Oxendon Street, W1D

Road in/near Leicester Square, existing between 1675 and now

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Oxendon Street, W1D

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Road · Leicester Square · W1D ·
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2020
Oxendon Street, after Sir Henry Oxendon, husband of Mary Baker, daughter of Robert Baker who built the former Piccadilly House nearby.

Panton Street and Oxendon Street stand on the site of the close of land marked on the plan of 1585 as Scavengers Close. The area of Scavengers Close was three acres, but discrepancies in measurements were of frequent occurrence at this date.

Scavengers Close was bought by Henry VIII from the Mercers’ Company and described in a list of the "Kynges new purchest landes" as "iii acres of pasture in a close ny to the muse" in the tenure of Thomas Wood.

The plan of 1585 shows a building marked "Gynnpowder howse" in the north-west corner and three other small buildings, one of which may have been the conduit referred to in various deeds. In 1619 Richard Wilson, a descendant of Thomas, sold extensive property in the parish of St. Martin-in-the-Fields to Robert Baker, whose widow, together with her daughter Mary and her son-in-law, Henry Oxenden, in 1637 granted a 32 years’ lease of "a messuage, a cookhouse, a tennis court and 4 acres of ground" there to Simon Osbaldeston.

In 1631 Osbaldeston had obtained through his patron, Philip Herbert, Lord Chamberlain, a royal grant to keep Spring Garden and its bowling green. The public were forbidden to go there in 1634 and Osbaldeston, in order to make up for this loss of income, opened a similar establishment near the Mews, which included not only the "ordinary" and tennis court mentioned in his lease, but was also "made to entertain gamesters and bowlers at an excessive rate." The place came to be known alternatively as Piccadilly House (from its position at the end of Piccadilly) or Shaver’s Hall (probably in reference to Osbaldeston’s having served as "gentleman barber" to the Lord Chamberlain). In 1640–1 Shaver’s Hall was taken over by Captain Geares. Both Hall and tennis court were built of brick - the latter had a tiled roof.

In 1669 Shaver’s Hall was bought by Thomas Panton, succinctly described by the Dictionary of National Biography as a "gambler". who devised an urban plan. Sir Christopher Wren reported that "by opening a new street from the Hay-markett into Leicester-fields" Panton’s scheme would "ease in some measure the great passage of the Strand, and will cure the noysomness of that part," and recommended that a licence to build be granted provided that the houses were built of brick "with sufficient scantlings, good paving in the streets, and sufficient sewers and conveighances for the water." Panton Street first appears in the ratebooks in 1674 and Oxendon Street, named after Baker’s son-in-law, in 1675. Panton was also responsible for the erection of houses on the east side of the Haymarket at this time.

Oxendon Street was, according to Strype, "a good, open, well built, and inhabited Street"; with "a Chapel of Ease, called, The Tabernacle" on the west side. This chapel, which lay to the east of Coventry House, was built by Richard Baxter. The chapel was opened in 1676 but, in the words of the then Vicar of St. Martin’s: "Mr. Baxter being disturbed in his Meeting House in Oxenden Street by the King’s drums, which Mr. Secretary Coventry caused to be beat under the windows, made an offer of letting it to the parish of St. Martin’s at the rent of £40 a year. His Lordship hearing of it said he liked it well, and thereupon Mr. Baxter came to him himself, and upon his proposing the same thing to him, he acquainted the Vestry, and they took it upon those terms."

The chapel was fitted up for Church of England services at the expense of the pewholders, and it was maintained as a daughter church of St. Martin’s until the completion of the new church in 1726, though in 1684 when St. James’s was constituted a parish church it was thought that the extra chapel would prove superfluous.


Main source: Search | British History Online
Further citations and sources




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London Borough Of Hackney, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
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Ormond Yard, SW1Y Ormond Yard is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
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Pall Mall, SW1Y Pall Mall is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Panton Street, W1D Panton Street was named after Colonel Thomas Panton, local property dealer of the 17th century.
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Piccadilly Arcade, SW1Y Piccadilly Arcade is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Piccadilly Arcade, W1J Piccadilly Arcade is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Piccadilly Circus, W1B Piccadilly Circus is a road in the W1B postcode area
Piccadilly Circus, W1J Piccadilly Circus is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Piccadilly Place, W1J Piccadilly Place is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Piccadilly, SW1Y Piccadilly is a road in the SW1Y postcode area
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Regent Place, W1B Regent Place is one of the streets of London in the W1B postal area.
Regent Street, SW1Y Regent Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Regent Street, W1 Regent Street is one of the streets of London in the W1 postal area.
Regent Street, W1B Regent Street is one of the streets of London in the W1B postal area.
Regent Street, W1J This is a street in the W1J postcode area
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Romilly Street, W1D Romilly Street is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Rose and Crown Yard, SW1Y Rose and Crown Yard is a road in the SW1Y postcode area
Rose Street, WC2E Rose Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2E postal area.
Royal Opera Arcade, SW1Y Royal Opera Arcade is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
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Rupert Street, W1D Rupert Street – after Prince Rupert of the Rhine, noted 17th century general and son of Elizabeth Stuart, daughter of King James I.
Ryder Street, SW1Y Ryder Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Sackville Street, W1S Sackville Street is one of the streets of London in the W1S postal area.
Saint James’s Place, SW1A This is a street in the SW1A postcode area
Saint James’s Square, SW1Y This is a street in the SW1Y postcode area
Saint James’s Street, SW1A This is a street in the SW1A postcode area
Saint Martin’s Lane, WC2N Saint Martin’s Lane is a road in the WC2N postcode area
Saint Martin’s Court, WC2H Saint Martin’s Court is a road in the WC2H postcode area
Saint Martin’s Place, WC2N Saint Martin’s Place is a road in the WC2N postcode area
Sandringham Court, W1F Sandringham Court is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Shaftesbury Avenue, W1D Shaftesbury Avenue is a major street in the West End of London, named after Anthony Ashley Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury.
Sherwood Street, W1F Sherwood Street is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Silver Place, W1F Silver Place is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Slingsby Place, WC2E Slingsby Place is one of the streets of London in the WC2E postal area.
Smiths Court, W1D Smiths Court is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
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St Albans Street, SW1Y St Albans Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
St James Square, SW1Y St James Square is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
St Jamess Chambers, SW1Y St Jamess Chambers is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
St Jamess Market, SW1Y St Jamess Market is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
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St Martins Lane, WC2H St Martins Lane is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
St Martins Lane, WC2N St Martins Lane is one of the streets of London in the WC2N postal area.
St Martins Place, WC2H St Martins Place is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
St Martins Place, WC2N St Martins Place is one of the streets of London in the WC2N postal area.
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St. Kilda’s Road, N16 A street within the N16 postcode
Studio 5, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
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Suffolk Place, SW1Y The Earl of Suffolk (Thomas Howard) was the reason for the naming of Suffolk Place.
Suffolk Street, SW1Y Suffolk Street was named after Thomas Howard, Earl of Suffolk, who owned a stable yard attached to Northumberland House which lay on this site.
Swallow Street, W1B Swallow Street honours Thomas Swallow, lessee in 1540 of the pastures on which the road was built.
The Arches, WC2N The Arches is one of the streets of London in the WC2N postal area.
The Gallery, E20 The Gallery is a road in the E20 postcode area
The London Pavillion, W1J The London Pavillion is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
The National Gallery, WC2N The National Gallery is one of the streets of London in the WC2N postal area.
Thunderer Walk, SE18 A street within the postcode
Tisbury Court, W1D Tisbury Court is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Tower Court, WC2H Tower Court is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Tower Street, WC2H Tower Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
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Upper James Street, W1F Upper James Street is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Upper John Street, W1F Upper John Street is a road in the W1F postcode area
Upper St Martin’s Lane, WC2H This is a street in the WC2H postcode area
Vigo Street, W1S Vigo Street is one of the streets of London in the W1S postal area.
Villiers Street, WC2N Villiers Street was named after George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham
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Wardour Street, W1D The part of Wardour Street south of Shaftesbury Avenue runs through London’s Chinatown.
Warwick House Street, SW1Y Warwick House Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Warwick Street, W1B Warwick Street is one of the streets of London in the W1B postal area.
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West Street, WC2H West Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Western Mansions, EN5 A street within the W1F postcode
Westreet Drive, SW16 A street within the SW16 postcode
Whitcomb Street, WC2H Whitcomb Street - named after William Whitcomb, 17th century brewer and property developer.
Whitehall Place, SW1A Whitehall Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
Wilder Walk, W1B This is a street in the W1B postcode area
William IV Street, WC2N William IV Street runs from Charing Cross Road to the Strand.
Winnett Street, W1D Winnett Street is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
York Place, WC2N York Place marks the location of a house on this site.


Leicester Square

Leicester Square, while indeed a square, is also the name for a tube station.

Leicester Square tube station, on the Northern and Piccadilly lines, is located on Charing Cross Road, a short distance to the east of Leicester Square itself.

On early Tube plans, the station was listed as Cranbourn Street, but the present name was used when the station was first opened by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway on 15 December 1906. Offices above the red terracotta station building on the east side of Charing Cross Road - designed by Leslie Green - was in its early years also occupied by the publishers of the Wisden Cricketers’ Almanack and an image of cricket stumps appears above a doorway. On all four platforms, film sprockets are painted down the entire length and on the top and bottom of the display area (blue on the Piccadilly line platforms, and black on the Northern line platforms), due to the four premiere cinemas in Leicester Square. The station is featured briefly during the introductory video sequence of the sixth Harry Potter film.


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