) and her sister Yetta Haring (later Freedman) were born here in 1922 and 1923. With their parents and older brother and sister, they lived in two rooms until they moved to Stoke Newington in 1929. She always said there were six rooms, six families, a shared sink on the first floor landing and a toilet in the backyard.

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Born here
Vanessa Whitehouse   
Added: 17 Feb 2021 22:48 GMT   

Born here
My dad 1929 John George Hall

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Barry J. Page   
Added: 27 Jul 2022 19:41 GMT   

Highbury Corner V1 Explosion
Grandma described the V1 explosion at Highbury Corner on many occasions. She was working in the scullery when the flying bomb landed. The blast shattered all the windows in the block of flats and blew off the bolt on her front door. As she looked out the front room window, people in various states of injury and shock were making their way along Highbury Station Road. One man in particular, who was bleeding profusely from glass shard wounds to his neck, insisted in getting home to see if his family was all right. Others were less fortunate. Len, the local newsagent, comforted a man, who had lost both legs caused by the blast, until the victim succumbed to his injuries. The entire area was ravaged and following are statistics. The flying bomb landed during lunch hour (12:46 p.m.) on June 27th 1944. 26 people lost their lives, 84 were seriously injured and 71 slightly injured.

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Lena    
Added: 18 Mar 2021 13:08 GMT   

White Conduit Street, N1
My mum, Rosina Wade of the Wade and Hannam family in the area of Chapel Street and Parkfield Street, bought her first “costume” at S Cohen’s in White Conduit Street. Would have probably been about 1936 or thereabouts. She said that he was a small man but an expert tailor. I hope that Islington Council preserve the shop front as it’s a piece of history of the area. Mum used to get her high heel shoes from an Italian shoe shop in Chapel Street. She had size 2 feet and they would let her know when a new consignment of size 2 shoes were in. I think she was a very good customer. She worked at Killingbacks artificial flower maker in Northampton Square and later at the Halifax bombers factory north of Edgware where she was a riveter.

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Jack Wilson   
Added: 21 Jun 2022 21:40 GMT   

Penfold Printers
I am seeking the location of Penfold Printers Offices in Dt Albans place - probably about 1870 or so

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Erin   
Added: 2 May 2022 01:33 GMT   

Windsor Terrace, N1
hello

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Born here
   
Added: 16 Nov 2022 12:39 GMT   

The Pearce family lived in Gardnor Road
The Pearce family moved into Gardnor Road around 1900 after living in Fairfax walk, my Great grandfather, wife and there children are recorded living in number 4 Gardnor road in the 1911 census, yet I have been told my grand father was born in number 4 in 1902, generations of the Pearce continue living in number 4 as well other houses in the road up until the 1980’s

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Born here
   
Added: 16 Nov 2022 12:38 GMT   

The Pearce family lived in Gardnor Road
The Pearce family moved into Gardnor Road around 1900 after living in Fairfax walk, my Great grandfather, wife and there children are recorded living in number 4 Gardnor road in the 1911 census, yet I have been told my grand father was born in number 4 in 1902, generations of the Pearce continue living in number 4 as well other houses in the road up until the 1980’s

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Lived here
Phil Stubbington   
Added: 14 Nov 2022 16:28 GMT   

Numbers 60 to 70 (1901 - 1939)
A builder, Robert Maeers (1842-1919), applied to build six houses on plots 134 to 139 on the Lincoln House Estate on 5 October 1901. He received approval on 8 October 1901. These would become numbers 60 to 70 Rodenhurst Road (60 is plot 139). Robert Maeers was born in Northleigh, Devon. In 1901 he was living in 118 Elms Road with his wife Georgina, nee Bagwell. They had four children, Allan, Edwin, Alice, and Harriet, born between 1863 and 1873.
Alice Maeers was married to John Rawlins. Harriet Maeers was married to William Street.
Three of the six houses first appear on the electoral register in 1904:
Daniel Mescal “Ferncroft”
William Francis Street “Hillsboro”
Henry Elkin “Montrose”

By the 1905 electoral register all six are occupied:

Daniel Mescal “St Senans”
Henry Robert Honeywood “Grasmere”
John Rawlins “Iveydene”
William Francis Street “Hillsboro”
Walter Ernest Manning “St Hilda”
Henry Elkin “Montrose”

By 1906 house numbers replace names:

Daniel Mescal 70
Henry Robert Honeywood 68
John Rawlins 66
William Francis Street 64
Walter Ernest Manning 62
Henry Elkin 60

It’s not clear whether number 70 changed from “Ferncroft” to “St Senans” or possibly Daniel Mescal moved houses.

In any event, it can be seen that Robert Maeers’ two daughters are living in numbers 64 and 66, with, according to local information, an interconnecting door. In the 1911 census William Street is shown as a banker’s clerk. John Rawlins is a chartering clerk in shipping. Robert Maeers and his wife are also living at this address, Robert being shown as a retired builder.

By 1939 all the houses are in different ownership except number 60, where the Elkins are still in residence.


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stephen garraway   
Added: 13 Nov 2022 13:56 GMT   

Martin Street, Latimer Road
I was born at St Charlottes and lived at 14, Martin Street, Latimer Road W10 until I was 4 years old when we moved to the east end. It was my Nan Grant’s House and she was the widow of George Frederick Grant. She had two sons, George and Frederick, and one daughter, my mother Margaret Patricia.
The downstairs flat where we lived had two floors, the basement and the ground floor. The upper two floors were rented to a Scot and his family, the Smiths. He had red hair. The lights and cooker were gas and there was one cold tap over a Belfast sink. A tin bath hung on the wall. The toilet was outside in the yard. This was concreted over and faced the the rear of the opposite terraces. All the yards were segregated by high brick walls. The basement had the a "best" room with a large , dark fireplace with two painted metal Alsation ornaments and it was very dark, cold and little used.
The street lights were gas and a man came round twice daily to turn them on and off using a large pole with a hook and a lighted torch on the end. I remember men coming round the streets with carts selling hot chestnuts and muffins and also the hurdy gurdy man with his instrument and a monkey in a red jacket. I also remember the first time I saw a black man and my mother pulling me away from him. He had a Trilby and pale Mackintosh so he must of been one of the first of the Windrush people. I seem to recall he had a thin moustache.
Uncle George had a small delivery lorry but mum lost touch with him and his family. Uncle Fred went to Peabody Buildings near ST.Pauls.
My Nan was moved to a maisonette in White City around 1966, and couldn’t cope with electric lights, cookers and heating and she lost all of her neighbourhood friends. Within six months she had extreme dementia and died in a horrible ward in Tooting Bec hospital a year or so later. An awful way to end her life, being moved out of her lifelong neighbourhood even though it was slums.

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Comment
   
Added: 31 Oct 2022 18:47 GMT   

Memories
I lived at 7 Conder Street in a prefab from roughly 1965 to 1971 approx - happy memories- sad to see it is no more ?

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Eve Glover   
Added: 22 Oct 2022 09:28 GMT   

Shenley Road
Shenley Road is the main street in Borehamwood where the Job Centre and Blue Arrow were located

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Richard Lake   
Added: 28 Sep 2022 09:37 GMT   

Trade Union Official
John William Lake snr moved with his family to 22 De Laune Street in 1936. He was the London Branch Secretary for the Street Masons, Paviours and Road Makers Union. He had previously lived in Orange St now Copperfield St Southwark but had been forced to move because the landlord didn’t like him working from home and said it broke his lease.
John William snr died in 1940. His son John William Lake jnr also became a stone mason and at the end of World War two he was responsible for the engraving of the dates of WW2 onto the Cenotaph in Whitehall.

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Lived here
Julie   
Added: 22 Sep 2022 18:30 GMT   

Well Walk, NW3 (1817 - 1818)
The home of Benthy, the Postman, with whom poet John Keats and his brother Tom lodged from early 1817 to Dec., 1818. They occupied the first floor up. Here Tom died Dec. 1, 1818. It was next door to the Welles Tavern then called ’The Green Man’."

From collected papers and photos re: No. 1 Well Walk at the library of Harvard University.

Source: No. 1, Well Walk, Hampstead. | HOLLIS for

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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Collins’ Music Hall Collins’ Music Hall was a notable Islington venue.
Islington Islington grew as a sprawling Middlesex village along the line of the Great North Road, and has provided the name of the modern borough.
Philharmonic Hall The Philharmonic Hall was a major music hall throughout the 1860s and early 1870s.
White Conduit Fields White Conduit Fields in Islington was an early venue for cricket and several major matches are known to have been played there in the 18th century.
White Conduit Street (1950s) A line of children hold hands as they walk along the middle of White Conduit Street towards the junction with Chapel Market in Islington in the 1950s.

NEARBY STREETS
Adrian House, N1 Adrian House is a block on Jays Street.
Albion Mews, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Almeida Street, N1 Almeida Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Anderson Square, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Aztec Row, N1 Aztec Row is part of Berners Street, Islington.
Barford Street, N1 Barford Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Barnsbury Road, N1 Barnsbury Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Baron Street, N1 Baron Street is named after Joseph Barron, landlord of the White Lion inn during the late eighteenth century.
Batchelor Street, N1 Batchelor Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Battishill Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Berners House, N1 Berners House is a block on Barnsbury Road
Berners Road, N1 Berners Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Boxworth Grove, N1 Boxworth Grove is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Bradleys Close, N1 Bradleys Close is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Bramwell Mews, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Bridel Mews, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Bridge Wharf, N1 Bridge Wharf is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Bromfield Street, N1 Bromfield Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Bryan Street, N1 The modern line of Bryan Street lies somewhat to the west of the original pre-Second World War line of the street.
Business Design Centre, N1 The Business Design Centre is a Grade II listed building located between Upper Street and Liverpool Road
Caledonian Road, N1 Caledonian Road runs north from King’s Cross.
Calshot Street, N1 Calshot Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Camden Passage, N1 Camden Passage was built as Cumberland Row in 1767.
Camden Street, N1 Camden Street once laid at the northern end of Camden Passage.
Camden Walk, N1 Camden Walk is one of the streets of the N1 postal area.
Carnegie Street, N1 Carnegie Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Chalbury Walk, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Chapel Market, N1 Chapel Market is a daily street market in Islington.
Chapel Place, N1 Chapel Place lies off the north side of Chapel Market towards Liverpool Road.
Charlotte Terrace, N1 Charlotte Terrace is a road in the N1 postcode area
Charlton Place, N1 Charlton Place runs east from Upper Street.
Cloudesley Place, N1 Cloudesley Place is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Cloudesley Road, N1 Cloudesley Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Cloudesley Square, N1 Cloudesley Square is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Cloudesley Street, N1 Cloudesley Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Colebrook Row, N1 Colebrooke Row is a street of late 18th and early 19th century terraced houses.
Collins Yard, N1 Collins Yard is so-named as it ran alongside the Collins’ Music Hall giving access to the rear of the hall.
Copenhagen Street, N1 Copenhagen Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Denmark Grove, N1 Denmark Grove is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Dewey Road, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Dignum Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Donegal Street, N1 Donegal Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Doves Yard, N1 Doves Yard is a road in the N1 postcode area
Dowrey Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Duncan Street, N1 Duncan Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Duncan Terrace, N1 Duncan Terrace is named after Admiral Duncan the commander of the Naval Fleet at the Battle of Camperdown against the Dutch in 1797.
Eckford Street, N1 Eckford Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Elystan Walk, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Esther Anne Place, N1 Esther Anne Place is a location in London.
Everilda Street, N1 Everilda Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Ewen House, N1 Ewen House is a block on Caledonian Road
Fife Terrace, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Fisher House, N1 Fisher House is a building on Barnsbury Road
Florence Street, N1 Florence Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Gaskin Street, N1 Gaskin Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Gibson Square, N1 Gibson Square is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Godson Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Grant Street, N1 The present Grant Street is the remnant of Warren Street, an L-shaped road running between Chapel Market and White Conduit Street, renamed Grant Street in 1936.
Half Moon Crescent, N1 Half Moon Crescent is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Harvest Lodge, N1 Harvest Lodge a plain brick, four-storey block of flats was built in 1962.
Hayward House, N1 Hayward House is a four-storey block of flats immediately north of St Silas’s Church.
Hemingford Road, N1 Hemingford Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Henry Place, N1 Henry Place predated the Barnsbury Estate.
Islington Green, N1 Islington Green is both a small green and a series of roads which surround it.
Islington High Street, EC1V Islington High Street is part of the main road through Islington at Angel.
James’s Gardens, N1 James’s Gardens was established in the 1810s.
Jays Street, N1 Jays Street dates from the 1950s reconfiguration of the area.
Jocelin House, N1 Jocelin House is a block on the Barnsbury Estate.
John’s Place, N1 John’s Place lead through an archway to Charles Street.
Lambert Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Lambs Mews, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Leirum Street, N1 The name of Leirum Street is the result of Muriel Street being split in half post-war.
Liverpool Road, N1 Liverpool Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Lonsdale Place, N1 Lonsdale Place is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Lonsdale Square, N1 Lonsdale Square was built between 1838 and 1845, and was designed in Gothic Revival style by R. C. Carpenter.
Malvern Terrace, N1 Malvern Terrace is a road in the N1 postcode area
Mandeville Houses, N1 Mandeville Houses, fronting Mantell Street and Liverpool Road was the earliest housing scheme built by Finsbury Borough Council.
Mantell Street, N1 Mantell Street, originally Sermon Lane, is now part of Tolpuddle Street.
Matilda Street, N1 Matilda Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Maygood Street, N1 Maygood Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Milner Place, N1 Milner Place is a road in the N1 postcode area
Milner Square, N1 Thomas Milner (1806-84) was a politician and a friend of Benjamin Disraeli and Charles Dickens
Moon Street, N1 Moon Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Muriel Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Napier Terrace, N1 Napier Terrace is a road in the N1 postcode area
Noble Yard, N1 Noble Yard is a yard lying off Charlton Place.
Northeast Place, N1 Northeast Place matched the adjacent Northwest Place.
Northwest Place, N1 Northwest Place, off Chapel Market, was formerly West Place.
Old Royal Free Place, N1 Old Royal Free Place was the entrance to an old hospital.
Old Royal Free Square, N1 Old Royal Free Square is a road in the N1 postcode area
Orkney House, N1 Orkney House is a building on Copenhagen Street
Parkfield Street, N1 Parkfield Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Payne House, N1 Payne House, along Charlotte Terrace and dating from 1937, is part of the Barnsbury Estate.
Payne Street, N1 Payne Street appeared on the map in 1837.
Penton Grove, N1 The narrow loop of Penton Grove, now reduced to an L-shaped alley, was laid out on the site of one of the bowling greens belonging to Prospect House (Dobney’s).
Penton Street, N1 Penton Street is a through-route leading on to the narrower Barnsbury Road which continues its line northwards into Islington.
Pied Bull Yard, N1 Pied Bull Yard is a small Islington turning.
Pierrepoint Arcade, N1 Pierrepoint Arcade is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Pierrepoint Row, N1 Pierrepoint Row is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Pierrepont Arcade, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Pierrepont Row, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Pride Court, N1 Pride Court is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Prince’s Yard, N1 Prince’s Yard is a road in the N1 postcode area
Providence Court, N1 Providence Court is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Providence Place, N1P Providence Place lies beside the Screen On The Green.
Pultney Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Quick Street Mews, N1 Quick Street Mews lies off Quick Street.
Richmond Avenue, N1 Richmond Avenue is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Richmond Crescent, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Ripplevale Grove, N1 Ripplevale Grove is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Risinghill Street, N1 Risinghill Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Ritchie Street, N1 Ritchie Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Ritson House, N1 Ritson House is on the Caledonian Road.
Roding House, N1 Roding House is a residential block dating from the 1930s.
Rodney Street, N1 Rodney Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Seabrooke Place, N1 Seabrook Place once connected Angel Mews and White Lion Street.
Shalford Court, N1 Shalford Court is a road in the N1 postcode area
Sheen Grove, N1 Sheen Grove is a road in the N1 postcode area
Shelley Place, N1 Shelley Place is a location in London.
Southwood Smith Street, N1 Southwood Smith Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
St Albans Place, N1 St Albans Place was home to a famous Islington strong man.
St Katharine’s House, N1 St Katharine’s House is at the corner of Penton Street and the eastern stub of what had been Wynford Road until that street was cut off to its west by the large Half Moon Estate.
St. Mary’s Path, N1 St. Mary’s Path is a road in the N1 postcode area
St. Peter’s Street, N1 Willow Walk is a small Islington side street.
Stanmore Street, N1 Stanmore Street runs west from Caledonian Road.
Stonefield Street, N1 Stonefield Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Story Street, N1 Story Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Studd Street, N1 This is a street in the N1 postcode area
Terretts Place, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
The Mall Camden Passage, N1 Charles Street in Islington disappeared under the Hilton hotel.
Theberton Street, N1 Theberton Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Thornhill Bridge Wharf, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Thornhill Grove, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Thornhill Road, N1 Thornhill Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Thornhill Square, N1 Thornhill Square is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Tolpuddle Street, N1 Tolpuddle Street is a more recent street of Islington.
Union Square, N1 Union Square (sometime Union Court) was approached by a narrow alley.
Upper Street, N1 Upper Street begins at the junction of Pentonville Road and City Road, runs northwards past Angel, splits at Islington Green, ending at Highbury Corner.
Vincent Terrace, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Warren Mews, N1 Warren Mews began in 1889.
Water Tower Place, N1 Water Tower Place is a road in the N1 postcode area
White Conduit Street, N1 White Conduit Street was laid out and built up with houses and tenements from the mid-1790s.
White Horse Yard, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
White Lion Street, N1 White Lion Street is named after the former White Lion inn on Islington High Street.
Wicks Place, N1 Wicks Place is a location in London.
Wynford Road, N1 Wynford Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.

NEARBY PUBS
Blackhorse Road Cote is a licenced premise on Islington Green.
Camden Head The Camden Head is a grade II listed building with a circular bar, etched glass windows and original mirrors.
Fox on the Green The Fox on the Green is one of Islington’s oldest pubs.
The Joker of Penton Street The Joker of Penton Street was the Salmon and Compasses.


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Islington

Islington grew as a sprawling Middlesex village along the line of the Great North Road, and has provided the name of the modern borough.

Some roads on the edge of the area, including Essex Road, were known as streets by the medieval period, possibly indicating a Roman origin, but little physical evidence remains. What is known is that the Great North Road from Aldersgate came into use in the 14th century, connecting with a new turnpike up Highgate Hill. This was along the line of modern Upper Street, with a toll gate at The Angel defining the extent of the village. The Back Road - modern Liverpool Road - was primarily a drovers’ road where cattle would be rested before the final leg of their journey to Smithfield. Pens and sheds were erected along this road to accommodate the animals.

The first recorded church, St Mary’s, was erected in the twelfth century and was replaced in the fifteenth century. Islington lay on the estates of the Bishop of London and the Dean and Chapter of St Pauls. There were substantial medieval moated manor houses in the area, principally at Canonbury and Highbury. In 1548, there were 440 communicants listed and the rural atmosphere, with access to the City and Westminster, made it a popular residence for the rich and eminent. The local inns, however, harboured many fugitives and recusants.

In the 17th and 18th centuries the availability of water made Islington a good place for growing vegetables to feed London. The manor became a popular excursion destination for Londoners, attracted to the area by its rural feel. Many public houses were therefore built to serve the needs of both the excursionists and travellers on the turnpike. By 1716, there were 56 ale-house keepers in Upper Street, also offering pleasure and tea gardens, and activities such as archery, skittle alleys and bowling. By the 18th century, music and dancing were offered, together with billiards, firework displays and balloon ascents. The King’s Head Tavern, now a Victorian building with a theatre, has remained on the same site, opposite the parish church, since 1543. The founder of the theatre, Dan Crawford, who died in 2005, disagreed with the introduction of decimal coinage. For twenty-plus years after decimalisation (on 15 February 1971), the bar continued to show prices and charge for drinks in ’old money’.

By the 19th century many music halls and theatres were established around Islington Green. One such was Collins’ Music Hall, the remains of which are now partly incorporated into a bookshop. The remainder of the Hall has been redeveloped into a new theatre, with its entrance at the bottom of Essex Road. It stood on the site of the Landsdowne Tavern, where the landlord had built an entertainment room for customers who wanted to sing (and later for professional entertainers). It was founded in 1862 by Samuel Thomas Collins Vagg and by 1897 had become a 1800-seat theatre with 10 bars. The theatre suffered damage in a fire in 1958 and has not reopened.

The Islington Literary and Scientific Society was established in 1833 and first met in Mr Edgeworth’s Academy on Upper Street. Its goal was to spread knowledge through lectures, discussions, and experiments - politics and theology being forbidden. A building, the Literary and Scientific Institution, was erected in 1837 in Wellington (later Almeida) Street, designed by Roumieu and Gough in a stuccoed Grecian style. It included a library (containing 3,300 volumes in 1839), reading room, museum, laboratory, and lecture theatre seating 500.

The Royal Agricultural Hall was built in 1862 on the Liverpool Road site of William Dixon’s Cattle Layers. It was built for the annual Smithfield Show in December of that year but was popular for other purposes, including recitals and the Royal Tournament. It was the primary exhibition site for London until the 20th century and the largest building of its kind, holding up to 50,000 people. It was requisitioned for use by the Mount Pleasant sorting office during World War II and never re-opened. The main hall has now been incorporated into the Business Design Centre.

The aerial bombing of World War II caused much damage to Islington’s housing stock, with 3,200 dwellings destroyed. Before the war a number of 1930s council housing blocks had been added to the stock. After the war, partly as a result of bomb site redevelopment, the council housing boom got into its stride, reaching its peak in the 1960s: several extensive estates were constructed, by both the Metropolitan Borough of Islington and the London County Council. Clearance of the worst terraced housing was undertaken, but Islington continued to be very densely populated, with a high level of overcrowding. The district has many council blocks, and the local authority has begun to replace some of them.

From the 1960s, the remaining Georgian terraces were rediscovered by middle-class families. Many of the houses were rehabilitated, and the area became newly fashionable. This displacement of the poor by the aspirational has become known as gentrification. Among the new residents were a number of figures who became central in the New Labour movement, including Tony Blair before his victory in the 1997 general election. According to The Guardian in 2006, "Islington is widely regarded as the spiritual home of Britain’s left-wing intelligentsia." The Granita Pact between Gordon Brown and Tony Blair is said to have been made at a now defunct restaurant on Upper Street.

The completion of the Victoria line and redevelopment of Angel tube station created the conditions for developers to renovate many of the early Victorian and Georgian townhouses. They also built new developments. Islington remains a district with diverse inhabitants, with its private houses and apartments not far from social housing in immediately neighbouring wards such as Finsbury and Clerkenwell to the south, Bloomsbury and King’s Cross to the west, and Highbury to the north west, and also the Hackney districts of De Beauvoir and Old Street to the north east.


LOCAL PHOTOS
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Highbury Corner
TUM image id: 1489497654
Licence: CC BY 2.0
The Angel, Islington (c.1890)
TUM image id: 1557162442
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

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The exterior of the Agricultural Hall in Islington (1861).
Licence: CC BY 2.0


The third Grand Theatre, Islington (1903). This was built on the site of the former Philharmonic Hall and two previous Grand Theatres
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Islington Horse and Cattle market at the turn of the twentieth century.
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A line of children hold hands as they walk along the middle of White Conduit Street towards the junction with Chapel Market in Islington.
Credit: John Gay/Historic England
Licence: CC BY 2.0


The Grand Theatre, Islington High Street (1903)
Licence: CC BY 2.0


The Angel, Islington (c.1890)
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White Conduit House, and the conduit head from which it was named, 1827
Credit: Robert Chambers (1832)
Licence: CC BY 2.0


The Camden Head, Islington This is a glorious old gin palace-style pub behind Upper Street, in existence since the 18th century.
Credit: Flickr/Ewan Munro
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The Royal Agricultural Hall, Islington (1861). View from Liverpool Road.
Credit: Wiki Commons
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Chapel Market from the east (1898). Chapel Market is a daily street market, located on a street of the same name near Angel. It sells fruit, vegetables and fish, as well as bargain household goods and cheap clothes. It is open every day except Monday, operating in the mornings only on Thursday and Sunday. Many of the patrons are local, and food and wares for sale are primarily for daily use.
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