Astley House, Enfield, Middlesex

Road is in an area which may have existed since the nineteenth century or before- in the area buildings are mainly post-war

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(51.67392 -0.09769) 

Astley House, EN2

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Fullscreen map
Road · Enfield · EN2 ·
December
7
2019

A street within the EN2 postcode




NEARBY STREETS
Acorn Close, EN2 Acorn Close is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
Albuhera Close, EN2 Albuhera Close is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
Amesbury Court, EN2 A street within the EN2 postcode
Ash Ride, EN2 Ash Ride is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
Avalon Close, EN2 A street within the EN2 postcode
Avon Villa, EN2 Avon Villa is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
Banbury Close, EN2 Banbury Close is a road in the EN2 postcode area
Bankside, EN2 Bankside is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
Beckwith Close, EN2 A street within the EN2 postcode
Beech Avenue, EN2 Beech Avenue is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
Blossom Lane, EN2 Blossom Lane is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
Burnt Farm Ride, EN2 A street within the EN2 postcode
Burntfarm Ride, EN2 Burntfarm Ride is a road in the EN2 postcode area
Capstan Ride, EN2 Capstan Ride is a road in the EN2 postcode area
Cattlegate Road Crews Hill, EN2 Cattlegate Road Crews Hill is a road in the EN2 postcode area
Cedar Road, EN2 Cedar Road is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
Chasewood Avenue, EN2 Chasewood Avenue is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
Comreddy Close, EN2 Comreddy Close is a road in the EN2 postcode area
Cook’s Hole Road, EN2 Cook’s Hole Road is a road in the EN2 postcode area
Crofton Way, EN2 Crofton Way is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
Cypress Avenue, EN2 Cypress Avenue is a road in the EN2 postcode area
Drapers Road, EN2 Drapers Road is a road in the EN2 postcode area
Dudrich Mews, EN2 A street within the EN2 postcode
Fairview Road, EN2 Fairview Road is a road in the EN2 postcode area
Flash Lane, EN2 Flash Lane is a road in the EN2 postcode area
Golf Drive, EN2 Golf Drive is a road in the EN2 postcode area
Golf Ride, EN2 Golf Ride is a road in the EN2 postcode area
Gordon Hill Railway Station 122b, EN2 A street within the EN2 postcode
Graftonbury Mews, EN2 A street within the EN2 postcode
Gudgeon Court, EN2 A street within the EN2 postcode
Hansart Way, EN2 A street within the EN2 postcode
Hardy Way, EN2 Hardy Way is a road in the EN2 postcode area
Harefield Close, EN2 Harefield Close is a road in the EN2 postcode area
Harris Close, EN2 Harris Close is a road in the EN2 postcode area
Heather Drive, EN2 Heather Drive is a road in the EN2 postcode area
Hedge Hill, EN2 Hedge Hill is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
Holtwhites Hill, EN2 Holtwhites Hill is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
Hunters Way, EN2 Hunters Way is a road in the EN2 postcode area
Jaycroft, EN2 Jaycroft is a road in the EN2 postcode area
John Gooch Drive, EN2 John Gooch Drive is a road in the EN2 postcode area
Kirkland Drive, EN2 Kirkland Drive is a road in the EN2 postcode area
Lavender Gardens, EN2 Lavender Gardens is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
Lavender Hill, EN2 Lavender Hill is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
Lee View, EN2 Lee View is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
Lime Tree Walk, EN2 Lime Tree Walk is a road in the EN2 postcode area
Normandy House, EN2 A street within the EN2 postcode
Padstow Road, EN2 Padstow Road is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
Peelers Close, EN2 A street within the EN2 postcode
Perry Mead, EN2 Perry Mead is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
Rendlesham Road, EN2 Rendlesham Road is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
Rosewood Drive, EN2 Rosewood Drive is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
Rossendale Close, EN2 Rossendale Close is a road in the EN2 postcode area
Rossendale Drive, EN2 Rossendale Drive is a road in the EN2 postcode area
Shooters Road, EN2 Shooters Road is a road in the EN2 postcode area
Strayfield Road, EN2 Strayfield Road is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
The Antiques Village, EN2 The Antiques Village is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
Theobalds Park Road, EN2 Theobalds Park Road is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
Thoebalds Park Road, EN2 Thoebalds Park Road is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
Tingeys Top Lane, EN2 Tingeys Top Lane is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
Tudor Crescent, EN2 Tudor Crescent is one of the streets in the Enfield postal district.
Weller Mews, EN2 A street within the EN2 postcode
Woodridge Close, EN2 Woodridge Close is a road in the EN2 postcode area
Wroxham Gardens, EN2 Wroxham Gardens is a road in the EN2 postcode area


Enfield

Home of the world's first ever ATM.

Inspiration had come to John Shepherd-Barron while he was in the bath. “It struck me there must be a way I could get my own money, anywhere in the world or the UK. I hit upon the idea of a chocolate bar dispenser, but replacing chocolate with cash.” he told the BBC. Shepherd-Barron took his idea to Barclays Bank which was convinced immediately. Over a pink gin, the then chief executive signed a hurried contract with Mr Shepherd-Barron.

At that time plastic ATM cards did not exist. John Shepherd Barron's ATM machine took checks that were impregnated with carbon 14, a slightly radioactive substance. The ATM machine would detect the carbon 14 mark and match it against a pin number. The idea of a personal identification number or PIN was thought up by John Shepherd Barron and refined by his wife Caroline, who changed John’s six digit number to four as it was easier to remember.

Humble Enfield was chosen to host the world's first ever cash machine, which was installed at the branch of Barclays. On 27 June 1967 it was opened by actor Reg Varney - star of On The Buses.

Before this rise to fame and Enfield's starring role in ATM history, it was a collection of small communities spread around the royal hunting grounds of Enfield Chase. At the time of the Domesday Book the area was spelt Enefelde, and had a priest who almost certainly resided in St. Andrew's Church. By 1572 most of the basic street layout had been completed. The village green later became the historic marketplace between the church and where the fountain now stands. A market is still operated in this area, which is owned by the parish charity. Its name most likely came from Anglo-Saxon Eanafeld or similar, meaning "open land belonging to a man called Eana" or "open land for lambs".

Adjacent to St. Andrew's church is the old school building of the Tudor period, Enfield Grammar School, which institution expanded over the years, becoming a large comprehensive school from the late 1960s onwards.

In 1303, Edward I granted a charter to Humphrey de Bohun, and his wife to hold a weekly market in Enfield each Monday, and James I granted another in 1617, to a charitable trust, for a Saturday market. The Market was still prosperous in the early eighteenth century, but fell into decline soon afterwards. There were sporadic attempts to revive it: an unsuccessful one of 1778 is recorded, and in 1826 a stone Gothic market cross was erected, to replace the octagonal wooden market house, demolished sixteen years earlier. In 1858, J. Tuff wrote of the market "several attempts have been made to revive it, the last of which, about twenty years ago, also proved a failure, It has again fallen into desuetude and will probably never be revived". However the trading resumed in the 1870s. In 1904 a new wooden structure was built to replace the stone cross, by now decayed. The market is still in existence, administered by the Old Enfield Charitable trust.

The charter of 1303 also gave the right to hold two annual fairs. one on St Andrew's Day, and the other in September. The latter was suppressed in 1869 at the request of local tradesmen clergy, and other prominent citizens, having become, according to the local historian Pete Eyre “a source of immorality and disorder, and a growing nuisance to the inhabitants”.

The poet John Keats went to the progressive Clarke's School in Enfield, where he began a translation of the Aeneid. The White House in Silver Street was formerly the home of Joseph Whitaker, publisher and founder of Whitaker's Almanack who lived and died there from 1820 to 1895.
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