Bermondsey

Underground station, existing between the 2000s and now

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Bermondsey

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Underground station · Bermondsey · SE16 ·
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2019
The name Bermondsey first appears in a letter from Pope Constantine (708-715), in which he grants privileges to a monastery at ’Vermundesei’, then in the hands of the abbot of Medeshamstede, as Peterborough was known at the time.

Though Bermondsey’s name may derive from Beornmund’s island (whoever the Anglo-Saxon Beornmund was, is another matter), but Bermondsey is likely to have been a higher, drier spot in an otherwise marshy area, rather than a real island.

The area first appears in a letter from Pope Constantine (708-715), in which he grants privileges to a monastery at Vermundesei, then in the hands of the abbot of Medeshamstede, as Peterborough was known at the time.

Bermondsey appears in Domesday Book. It was then held by King William, though a small part was in the hands of Robert, Count of Mortain, the king’s half brother, and younger brother of Odo of Bayeux, then Earl of Kent.

Bermondsey Abbey was founded as a Cluniac priory in 1082, and was dedicated to St Saviour. Monks from the abbey began the development of the area, cultivating the land and embanking the riverside. They turned an adjacent tidal inlet at the mouth of the River Neckinger into a dock, named St Saviour’s Dock after their abbey. The Knights Templar also owned land here and gave their names to one of the most distinctive streets in London, Shad Thames (a corruption of ’St John at Thames’). Other ecclesiastical properties stood nearby at Tooley (a corruption of ’St Olave’s’) Street, located in the Archbishop of Canterbury’s manor of Southwark, where wealthy citizens and clerics had their houses, including the priors of Lewes and St Augustine’s, Canterbury, and the abbot of Battle.

As it developed over the centuries, Bermondsey underwent many changes. After the Great Fire of London, it was settled by the well-to-do and took on the character of a garden suburb especially along the lines of Grange Road, as Bermondsey Street became more urbanised. A pleasure garden was founded there in the 17th century, commemorated by the Cherry Garden Pier. Samuel Pepys visited ’Jamaica House’ at Cherry Gardens in 1664 and recorded in his diary that he had left it "singing finely".

Though not many buildings survive from this era, one notable exception is the church of St Mary Magdalen in Bermondsey Street, completed in 1690 (although a church has been recorded on this site from the 13th Century). This church came through both 19th-century redevelopment and The Blitz unscathed. It is not just an unusual survivor for Bermondsey; buildings of this era are relative rarities in Inner London in general.

In the 18th century, the discovery of a spring from the river Neckinger in the area led to Bermondsey becoming a spa leisure resort, as the area between Grange and Jamaica Roads called Spa Road commemorates.

It was from the Bermondsey riverside that the painter J.M.W. Turner executed his famous painting of The Fighting Temeraire Tugged to her Last Berth to be Broken Up (1839), depicting the veteran warship being towed to Rotherhithe to be scrapped.

By the mid-19th century parts of Bermondsey, especially along the riverside had become a notorious slum — with the arrival of industrial plants, docks and immigrant housing. The area around St Saviour’s Dock, known as Jacob’s Island, was one of the worst in London. It was immortalised by Charles Dickens’s novel Oliver Twist, in which the principal villain Bill Sikes meets a nasty end in the mud of ’Folly Ditch’ an area which was known as Hickmans Folly — the scene of an attack by Spring Heeled Jack in 1845 — surrounding Jacob’s Island. Dickens provides a vivid description of what it was like:

... crazy wooden galleries common to the backs of half a dozen houses, with holes from which to look upon the slime beneath; windows, broken and patched, with poles thrust out, on which to dry the linen that is never there; rooms so small, so filthy, so confined, that the air would seem to be too tainted even for the dirt and squalor which they shelter; wooden chambers thrusting themselves out above the mud and threatening to fall into it — as some have done; dirt-besmeared walls and decaying foundations, every repulsive lineament of poverty, every loathsome indication of filth, rot, and garbage: all these ornament the banks of Jacob’s Island.

Bermondsey Town Hall was built on Spa Road in 1881. The area was extensively redeveloped during the 19th century and early 20th century with the expansion of the river trade and the arrival of the railways. London’s first passenger railway terminus was built by the London to Greenwich Railway in 1836 at London Bridge. The first section to be used was between the Spa Road Station and Deptford High Street. This local station had closed by 1915.

The industrial boom of the 19th century was an extension of Bermondsey’s manufacturing role in earlier eras. As in the East End, industries that were deemed too noisome to be carried on within the narrow confines of the City of London had been located here — one such that came to dominate central Bermondsey, away from the riverfront, was the processing and trading of leather and hides. Many buildings from this era survive around Leathermarket Street including the huge Leather, Hide and Wool Exchange (now residential and small work spaces). Hepburn and Gale’s tannery (disused as of early 2007) on Long Lane is also a substantial survivor of the leather trade.

Peek, Frean and Co was established in 1857 at Dockhead, Bermondsey by James Peek and George Hender Frean. They moved to a larger plant in Clements Road in 1866, leading to the nickname ’Biscuit Town’ for Bermondsey, where they continued baking until the brand was discontinued in 1989. Wee Willie Harris (usually credited as the first British rock and roll player) came from Bermondsey. He was known as Britain’s Wild man of Rock N’ Roll). He also worked in Peak Freans.

To the east of Tower Bridge, Bermondsey’s 3½ miles of riverside were lined with warehouses and wharves, of which the best known is Butler’s Wharf. They suffered severe damage in World War II bombing and became redundant in the 1960s following the collapse of the river trade. After standing derelict for some years, many of the wharves were redeveloped under the aegis of the London Docklands Development Corporation during the 1980s. They have now been converted into a mixture of residential and commercial accommodations and have become some of the most upmarket and expensive properties in London. In 1997, US President Bill Clinton and Prime Minister Tony Blair visited the area to dine at the Pont de la Tour restaurant at Butler’s Wharf.

Millwall F.C. moved to a new stadium on Coldblow Lane in 1910, having previously played in Millwall, but have kept their original name despite playing at the opposite side of the River Thames to the Millwall area. They played at The Den until 1993, when they relocated to the New Den nearby. A public sports centre is also included in their stadium.

Reorganisation of lines and closure of stations left Bermondsey’s transport links with the rest of London poorer in the late twentieth century. This was remedied in 2000 with the opening of Bermondsey tube station on the Jubilee Line Extension.

Bermondsey tube station was designed by Ian Ritchie Architects and was originally intended to have a multi-storey office building sitting on top.


Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence


Fete at Bermondsey – 1569

Fete at Bermondsey – 1569
Joris Hoefnagel (1542 – 1601)

THE STREETS OF BERMONDSEY
Abbey Gardens, SE1 Abbey Gardens is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Abbey Street, SE1 Abbey Street takes its name from Bermondsey Abbey which was situated between Bermondsey Square, Grange Walk and Long Walk.
Abbeyfield Road, SE16 Abbeyfield Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Abingdon Close, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Alma Grove, SE1 Alma Grove was formerly Alma Road, and before that Tenter Ground Lane.
Alscot Road, SE1 Alscot Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Alscot Road, SE16 Alscot Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Alscot Way, SE1 Alscot Way is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Avocet Close, SE1 Avocet Close is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Beatrice Road, SE1 Beatrice Road is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Bermondsey Trading Estate, SE16 Bermondsey Trading Estate is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Bricklayers Arms Distribution Centre, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Brodie Street, SE1 Brodie Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Burnham Close, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Butlers Colonial Wharf, SE1 Butlers Colonial Wharf is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Canvas House, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Catlin Street, SE16 Catlin Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Chaucer Drive, SE1 Chaucer Drive is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Cleme, SE16 Cleme is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Clemence Road, SE16 Clemence Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Copper Row, SE1 Copper Row is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Corbetts Lane, SE16 Corbetts Lane is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Corbetts Passage, SE16 Corbetts Passage is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Crimscott Street, SE1 Crimscott Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Dairy Apartments, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Dhonau House Longfield, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Dunton Road, SE1 Dunton Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Edenbridge Close, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Frean Street, SE16 Frean Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Galleywall Road, SE16 Galleywall Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
George Row, SE16 George Row is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Grange Yard, SE1 Grange Yard is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Harmony Place, SE1 Harmony Place is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Hendre Road, SE1 Hendre Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Henley Drive, SE1 Henley Drive is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Henley Drive, SE16 Henley Drive is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Ilderton Road, SE16 Ilderton Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Jamaica Road, SE16 Jamaica Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
John Roll Way, SE16 John Roll Way is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Keats Close, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Kinglake Estate, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Leroy Street, SE1 Leroy Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Limasol Street, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Linsey Street, SE16 Linsey Street is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Lockwood Square, SE16 Lockwood Square is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Longfellow Way, SE1 Longfellow Way is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Lovegrove Street, SE1 Lovegrove Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Lucey Road, SE16 Lucey Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Lynton Road, SE1 Lynton Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Madron Street, SE1 Madron Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Maguire Street, SE1 Maguire Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Maguire, SE1 Maguire is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Malt Street, SE1 Malt Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Mandela Way, SE16 Mandela Way is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Mandela Way, SE1P Mandela Way is a road in the SE1P postcode area
Maria Close, SE16 Maria Close is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Marigold Street, SE16 Marigold Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Marlborough Grove, SE1 Marlborough Grove is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Millpond Estate West Lane, SE16 Millpond Estate West Lane is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Mina Road, SE1 Mina Road is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Monnow Road, SE1 Monnow Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Neckinger, SE16 Neckinger is a road in the SE16 postcode area
New Concordia Wharf, SE1 New Concordia Wharf is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Old Jamaica Road Business Estate, SE16 Old Jamaica Road Business Estate is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Old Jamaica Road, SE16 Old Jamaica Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Olmar Street, SE1 Olmar Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Ossory Road, SE1 Ossory Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Pages Walk, SE1 Pages Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Paradise Street, SE16 Paradise Street is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Parkers Row, SE1 Parkers Row is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Phoenix Wharf Road, SE1 Phoenix Wharf Road is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Providence Square, SE1 Providence Square is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Queen Elizabeth Street, SE1 Queen Elizabeth Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Raven Wharf, SE1 Raven Wharf is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Raymouth Road, SE16 Raymouth Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Reculver Road, SE16 Reculver Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Reverdy Road, SE1 Reverdy Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Riley Road, SE1 Riley Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Rock Grove Way, SE16 Rock Grove Way is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Rolls Road, SE1 Rolls Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Rope Walk, SE1 Rope Walk is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Roseberry Street, SE16 Roseberry Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Rossetti Road, SE16 Rossetti Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Rotherhithe New Road, SE16 Rotherhithe New Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Rotherhithe Tunnel, E1W Rotherhithe Tunnel is a road in the E1W postcode area
Rotherithe New Road, SE16 Rotherithe New Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Rowcross Street, SE1 Rowcross Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Rupack Street, SE16 Rupack Street is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Scotts Sufferance Wharfmill Street, SE1 Scotts Sufferance Wharfmill Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Setchell Road, SE1 Setchell Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Setchell Way, SE1 Setchell Way is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Shad Thames, SE1 Shad Thames is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Sherwood Gardens, SE16 Sherwood Gardens is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Shopping Centre, SE1 Shopping Centre is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Silwood Street, SE16 Silwood Street is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Six Bridges Trading Estate, SE1 Six Bridges Trading Estate is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Sketchley Gardens, SE16 Sketchley Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Southwark Park Road, SE16 Southwark Park Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Spa Road, SE1 Spa Road is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Spa Road, SE16 Spa Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Splendour Walk, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
St Jamess Road, SE1 St Jamess Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
St Jamess Road, SE16 St Jamess Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
St. Saviours Estate, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Stevenson Crescent, SE16 Stevenson Crescent is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Stubbs Drive, SE16 Stubbs Drive is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Sweeney Crescent, SE1 Sweeney Crescent is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Thorburn Square, SE1 Thorburn Square is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Thurland Road, SE16 Thurland Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Vogans Mill, SE1 Vogans Mill is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Wade House, SE16 Wade House is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Wolseley Street, SE1 Wolseley Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Woodmill Close, SW15 Woodmill Close is a road in the SW15 postcode area
Woodmill Street, SE16 A street within the SE1 postcode
Woolstaplers Way, SE16 Woolstaplers Way is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.


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