Pitfield Street, N1

An area which may have existed since the nineteenth century or before- in this area, buildings are mainly post-war

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Road · Hoxton · N1 ·
FEBRUARY
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2021
Pitfield Street is a north-south street running through Islington.

The street names of London are many, various and named after all sorts of people, objects and events.

Some names keep cropping up again and again though and we can sometimes blame the builders of the nineteenth century who required a lot of new names very quickly.

Many streets of London date from the nineteenth century. There was a surfeit of roads named Victoria or Albert - so many and so confusing for postal workers of the time that a massive renaming programme was undertaken in the last decade of the century.

Alma was a popular name with street builders of the late 1850s. Alma commemorates the Battle of the River Alma on 20 September 1854, the first engagement in the Crimean War.

Inkerman road names commemorate another Franco-British victory over the Russians in 1854.

Lord Raglan was Commander-in-Chief of the Crimean campaign and General Sir George Cathcart his second-in-command. These preceding four names were popular with Victorian builders all over Britain.

Much rarer are Willes roads which honour Lieutenant-General James Willes, Commander of the Royal Marines during the War.

Bedford Square, Avenue, Place and Way (Bloomsbury), Bedford Court, Street and Bedfordbury (Covent Garden) and Bedford Passage (off Charlotte Street) indicate the London possessions which the Russells of Bedford received in two stages, the first for merit in 1552 and the second by marriage in 1669. At the time the estates were unimportant orchard or pasture lands, yet they were to yield more profit to the later Dukes of Bedford than all the family's numerous country properties. The family names on more than seventy London streets continue to bear witness to three centuries of Bedford ownership.

Belgrave is a hamlet in Cheshire which the first Earl Grosvenor purchased in 1758. In 1784 he was created Viscount Belgrave, a title which his descendants, the Dukes of Westminster, still hold. When his son, Robert Grosvenor, 1st Marquess of Westminster, decided to develop part of his Westminster lands in 1824, the names of Belgrave and other Cheshire and Flint properties were given to the streets and squares. Belgrave Square happening to be the focal point of the area, gave the name Belgravia to this select district. Belgrave Place and Upper and Lower Belgrave Street date from the same period. The Grosvenor estate in Pimlico was begun a few years later: Belgrave Road, Pimlico was built in about 1830.

In consequence of Belgravia's prosperity the name then became very fashionable, and propagated wildly in the outer suburbs until the London County Council intervened-a strange fate for a tiny village on the Welsh border. Belgrave Gardens, St John's Wood, was apparently named simply for this cachet of respectability.

John Berkeley was born about 1607, the youngest son of Sir Maurice Berkeley of Bruton in Somerset. He was a royalist commander during the Civil War, and after a victory at Stratton in Cornwall was created Baron Berkeley of Stratton. By a judicious marriage he added wealth to the title, and in 1664 bought a field fronting Piccadilly, as a site for a town mansion befitting his status.

A few years later Berkeley House was completed in spacious grounds on the site of the present Devonshire House, Piccadilly. John Evelyn the diarist described it as a 'sweete place', with 'by far the most noble gardens, courts, and accommodations, stately porticos, &c. anywhere about the towne'. But by the time Lord Berkeley died in 1678, land along Piccadilly was so valuable that his widow could not resist sacrificing two strips of garden on either side of Berkeley House to the builders; Berkeley Street and Stratton Street were the result.

Bloomsbury is the name given to the medieval manor which stretched from modern Euston Road to High Holborn, and west to east from Tottenham Court Road to Southampton Row. It is a corruption of Blemund's bury, the bury or manor house of William de Blemund, who bought the land in 1201.

In 1545 the Earl of Southampton (Southampton Row) acquired the manor, which his descendants, the Dukes of Bedford, still partly own today.

Broomsleigh Street (Hampstead) is typical of a class of street name that came to maturity in Victorian times and was the ancestor of all suburban Acacia Avenues, Linden Groves and Mead Roads. The street was built by the Land Building Investment & Cottage Improvement Company Ltd, one of the land companies whose proliferation in the 1850s and 60s revolutionised the pattern of street building and naming. This was the period which saw the beginning of Hampstead's urbanisation, when landowning families who had farmed their fields for generations, and had no knowledge of how to develop them, sold out to the land companies -a continuing trend which has left most modern suburban building land in the hands of giant contracting firms or local councils.

The new owners had no interest in preserving old associations on these estates. In some cases they would name a batch of streets after the directors of the company and their country homes, but this source was soon exhausted, especially when (as often happened) the company consisted of a solitary businessman. Their only aim in naming streets was to give an impression of genteel, vaguely rural, desirable residences.

Hence the number of countrified suffixes and prefixes found. 'Croft' is the most popular: Femcroft, Hollycroft, Rose­ croft, Greencroft and Lyncroft. Endings like 'wood', 'grove', 'bourne', 'hurst', 'leigh' 'ridge' and 'dale' are fruitful basic elements: Inglewood, Netherwood, Maygrove, Honeybourne, Goldhurst, Cotleigh, Broomsleigh, Loveridge, Briardale, Holmdale. 'Glens': Glenbrook, Glenloch, Glenilla, Glen­ more) are no guarantee of rocky vales.

Flower names come into the same class. Narcissus Road dates from 1877, and being also the name of a Greek mythological character led to the appearance of a subsidiary Pandora Road four years later.

When the companies wished to announce attractions more subtly, they relied on ruralistic associations like Ravenshaw Street and Rosemont Road), or names of pleasant villages and towns, usually in the West Country: this accounts for Glastonbury Street, Kemplay Road and Crediton Hill. Insipid but harmless names of this kind continue to spread with public acquiescence wherever English suburban development takes place.

Brunswick was a popular name with builders in the year 1795, when Princess Caroline of Brunswick came to England to marry her cousin the Prince of Wales, later George IV. But the marriage was probably the least successful in the history of British royalty. Prince George is said to have been horrified at the sight of his bride and Caroline reported that he spent the wedding night in a drunken stupor. He stayed with her only until their daughter, Princess Charlotte, was born. Caroline, spurned and humiliated, led a wild vagabond life on the continent which shocked all Europe until her death in 1821.

The Earls Cadogan have owned most of Chelsea for centuries. The connection began with their ancestor Sir Hans Sloane, President of the Royal Society and of the College of Physicians, whose library and collection formed the nucleus of the British Museum. His brother had settled in Chelsea, and when Sir Hans' success was established he decided to buy the Manor of Chelsea, in 1712. Having no sons, Sir Hans divided the manor between his two daughters and their heirs, and their family names are now scattered all over the parish.

In the   fifteenth   century   the manors of Notting Hill and Paddington belonged to the Lady Margaret, the mother of Henry of Richmond, head of the House of Lancaster, who ended the Wars of the Roses when he seized the throne as Henry VII in 1485. She was renowned for her graciousness and generosity, and is mainly remembered now for founding the Lady Margaret professorships at Oxford and  Cambridge Universities.

In her will she left the Notting Hill and  Paddington  estates  to  pay for these professorships - hence Oxford  and  Cambridge Squares  (Paddington) Oxford  and  Cambridge Gardens,  (Notting  Hill),  and  Lancaster Road,   (Notting   Hill).   The manors  were  held  by  Westminster Abbey  in  trust for  the  universities until   Lady   Margaret's   grandson Henry VIII, dissolved the abbey along with all  other English monasteries and seized the lands in 1543.

The district now known as Camden Town was a prebend, a manor  belonging to St Paul's Cathedral, where the income supported a prebendary  canon.  By  about  1670 John Jeffreys was farming the land on  behalf  of  the  Cathedral  and  in 1749 it passed to Charles Pratt, then a  struggling barrister, who  married Elizabeth Jeffreys of Brecknock Priory. Later Pratt  reached the highest possible honours in his career as a lawyer,     being     appointed      Lord Chancellor   in   1766  and   created Viscount   Bayham and Earl  Camden.

In 1790 Lord Camden came to an arrangement  with  the  prebendary, the   Reverend   Thomas   Randolph, to   start   developing   the   land.   A contract  was  drawn  up   with   a local     builder     called      Augustine Greenland - who was to profit well from the deal - and streets were begun. Hence   Camden   Gardens,   High Street, Park Road, Road, Square and Street;  Jeffreys  Street;  Prebend Place; Brecknock Road; Pratt Street; Baybam Street; Randolph Street; Greenland Place, Road and Street; Marquis Road; Georgiana Street; Caroline now Carol Street; Murray Street;  and  Rochester Place,  Road and Square.

Carlton Gardens and Carlton House  Terrace occupy  the  site  of  Carlton  House, built in 1709 for Lord Carlton. Unlike most noble town houses, it kept its name despite changes of ownership. The Prince of Wales lived there, and spent so much money renovating it after  he was made Regent  in 1811 that  'Carlton' became a byword for spendthrift  luxury. But in 1826 he tired of it, the house was demolished, and these terraces were built. The  name  remained  popular  for the rest of the century with builders and  publicans who wished to imply an   ambiance  of  elegance.  Carlton Hill,  St  John's  Wood,  Carlton Vale, Paddington,  and  Carlton (now Carltoun) Street, Kentish Town, date from the 1840s and 1850s, and there are still half a dozen Carlton pubs in London.

The  ancient family  of Cavendish split into two branches in the seventeenth century: One branch of the family was created Dukes of Devonshire, The other  branch produced the Dukes of Newcastle, whose eventual heiress, Lady Margaret Cavendish, married the owner of Marylebone Manor. Her daughter Henrietta married Edward Harley in 1713, and four years later he began Cavendish Square. Cavendish Place and Old and New Cavendish Streets soon followed. Henrietta's descendant, the 4th Duke of Port­land, purchased a plot of land St John's Wood in 1827, and built on it Cavendish Close and Cavendish Avenue.

Clifton Gardens, Place, Road and  Villas  (Paddington),  Clifton Hill (St John's  Wood), and  Clifton (now Cliff) Road and Villas (Camden Town), all dating  from  the mid­ nineteenth   century,   are  named after the fashionable  district of  Bristol  where  Brunei's   Clifton Suspension Bridge, an amazing feat of  engineering,   was   constructed 1832-1864.

Conduits,  pipes and  channels carrying water from fresh springs outside  London   into   the   densely populated  areas,  were vital  to  the pre-Water  Board   Londoner.   The Thames   and    its   tributaries    had become inadequate  or  polluted  by the thirteenth century and water had to   be   conveyed   artificially  from further afield. With the exception of the   New   River the ancient conduits are all disused, but several of them are perpetuated  in street names. White Conduit Street  and Lamb's Conduit Street  are notable examples.

Cubitt Street  (near Gray's Inn Road) adjoined the extensive premises of Messrs Cubitt's,  the  building  com­pany, whose headquarters were here until 1930. The firm was founded by Thomas  Cubitt who built the surrounding streets. He developed much of Bloomsbury for the Duke of Bedford, and spread his houses, many of them still standing, across  North  London from  Camden Town to Stoke  Newington. In 1825 he embarked on his greatest achievement, draining the remote and desolate swamps  which were to  become Belgravia  and  Pimlico. Cubitt Town is also named after the family.

Denmark Street (St Giles) was formed across the site of St Giles' Leper Hospital soon after 1683, the year Princess (later Queen) Anne married dull Prince George of Denmark. 'I have tried him drunk and I have tried him sober, but there is nothing in him', sighed the Merry Monarch, his uncle by marriage. Denmark was the father of Anne's 17 children, who all died in infancy. Denmark Street is better known by its nickname Tin Pan Alley, the centre of the music publishing business.

About 1855, the Devonshire name was very popular by association with the dukedom: at  that  time there were no less than nine Devonshire Terraces in London as  well as  nine  Devonshire  Streets and  many other variations  of  the  same name.

Many Duke Streets are named in honour of James Duke of York, later James II.

Names   suffixed  with End  in  and  around  London  date from  the  days  when  villages  now absorbed  in  the  suburbs   were  so small   and   compact   that    houses even   a   short   distance   from   the main  cluster  of  buildings  were isolated outposts. Town's Ends and even  World's   Ends - one  of   the latter  survives in Chelsea - were common. In Kensington South End, South End Row and South End Gardens,  only  a  few  hundred yards from the village centre at Kensington High Street, demark the southern extremity of the settlement in the eighteenth century. In Hampstead too South End Green, so close to  Hampstead  Village, is a separate hamlet on Rocque's map of 1745.  Hampstead also boasted two other far-flung communities on the opposite boundaries of the parish, at West End (surviving in West End Lane) and North End.

George, Frederick, Henry, James and John were very common street names, sometimes named after royalty but more often after builders. In Stepney alone there were once five separate places called George Street and ten called John Street.

The Latin gleba meant 'earth' or 'soil', and in English the name Glebe was extended to 'ground belonging to a parish priest'. Glebe names tend to adjoin a church.

The prefix Great does not usually imply particular grandeur or importance  in  a street. It generally indicated  the  presence of a  corresponding Little street in  the neighbourbood,   although  the  latter  has disappeared   or   been  renamed   in many  cases. In  the  late  1930s the London  County  Council systematically   attempted    to   eliminate   all prefixed  names  from   the  London Directory, and hundreds of suburban 'Greats' were simply dropped.

The  story  of the  immensely  valuable  Grosvenor family estates in London starts  with Hugh Audley, who was born in 1577. He started his career as a law student of humble origin, but before long revealed a talent for making the utmost  profit from  all  his  transactions.  He  accumulated  vast estates all  over  the country,  including  one manor  which  a  lesser  businessman would have dismissed as worthless. This was Ebury, an extensive flat rural holding,  its fields inundated  by the Thames,  its  few  inhabitants   shepherds  and  tenant  farmers,  its  lanes infested  with  thieves and  its  main produce  osiers. It is now  Mayfair, Belgravia  and  Pimlico the most valuable single estate in Britain.

A Grove is defined as a small wood or group of trees. Most Groves in central London indicate the proximity once of a such vegetation.

Holland House in Holland Park was built by Sir Walter Cope, Lord of the Manor of Kensington  in 1605. Cope and his wife Dorothy Grenville had an only child, a daughter Isabel, who married Henry Rich, Earl Holland. Their son Robert was later the Earl of Warwick. Local names associated with the fortunes of the house and its ownership are: Holland Park, Park Avenue, Park Gardens, Park Road, Gardens, Place, Road, Street, Villas Road and Walk; Cope Place; Grenville Place; Warwick Gardens and Road; Addison Crescent, Gardens, Place and Road; Edwardes Place and Square; Radnor Terrace; Pembroke Gardens, Gardens Close, Place, Road, Square, Villas and Walk;Longridge and Marloes Roads; Nevern Place, Road and Square; Pennant Mews; Penywern Road; Philbeach Gardens; Templeton Place; Trebovir Road; Napier Place and Road; Russell Gardens and Road; Strangways Terrace; Ilchester Place; Woodford Square; Abbotsbury Close and Road, and Melbury Court and Road.

King Street has always been a very popular street name, with its implications of patriotism and regality. It was also a convenient label  for streets with no official name, and almost every medieval City thorough­ fare was known as Via Regia (King's Way), Vicus Regius (King's Lane) or 'ye kinges hie way' at some stage in its history.  There  are  still three King  Streets in  central  London.

The  earliest street  to honour the 1st Duke of Marlborough was Great Marlborough Street, begun in 1704, the year of his victory at Blenheim. The  Duke  died  in  1722,  but  he and  his  battles  are  found  in  street names all over London, even in the newest suburbs. In  the London  suburbs  of Chiswick, Harrow,  Croydon,  Sutton  and  Leytonstone,  as  well as in  countless  provincial towns, Blenheims are situated close to Marlboroughs.

Blenheim and royalty apart, during the First World War, every street but one in London with a Germanic name was changed. Only Weimar Street in Wandsworth escaped this process.

Mount Pleasant (Clerkenwell) was once a very pleasant country path, winding down into the valley of the River Fleet and  mounting again on the other bank. The name 'Mount  Pleasant' is common around London, and where it occurs in built-up areas the sense is usually ironical. The Vale of Health, Hampstead is another ironic example.

Prince and Princes Streets have always abounded in London, as in other towns, either as a sign of patriotism or to lend a noble tone to the street. Most Prince Streets are genuinely named in honour of royalty. Allegiance to the new House of Hanover was proclaimed in the name of Princes Street off Hanover Square. The birth of the future Edward VII in 1841 had predictable results wherever new roads were being formed on the suburban outskirts: for instance Prince of Wales Road and Crescent, biting through the fields of Kentish Town; Princes, now Princedale, Road and Princes Place, along with the Prince of Wales pub, laid out in 1841 in North Kensington ; Princes Square, Bayswater; and the Prince of Wales Gate into Hyde Park which led in turn to Princes Gate and Princes Gardens. Prince of Wales Terrace, Kensington, dates from 1862, the year Edward came of age and entered into public life.

Queens, like Princes and Kings, have long been subjects for street names, whether from patriotic fervour, a spirit of chivalry, or simply a desire to ennoble an undistinguished suburban street. The oldest in London is Queen Street in the City, formed after the Great Fire of 1666 at the same time as King Street, and diplomatically named in compliment to Charles II's unpopular Catholic consort, Catherine of Braganza.

The source of nearly all urban York  Streets  was  the  'Grand   Old Duke  of York',  destined to  be immortalized  among  children  as  the inefficient leader of pointless military exercises.  He  was  HRH  Frederick, eldest brother  of the  Prince Regent and also the Regent's  heir apparent for  most  of his life. In 1793 he was made Commander of the   English   Forces   fighting   the French in the Netherlands, where he encountered  disastrous  defeats,  retreats   and  scandal.   He  was  tried (though acquitted) with his notorious mistress  Mary   Anne   Clarke,   for running the Army at a vast profit by selIing commissions  in  return   for bribes. Most of the York Streets inspired by him have since been renamed to avoid confusion.

Main source: Gillian Bebbington's Street Names of London


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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


Comment
Steven Shepherd   
Added: 4 Feb 2021 14:20 GMT   

Our House
I and my three brothers were born at 178 Pitfield Street. All of my Mothers Family (ADAMS) Lived in the area. There was an area behind the house where the Hoxton Stall holders would keep the barrows. The house was classed as a slum but was a large house with a basement. The basement had 2 rooms that must have been unchanged for many years it contained a ’copper’ used to boil and clean clothes and bedlinen and a large ’range’ a cast iron coal/log fired oven. Coal was delivered through a ’coal hole’ in the street which dropped through to the basement. The front of the house used to be a shop but unused while we lived there. I have many more happy memories of the house too many to put here.

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Comment
The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 15:05 GMT   

A plague on all your houses
Aldgate station is built directly on top of a vast plague pit, where thousands of bodies are apparently buried. No-one knows quite how many.

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Comment
   
Added: 21 Apr 2021 16:21 GMT   

Liverpool Street
the Bishopsgate station has existed since 1840 as a passenger station, but does not appear in the site’s cartography. Evidently, the 1860 map is in fact much earlier than that date.

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Comment
Marion James   
Added: 12 Mar 2021 17:43 GMT   

26 Edith Street Haggerston
On Monday 11th October 1880 Charlotte Alice Haynes was born at 26 Edith Street Haggerston the home address of her parents her father Francis Haynes a Gilder by trade and her mother Charlotte Alice Haynes and her two older siblings Francis & George who all welcomed the new born baby girl into the world as they lived in part of the small Victorian terraced house which was shared by another family had an outlook view onto the world of the Imperial Gas Works site - a very grey drab reality of the life they were living as an East End working class family - 26 Edith Street no longer stands in 2021 - the small rundown polluted terrace houses of Edith Street are long since gone along with the Gas Companies buildings to be replaced with green open parkland that is popular in 21st century by the trendy residents of today - Charlotte Alice Haynes (1880-1973) is the wife of my Great Grand Uncle Henry Pickett (1878-1930) As I research my family history I slowly begin to understand the life my descendants had to live and the hardships that they went through to survive - London is my home and there are many areas of this great city I find many of my descendants living working and dying in - I am yet to find the golden chalice! But in all truthfulness my family history is so much more than hobby its an understanding of who I am as I gather their stories. Did Charlotte Alice Pickett nee Haynes go on to live a wonderful life - no I do not think so as she became a widow in 1930 worked in a canteen and never remarried living her life in and around Haggerston & Hackney until her death in 1973 with her final resting place at Manor Park Cemetery - I think Charlotte most likely excepted her lot in life like many women from her day, having been born in the Victorian era where the woman had less choice and standing in society, which is a sad state of affairs - So I will endeavour to write about Charlotte and the many other women in my family history to give them the voice of a life they so richly deserve to be recorded !

Edith Street was well situated for the new public transport of two railway stations in 1880 :- Haggerston Railway Station opened in 1867 & Cambridge Heath Railway Station opened in 1872


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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Comment
Jude Allen   
Added: 29 Jul 2021 07:53 GMT   

Bra top
I jave a jewelled item of clothong worn by a revie girl.
It is red with diamante straps. Inside it jas a label Bermans Revue 16 Orange Street but I cannot find any info online about the revue only that 16 Orange Street used to be a theatre. Does any one know about the revue. I would be intesrested to imagine the wearer of the article and her London life.

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Comment
Kathleen   
Added: 28 Jul 2021 09:12 GMT   

Dunloe Avenue, N17
I was born in 1951,my grandparents lived at 5 Dunloe Avenue.I had photos of the coronation decorations in the area for 1953.The houses were rented out by Rowleys,their ’workers yard’ was at the top of Dunloe Avenue.The house was fairly big 3 bedroom with bath and toilet upstairs,and kitchenette downstairs -a fairly big garden.My Grandmother died 1980 and the house was taken back to be rented again

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Comment
Kathleen   
Added: 28 Jul 2021 08:59 GMT   

Spigurnell Road, N17
I was born and lived in Spigurnell Road no 32 from 1951.My father George lived in Spigurnell Road from 1930’s.When he died in’76 we moved to number 3 until I got married in 1982 and moved to Edmonton.Spigurnell Road was a great place to live.Number 32 was 2 up 2 down toilet out the back council house in those days

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Comment
Lewis   
Added: 27 Jul 2021 20:48 GMT   

Ploy
Allotment

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Comment
   
Added: 27 Jul 2021 14:31 GMT   

correction
Chaucer did not write Pilgrims Progress. His stories were called the Canterbury Tales

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Comment
old lady   
Added: 19 Jul 2021 11:58 GMT   

mis information
Cheltenham road was originally
Hall road not Hill rd
original street name printed on house still standing

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Comment
Patricia Bridges   
Added: 19 Jul 2021 10:57 GMT   

Lancefield Coachworks
My grandfather Tom Murray worked here

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Lived here
Former Philbeach Gardens Resident   
Added: 14 Jul 2021 00:44 GMT   

Philbeach Gardens Resident (Al Stewart)
Al Stewart, who had huts in the 70s with the sings ’Year of the Cat’ and ’On The Borders’, lived in Philbeach Gdns for a while and referenced Earl’s Court in a couple of his songs.
I lived in Philbeach Gardens from a child until my late teens. For a few years, on one evening in the midst of Summer, you could hear Al Stewart songs ringing out across Philbeach Gardens, particularly from his album ’Time Passages". I don’t think Al was living there at the time but perhaps he came back to see some pals. Or perhaps the broadcasters were just his fans,like me.
Either way, it was a wonderful treat to hear!

Reply

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Courtyard Theatre The Courtyard is a theatre housed in the former Passmore Edwards Free Library.

NEARBY STREETS
Academy Buildings, N1 Academy Buildings is a large block of brick warehouses.
Archer Apartments, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Ashford Street, N1 Ashford Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Aske Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Aurora Buildings, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Bache’s Street, N1 This is a street in the N1 postcode area
Basing House Yard, E2 Basing House Yard is a road in the E2 postcode area
Bevenden Street, N1 Bevenden Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Bletchley Court, N1 Bletchley Court is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Bookham Street, N1 Bookham Street disappeared after the Second World War.
Bowling Green Walk, N1 Bowling Green Walk is a road in the N1 postcode area
Bracklyn Street, N1 Bracklyn Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Bridport Place, N1 Bridport Place is a road in the N1 postcode area
Britannia Gardens, N1 Britannia Gardens once led to the Britannia Theatre.
Britannia Walk, N1 Britannia Walk is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Buckland Street, N1 Buckland Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Buttesland Street, N1 Buttesland Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Catherine House Whitmore Estate, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Cavendish Street, N1 Cavendish Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Chart Street, N1 Chart Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Cherbury Street, N1 Cherbury Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Clunbury Street, N1 Clunbury Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Corsham Street, N1 Corsham Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Cottons Gardens, E2 Cottons Gardens is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Cranston Estate, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Cremer Business Centre, E2 Cremer Business Centre is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Cremer Street, E2 Cremer Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Crondall Street, N1 Crondall Street is one of the older streets of the area.
Cropley Court, N1 Cropley Court is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Cropley Street, N1 Cropley Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Cullum Welch Court, N1 Cullum Welch Court is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Custance Street, N1 Custance Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Drysdale Place, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Drysdale Street, N1 Drysdale Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
East Road, N1 East Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Ebenezer Street, EC1V A street within the N1 postcode
Ely Place, N1 Ely Place dates from the 1860s but the name dates from 1669.
Enfield Cloisters, N1 Enfield Cloisters is a road in the N1 postcode area
Evelyn Court, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Evelyn Walk, N1 Evelyn Walk is a road in the N1 postcode area
Falkirk Street, N1 Falkirk Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Fanshaw Street, N1 Fanshaw Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Forston Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Fullwoods Mews, N1 Fullwoods Mews is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Geffrye Court, N1 Geffrye Court is a road in the N1 postcode area
Geffrye Estate, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Geffrye Street, E2 Geffrye Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Glassworks Studios, E2 Glassworks Studios is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Gopsall Street, N1 Gopsall Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Grange Street, N1 Grange Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Haberdasher Place, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Haberdasher Street, N1 Haberdasher Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Hamond Square, N1 Hamond Square is a road in the N1 postcode area
Hare Walk, N1 Hare Walk is a road in the N1 postcode area
Hemsworth Street, N1 Hemsworth Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Hobbs Place Estate, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Hoffman Square, N1 Hoffman Square is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Homefield Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Hoxton Square, N1 Hoxton Square is a garden square laid out in 1683
Hoxton Street, N1 Hoxton Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Ivy Street, N1 Ivy Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Jasper Walk, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Juliet House, N1 Residential block
Kingsland Road, E2 Kingsland Road stretches north from the junction with Old Street, Hackney Road and Shoreditch High Street.
Land of Promise, N1 The Land of Promise - a short cul-de-sac - got its curious name from its former existence as a piece of land.
Long Street, E2 Long Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Lynedoch Street, E2 Lynedoch Street used to lie behind the Shoreditch Workhouse.
Mail Coach Yard, E2 Mail Coach Yard is a road in the E2 postcode area
Mail Coach Yard, N1 Mail Coach Yard is a road in the N1 postcode area
Mintern Street, N1 Mintern Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Monteagle Court, N1 Monteagle Court is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Mundy Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Murray Grove, N1 Murray Grove is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Myrtle Walk, N1 Myrtle Walk was built over the line of Myrtle Street when the Arden Estate was built.
Nazrul Street, E2 Nazrul Street is a road in the E2 postcode area
New North Road, N1 New North Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Nile Street, N1 Nile Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Nuttall Street, E2 Nuttall Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Nuttall Street, N1 Nuttall Street is a road in the E2 postcode area
Ormsby Street, E2 Ormsby Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Osric Path, N1 Osric Path is a walkway within the Arden Estate.
Parr Street, N1 Parr Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Pearson Street, E2 Pearson Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Perseverance Works, E2 Perseverance Works is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Phillipp Street, N1 Phillipp Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Pimlico Walk, N1 Pimlico Walk was curtailed in length with the coming of the Arden Estate.
Provost & East Building, Provost & East Building lies within the postcode.
Provost Estate, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Provost Street, N1 Provost Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Purcell Street, N1 Purcell Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Redvers Street, E2 A street within the N1 postcode
Regan Way, N1 Regan Way is a road in the N1 postcode area
Retford Street, E2 A street within the N1 postcode
Rushton Street, N1 Rushton Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Sara Lane Studios, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Shaftesbury Street, N1 Shaftesbury Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Shenfield Street, N1 Shenfield Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Shepherdess Place, N1 Shepherdess Place is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Silbury Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Square Studio, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
St. John’s Estate, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Stanway Street, N1 Stanway Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Stringer House, N1 Residential block
Timber Yard, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Tyssen Street, N1 Tyssen Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Union Central, E2 Union Central is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Union Walk, E2 Union Walk is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Vestry Street, N1 Vestry Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Waterson Street, E2 Waterson Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Wenlock Street, N1 Wenlock Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Westland Place, N1 Westland Place is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Wilks Place, N1 Wilks Place is a road in the N1 postcode area
Wilmer Gardens, N1 Wilmer Gardens is a road in the N1 postcode area
Wimbourne Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode

NEARBY PUBS
Bavarian Beerhouse This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Bill’s Restaurant This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Charlie Wright’s International This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Dream Bags Jaguar Shoes This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
George & Vulture This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Howl at the Moon This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Iambic Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Lion & Lamb This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Lion & Lamb This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Mkm Entertainment Ltd This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Prague Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Beehive This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Duke of Wellington This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Macbeth This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Old Shoreditch Station This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The White Horse This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Ye Old Axe This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


Hoxton

Hoxton is a district in the East End of London, immediately north of the financial district of the City of London.

Hogesdon is first recorded in the Domesday Book, meaning an Anglo-Saxon farm belonging to 'Hoch', or 'Hocq'. Little is recorded of the origins of the settlement, though there was Roman activity around Ermine Street, which ran to the east of the area from the 1st century. In medieval times, Hoxton formed a rural part of Shoreditch parish.

In 1415, the Lord Mayor of London caused the wall of the City to be broken towards Moorfields, and built the postern called Moorgate, for the ease of the citizens to walk that way upon causeways towards Islington and Hoxton – at that time, still marshy areas. The residents responded by harassing walkers to protect their fields. A century later, the hedges and ditches were destroyed, by order of the City, to enable City dwellers to partake in leisure at Hoxton.

By Tudor times many moated manor houses existed to provide ambassadors and courtiers country air nearby the City. The open fields to the north and west were frequently used for archery practice, and on 22 September 1598 the playwright Ben Jonson fought a fatal duel in Hoxton Fields, killing actor Gabriel Spencer. Jonson was able to prove his literacy, thereby claiming benefit of clergy to escape a hanging.

On 26 October 1605 Hoxton achieved notoriety, when a letter arrived at the home of local resident William Parker, Lord Monteagle warning him not to attend the Parliament summoned by James I to convene on 5 November, because "yet I say they shall receive a terrible blow, the Parliament, and yet they shall not see who hurts them". The letter may have been sent by his brother-in-law Francis Tresham, or he may have written it himself, to curry favour. The letter was read aloud at supper, before prominent Catholics, and then he delivered it personally to Robert Cecil at Whitehall. While the conspirators were alerted, by the public reading, to the existence of the letter they persevered with their plot as their gunpowder remained undiscovered. William Parker accompanied Thomas Howard, the Lord Chamberlain, at his visit to the undercroft of Parliament, where Guy Fawkes was found in the early hours of 5 November. Most of the conspirators fled on the discovery of the Gunpowder Plot, but Francis Tresham was arrested a few days later at his house in Hoxton.

By the end of the 17th century the nobility's estates began to be broken up. Many of these large houses became to be used as schools, hospitals or mad houses, with almshouses being built on the land between by benefactors, most of whom were City liverymen. Aske's Almshouses were built on Pitfield Street in 1689 from Robert Aske's endowment for 20 poor haberdashers and a school for 20 children of freemen. Hoxton House, was established as a private asylum in 1695. It was owned by the Miles family, and expanded rapidly into the surrounding streets being described by Coleridge as the Hoxton madhouse. Here fee-paying 'gentle and middle class' people took their exercise in the extensive grounds between Pitfield Street and Kingsland Road;[14] including the poet Charles Lamb. Over 500 pauper lunatics resided in closed wards, and it remained the Naval Lunatic Asylum until 1818. The asylum closed in 1911; and the only remains are by Hackney Community College, where a part of the house was incorporated into the school that replaced it in 1921. At this time Hoxton Square and Charles Square were laid out, forming a fashionable area. Non-conformist sects were attracted to the area, away from the restrictions of the City's regulations.

In the Victorian era the railways made travelling to distant suburbs easier, and this combined with infill building and industrialisation to drive away the wealthier classes, leaving Hoxton a concentration of the poor with many slums. The area became a centre for the furniture trade.

Manufacturing developments in the years after the Second World War meant that many of the small industries that characterised Hoxton moved out. By the early 1980s, these industrial lofts and buildings came to be occupied by young artists as inexpensive live/work spaces, while exhibitions, raves and clubs occupied former office and retail space at the beginning of the 1990s. During this time Joshua Compston established his Factual Nonsense gallery on Charlotte Road in Shoreditch and organised art fetes in Hoxton Square. Their presence gradually drew other creative industries into the area, especially magazines, design firms, and dot-coms.

By the end of the 20th century, the southern half of Hoxton had become a vibrant arts and entertainment district boasting a large number of bars, nightclubs, restaurants, and art galleries.

The northern half of the district is more residential and consists largely of council housing estates and new-build private residences.

Hoxton railway station is in the Hoxton district of the London Borough of Hackney. The station is located on the Kingsland Viaduct and is served by London Overground trains on the extended East London Line, under the control of the London Rail division of Transport for London. The station is situated at the back of the Geffrye Museum and is on Geffrye Street near to Dunloe Street and Cremer Street.

The station was officially opened to the public on 27 April 2010, initially with week-day services running between Dalston Junction and New Cross or New Cross Gate. On 23 May 2010 services were extended from New Cross Gate to West Croydon or Crystal Palace.


LOCAL PHOTOS
St Lukes Hospital for Lunatics, London
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Licence: CC BY 2.0
Crondall Street
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The Crown public house.
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Ely Place dates from the 1860s but the name dates from 1669. On 11 November 1651, property owner Thomas Robinson sold a portion of his land to one Francis Kirkman. It was described as a "parcel of ground 34 feet wide and from 74 to 84 feet long (...) and the entry way from Hoxton Street between the houses, and a garden plot of one acre extending eastwards to Kingsland Highway". In 1665, the Joiners’ Company purchased an estate at Hoxton and in 1669, sold it on to the overseers of the poor of the Liberty of Saffron Hill, Hatton Garden and Ely Rents. This forms the basis for Ely Place and the land to its north (part of which was developed into the Shoreditch Workhouse). Obliterated during Second World War bombing, 1974 saw an area including Lynedoch Street and Ely Place redeveloped.
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Licence: CC BY 2.0
Lynedoch Street, Hoxton (1921)
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Fleur De Lis Street, Shoreditch
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In the neighbourhood...

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St Lukes Hospital for Lunatics, London
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Geffrye Museum, London (2012)
Credit: Chang Yisheng
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Crondall Street
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Traffic scene at Shoreditch on the Kingsland Road (1929)
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Ely Place dates from the 1860s but the name dates from 1669. On 11 November 1651, property owner Thomas Robinson sold a portion of his land to one Francis Kirkman. It was described as a "parcel of ground 34 feet wide and from 74 to 84 feet long (...) and the entry way from Hoxton Street between the houses, and a garden plot of one acre extending eastwards to Kingsland Highway". In 1665, the Joiners’ Company purchased an estate at Hoxton and in 1669, sold it on to the overseers of the poor of the Liberty of Saffron Hill, Hatton Garden and Ely Rents. This forms the basis for Ely Place and the land to its north (part of which was developed into the Shoreditch Workhouse). Obliterated during Second World War bombing, 1974 saw an area including Lynedoch Street and Ely Place redeveloped.
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Lynedoch Street, Hoxton (1921)
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Looking down Bookham Street from the New North Road. (1956)
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The original Shoreditch Workhouse, situated on the Land of Promise.
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