Wilton Crescent, SW1X

Road in/near Belgravia, existing between 1825 and now

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Road · Belgravia · SW1X ·
JANUARY
11
2018
Wilton Crescent is notable for its affluent and politically important list of residents, present and historic.

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Wilton Crescent was created by Thomas Cundy II, the Grosvenor family estate surveyor, and was drawn up with the original 1821 Wyatt plan for Belgravia. It was named at the time of Thomas Egerton, 2nd Earl of Wilton, second son of Robert Grosvenor, 1st Marquess of Westminster on whose estate the road was built in 1825.

In the 19th and 20th centuries, it was home to many prominent British politicians, ambassadors and civil servants. Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (1900–1979) lived at 2 Wilton Crescent for many years, marked today by an attributive blue plaque. Akin to nearby developments, Wilton Crescent is characterised by grand terraces with lavish white houses which are built in a crescent shape, many of them with stuccoed balconies, particularly on the southern part of the crescent. The Portland stone-clad, five-storey houses toward the north are high and were refaced between 1908 and 1912 via architects Balfour and Turner. Most of the houses had originally been built in the stucco style, but such houses became stone-clad during this renovation period. Other houses today have black iron balconies.

Wilton Crescent lies east of Lowndes Square and Lowndes Street, to the northwest of Belgrave Square. It is accessed via Wilton Place which connects it to the main road in Knightsbridge. Grosvenor Crescent is to the east, which contains the Indonesian Embassy. Further to the east is the back of Buckingham Palace and London Victoria station. In 2007, Wilton Garden in the middle of the crescent won a bronze medal from the London Gardens Society.

There are two diplomatic buildings in Wilton Crescent: the High Commission of Singapore at No. 9, and the Embassy of Luxembourg at No. 27 (formerly home to the Luxembourgish government-in-exile).

The 50 buildings, some subdivided, forming the headline Wilton Crescent addresses are listed at Grade II. The crescent is split into three terraces of lengthy proportion buildings, plus 31 which forms a terrace with 1-15 Grosvenor Crescent, plus 32 and 33 which face the opposing side of a brief continuation of the eastern broad link into Belgrave Square which form a terrace with 1-11 Belgrave Square. The western broad link into Belgrave Square is however termed Wilton Terrace, split into 1-3 Wilton Terrace and is of identical date, style and proportions.


Main source: http://www.grosvenorlondon.com/getattachment/our-customers/Residential/WALKING-IN-BELGRAVIA.pdf
Further citations and sources


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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY

Born here
www.violettrefusis.com   
Added: 17 Feb 2021 15:05 GMT   

Birth place
Violet Trefusis, writer, cosmopolitan intellectual and patron of the Arts was born at 2 Wilton Crescent SW1X.

Source: www.violettrefusis.com

Reply

Emma Seif   
Added: 25 Jan 2022 19:06 GMT   

Birth of the Bluestocking Society
In about 1750, Elizabeth Montagu began hosting literary breakfasts in her home at 23 (now 31) Hill Street. These are considered the first meetings of the Bluestocking society.

Reply

TUM   
Added: 27 Aug 2022 10:22 GMT   

The Underground Map
Michael Faraday successfully demonstrated the first electrical transformer at the Royal Institute, London.

Reply

Justin Russ   
Added: 15 Feb 2021 20:25 GMT   

Binney Street, W1K
Binney St was previously named Thomas Street before the 1950’s. Before the 1840’s (approx.) it was named Bird St both above and below Oxford St.

Reply
Lived here
   
Added: 1 May 2021 16:46 GMT   

Cheyne Place, SW3
Frances Faviell, author of the Blitz memoir, "A Chelsea Concerto", lived at 33, Cheyne Place, which was destroyed by a bomb. She survived, with her husband and unborn baby.

Reply

LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Comment
Richard Lake   
Added: 28 Sep 2022 09:37 GMT   

Trade Union Official
John William Lake snr moved with his family to 22 De Laune Street in 1936. He was the London Branch Secretary for the Street Masons, Paviours and Road Makers Union. He had previously lived in Orange St now Copperfield St Southwark but had been forced to move because the landlord didn’t like him working from home and said it broke his lease.
John William snr died in 1940. His son John William Lake jnr also became a stone mason and at the end of World War two he was responsible for the engraving of the dates of WW2 onto the Cenotaph in Whitehall.

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Lived here
Julie   
Added: 22 Sep 2022 18:30 GMT   

Well Walk, NW3 (1817 - 1818)
The home of Benthy, the Postman, with whom poet John Keats and his brother Tom lodged from early 1817 to Dec., 1818. They occupied the first floor up. Here Tom died Dec. 1, 1818. It was next door to the Welles Tavern then called ’The Green Man’."

From collected papers and photos re: No. 1 Well Walk at the library of Harvard University.

Source: No. 1, Well Walk, Hampstead. | HOLLIS for

Reply
Comment
   
Added: 4 Sep 2022 15:42 GMT   

Superman 2
I worked here in 1977. The scene in the prison laundry in Superman 2 was filmed here.

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TUM   
Added: 27 Aug 2022 10:22 GMT   

The Underground Map
Michael Faraday successfully demonstrated the first electrical transformer at the Royal Institute, London.

Reply

Admin   
Added: 26 Aug 2022 15:19 GMT   

Bus makes a leap
A number 78 double-decker bus driven by Albert Gunter was forced to jump an accidentally opening Tower Bridge.

He was awarded a £10 bonus.

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Admin   
Added: 26 Aug 2022 12:44 GMT   

The world’s first underground train
The very first underground train left Paddington on the new Metropolitan Railway bound for Farringdon Street.

Reply

Admin   
Added: 26 Aug 2022 12:41 GMT   

Baker Street
Baker Street station opened on the Metropolitan Railway - the world’s first underground line.

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Admin   
Added: 26 Aug 2022 12:17 GMT   

TV comes to Olympia
Over 7000 people queued to see the first high definition television pictures on sets at the Olympia Radio Show. The pictures were transmitted by the BBC from Alexandra Palace, introduced by Leslie Mitchell, their first announcer.

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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
48 Belgrave Square 48 Belgrave Square was occupied for the same family for 170 years.
Belgravia Belgravia is an affluent area of Westminster, north of Victoria Station.
Down Street Down Street, also known as Down Street (Mayfair), is a disused station on the London Underground, located in Mayfair.
Halkin Hotel The Halkin (styled as The Halkin by COMO) is a 5-star hotel.
Hyde Park Corner At the other end of Park Lane from Marble Arch, Hyde Park Corner has struck terror into many a learner driver.
InterContinental London InterContinental London Park Lane is a luxury 5-star hotel.
London Lock Hospital The London Lock Hospital was the first venereal disease clinic.
Memorial Gates The Memorial Gates is a war memorial located at the Hyde Park Corner end of Constitution Hill.
Parkside Park Side was situated on the north side of Knightsbridge.
RAF Bomber Command Memorial The Royal Air Force Bomber Command Memorial is a memorial commemorating the crews of RAF Bomber Command who embarked on missions during the Second World War.
Royal Aeronautical Society The Royal Aeronautical Society, also known as the RAeS, is a British-founded multidisciplinary professional institution dedicated to the global aerospace community.
Royal Air Force Club The Royal Air Force Club (often referred to as the RAF Club) is situated at 128 Piccadilly.
Royal Artillery Memorial The Royal Artillery Memorial is a stone memorial at Hyde Park Corner, dedicated to the First World War casualties of the Royal Regiment of Artillery.
St Paul’s Church, Knightsbridge St Paul’s Church, Knightsbridge is a Grade II* listed Anglican church.
The Berkeley The Berkeley is a five star deluxe hotel, located in Wilton Place.
Wellington Arch Wellington Arch is located to the south of Hyde Park at the western corner of Green Park.

NEARBY STREETS
Albert Gate, SW1X Albert Gate is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Ann’s Close, SW1X Ann’s Close is approached through an entrance under a building on Kinnerton Street.
Apsley Way, SW1X Apsley Way is the formal name for the pathway which runs under Wellington Arch.
Basil Mansions, SW1X Basil Mansions is one of the streets of London in the SW3 postal area.
Basil Street, SW1X Basil Street is split into two by Hans Crescent.
Beauford Gardens, SW3 Beauford Gardens is a location in London.
Belgrave Mews North, SW1X Belgrave Mews North is a road in the SW1X postcode area
Belgrave Mews South, SW1X Belgrave Mews South is a road in the SW1X postcode area
Belgrave Mews West, SW1X Belgrave Mews West is home to the Star Tavern, former rendezvous of the Great Train Robbers.
Belgrave Place, SW1X Belgrave Place is a road in the SW1X postcode area
Belgrave Square, SW1X Thomas Cubitt’s greatest achievement, Belgrave Square, is the grandest and largest of his squares, and is the centrepiece of Belgravia.
Bowater House, SW3 Residential block
Bradbrook House, SW1X Bradbrook House is a residential block on Duplex Ride.
Brompton Road, SW1X Brompton Road lies partly in Westminster and partly in Kensington and Chelsea.
Chapel Street, SW1X Chapel Street runs south-west to north-east from Belgrave Square to Grosvenor Place.
Chesham Mews, SW1X Chesham Mews is a road in the SW1X postcode area
Chesham Place, SW1X Chesham Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Chester Close, SW1X Chester Close lies off of Chester Street.
Chester Mews, SW1X Chester Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Chester Street, SW1X Chester Street dates from 1805.
Down Street Mews, W1J Down Street Mews is a largely hidden side street in Mayfair.
Duke of Wellington Place, SW1X Duke of Wellington Place is the official name for the road which skirts the central Hyde Park Corner island on the south and east sides.
Duplex Ride, SW1X Duplex Ride is a road in the SW1X postcode area
Eaton Row, SW1W Eaton Hall in Cheshire is the principal seat of the Duke of Westminster, owner of these streets and land of Belgravia.
Frederic Mews, SW1X Frederic Mews is a mews off Kinnerton Street.
Groom Place, SW1X Groom Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Grosvenor Crescent Mews, SW1X Grosvenor Crescent Mews is a gated mews.
Grosvenor Crescent, SW1X Grosvenor Crescent is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Grosvenor Place, SW1X Grosvenor Place is the main road connecting Hyde Park Corner with Victoria.
Halkin Arcade, SW1X Halkin Arcade is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Halkin Street, SW1X Halkin Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Hamilton Mews, W1J Hamilton Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Hamilton Place, W1J Hamilton Place lies just to the north of Hyde Park Corner.
Hans Crescent, SW1X Hans Crescent forms part of an area informally called Hans Town which dates back to the 18th century.
Hans Place, SW1X Hans Place, a square, is named after Sir Hans Sloane, physician and collector, whose bequest became the foundation of the British Museum.
Hans Road, SW1X Hans Road is a road in the SW1X postcode area
Hans Road, SW3 Hans Road dates from the late eighteenth century.
Hans Street, SW1X Hans Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Harriet Street, SW1X Harriet Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Harriet Walk, SW1X Harriet Walk is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Harrods Green, SW1X Harrods Green is a road in the HA8 postcode area
Headfort Place, SW1X Headfort Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Herbert Crescent, SW1X Herbert Crescent is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Hobart Place, SW1W Hobart Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
Holforoad Way, W1J A street within the W1J postcode
Holforoad Way, W1J A street within the W1J postcode
Hyde Park Corner, W1J Hyde Park Corner is a major road junction at the southeastern corner of Hyde Park.
Hyde Parks Barracks, Hyde Parks Barracks lies within the postcode.
Jefferson House, SW1X Jefferson House is a residential block on Basil Street.
Kinnerton Place North, SW1X Kinnerton Place North is a mews off Kinnerton Street.
Kinnerton Place South, SW1X Kinnerton Place South is a mews off Kinnerton Street.
Kinnerton Street, SW1X Kinnerton Street - a small winding street - was originally the service road for Wilton Place and Wilton Crescent.
Kinnerton Yard, SW1X Kinnerton Yard is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Knightsbridge Court, SW1X Knightsbridge Court is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Knightsbridge Green, SW1X Knightsbridge Green is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Knightsbridge, SW1X Knightsbridge is a main thoroughfare running along the south side of Hyde Park.
Lanesborough Place, SW1X Lanesborough Place is a small street serving The Lanesborough Hotel.
Little Chester Street, SW1X Little Chester Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Lowndes Square, SW1X Lowndes Square is named after the Secretary to the Treasury William Lowndes.
Lowndes Street, SW1X Lowndes Street was built by Thomas Cubitt and Seth Smith.
Lyall Mews, SW1X Lyall Mews is a road in the SW1X postcode area
Montrose Place, SW1X Montrose Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Motcomb Street, SW1X Motcomb Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
New Ride, SW1X New Ride is a road in the SW1X postcode area
Old Barrack Yard, SW1X Old Barrack Yard is a narrow street of terraced cottages.
Old Park Lane, W1J Old Park Lane is a road in the W1J postcode area
Park Close, SW1X Park Close is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Park Mansions, SW1X Park Mansions is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Pembroke Close, SW1X Pembroke Close is a road in the SW1X postcode area
Peninsular Tower, SW1X Peninsular Tower is one of the streets of London in the SW7 postal area.
Pont St Mews, SW1X Pont St Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Pont Street Mews, SW1X This is a street in the SW1X postcode area
Pont Street, SW1X Pont Street is a fashionable street in Knightsbridge/Belgravia, not far from the Knightsbridge department store Harrods to the north-west.
Queen’s Gardens, SW1X Queen’s Gardens was developed in about 1768–70.
Raphael Street, SW7 Raphael Street was laid out by Lewis Raphael who bought it from former owner Durs Egg’s heirs in 1838.
Roberts Mews, SW1X Roberts Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Rotten Row, SW1X Rotten Row is a road in the SW1X postcode area
Sloane Street, SW1X Sloane Street runs north to south, from Knightsbridge to Sloane Square, taking its name from Sir Hans Sloane, who purchased the surrounding area in 1712.
South Carriage Drive, SW1X South Carriage Drive is a road in the SW1X postcode area
Stackhouse Street, SW1X Stackhouse Street is a road in the SW1X postcode area
Studio Place, SW1X Studio Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Upper Belgrave Street, SW1X Upper Belgrave Street was constructed in the 1840s to connect Belgrave Square with the King’s Road.
Walton Place, SW3 Walton Place is a location in London.
West Halkin Street, SW1X West Halkin Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
William Mews, SW1X William Mews is a partially redeveloped, private Mews off Lowndes Square.
William Mews, SW1X A street within the SW1X postcode
William Street, SW1X William Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Wilton Mews, SW1X Wilton Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Wilton Place, SW1X Wilton Place was built in 1825 to connect Belgravia with Knightsbridge.
Wilton Row, SW1X Wilton Row is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Wilton Street, SW1X Wilton Street was built in 1817.
Wilton Terrace, SW1X Wilton Terrace is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.

NEARBY PUBS
Pakenham Tavern The Pakenham Tavern was a pub on the western side of Knightsbridge Green.
Rose & Crown This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Rose and Crown On the south side of the road, between Knightsbridge Green and Rutland Gate was the Rose and Crown.
The Gloucester This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
White Hart Inn The White Hart Inn stood opposite the Knightsbridge Leper Hospital on the bank of the Westbourne.


Click here to explore another London street
We now have 507 completed street histories and 46993 partial histories
Find streets or residential blocks within the M25 by clicking STREETS


Belgravia

Belgravia is an affluent area of Westminster, north of Victoria Station.

Belgravia - known as Five Fields during the Middle Ages - was developed in the early 19th century by Richard Grosvenor, 2nd Marquess of Westminster.

The area had begun to be built up after George III moved to Buckingham House (now Buckingham Palace) and constructed a row of houses on what is now Grosvenor Place. In the 1820s, Richard Grosvenor asked Thomas Cubitt to design numerous grand terraces centred on squares. Most of Belgravia was constructed over the next 30 years.

Belgravia has many grand terraces of white stucco houses, and is focused on two squares: Belgrave Square and Eaton Square.

Much of Belgravia is still owned by the Duke of Westminster’s Grosvenor Group.


LOCAL PHOTOS
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Boscobel Oaks, 1804
TUM image id: 1487173198
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Belgrave Square
Credit: Thomas Shepherd
TUM image id: 1586353394
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Lowndes Street, c. 1905.
TUM image id: 1483984242
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Walton Street, SW3
TUM image id: 1466549385
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
The Wellington Statue on the Arch in the 1850s
Credit: Unknown
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Exterior of the memorial in 2013.
Credit: Tim Rademacher
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Knightsbridge Chapel came into existence in association with the Leper Hospital there. Being on the London boundary, a legal loophole allowed it to perform many (sham) marriages, these declining after the 1670s.
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Wellington Arch photographed on 10 January 2017. Wellington Arch was built as an original entrance to Buckingham Palace, later becoming a victory arch proclaiming Wellington’s defeat of Napoleon. Crowned by the largest bronze sculpture in Europe, it depicts the Angel of Peace descending on the ’Quadriga’ - or four-horsed chariot - of War. The pathway that runs underneath the arch has a formal name - Apsley Way.
Credit: The Underground Map
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Belgrave Square
Credit: Thomas Shepherd
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Cadogan Place gardens, SW1. The northern garden was laid out by Humphry Repton in 1806. Repton laid out winding paths and created ridges and dips from excavated soil.
Credit: Instagram/@the lois edit
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Letter to Chuck Berry from Carl Sagan
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Eaton Square
Credit: GoArt/The Underground Map
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Hyde Park Corner in 1842, looking east towards Piccadilly. The entrance to Hyde Park through Decimus Burton’s Ionic Screen is on the left, and behind it, in darker stone, is Apsley House.
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Lowndes Street, c. 1905.
Licence: CC BY 2.0


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