Bloomsbury

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Bloomsbury

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Suburb · Bloomsbury · ·
October
24
2013

Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, in central London, between Euston Road and Holborn, developed by the Russell family in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area.

The earliest record of what would become Bloomsbury is the 1086 Domesday Book, which records that the area had vineyards and 'wood for 100 pigs'. But it is not until 1201 that the name Bloomsbury is first noted, when William de Blemond, a Norman landowner, acquired the land.

The name Bloomsbury is a development from Blemondisberi – the bury, or manor, of Blemond. An 1878 publication, Old and New London: Volume 4, mentions the idea that the area was named after a village called Lomesbury which formerly stood where Bloomsbury Square is now, though this piece of folk etymology is now discredited.

At the end of the 14th century Edward III acquired Blemond's manor, and passed it on to the Carthusian monks of the London Charterhouse, who kept the area mostly rural.

In the 16th century, with the Dissolution of the Monasteries, Henry VIII took the land back into the possession of the Crown, and granted it to Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton.

In the early 1660s, the Earl of Southampton constructed what eventually became Bloomsbury Square. The area was laid out mainly in the 18th century, largely by landowners such as Wriothesley Russell, 3rd Duke of Bedford, who built Bloomsbury Market, which opened in 1730. The major development of the squares that we see today started in about 1800 when Francis Russell, 5th Duke of Bedford removed Bedford House and developed the land to the north with Russell Square as its centrepiece.

Historically, Bloomsbury is associated with the arts, education, and medicine. The area gives its name to the Bloomsbury Group of artists, the most famous of whom was Virginia Woolf, who met in private homes in the area in the early 1900s, and to the lesser known Bloomsbury Gang of Whigs formed in 1765 by John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford.

The publisher Faber & Faber used to be located in Queen Square, though at the time T. S. Eliot was editor the offices were in Tavistock Square. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was founded in John Millais's parents' house on Gower Street in 1848.

The Bloomsbury Festival was launched in 2006 when local resident Roma Backhouse was commissioned to mark the re-opening of the Brunswick Centre, a residential and shopping area. The free festival is a celebration of the local area, partnering with galleries, libraries and museums, and achieved charitable status at the end of 2012.


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Brunswick Square, Bloomsbury. Leafy squares characterise the Bloomsbury district of London. Brunswick Square was originally part of the recreation grounds of the Foundling Hospital.

Brunswick Square, Bloomsbury. Leafy squares characterise the Bloomsbury district of London. Brunswick Square was originally part of the recreation grounds of the Foundling Hospital.
Stephen McKay

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Foundling Hospital The Foundling Hospital in London was founded in 1741 by the philanthropic sea captain Thomas Coram.
Horse Hospital Built as stabling for cabby’s sick horses, The Horse Hospital is now a unique Grade II listed arts venue in Bloomsbury WC1

THE STREETS OF BLOOMSBURY
Abbey Place, WC1H Abbey Place was in the centre of Bloomsbury, off what was originally the west side of Little Coram Street and directly behind the Russell Institution on Great Coram Street.
Adeline Place, WC1B Adeline Place was named after Adeline Marie Russell.
Alfred Mews, WC1E Alfred Mews is situated off Tottenham Court Road, running behind the gardens of North Crescent.
Alfred Place, WC1E Alfred Place was built in 1806 by a Marylebone stonemason called John Waddilove who named it after his son Alfred.
Argyle Street, WC1H Argyle Street, originally Manchester Street, was named after the former Argyle House.
Argyle Walk, WC1H Argyle Walk is named for Argyll in Scotland.
Barbon Close, WC1N Barbon Close is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Bayley Street, WC1B Bayley Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Bedford Avenue, WC1B Bedford Avenue is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Bedford Square, WC1B Bedford Square was designed as a unified architectural composition in 1775-6 by Thomas Leverton.
Bedford Way, WC1H Bedford Way is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Belgrove Street, WC1H Belgrove Street, formerly Belgrave Street, leads south from Euston Road.
Bernard Street, WC1N Bernard Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Bidborough Street, WC1H Bidborough Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Boswell Street, WC1N Boswell Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
British Museum, WC1B British Museum is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Brunswick Shopping Centre, WC1N Brunswick Shopping Centre is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Burton Street, WC1H Burton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Bury Place, WC1A Bury Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Byng Place, WC1E Byng Place is a road in the WC1E postcode area
Cartwright Gardens, WC1H Cartwright Gardens is a crescent-shaped park and street located in Bloomsbury.
Centa Housebirkenhead Street, WC1H Centa Housebirkenhead Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Chenies Mews, WC1E Chenies Mews is a road in the WC1E postcode area
Chenies Street, WC1E Chenies Street takes its name from the Buckinghamshire village where since 1556 members of the Russell family have been buried.
Clare Court, WC1H Clare Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Coach Road, NW1 Coach Road is a road in the NW1 postcode area
Cockpit Yard, WC1N Cockpit Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Colonnade, WC1N Colonnade is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Compton Place, WC1H Compton Place is a road in the WC1H postcode area
Coram Street, WC1H Coram Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Coram Street, WC1N Coram Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Cosmo Place, WC1N Cosmo Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Crestfield Street, WC1H Crestfield Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Cromer Street, WC1H Cromer Street originally gave access from Gray’s Inn Road to Greenland Place and a bowling green.
Darwin Walk, WC1E Darwin Walk is a road in the WC1E postcode area
Dombey Street, WC1N Dombey Street is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Doughty Street, WC1N Doughty Street is a broad tree lined street in the Holborn district.
Elm Street, WC1X Elm Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1X postal area.
Emerald Street, WC1N Emerald Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Endsleigh Gardens, WC1H Endsleigh Gardens is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Endsleigh Street, WC1H Endsleigh Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Flaxman Terrace, NW1 Flaxman Terrace is a road in the NW1 postcode area
Flaxman Terrace, WC1H Flaxman Terrace is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Foundling Court, WC1N Foundling Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Galen Place, WC1A Galen Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Gilbert Place, WC1A Gilbert Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Gloucester Road, WC1N Gloucester Road is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Gordon Square, WC1H The completion of Thomas Cubitt’s Gordon Square in 1860 marked the final development of Bloomsbury.
Gordon Street, WC1H Gordon Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Gower Court, WC1E Gower Court is a road in the WC1E postcode area
Gower Place, WC1E Gower Place runs from Gordon Street to Gower Street.
Gower Street, WC1E Gower Street is named after Gertrude Leveson-Gower, the wife of John Russell, the 4th Duke of Bedford.
Grafton Way, WC1E Grafton Way was formerly Grafton Street.
Great James Street, WC1N Great James Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Great Ormond Street, WC1N Great Ormond Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Great Russell Street, WC1A Great Russell Street commemorates the marriage of the daughter of the 4th Earl of Southampton to William Russell in 1669.
Great Russell Street, WC1B Great Russell Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Grenville Street, WC1N Grenville Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Guilford Street, WC1B Guilford Street is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Guilford Street, WC1N Guilford Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Hamilton House, WC1H Residential block
Handel Street, WC1N Handel Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Hastings Street, WC1H Hastings Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Heathcote Street, WC1N Heathcote Street is in the north-east corner of the Foundling Hospital estate, leading from St George’s Gardens to Gray’s Inn Road.
Henrietta Mews, WC1N Henrietta Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Herbrand Street, WC1N Herbrand Street is in the east of Bloomsbury, running south from Tavistock Place to Guilford Street.
Holsworthy Square, WC1X This is a street in the WC1X postcode area
Hunter Street, WC1N Hunter Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Huntley Street, WC1E Huntley Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1E postal area.
Jenner House, WC1N Residential block
John Street, WC1N John Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Johns Mews, WC1N Johns Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Judd Street, NW1 This is a street in the NW1 postcode area
Judd Street, WC1H Judd Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Kenton Street, WC1N Kenton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Keppel Street, WC1E Keppel Street links Store Street and Gower Street in the west to Malet Street in the east.
Kingsgate Est, N1 A street within the WC1B postcode
Kirk Street, WC1N Kirk Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Lambs Conduit Street, WC1N Lambs Conduit Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Lamp Office Court, WC1N Lamp Office Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Leigh Street, WC1H Leigh Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Little Guildford Street Little Guildford Street was the middle part of what is now Herbrand Street, between Great Coram Street and Bernard Street, on the western edge of the Foundling estate.
Little Russel Street, WC1A Little Russel Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Little Russell Street, WC1A Little Russell Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Mabledon Place, WC1H Mabledon Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Malet Place, WC1E Malet Place is a road in the WC1E postcode area
Malet Street, WC1E Sir Edward Malet was married to Lady Ermyntrude Sackville Russell, daughter of Francis Russell who owned much of the surrounding area.
Marchmont Street, WC1N Marchmont Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Mecklenburgh Place, WC1N Mecklenburgh Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Mecklenburgh Street, WC1N This is a street in the WC1N postcode area
Midhope Street, WC1H Midhope Street was once known as Wood Street.
Millman Place, WC1N Millman Place is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Millman Street, WC1N Millman Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Montague Street, WC1B Montague Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Mortimer Market, W1T Mortimer Market is a road in the W1T postcode area
Morwell Street, WC1B Morwell Street is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Neals Yard, WC1N Neals Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
New North Street, WC1N New North Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
North Cloisters, WC1E North Cloisters is a road in the WC1E postcode area
North Crescent, WC1E North Crescent is one of the streets of London in the WC1E postal area.
North Mews, WC1N North Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Northington Street, WC1N Northington Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Odonnell Court, WC1N Odonnell Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Old Glocester Street, WC1N Old Glocester Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Old Gloucester Street, WC1N Old Gloucester Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Old Glouster Street, WC1N Old Glouster Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Orde Hall Street, WC1N Orde Hall Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Ormond Close, WC1N Ormond Close is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Powis Place, WC1N Powis Place is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Queen Annes Square, SE1 Queen Annes Square is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Queen Square, WC1N Queen Square was laid out by speculator Nicholas Barbon.
Queen’s Yard, W1T Queen’s Yard is a road in the W1T postcode area
Regent Square, WC1H Regent Square was laid out from 1822, with houses being built up to circa 1829.
Regent Square, WC1N Regent Square is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Richbell Place, WC1N Richbell Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Ridgmount Street, WC1E Ridgmount Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1E postal area.
Rugby Chambers, WC1N Rugby Chambers is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Russell Court, WC1H Russell Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Russell Square, WC1H Russell Square is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Shops Brunswick Centre, WC1N Shops Brunswick Centre is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Sidmouth Street, WC1H Sidmouth Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Sinclair House, WC1H Residential block
South Cloisters, WC1H South Cloisters is a road in the WC1H postcode area
Speedy Place, WC1H Speedy Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
St. Chad’s Street, WC1X St. Chad’s Street is a road in the WC1X postcode area
St. Georges Road, SE1 A street within the WC1H postcode
Streatham Street, WC1A Streatham Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Tankerton Street, WC1H Tankerton Street is a road in the WC1H postcode area
Tavistock House South, WC1H Tavistock House South is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Tavistock House, WC1H Residential block
Tavistock Place, WC1H Tavistock Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Tavistock Place, WC1N Tavistock Place is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Tavistock Square, WC1H Tavistock Square was built by property developer James Burton and the master builder Thomas Cubitt for Francis Russell, 5th Duke of Bedford.
Taviton Street, WC1H Taviton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Thornhaugh Street, WC1H Thornhaugh Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Tiger House, WC1H Residential block
Tonbridge Street, WC1H Tonbridge Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Torrington Place, WC1E Torrington Place was developed by James Sim in partnership with his two sons.
Torrington Square, WC1H Torrington Square was originally laid out as part of the Bedford Estate development in 1821-25, named after the father-in-law of the 6th Duke of Bedford.
Upper Woborn Place, WC1H Upper Woborn Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Upper Woburn Place, WC1H Upper Woburn Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Wakefield St, WC1N Wakefield St is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Wakefield Street, WC1H Wakefield Street is a road in the WC1H postcode area
Wakefield Street, WC1N Wakefield Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Westking Place, WC1H Westking Place runs north from Heathcote Street to Sidmouth Street.
Whidborne Street, WC1H Whidborne Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Witley Court, WC1N Witley Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Woburn Mews, WC1H Woburn Mews ran parallel between Woburn Place and Upper Bedford Place to the west of Woburn Place.
Woburn Place, WC1H Woburn Place is situated on the Bedford estate, running north from the east of Russell Square to the east of Tavistock Square.
Woburn Square, WC1H Woburn Square is just north of the centre of Bloomsbury.
Woburn Walk, WC1H Woburn Walk was also known as Woburn Buildings.
Woolf Mews, WC1H Woolf Mews is a road in the WC1H postcode area




LOCAL PHOTOS
Horse Hospital
TUM image id: 3129
Doughty Street, WC1N
TUM image id: 1443044786
The British Library
TUM image id: 1482066417
Cromer Street
TUM image id: 1547917827
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