Great Smith Street, SW1P

Buildings in this area date from the nineteenth century or before

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(51.4981 -0.12991) 

Great Smith Street, SW1P

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Road · Westminster · SW1P ·
JANUARY
1
2000
Great Smith Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.




NEARBY STREETS
Abbey Orchard Street, SW1P Abbey Orchard Street was the heart of a former slum area.
Abingdon Street, SW1P Abingdon Street has linked Old Palace Yard and Millbank since at least 1593.
Arneway Street, SW1P Arneway Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Artillery Place, SW1P Artillery Place is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Artillery Row, SW1P Artillery Row is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Barton Street, SW1P Barton Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Bennett’s Yard, SW1P Bennett’s Yard is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Birdcage Walk, SW1H Birdcage Walk runs east from Great George Street, along the south side of St James’s Park.
Brewers Green, SW1H Brewers Green is one of the streets of London in the SW1H postal area.
Bridge Street, SW1A Bridge Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
Broad Sanctuary, SW1H Broad Sanctuary is a road in the SW1H postcode area
Broad Sanctuary, SW1P Broad Sanctuary is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Broadway, SW1H Broadway - formerly the location of the headquarters of both London Transport and the Metropolitan Police.
Butler Place, SW1H Butler Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1H postal area.
Canon Row, SW1A Canon Row is at least one thousand year’s old.
Carteret Street, SW1H Carteret Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1H postal area.
Caxton Street, SW1H William Caxton was responsible for the introduction of the printing press to England.
Chadwick Street, SW1P Chadwick Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Chubb Court, SW20 Chubb Court is a road in the SW20 postcode area
Coburg Close, SW1P Coburg Close is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Cowley Street, SW1P Cowley Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Dacre Street, SW1H Dacre Street is named after Lady Anne Dacre.
Dartmouth Street, SW1H Dartmouth Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1H postal area.
Dean Bradley Street, SW1P George Granville Bradley was Dean of Westminster Abbey from 1881.
Dean Farrar Street, SW1H Frederic William Farrar was a canon of Westminster Abbey.
Dean Ryle Street, SW1P Dean Ryle Street was named after Herbert Edward Ryle.
Dean Stanley Street, SW1P Dean Stanley Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Dean Trench Street, SW1P Dean Trench Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Deans Yard, SW1P Dean’s Yard comprises most of the precincts of the former monastery of Westminster, not occupied by the Abbey buildings.
Derby Gate, SW1A Derby Gate is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
Elverton Street, SW1P Elverton Street is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Emery Hill Street, SW1P Emery Hill Street is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Gayfere Street, SW1P Gayfere Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Great College Street, SW1P Great College Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Great George Street, SW1P Great George Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Great Peter Street, SW1P Great Peter Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Greencoat Place, SW1P Greencoat Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Greycoat Gardens, SW1P Greycoat Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Greycoat Place, SW1P Greycoat Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Greycoat Street, SW1P Greycoat Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Horseferry Road, SW1P Horseferry Road is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Howick Place, SW1P Howick Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Lambeth Bridge, SE1 Lambeth Bridge is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Lambeth Bridge, SW1P Lambeth Bridge is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Little Cloisters, SW1P Little Cloisters is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Little College Street, SW1P Little College Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Little Deans Yard, SW1P Little Deans Yard is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Little George Street, SW1P Little George Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Lord North Street, SW1P Lord North Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Marsham Street, SW1P Marsham Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Matthew Parker Street, SW1H The Most Reverend Matthew Parker was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1559 until 1575.
Medway Street, SW1P Medway Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Millbank, SE1 Millbank is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Monck Street, SW1P Monck Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
New Palace Yard, SW1A New Palace Yard was built by William II (William Rufus).
North Court, SW1P North Court is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Old Palace Yard, SW1P Old Palace Yard lies between the Palace of Westminster and Westminster Abbey.
Old Pye Street, SW1P Old Pye Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Old Queen Street, SW1H Old Queen Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1H postal area.
Palmer Street, SW1H Palmer Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1H postal area.
Parliament Square, SW1A Parliament Square is one of the most important squares in Westminster, home to the Houses of Parliament and Westminster Abbey.
Parliament Square, SW1P Parliament Square is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Parliament Street, SW1A Parliament Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
Petty France, SW1H Petty France is one of the streets of London in the SW1H postal area.
Post Office Way, SW1P Post Office Way is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Price’s Court, SW11 A street within the SW1P postcode
Queen Anne’s Gate, SW1H This is a street in the SW1H postcode area
Queen Annes Gate Buildings, SW1H Queen Annes Gate Buildings is one of the streets of London in the SW1H postal area.
Queen Annes Gate, SW1H Queen Annes Gate is one of the streets of London in the SW1H postal area.
Regency Place, SW1P Regency Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Rochester Row, SW1P Rochester Row is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Rochester Street, SW1P Rochester Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Romney Street, SW1P Romney Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Seaforth Place, SW1E Seaforth Place is a road in the SW1E postcode area
Smith Square, SW1P Smith Square was originally developed by Sir James Smith around 1726.
Spenser Street, SW1E Spenser Street is a road in the SW1E postcode area
St Anns Street, SW1P St Anns Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
St Margarets Street, SW1P St Margarets Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
St Matthew Street, SW1P St Matthew Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
St Vincents Centre, SW1P St Vincents Centre is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
St. Ermin’s Hill, SW1H St. Ermin’s Hill is a road in the SW1H postcode area
St. Margaret Street, SW1P St. Margaret Street is a road in the SW1P postcode area
St. Matthew Street, SW1P St. Matthew Street is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Storeys Gate, SW1H Storeys Gate is one of the streets of London in the SW1H postal area.
Storeys Gate, SW1P Storeys Gate is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Strutton Ground, SW1P Strutton Ground is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
The Sanctuary, SW1P The Sanctuary is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
The Terrace, SW1P The Terrace is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Tothill Street, SW1H Tothill Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1H postal area.
Tufton Street, SW1P Tufton Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Vandon Passage, SW1H Vandon Passage probably dates from the fifteenth century.
Vandon Street, SW1H Vandon Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1H postal area.
Victoria Chambers, SW1P Victoria Chambers is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Victoria Street, SW1H Victoria Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1H postal area.
Westminster Bridge, SE1 Westminster Bridge is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Westminster Bridge, SW1A Westminster Bridge is a road in the SW1A postcode area
Westminster Central Hall, SW1H Westminster Central Hall is one of the streets of London in the SW1H postal area.
Westminster Mansions, SW1P Westminster Mansions is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Westminster Palace Gardens, SW1P Westminster Palace Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Westminster Pier, SW1A Westminster Pier is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
Wilcox Place, SW1E Wilcox Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1E postal area.


Westminster

Westminster - heart of government.

While the underground station dates from 1868, Westminster itself is almost as old as London itself. It has a large concentration of London’s historic and prestigious landmarks and visitor attractions, including the Palace of Westminster, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Cathedral.

Historically part of the parish of St Margaret in the City and Liberty of Westminster and the county of Middlesex, the name Westminster was the ancient description for the area around Westminster Abbey – the West Minster, or monastery church, that gave the area its name – which has been the seat of the government of England (and later the British government) for almost a thousand years.

Westminster is the location of the Palace of Westminster, a UNESCO World Heritage Site which houses the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

The area has been the seat of the government of England for almost a thousand years. Westminster is thus often used as a metonym for Parliament and the political community of the United Kingdom generally. The civil service is similarly referred to by the area it inhabits, Whitehall, and Westminster is consequently also used in reference to the ’Westminster System’, the parliamentary model of democratic government that has evolved in the United Kingdom.

The historic core of Westminster is the former Thorney Island on which Westminster Abbey was built. The Abbey became the traditional venue of the coronation of the kings and queens of England. The nearby Palace of Westminster came to be the principal royal residence after the Norman conquest of England in 1066, and later housed the developing Parliament and law courts of England. It can be said that London thus has developed two distinct focal points: an economic one in the City of London; and a political and cultural one in Westminster, where the Royal Court had its home. This division is still very apparent today.

The monarchy later moved to the Palace of Whitehall a little towards the north-east. The law courts have since moved to the Royal Courts of Justice, close to the border of the City of London.

The Westminster area formed part of the City and Liberty of Westminster and the county of Middlesex. The ancient parish was St Margaret; after 1727 split into the parishes of St Margaret and St John. The area around Westminster Abbey formed the extra-parochial Close of the Collegiate Church of St Peter surrounded by—but not part of—either parish. Until 1900 the local authority was the combined vestry of St Margaret and St John (also known as the Westminster District Board of Works from 1855 to 1887), which was based at Westminster City Hall on Caxton Street from 1883. The Liberty of Westminster, governed by the Westminster Court of Burgesses, also included St Martin in the Fields and several other parishes and places. Westminster had its own quarter sessions, but the Middlesex sessions also had jurisdiction. The area was transferred from Middlesex to the County of London in 1889 and the local government of Westminster was reformed in 1900 when the court of burgesses and parish vestries were abolished, to be replaced with a metropolitan borough council. The council was given city status, allowing it to be known as Westminster City Council.

The underground station was opened as Westminster Bridge on 24 December 1868 by the steam-operated Metropolitan District Railway (MDR) (now the District line) when the railway opened the first section of its line from South Kensington. It was originally the eastern terminus of the MDR and the station cutting ended at a concrete wall buffered by timber sleepers. The approach to the station from the west runs in cut and cover tunnel under the roadway of Broad Sanctuary and diagonally under Parliament Square. In Broad Sanctuary the tunnel is close to Westminster Abbey and St Margaret’s church and care was required to avoid undermining their foundations when excavating in the poor ground found there.

The station was completely rebuilt to incorporate new deep-level platforms for the Jubilee line when it was extended to the London Docklands in the 1990s. During the works, the level of the sub-surface platforms was lowered to enable ground level access to Portcullis House. This was achieved in small increments carried out when the line was closed at night.


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