Kennington

Underground station, existing between the 1890s and now

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Kennington

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Underground station · Kennington · SE11 ·
October
12
2012
Kennington was a royal manor in the ancient parish of St Mary, Lambeth in the county of Surrey and was the administrative centre of the parish from 1853.

The presence of a tumulus, and other significant geographical features locally, suggest that the area was regarded in ancient times as a sacred place of assembly. The manor of Kennington was divided from the manor of Vauxhall by the River Effra, a tributary of the River Thames. A smaller river, the River Neckinger, ran through the northern part of Kennington, approximately where Brook Drive is today. Both rivers have now been diverted into underground culverts.

Harthacnut, King of Denmark and England, died at Kennington in 1041. Harold Godwinson took the Crown the day after the death of Edward the Confessor at Kennington; he is said to have placed it upon his own head. King Henry III held his court here in 1231; and, according to Matthew Paris, in 1232, Parliament was held at Kennington.

Edward III gave the manor of Kennington to his oldest son Edward, the Black Prince in 1337, and the prince then built a large royal palace in the traingle formed by Kennington Lane, Sancroft Street and Cardigan Street, near to Kennington Cross. Geoffrey Chaucer was employed at Kennington as Clerk of Works in 1389 and was paid 2 shillings. The Duchy of Cornwall still maintains a substantial property portfolio within the area.

The eighteenth century saw considerable development in Kennington. At the start of the century, the area was essentially a village on the southern roads into London, with a common on which public executions took place. The development of Kennington came about through access to London, which happened when, in 1750, Westminster Bridge was constructed. In 1751, Kennington Road was built from Kennington Common (as it then was; now Kennington Park) to Westminster Bridge. Houses along it were soon built.

On 10 May 1768, at approximately the site of the Imperial War Museum today, the Massacre of St George's Fields took place. A riot started, because of the detention at the King's Bench Prison of the radical, John Wilkes – he had written an article in which he attacked King George III. The Riot Act was read, and soldiers fired into the crowd, killing seven people.

By the 1770s, the development of Kennington into its modern form was well underway. Terraces of houses were built on the east side of Kennington Road and Cleaver Square (then called Prince's Square) was laid out in 1788. In 1796, a house in West Square became the first station in the optical telegraph, or semaphore line, between the Admiralty in London, and Chatham and Deal in Kent, and during the Napoleonic Wars transmitted messages between Whitehall and the Royal Navy.

The modern street pattern of Kennington was formed by the early nineteenth century. The village had become a semi-rural suburb with grand terraced houses. In 1852, at the initiative of the minister of St. Mark's Church, the Common was enclosed and became the first public park in south London.

The Oval cricket ground was leased to Surrey County Cricket Club from the Duchy of Cornwall in 1845, and the adjacent gasometers (themselves an international sporting landmark) were constructed in 1853. Proximity to central London was key to the development of the area as a residential suburb and it was incorporated into the metropolitan area of London in 1855.

Dense building and the carving-up of large houses for multiple occupation caused Kennington to be very seriously over-populated in 1859, when diphtheria appeared (recorded by Karl Marx in 'Das Kapital').

Kennington station was opened as Kennington (New Street) in 1890 by the City of London and Southwark Subway.

On 15 October 1940, the large trench air-raid shelter beneath Kennington Park was struck by a 50lb bomb. The number of people killed remains unknown; it is believed by local historians that 104 people died. 48 bodies were recovered.

Lambeth Council designated much of Kennington a Conservation Area in 1968, the boundary of which was extended in 1979 and in 1997. Lambeth Council's emphasis on conserving and protecting Kennington's architectural heritage and enhancing its attractive open spaces for recreation and leisure is illustrated by restoration of the centre of the listed Cleaver Square in the last decade of the twentieth century.


Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence


Trees in Kennington Park

Trees in Kennington Park
Stephen McKay

THE STREETS OF KENNINGTON
(City of London) Field Hospital (V), SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Alberta Estate, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Alberta Street, SE17 Alberta Street is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Ambergate Street, SE17 Ambergate Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Amelia Street, SE17 Amelia Street originally consisted of late 19th century tenement blocks built by James Pullen, a local builder, between 1886 and 1901.
Aveline Street, SE11 Aveline Street is a road in the SE11 postcode area
Berryfield Road, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Borrett Close, SE17 Borrett Close is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Bowden Street, SE11 Bowden Street is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Braganza Street, SE17 Braganza Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Brandon Estate, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Camberwell Road, SE17 Camberwell Road is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Canterbury Place, SE17 Canterbury Place is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Cardigan Street, SE11 Cardigan Street formed part of the Duchy of Cornwall’s local estate.
Carter Street, SE17 Carter Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Chapter Road, SE17 Chapter Road is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Cleaver Square, SE11 Cleaver Square is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Cleaver Street, SE11 Cleaver Street is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Conwall Square Kennings Way, SE11 Conwall Square Kennings Way is a road in the SE11 postcode area
Cook’s Road, SE17 Cook’s Road is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Cooks Road, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Courtenay Square, SE11 Courtenay Square is one of a number of local streets with houses built in a neo-Georgian style.
Courtenay Street, SE11 Courtenay Street was built in 1925 as part of the Duchy of Cornwall’s estate.
Crampton Street, SE17 Crampton Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Dale Road, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Dartford Street, SE17 Dartford Street is a road in the SE17 postcode area
De Laune Street, SE17 De Laune Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Delverton Road, SE17 Delverton Road is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Doddington Grove, SE17 Doddington Grove is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Doddington Place, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Draco Street, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Empress Street, SE17 Empress Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Faunce Street, SE17 Faunce Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Fielding Street, SE17 Fielding Street runs west from Walworth Road.
Fleming Road, SE17 Fleming Road is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Forsyth Gardens, SE17 Forsyth Gardens is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Frederick Road, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Gateway, SE17 Gateway is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Gaza Street, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Greig Terrace, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Harmsworth Street, SE17 Harmsworth Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Hillingdon Street, SE17 Hillingdon Street is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Holyoak Road, SE11 Holyoak Road is a road in the SE11 postcode area
Iliffe Street, SE17 Iliffe Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Iliffe Yard, SE17 Iliffe Yard is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
John Ruskin Street, SE17 John Ruskin Street is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Kennington Lane, SE11 Kennington Lane is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Kennington Park Gardens, SE17 Kennington Park Gardens is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Kennington Park Place, SE17 Kennington Park Place is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Langdale Close, SE17 Langdale Close is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Laune Street, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Lorrimore Road, SE17 Lorrimore Road is a very old Walworth road.
Lorrimore Square, SE17 Lorrimore Square is a 1.5-acre garden square.
Loughborough Street, SE11 Loughborough Street is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Maddock Way, SE17 Maddock Way is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Manor Place, SE11 Manor Place is a road in the SE11 postcode area
Manor Place, SE17 Manor Place is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Marsland Close, SE17 Marsland Close is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Martara Mews, SE17 Martara Mews is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Matara Mews, SE17 Matara Mews is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Methley Street, SE11 Methley Street is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Montford Place, SE11 Montford Place is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Newburn Street, SE11 Newburn Street is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Newington Butts, SE11 Newington Butts is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Newington Industrial Estate, SE17 Newington Industrial Estate lies in SE17.
Occupation Road, SE17 Occupation Road is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Olney Road, SE17 Olney Road is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Opal Street, SE11 Opal Street is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Otto Street, SE17 Otto Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Pasley Close, SE17 Pasley Close is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Peacock Street, SE17 Peacock Street is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Peacock Yard, SE17 Peacock Yard is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Peacock Yd, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Pelier Street, SE17 Pelier Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Penrose Grove, SE17 Penrose Grove is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Penrose Street, SE17 Penrose Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Penton Place, SE11 Penton Place is a road in the SE11 postcode area
Penton Place, SE17 Penton Place is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Pullens Buildings, SE17 Pullens Buildings is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Robert Dashwood Way, SE17 Robert Dashwood Way is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Royal Road, SE11 Royal Road is a road in the SE11 postcode area
Royal Road, SE17 Royal Road is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Rutley Close, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Saint Agnes Place, SE11 This is a street in the SE11 postcode area
Sharstead Street, SE17 Sharstead Street is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Sharsted Street, SE17 This is a street in the SE17 postcode area
Silk Mews, SE11 Silk Mews is a road in the SE11 postcode area
Slade Walk, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
St Agnes Place, SE11 St Agnes Place was once the most famous squatted street in London.
St Pauls Church, SE17 St Pauls Church is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
St. Agnes Place, SE11 St. Agnes Place is a road in the SE11 postcode area
Stopford Road, SE17 Stopford Road is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Sturgeon Road, SE17 Sturgeon Road is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Sutherland Square, SE17 Sutherland Square is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Tarver Road, SE17 Tarver Road is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Thrush Street, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Walworth Road, SE17 Walworth Road is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Wesley Close, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Westcott Road, SE17 Westcott Road is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Windmill Row, SE11 Windmill Row is one of the streets of London in the SE11 postal area.
Wynyard Terrace, SE11 Wynyard Terrace is a road in the SE11 postcode area


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