Bull and Bush

Pub/bar in/near North End, existing between 1625 and now

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Pub/bar · North End · NW3 ·
FEBRUARY
26
2014
The Old Bull and Bush is a Grade II listed public house near Hampstead Heath in London which gave its name to the music hall song ’Down at the old Bull and Bush’.

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The building was originally constructed as a farmhouse in 1645 but in 1721 it gained a licence to sell ale and became a ’public house’. It quickly became a haunt for artists and literary scholars including famous artist William Hogarth, who is said to have planted by his own hand the yew bower in the garden.

When Hogarth gave it up, the house was adapted to the purposes of an inn, and was visited by Gainsborough and Sir Joshua Reynolds, David Garrick, Kean and Macready.

Early in the nineteenth century the " Bull and Bush " entertained, among many other literati, William Hone, the antiquary, and Charles Lamb, who were one day wandering among the brushwood on the Heath near the back of the inn, denouncing the evils of snuff, and by agreement threw away each one his snuff-box, after which they returned to their London homes wiser but melancholy men. Early next day Lamb was seen poking among the furze bushes, when Hone appeared walking in the same part of the Heath with eyes riveted on the ground, and with apologies and sadness offered his friend snuff from a paper packet bought this same morning.

In 1867 the pub acquired a music licence when Henry Humphries was the landlord and by the 1890s it was renowned for its gardens and music. In the Edwardian era it became even more popular, as it was a favourite place for Cockneys on a day out in the ’country’. In the 1920s it again leapt to fame with the music hall song, sung by the 15 stone Florrie Forde, the ’Madonna’ of her time who once said "Men don’t like thin women".

The building underwent a major reconstruction in 1924 when owned by the Ind Coope brewery.

Another refurbishment took place in 1987 and then the interior was renovated to a modern, gastropub style with an openly visible kitchen - it was reopened to the public on 24 March 2006. Until the introduction of the English smoking ban on 1 July 2007, The Bull and Bush was one of the few completely smoke-free pubs in London.

The ‘Old Bull and Bush’ was reputedly haunted for over a hundred years by a dark figure in Victorian clothing. The 2006 renovations may have uncovered the reason: bricked-up behind a wall in the cellar was an old skeleton and Victorian surgical instruments.

Near to the pub was the site of the proposed North End tube station (whose popular name was Bull and Bush station) on the Northern Line. As a lot of the surrounding area had been purchased in 1906 so as to protect it from development between planning and proposed opening, only the platforms were excavated, and the station construction was cancelled. An entrance leading down 197 steps to platform level is located on the corner of North End and Wildwood Terrace.


Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence


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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY

Lived here
Cassandra Green   
Added: 11 Sep 2020 14:34 GMT   

Rudall Crescent, NW3 (- 1999)
I lived at 2 Rudall Crescent until myself and my family moved out in 1999. I once met a lady in a art fair up the road who was selling old photos of the area and was very knowledgeable about the area history, collecting photos over the years. She told me that before the current houses were built, there was a large manor house , enclosed by a large area of land. She told me there had been a fire there. Im trying to piece together the story and find out what was on the land before the crescent was built. This website is very interesting.

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Lived here
Julie   
Added: 22 Sep 2022 18:30 GMT   

Well Walk, NW3 (1817 - 1818)
The home of Benthy, the Postman, with whom poet John Keats and his brother Tom lodged from early 1817 to Dec., 1818. They occupied the first floor up. Here Tom died Dec. 1, 1818. It was next door to the Welles Tavern then called ’The Green Man’."

From collected papers and photos re: No. 1 Well Walk at the library of Harvard University.

Source: No. 1, Well Walk, Hampstead. | HOLLIS for

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James Preston   
Added: 28 Apr 2021 09:06 GMT   

School
Was this the location of Rosslyn House prep school? I have a photograph of the Rosslyn House cricket team dated 1910 which features my grandfather (Alan Westbury Preston). He would have been 12 years old at the time. All the boys on the photo have been named. If this is the location of the school then it appears that the date of demolition is incorrect.

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Comment
MARY RUSHTON-BEALES   
Added: 25 Jan 2021 17:58 GMT   

MY GRANDMA GREW UP HERE - 100 WILLIFIELD WAY
MY GRANDMA WINIFRED AND HER BROTHERS ERIC AND JEFF LIVED AT 100 WILLIFIELD WAY. THEY WERE PART OF THE HAMPSTEAD GARDEN SUBURB SOCIAL EXPERIMENT. GRANDMA ALWAYS TALKED ABOUT WILLIFIELD WAY AND HER LIFE IN HAMPSTEAD GARDEN SUBURB WITH GREAT AFFECTION. SHE WAS CONVINCED THAT THEY HAD BETTER EDUCATION BECAUSE THEY LIVED THERE. NOT LONG AGO MY BROTHER AND I TOOK THE TRAIN TO THIS PART OF LONDON AND WALKED DOWN THE ROAD. THE HOUSE IS STILL THERE

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Comment
Graham Margetson   
Added: 9 Feb 2021 14:33 GMT   

I lived at 4 Arkwright Road before it was the school
My parents lived at 4 Arkwright Road. Mrs Goodwin actually owned the house and my parents rented rooms from her.


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Lived here
   
Added: 10 Dec 2020 23:51 GMT   

Wellgarth Road, NW11
I lived at 15 Wellgarth Road with my parents and family from 1956 until I left home in the 70s and continued to visit my mother there until she moved in the early 80s. On the first day we moved in we kids raced around the garden and immediately discovered an air raid shelter that ran right underneath the house which I assume was added in the run-up to WW2. There was a basement room with its own entrance off the garden and right opposite where the air raid shelter emerged. In no time at all up high near the ceiling of this room, we discovered a door which, while we were little enough, we could enter by standing on some item of furniture, haul ourselves in and hide from the grownups. That room was soundproof enough for us kids to make a racket if we wanted to. But not too loud if my dad was playing billiards in the amazing wood-panelled room immediately above. We had no idea that we were living in such an historical building. To us it was just fun - and home!

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Born here
   
Added: 16 Nov 2022 12:38 GMT   

The Pearce family lived in Gardnor Road
The Pearce family moved into Gardnor Road around 1900 after living in Fairfax walk, my Great grandfather, wife and there children are recorded living in number 4 Gardnor road in the 1911 census, yet I have been told my grand father was born in number 4 in 1902, generations of the Pearce continue living in number 4 as well other houses in the road up until the 1980’s

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Born here
   
Added: 16 Nov 2022 12:39 GMT   

The Pearce family lived in Gardnor Road
The Pearce family moved into Gardnor Road around 1900 after living in Fairfax walk, my Great grandfather, wife and there children are recorded living in number 4 Gardnor road in the 1911 census, yet I have been told my grand father was born in number 4 in 1902, generations of the Pearce continue living in number 4 as well other houses in the road up until the 1980’s

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT


Lynette beardwood   
Added: 29 Nov 2022 20:53 GMT   

Spy’s Club
Topham’s Hotel at 24-28 Ebury Street was called the Ebury Court Hotel. Its first proprietor was a Mrs Topham. In WW2 it was a favourite watering hole for the various intelligence organisations based in the Pimlico area. The first woman infiltrated into France in 1942, FANY Yvonne Rudellat, was recruited by the Special Operations Executive while working there. She died in Bergen Belsen in April 1945.

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Born here
   
Added: 16 Nov 2022 12:38 GMT   

The Pearce family lived in Gardnor Road
The Pearce family moved into Gardnor Road around 1900 after living in Fairfax walk, my Great grandfather, wife and there children are recorded living in number 4 Gardnor road in the 1911 census, yet I have been told my grand father was born in number 4 in 1902, generations of the Pearce continue living in number 4 as well other houses in the road up until the 1980’s

Reply
Lived here
Phil Stubbington   
Added: 14 Nov 2022 16:28 GMT   

Numbers 60 to 70 (1901 - 1939)
A builder, Robert Maeers (1842-1919), applied to build six houses on plots 134 to 139 on the Lincoln House Estate on 5 October 1901. He received approval on 8 October 1901. These would become numbers 60 to 70 Rodenhurst Road (60 is plot 139). Robert Maeers was born in Northleigh, Devon. In 1901 he was living in 118 Elms Road with his wife Georgina, nee Bagwell. They had four children, Allan, Edwin, Alice, and Harriet, born between 1863 and 1873.
Alice Maeers was married to John Rawlins. Harriet Maeers was married to William Street.
Three of the six houses first appear on the electoral register in 1904:
Daniel Mescal “Ferncroft”
William Francis Street “Hillsboro”
Henry Elkin “Montrose”

By the 1905 electoral register all six are occupied:

Daniel Mescal “St Senans”
Henry Robert Honeywood “Grasmere”
John Rawlins “Iveydene”
William Francis Street “Hillsboro”
Walter Ernest Manning “St Hilda”
Henry Elkin “Montrose”

By 1906 house numbers replace names:

Daniel Mescal 70
Henry Robert Honeywood 68
John Rawlins 66
William Francis Street 64
Walter Ernest Manning 62
Henry Elkin 60

It’s not clear whether number 70 changed from “Ferncroft” to “St Senans” or possibly Daniel Mescal moved houses.

In any event, it can be seen that Robert Maeers’ two daughters are living in numbers 64 and 66, with, according to local information, an interconnecting door. In the 1911 census William Street is shown as a banker’s clerk. John Rawlins is a chartering clerk in shipping. Robert Maeers and his wife are also living at this address, Robert being shown as a retired builder.

By 1939 all the houses are in different ownership except number 60, where the Elkins are still in residence.


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Comment
stephen garraway   
Added: 13 Nov 2022 13:56 GMT   

Martin Street, Latimer Road
I was born at St Charlottes and lived at 14, Martin Street, Latimer Road W10 until I was 4 years old when we moved to the east end. It was my Nan Grant’s House and she was the widow of George Frederick Grant. She had two sons, George and Frederick, and one daughter, my mother Margaret Patricia.
The downstairs flat where we lived had two floors, the basement and the ground floor. The upper two floors were rented to a Scot and his family, the Smiths. He had red hair. The lights and cooker were gas and there was one cold tap over a Belfast sink. A tin bath hung on the wall. The toilet was outside in the yard. This was concreted over and faced the the rear of the opposite terraces. All the yards were segregated by high brick walls. The basement had the a "best" room with a large , dark fireplace with two painted metal Alsation ornaments and it was very dark, cold and little used.
The street lights were gas and a man came round twice daily to turn them on and off using a large pole with a hook and a lighted torch on the end. I remember men coming round the streets with carts selling hot chestnuts and muffins and also the hurdy gurdy man with his instrument and a monkey in a red jacket. I also remember the first time I saw a black man and my mother pulling me away from him. He had a Trilby and pale Mackintosh so he must of been one of the first of the Windrush people. I seem to recall he had a thin moustache.
Uncle George had a small delivery lorry but mum lost touch with him and his family. Uncle Fred went to Peabody Buildings near ST.Pauls.
My Nan was moved to a maisonette in White City around 1966, and couldn’t cope with electric lights, cookers and heating and she lost all of her neighbourhood friends. Within six months she had extreme dementia and died in a horrible ward in Tooting Bec hospital a year or so later. An awful way to end her life, being moved out of her lifelong neighbourhood even though it was slums.

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Comment
   
Added: 31 Oct 2022 18:47 GMT   

Memories
I lived at 7 Conder Street in a prefab from roughly 1965 to 1971 approx - happy memories- sad to see it is no more ?

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Eve Glover   
Added: 22 Oct 2022 09:28 GMT   

Shenley Road
Shenley Road is the main street in Borehamwood where the Job Centre and Blue Arrow were located

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Comment
Richard Lake   
Added: 28 Sep 2022 09:37 GMT   

Trade Union Official
John William Lake snr moved with his family to 22 De Laune Street in 1936. He was the London Branch Secretary for the Street Masons, Paviours and Road Makers Union. He had previously lived in Orange St now Copperfield St Southwark but had been forced to move because the landlord didn’t like him working from home and said it broke his lease.
John William snr died in 1940. His son John William Lake jnr also became a stone mason and at the end of World War two he was responsible for the engraving of the dates of WW2 onto the Cenotaph in Whitehall.

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Lived here
Julie   
Added: 22 Sep 2022 18:30 GMT   

Well Walk, NW3 (1817 - 1818)
The home of Benthy, the Postman, with whom poet John Keats and his brother Tom lodged from early 1817 to Dec., 1818. They occupied the first floor up. Here Tom died Dec. 1, 1818. It was next door to the Welles Tavern then called ’The Green Man’."

From collected papers and photos re: No. 1 Well Walk at the library of Harvard University.

Source: No. 1, Well Walk, Hampstead. | HOLLIS for

Reply

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
54a North End Road, NW11 7SY This is an address within the NW11 7SY postcode.
54b North End Road, NW11 7SY This is an address within the NW11 7SY postcode.
56 North End Road, NW11 7SY This is an address within the NW11 7SY postcode.
62 North End Road, NW11 7SY This is an address within the NW11 7SY postcode.
62a North End Road, NW11 7SY This is an address within the NW11 7SY postcode.
64 North End Road, NW11 7SY This is an address within the NW11 7SY postcode.
66 North End Road, NW11 7SY This is an address within the NW11 7SY postcode.
68 North End Road, NW11 7SY This is an address within the NW11 7SY postcode.
70 North End Road, NW11 7SY This is an address within the NW11 7SY postcode.
72 North End Road, NW11 7SY This is an address within the NW11 7SY postcode.
74 North End Road, NW11 7SY This is an address within the NW11 7SY postcode.
76 North End Road, NW11 7SY This is an address within the NW11 7SY postcode.
78 North End Road, NW11 7SY This is an address within the NW11 7SY postcode.
80 North End Road, NW11 7SY This is an address within the NW11 7SY postcode.
82a North End Road, NW11 7SY This is an address within the NW11 7SY postcode.
84 North End Road, NW11 7SY This is an address within the NW11 7SY postcode.
84a North End Road, NW11 7SY This is an address within the NW11 7SY postcode.
84b North End Road, NW11 7SY This is an address within the NW11 7SY postcode.
86 North End Road, NW11 7SY This is an address within the NW11 7SY postcode.
86a North End Road, NW11 7SY This is an address within the NW11 7SY postcode.
86b North End Road, NW11 7SY This is an address within the NW11 7SY postcode.

NEARBY STREETS
Beechworth Close, NW3 Beechworth Close is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Britten Close, NW11 Britten Close is situated above the tunnel entrance to the Northern Line.
Columbas Drive, NW3 Columbas Drive is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Heath Passage, NW3 Heath Passage is a small walkway in North End.
Inverforth Close, NW3 Inverforth Close is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Morland Close, NW11 Morland Close is in an area of Hampstead Garden Suburb
Mountview Close, NW11 Mountview Close is a road in the NW11 postcode area
North End Avenue, NW3 North End Avenue runs south from North End.
North End Road, NW11 North End Road ultimately links Hampstead with Hendon.
North End Way, NW3 North End Way is the name for the southernmost section of North End Road - running from Hampstead to Golders Green.
North End, NW3 North End is the road into the urban village of the same name.
Park Avenue, NW11 Park Avenue is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Park Drive, NW11 Park Drive is a street in Golders Green.
Romney Close, NW11 Romney Close is in the Hampstead Garden Suburb part of the NW11 area
Sandy Road, NW3 Sandy Road is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Spaniards End, NW3 Spaniards End lies behind the eponymous inn.
Spaniards Road, NW3 Spaniards Road is so-named as it leads to the Spaniards Inn.
The Limes, NW3 The Limes replaced the Hare and Hounds pub which previously stood here.
The Park, NW11 The Park is a road in the NW11 postcode area
The Village, NW3 The Village is a street in Hampstead.
Wellgarth Road, NW11 Wellgarth Road connects North End Road with the Hampstead Heath Extension.
Wildwood Grove, NW3 Wildwood Grove was a terraced row begun in the 1860s.
Wildwood Rise, NW11 Wildwood Rise is in an area of Hampstead Garden Suburb
Wyldes Close, NW3 Wyldes Close is a road in the NW3 postcode area

NEARBY PUBS
Hare and Hounds The Hare and Hounds was the northernmost public house in Hampstead.


Click here to explore another London street
We now have 521 completed street histories and 46979 partial histories
Find streets or residential blocks within the M25 by clicking STREETS


North End

North End is a village-like area between Hampstead and Golders Green.

North End was the site of an Anglo-Saxon boundary points: Sandgate.

A wood called Wildwood, part of Eton College’s Wyldes estate in Hendon, probably originally extended across to the northern slopes of Hampstead Heath and by 1632 it marked the parish boundary.

Until around 1730 the ancient route across the heath to Hendon took a sharp westward turn, before turning north again. Its twists were presumably imposed by obstacles, probably dense woodland, at the location marked as Wildwood Corner around 1672.

About 1730 a cutting was made through the heath west of the old route, creating the modern North End Way (formerly Road), a more direct route to Hendon.

The area was the home of William Pitt the Elder in 1766–67. Wylde’s Farm has played host to William Blake and the ubiquitous Dickens. Some of its lands were bought in 1905 to become the Heath Extension. From 1906 to 1940 the farmhouse belonged to Raymond Unwin, architect of Hampstead Garden Suburb. In 1912 the dancer Anna Pavlova bought Ivy House, and lived here until she died in 1931.

North End was to have had the deepest tube station in London – at the Bull and Bush – but residents’ objections prevented it from ever opening. In the 1950s the partially built lower level was converted into an under­ground control centre for ‘floodgates’ on the deep tubes around central London. In case these gates should ever need to be used in a war situation the control room is allegedly ‘blast-​​protected’ – even against sustained nuclear attack.

Recent years have seen a growing number of modern properties in North End – to the distress of some residents who want to preserve its semi-rural charm.


LOCAL PHOTOS
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North End Road, NW11
TUM image id: 1492987726
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Whitestone Pond (1900s)
TUM image id: 1484920765
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

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Heath House, Hampstead
Credit: GoArt/The Underground Map
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Removing the ’Dick Turpin House and Stables’ which once stood close to the Spaniards Inn, Hampstead, January 1934. The building caused an even narrower traffic obstruction than the pub still does today
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Branch Hill Pond
Credit: John Constable (1776-1837)
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Whitestone Pond (1900s)
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Turners Wood
Credit: Hampstead Garden Suburb Trust
Licence: CC BY 2.0


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