Bessborough Place, SW1V

An area maybe laid out between the wars with housing mainly dating from the 1980s

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Road · Pimlico · SW1V ·
JANUARY
1
2000
Bessborough Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.

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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY

Comment
Pauline jones   
Added: 16 Oct 2017 19:04 GMT   

Bessborough Place, SW1V
I grew up in bessborough place at the back of our house and Grosvenor road and bessborough gardens was a fantastic playground called trinity mews it had a paddling pool sandpit football area and various things to climb on, such as a train , slide also as Wendy house. There were plants surrounding this wonderful play area, two playground attendants ,also a shelter for when it rained. The children were constantly told off by the playground keepers for touching the plants or kicking the ball out of the permitted area, there was hopscotch as well, all these play items were brick apart from the slide. Pollock was the centre of my universe and I felt sorry and still do for anyone not being born there. To this day I miss it and constantly look for images of the streets around there, my sister and me often go back to take a clumped of our beloved London. The stucco houses were a feature and the backs of the houses enabled parents to see thier children playing.

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The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Dec 2020 00:24 GMT   

Othello takes a bow
On 1 November 1604, William Shakespeare’s tragedy Othello was presented for the first time, at The Palace of Whitehall. The palace was the main residence of the English monarchs in London from 1530 until 1698. Seven years to the day, Shakespeare’s romantic comedy The Tempest was also presented for the first time, and also at the Palace of Whitehall.

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Comment
Linda Webb   
Added: 27 Sep 2021 05:51 GMT   

Hungerford Stairs
In 1794 my ancestor, George Webb, Clay Pipe Maker, lived in Hungerford Stairs, Strand. Source: Wakefields Merchant & Tradesmens General Directory London Westminster 1794

Source: Hungerford Stairs

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Comment
Robert smitherman   
Added: 23 Aug 2017 11:01 GMT   

Saunders Street, SE11
I was born in a prefab on Saunders street SE11 in the 60’s, when I lived there, the road consisted of a few prefab houses, the road originally ran from Lollard street all the way thru to Fitzalan street. I went back there to have a look back in the early 90’s but all that is left of the road is about 20m of road and the road sign.

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Lived here
Richard Roques   
Added: 21 Jan 2021 16:53 GMT   

Buckingham Street residents
Here in Buckingham Street lived Samuel Pepys the diarist, Charles Dickens and Rudyard Kipling

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Lynette beardwood   
Added: 29 Nov 2022 20:53 GMT   

Spy’s Club
Topham’s Hotel at 24-28 Ebury Street was called the Ebury Court Hotel. Its first proprietor was a Mrs Topham. In WW2 it was a favourite watering hole for the various intelligence organisations based in the Pimlico area. The first woman infiltrated into France in 1942, FANY Yvonne Rudellat, was recruited by the Special Operations Executive while working there. She died in Bergen Belsen in April 1945.

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Comment
danny currie   
Added: 30 Nov 2022 18:39 GMT   

dads yard
ron currie had a car breaking yard in millers yard back in the 60s good old days

Reply
Born here
   
Added: 16 Nov 2022 12:39 GMT   

The Pearce family lived in Gardnor Road
The Pearce family moved into Gardnor Road around 1900 after living in Fairfax walk, my Great grandfather, wife and there children are recorded living in number 4 Gardnor road in the 1911 census, yet I have been told my grand father was born in number 4 in 1902, generations of the Pearce continue living in number 4 as well other houses in the road up until the 1980’s

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Born here
   
Added: 16 Nov 2022 12:38 GMT   

The Pearce family lived in Gardnor Road
The Pearce family moved into Gardnor Road around 1900 after living in Fairfax walk, my Great grandfather, wife and there children are recorded living in number 4 Gardnor road in the 1911 census, yet I have been told my grand father was born in number 4 in 1902, generations of the Pearce continue living in number 4 as well other houses in the road up until the 1980’s

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Lived here
Phil Stubbington   
Added: 14 Nov 2022 16:28 GMT   

Numbers 60 to 70 (1901 - 1939)
A builder, Robert Maeers (1842-1919), applied to build six houses on plots 134 to 139 on the Lincoln House Estate on 5 October 1901. He received approval on 8 October 1901. These would become numbers 60 to 70 Rodenhurst Road (60 is plot 139). Robert Maeers was born in Northleigh, Devon. In 1901 he was living in 118 Elms Road with his wife Georgina, nee Bagwell. They had four children, Allan, Edwin, Alice, and Harriet, born between 1863 and 1873.
Alice Maeers was married to John Rawlins. Harriet Maeers was married to William Street.
Three of the six houses first appear on the electoral register in 1904:
Daniel Mescal “Ferncroft”
William Francis Street “Hillsboro”
Henry Elkin “Montrose”

By the 1905 electoral register all six are occupied:

Daniel Mescal “St Senans”
Henry Robert Honeywood “Grasmere”
John Rawlins “Iveydene”
William Francis Street “Hillsboro”
Walter Ernest Manning “St Hilda”
Henry Elkin “Montrose”

By 1906 house numbers replace names:

Daniel Mescal 70
Henry Robert Honeywood 68
John Rawlins 66
William Francis Street 64
Walter Ernest Manning 62
Henry Elkin 60

It’s not clear whether number 70 changed from “Ferncroft” to “St Senans” or possibly Daniel Mescal moved houses.

In any event, it can be seen that Robert Maeers’ two daughters are living in numbers 64 and 66, with, according to local information, an interconnecting door. In the 1911 census William Street is shown as a banker’s clerk. John Rawlins is a chartering clerk in shipping. Robert Maeers and his wife are also living at this address, Robert being shown as a retired builder.

By 1939 all the houses are in different ownership except number 60, where the Elkins are still in residence.


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Comment
stephen garraway   
Added: 13 Nov 2022 13:56 GMT   

Martin Street, Latimer Road
I was born at St Charlottes and lived at 14, Martin Street, Latimer Road W10 until I was 4 years old when we moved to the east end. It was my Nan Grant’s House and she was the widow of George Frederick Grant. She had two sons, George and Frederick, and one daughter, my mother Margaret Patricia.
The downstairs flat where we lived had two floors, the basement and the ground floor. The upper two floors were rented to a Scot and his family, the Smiths. He had red hair. The lights and cooker were gas and there was one cold tap over a Belfast sink. A tin bath hung on the wall. The toilet was outside in the yard. This was concreted over and faced the the rear of the opposite terraces. All the yards were segregated by high brick walls. The basement had the a "best" room with a large , dark fireplace with two painted metal Alsation ornaments and it was very dark, cold and little used.
The street lights were gas and a man came round twice daily to turn them on and off using a large pole with a hook and a lighted torch on the end. I remember men coming round the streets with carts selling hot chestnuts and muffins and also the hurdy gurdy man with his instrument and a monkey in a red jacket. I also remember the first time I saw a black man and my mother pulling me away from him. He had a Trilby and pale Mackintosh so he must of been one of the first of the Windrush people. I seem to recall he had a thin moustache.
Uncle George had a small delivery lorry but mum lost touch with him and his family. Uncle Fred went to Peabody Buildings near ST.Pauls.
My Nan was moved to a maisonette in White City around 1966, and couldn’t cope with electric lights, cookers and heating and she lost all of her neighbourhood friends. Within six months she had extreme dementia and died in a horrible ward in Tooting Bec hospital a year or so later. An awful way to end her life, being moved out of her lifelong neighbourhood even though it was slums.

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Comment
   
Added: 31 Oct 2022 18:47 GMT   

Memories
I lived at 7 Conder Street in a prefab from roughly 1965 to 1971 approx - happy memories- sad to see it is no more ?

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Eve Glover   
Added: 22 Oct 2022 09:28 GMT   

Shenley Road
Shenley Road is the main street in Borehamwood where the Job Centre and Blue Arrow were located

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Comment
Richard Lake   
Added: 28 Sep 2022 09:37 GMT   

Trade Union Official
John William Lake snr moved with his family to 22 De Laune Street in 1936. He was the London Branch Secretary for the Street Masons, Paviours and Road Makers Union. He had previously lived in Orange St now Copperfield St Southwark but had been forced to move because the landlord didn’t like him working from home and said it broke his lease.
John William snr died in 1940. His son John William Lake jnr also became a stone mason and at the end of World War two he was responsible for the engraving of the dates of WW2 onto the Cenotaph in Whitehall.

Reply

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Chelsea College of Art and Design Chelsea College of Arts is a constituent college of the University of the Arts London.
Dolphin Square Dolphin Square is a block of private flats and business complex built near the River Thames between 1935 and 1937.
Lillington Gardens Lillington Gardens is an estate in the Pimlico area, constructed in phases between 1961 and 1980.
Pimlico Pimlico is known for its garden squares and Regency architecture.
Pimlico Academy Pimlico Academy (formerly Pimlico School) is a mixed-sex education secondary school and sixth form with academy status.
St James the Less St James the Less is an Anglican church built by George Edmund Street in the Gothic Revival style.
St Saviour’s St Saviour’s is an Anglo-Catholic church in Pimlico.

NEARBY STREETS
Atterbury Street, SW1P Atterbury Street is named after Francis Atterbury, Dean of Westminster in 1713.
Aylesford Street, SW1V Aylesford Street was built in 1848.
Balniel Gate, SW1V Balniel Gate is a road of Pimlico.
Balvaird Place, SW1V Balvaird Place is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Bessborough Gardens, SW1V Bessborough Gardens is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Bessborough Street, SW1V Bessborough Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Bloomberg Street, SW1V Bloomberg Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Bondway, SW8 Bondway is named after the late 18th century developers of the street, John and Sarah Bond.
Bridgefoot, SW8 Bridgefoot is a road in the SW8 postcode area
Carey Place, SW1V Carey Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Causton Street, SW1P Causton Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Chapter Chambers, SW1P Chapter Chambers is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Chapter Street, SW1P Chapter Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Charlwood Place, SW1V Charlwood Place is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Charlwood Street, SW1V Charlwood Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Chichester Street, SW1V Chichester Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Churton Place, SW1V Churton Place is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Churton Street, SW1V Churton Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Claverton Street, SW1V Claverton Street runs from Lupus Street to Grosvenor Road.
Crown Reach Riverside Walk, SW1V Crown Reach Riverside Walk is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Dells Mews, SW1V Dells Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Denbigh Place, SW1V Denbigh Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Denbigh Street, SW1V Denbigh Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Dolphin Square East Side, SW1V Dolphin Square consists of blocks of private flats built between 1935 and 1937.
Dolphin Square West, SW1V Dolphin Square West is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Douglas Street, SW1P Douglas Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Drummond Gate, SW1V Drummond Gate is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Duncan House, SW1V Duncan House is a block on Dolphin Square West
Egerton House, SW1V Residential block
Erasmus Street, SW1P Erasmus Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Esterbrooke Street, SW1P Esterbrooke Street is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Frobisher House, SW1V Frobisher House is a block on Dolphin Square
Garden Terrace, SW1V Garden Terrace is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Grosvenor Road, SW1V Grosvenor Road forms part of the Thames embankment.
Herrick Street, SW1P Herrick Street is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Joseph Conrad House, SW1V Joseph Conrad House is located on Tachbrook Street
Keyes House, SW1V Keyes House is a block on Dolphin Square
Lindsay Square, SW1V Lindsay Square is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Market Towers, SW8 Market Towers is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
Moreton Place, SW1 Moreton Place is a road in the SW1 postcode area
Moreton Street, SW1V Moreton Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Moreton Terrace Mews North, SW1V Moreton Terrace Mews North is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Neate House, SW1V Residential block
Nelson House, SW1V Nelson House is a building on Dolphin Square West
Parry Street, SW8 Parry Street was laid out by John and Sarah Bond.
Ponsonby Place, SW1V Ponsonby Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Ponsonby Terrace, SW1V Ponsonby Terrace is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Pulford Street, SW1V Pulford Street was a street between its construction in 1848 and demolition after the Second World War.
Rampayne Street, SW1V Rampayne Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Ranelagh Road, SW1V Ranelagh Road is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Rivermill, SW1V Rivermill is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Riverside Walk, SW1P Riverside Walk skirts the gardens of the same name.
Riverside Walk, SW8 Riverside Walk is part of the Thames Path long-distance footpath.
St George Wharf, SW8 St George Wharf is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
St George’s Square, SW1V St Georges Square is a long narrow space reaching to the river with an enclosed garden in the centre.
St Saviours Hall, SW1V St Saviours Hall is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Tachbrook Street, SW1V Tachbrook Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
The Arcade, SW1V The Arcade is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Thorndike Street, SW1V Thorndike Street is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Vauxhall Bridge, SW1P Vauxhall Bridge is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Vauxhall Bridge, SW1V Vauxhall Bridge is a road in the SW1V postcode area
West Bridge, SW8 West Bridge is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.

NEARBY PUBS


Click here to explore another London street
We now have 523 completed street histories and 46977 partial histories
Find streets or residential blocks within the M25 by clicking STREETS


Pimlico

Pimlico is known for its garden squares and Regency architecture.

In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the Manor of Ebury was divided up and leased by the Crown to servants or favourites. In 1623, James I sold the freehold of Ebury - the land was sold on several more times until it came into the possession of heiress Mary Davies in 1666.

Mary’s dowry not only included modern-day Pimlico and Belgravia, but also most of what is now Mayfair and Knightsbridge. She was much pursued and in 1677 at the age of twelve she married Sir Thomas Grosvenor. The Grosvenors were a family of Norman descent long seated at Eaton Hall in Cheshire who until this auspicious marriage were only of local consequence in the county of Cheshire. Through the development and good management of this land, the Grosvenors acquired enormous wealth.

At some point in the late seventeenth or early eighteenth century, the area ceased to be known as Ebury (or ’The Five Fields’) and gained the name by which it is now known. According to folklore, it received its name from Ben Pimlico, famous for his nut-brown ale. His tea-gardens were near Hoxton, and the road to them from here was termed Pimlico Path, so that what is now called Pimlico was so named from the popularity of the Hoxton resort.

By the nineteenth century, and as a result of an increase in demand for property in the previously unfashionable West End of London following the Great Plague of London and the Great Fire of London, Pimlico had become ripe for development. In 1825, Thomas Cubitt was contracted by Lord Grosvenor to develop Pimlico. The land up to this time had been marshy but was reclaimed using soil excavated during the construction of St Katharine Docks.

Cubitt developed Pimlico as a grid of handsome white stucco terraces. The largest and most opulent houses were built along St George’s Drive and Belgrave Road, the two principal streets, and Eccleston, Warwick and St George’s Squares. Lupus Street contained similarly grand houses, as well as shops and, until the early twentieth century, a hospital for women and children. Smaller-scale properties, typically of three storeys, line the side streets. An 1877 newspaper article described Pimlico as "genteel, sacred to professional men… not rich enough to luxuriate in Belgravia proper, but rich enough to live in private houses." Its inhabitants were "more lively than in Kensington… and yet a cut above Chelsea, which is only commercial."

Although the area was dominated by the well-to-do middle and upper-middle classes as late as Booth’s 1889 Map of London Poverty, parts of Pimlico are said to have declined significantly by the 1890s. When Rev Gerald Olivier moved to the neighbourhood in 1912 with his family, including the young Laurence Olivier, to minister to the parishioners of St Saviour, it was part of a venture to west London ’slums’ that had previously taken the family to the depths of Notting Hill.

Through the late nineteenth century, Pimlico saw the construction of several Peabody Estates, charitable housing projects designed to provide affordable, quality homes.

Proximity to the Houses of Parliament made Pimlico a centre of political activity. Prior to 1928, the Labour Party and Trades Union Congress shared offices on Eccleston Square, and it was here in 1926 that the General Strike was organised.

In the mid-1930s Pimlico saw a second wave of development with the construction of Dolphin Square, a self-contained ’city’ of 1250 up-market flats built on the site formerly occupied by Cubitt’s building works. Completed in 1937, it quickly became popular with MPs and public servants. It was home to fascist Oswald Mosley until his arrest in 1940, and the headquarters of the Free French for much of the Second World War.

Pimlico survived the war with its essential character intact, although parts sustained significant bomb damage. Through the 1950s these areas were the focus of large-scale redevelopment as the Churchill Gardens and Lillington and Longmoore Gardens estates, and many of the larger Victorian houses were converted to hotels and other uses.

To provide affordable and efficient heating to the residents of the new post-war developments, Pimlico became one of the few places in the UK to have a district heating system installed.

In 1953, the Second Duke of Westminster sold the part of the Grosvenor estate on which Pimlico is built.

Pimlico was connected to the underground in 1972 as a late addition to the Victoria Line. Following the designation of a conservation area in 1968 (extended in 1973 and again in 1990), the area has seen extensive regeneration. Successive waves of development have given Pimlico an interesting social mix, combining exclusive restaurants and residences with Westminster City Council run facilities.

Notable residents of Pimlico have included politician Winston Churchill, designer Laura Ashley, philosopher Swami Vivekananda, actor Laurence Olivier, illustrator and author Aubrey Beardsley, Kenyan nationalist Jomo Kenyatta and inventor of lawn tennis Major Walter Wingfield.


LOCAL PHOTOS
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Antrobus Street sign
TUM image id: 1601897046
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

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The Lillington Gardens estate
Credit: Ewan Munro
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Victoria coach station’s temporary base, 1929, where the Tachbrook Estate is now. The King’s Scholar Pond sewer is on the left.
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Nine Elms Station map in the 1850s with the new line to Waterloo on right.
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Pulford Street being demolished
Credit: Peabody Trust
Licence: CC BY 2.0


"A Sunset with a View of Nine Elms" (c.1755)
Credit: Samuel Scott/Tate Britain
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