Tenter Ground

Open space in/near Shoreditch, existed between 1650 and 1927

 HOME  ·  ARTICLE  MAP  STREETS  BLOG 
(51.52123 -0.08215) 

Tenter Ground

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Open space · Shoreditch · EC2A ·
JANUARY
5
2015
Tenter Ground harks back to the seventeenth century when this patch of land was surrounded by weavers’ houses and workshops and used to wash and stretch their fabrics on ’tenters’ to dry.

The ground was established by the French Protestant Huguenot weavers, who had fled to Spitalfields from Catholic persecutors in France during the seventeenth century.

This area was bounded in the seventeenth century by Lolesworth field and the Wheler estate on the north, Wentworth Street and the hamlet boundary on the south, Rose Lane on the east and Bell Lane on the west. The bounding streets on the south, east and west were built up by the 1640s and the northern boundary was formed into the south side of White’s Row in about 1650. The central plot of ground remained open, however, until the second decade of the nineteenth century and was the last part of Spitalfields to be formed into streets.

In 1550 the area had, like the later Fossan and Halifax estates to the east and west, formed part of two closes in the Manor of Stepney lying between Hog Lane (Middlesex Street) and Brick Lane. By about 1642 it was, like the Fossan estate, held on lease by William Smyth. The Rose Lane and Wentworth Street frontages were then completely built up. The Bell Lane frontage, on which the buildings were said to be wholly of brick, lay partly open to the nineteen tenters in the possession of a Mr Seed which lay between Bell Lane and Rose Lane. In Bell Lane also were ’the Shedds or Little houses for the Teinder men to laie their Toulesin and sometimes their Clothes’.

In July 1650 Smyth, who had with others acquired possession of the manor in March 1642/3, made, together with John Smyth of the Middle Temple, esquire, a conveyance of the northern part of this area to Joseph Gull, senior, of Little Bardfleld, Essex, yeoman, and William Hickman of St. Alban’s, Hertfordshire, ironmonger, for the use of Nathaniel Tilly of London, gentleman. It included the then unbuilt northern boundary, houses in Rose Lane and Bell Lane and half the soil of those streets, on east and west, and between them ’that parcell of ground whereon taynters or Cloth Rackes stand’. Other ground of Nathaniel Tilly lay to its south-west or south, where it also reached the backs of houses and yards in Wentworth Street. The south side of White’s Row was evidently built-up without delay by Nathaniel Tilly, but the rest of the area was left open.

The Tilly property did not include the houses in Wentworth Street, two of which were conveyed by William and John Smyth to Bartholomew Fossan as co-trustee for John and Robert Bumpstead on the same day as the conveyance to the use of Nathaniel Tilly.

By 1707 Tilly’s property was owned by Nathaniel Shepherd, who, like one of Nathaniel Tilly’s trustees, was of St. Alban’s. It was under a lease from him that No. 5 White’s Row was built, probably in the 1730s. Shepherd at that time reserved the right to prevent access from White’s Row to the Tenter Ground, which was still entered through a ’Teynter Gate’ in Bell Lane.

In 1736 the use of ground south of the tenters was included in a lease of houses in Bell Lane to two dyers by Shepherd’s widow, who reserved to herself ’the Grass and Herbage of the said piece of ground’. In 1768 the estate was owned by Miss Mary Freeman Shepherd.

By 1810 the tenter ground site was owned by John Butler of Johns Terrace, Hackney Road, Shoreditch, who was responsible for laying it out in streets during the next twelve years or so. In that year he granted a lease of No. 2 White’s Row together with ground on its south ’intended to be formed into or made a new street called Tilley Street’ (in fact called Tenter Street), and included specifications for any building erected by the lessee in the new street as a ’third-rate’ house. Horwood’s map of 1819 shows the estate half-completed and it is shown fully built in Greenwood’s map surveyed in 1824–6.

None of the first lessees seem to have taken the site of more than four houses and most took only one. Not all the lessees were builders, but a number of builders occur. These included Thomas Burton of White’s Row, carpenter; James Freeman of St. Mary Axe, builder; Samuel Hetherington Hurt of Whitechapel Road, carpenter; James Love of Seward Street, Goswell Street, carpenter; John McNeal of No. 5 White’s Row, carpenter; John Stebbing of Red Cow Lane, builder; and Hervey John Tredeman of No. 12 Flower and Dean Street, stonemason.

The leases contained provision for the payment to Butler of a yearly sum, additional to the rent, for his maintenance of the roadway and pavements.

The layout was designed to give the maximum street frontage, with little space at the back of houses either in the cross-streets or in the outer streets, between which and the surrounding roads a number of narrow courts were formed. A ’twine-ground’ ran between Shepherd Street and Rose Lane and was swept away when Commercial Street was formed. The only regular access was from two entrances in White’s Row, the westernmost being the stuccoed archway bearing the name ’Shepherd’s Place’. Except for a narrow outlet to Ann’s Place, in the south-east corner, which may be of later date, the estate formed a large cul-de-sac.

The houses were small, with a frontage of fifteen feet, and were probably not particularly well built since within forty years at least one had fallen down.

All of this estate, with the exception of the north side of Butler Street (now Brune Street) and the northern end of Tenter Street (now Tenter Ground), was demolished for the erection of the London County Council Holland estate in 1927–1936.


Main source: Search | British History Online
Further citations and sources



Shepherd’s Place archway (c. 1810), and Tenter Street (c. 1820) in 1909

Shepherd’s Place archway (c. 1810), and Tenter Street (c. 1820) in 1909
User unknown/public domain

NEARBY STREETS
Acorn Street, E1 Acorn Street, Bishopsgate, was named from an old tavern sign.
Anning Street, EC2A Anning Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Appold Street, EC2A Appold Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Artillery Lane, E1 The name Artillery Lane remembers the skills of the operators of the longbow.
Artillery Passage, E1 Artillery Passage dates from its time as part of The Old Artillery Ground.
Bell Lane, E1 Bell Lane is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Bethnal Green Road, E1 Bethnal Green Road is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Bishops Square, E1 Bishops Square is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Bishopsgate Arcade, EC2M Bishopsgate Arcade is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Bishopsgate Churchyard, EC2M Bishopsgate Churchyard is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Bishopsgate, EC2M Bishopsgate was originally the entry point for travellers coming from the north east into London.
Blackall Street, EC2A Blackall Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Blomfield Street, EC2M Blomfield Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Blossom Street, E1 Blossom Street runs from Fleur De Lis Street to Folgate Street.
Bonhill Street, EC2A Bonhill Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Boundary Passage, E1 Boundary Passage is a road in the E1 postcode area
Bowl Court, E1 Bowl Court is a road in the E1 postcode area
Boxpark Retail Mall 2-10, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Braithwaite Street, E1 Braithwaite Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Broad Street Place, EC2M Broad Street Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Broadgate Circle, EC2M Broadgate Circle is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Broadgate, EC2M Broadgate is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Brody House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Brune Street, E1 Brune Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Brushfield Street, E1 Brushfield Street is a thoroughfare running east-west from Commercial Street to Bishopsgate.
Bull & Pump, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Bunhill Row, EC1Y Bunhill Row is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Calvin Street, E1 Calvin Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Camlet Street, E2 Camlet Street is one of the Huguenot streetnames of the area.
Chance Street, E1 Chance Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Chiswell Street, EC1Y Chiswell Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Christina Street, EC2A Christina Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Christopher Street, EC2A Christopher Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
City Road, EC1Y City Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Clere Street, EC2A Clere Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Clifton Street, EC2A Clifton Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Club Row, E2 Club Row leaves Arnold Circus in a southerly direction.
Commercial Street, E1 Commercial Street is a major thoroughfare running north-south from Shoreditch High Street to Whitechapel High Street.
Crispin Place, E1 Crispin Place is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Crispin Street, E1 Crispin Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Crown Place, EC2A Crown Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Curtain Road, EC2A Curtain Road is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Curtan Road, EC2A Curtan Road is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Cutlers Gardens Arcade, EC2M Cutlers Gardens Arcade is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Dominion Street, EC2M Dominion Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Dorset Street, E1 Dorset Street was a small thoroughfare running east-west from Crispin Street to Commercial Street.
Earl Street, EC2A Earl Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Ebor Street, E1 Ebor Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Elder Street, E1 Elder Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Eldon Street, EC2M Eldon Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Epworth Street, EC1Y Epworth Street is a road in the EC1Y postcode area
Epworth Street, EC2A Epworth Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Exchange Arcade, EC2M Exchange Arcade is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Exchange Place, EC2M Exchange Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Exchange Square, EC2A Exchange Square is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Exchange Square, EC2M Exchange Square is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Fairchild Place, EC2A Fairchild Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Fairchild Street, EC2A Fairchild Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Featherstone Street, EC1Y Featherstone Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Finsbury Avenue, EC2M Finsbury Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Finsbury Circus, EC2M Finsbury Circus is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Finsbury Pavement, EC1Y Finsbury Pavement is a road in the EC1Y postcode area
Finsbury Pavement, EC2A Finsbury Pavement is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Finsbury Pavement, EC2Y This is a street in the EC2Y postcode area
Finsbury Square, EC2A Finsbury Square is a 0.7-hectare square in central London which includes a six-rink grass bowling green.
Finsbury Street, EC2Y Finsbury Street is a road in the EC2Y postcode area
Firstreet Floor, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Fleur De Lis Street, E1 Fleur De Lis Street runs west from Commercial Street.
Folgate Street, E1 Folgate Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Frying Pan Alley, E1 Frying Pan Alley is situated close to Middlesex Street and its Petticoat Lane market.
Gatesborough Street, EC2A Gatesborough Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Great Eastern Street, EC2A Great Eastern Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Gun Street, E1 Gun Street was part of the Old Artillery Ground - land formerly designated one of the Liberties of the Tower of London.
Hearn Street, EC2A Hearn Street is a road in the EC2A postcode area
Hewett Street, EC2A Hewett Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Holywell Centre, EC2A Holywell Centre is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Holywell Lane, EC2A Holywell Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Holywell Row, EC2A Holywell Row is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Horner Square, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Jerome Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Kiffen Street, EC2A Kiffen Street links Leonard Street to Clere Street.
King John Court, EC2A King John Court is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Lackington Street, EC2A Lackington Street is a road in the EC2A postcode area
Lamb Street, E1 Lamb Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Leonard Street, EC2A Leonard Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Ligonier Street, E2 Ligonier Street is a road in the E2 postcode area
Little Paternoster Row, E1 Little Paternoster Row was once known as French Alley.
Liverpool Street, EC2M Liverpool Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
London Fruit Exchange, E1 London Fruit Exchange is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
London Wall Buildings, EC2M London Wall Buildings are a commercial development.
Luke Street, EC2A Luke Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Mallow Street, EC1Y Mallow Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Mark Street, EC2A Mark Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Market Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Martha’s Buildings, EC1V Martha’s Buildings is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Moorfields, EC2Y Moorfields is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Moorgate Hall, EC2M Moorgate Hall is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Moorgate, EC2M Moorgate is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Nantes Passage, E1 Nantes Passage (also Church Passage) was built for Huguenot weavers.
New Inn Broadway, EC2A New Inn Broadway is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
New Inn Yard, EC2A New Inn Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
New North Place, EC2A New North Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
New Street, EC2M New Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
New Union Street, EC2Y New Union Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Norton Folgate, E1 Norton Folgate is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Norton Folgate, EC2M Norton Folgate is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Octagon Arcade, EC2M Octagon Arcade is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Old Spitalfields Market, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Oliver’s Yard, EC2A Oliver’s Yard is a road in the EC2A postcode area
Olivers Yard, EC1Y Olivers Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
One Ropemaker Street, EC2Y One Ropemaker Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Parliament Court, E1 Parliament Court is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Paul Street, EC2A Paul Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Paxton House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Phipp Street, EC2A Phipp Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Pindar Street, EC2A Pindar Street is a road in the EC2A postcode area
Plough Yard, EC2A Plough Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Primrose Street, EC2A Primrose Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Railway Arches, EC2A Railway Arches is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Ravey Street, EC2A Ravey Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Redchurch Street, E2 Redchurch Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Ropemaker Street, EC2Y Ropemaker Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Rose Court, E1 Rose Court is a road in the E1 postcode area
Salisbury House Shops, EC2M Salisbury House Shops is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Sandy’s Row, E1 This is a street in the E1 postcode area
Sandys Row, E1 Sandys Row is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Scrutton Street, EC2A Scrutton Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Shorditch High Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Shoreditch High Street, E1 Shoreditch High Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Shoreditch High Street, E8 This is a street in the E8 postcode area
Shoreditch High Street, EC1V Shoreditch High Street is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Shoreditch High Street, EC2A Shoreditch High Street is a road in the EC2A postcode area
Shoreeditch High Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Snowden Street, EC2A Snowden Street is a road in the EC2A postcode area
South Place, EC2M South Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Spital Square, E1 Spital Square was started in 1733 - Robert Seymour’s edition of Stow’s Survey of London re marked that "in place of this hospital (St. Mary Spital), ... are now built many handsome houses for merchants and others".
St. John’s Drive, SW18 A street within the E1 postcode
Standard Place, EC2A Standard Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Stothard Place, E1 A street within the postcode
Stothard Place, EC2M Stothard Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Street Alban’s Place, N1 A street within the NW7 postcode
Street John’s Road, SW11 A street within the EC2A postcode
Strype Street, E1 Strype Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Sun Street Passage, EC2A Sun Street Passage is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Sun Street Passage, EC2M Sun Street Passage is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Sun Street, EC2M Sun Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Tabernacle Street, EC2A Tabernacle Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Tea Building, E1 Tea Building is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Tenter Ground, E1 Tenter Ground is one of the notable streets of Spitalfields.
The Arcade, EC2M The Arcade is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Toynbee Street, E1 Toynbee Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Unit 405, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Vandy Street, EC2A Vandy Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Victoria Avenue, EC2M This is a street in the EC2M postcode area
Victoria Yard, E1 Victoria Yard is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Wheler Street, E1 Wheler Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Whitby Street, E1 Whitby Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Whitecross Place, EC2M Whitecross Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Whites Row, E1 White’s Row is a narrow thoroughfare running east-west from Commercial Street to Crispin Street.
Widegate Street, E1 Widegate Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Willow Court, EC2A Willow Court is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Willow Street, EC2A Willow Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Wilson Street, EC2A Wilson Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Wilson Street, EC2M Wilson Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Worship Mews, EC2A Worship Mews is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Worship Street, EC2A Worship Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.


Shoreditch

Shoreditch is a place in the London Borough of Hackney. It is a built-up district located 2.3 miles (3.7 km) north east of Charing Cross.

An old form of the name is Soersditch, and the origin is lost, though early tradition connects it with Jane Shore, the mistress of Edward IV.

It was the site of an Augustinian priory in the 12th Century until its dissolution in 1539. In 1576 the first playhouse (theatre) in England was opened, and in 1577 The Curtain theatre was opened in the middle of what is Curtain Road today.

During the 17th Century, wealthy traders and Huguenot silk weavers moved to the area, establishing a textile industry centered to the south around Spitalfields Market. The area declined along with the textile industry and from the end of the 19th Century to the 1960s, Shoreditch was a by-word for crime, prostitution and poverty.

Today Shoreditch is a busy and popular district, noted for its large number of art galleries, bars, restaurants, media businesses and an urban golf club.

Shoreditch High Street station officially opened to the public on 27 April 2010 with services running between Dalston Junction and New Cross or New Cross Gate. The station replaced nearby Shoreditch, which closed on 9 June 2006. The next station to the south is Whitechapel and to the north is Hoxton.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Print-friendly version of this page