Category: W1

Fitzrovia

Fitzrovia lies partly in the City of Westminster (in the west), and partly in the London Borough of Camden (in the east); north of Oxford Street and Soho between Bloomsbury and Marylebone. It is characterised by its mixed-use of residential, business, retail, education and healthcare, with no single activity dominating. The historically bohemian area was …

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Harley Street, W1

Harley Street, the centre of private medical practices in London, was named after Thomas Harley who was Lord Mayor of London in 1767. Most of the land belonged to the Portland Estate and its successor, the Howard de Walden Estate and around 1716, a street called Chandos Street was begun. Nearby was a street called …

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Mayfair

Mayfair derives its name from a fair held in May in fields around the site of today’s Shepherd Market. In the 1660s three large mansions, including Burlington House (now the Royal Academy) were erected on the north side of Piccadilly. These were followed by smaller scale high quality, speculative residential development. Early development was slow …

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Regent Street, W1

Regent Street is one of the most important examples of town planning in the country. It was first laid out by John Nash in the early 19th century to create a new processional route from Regent’s Park in the north to Carlton House in the south (the present site of CarIton House Terrace). The route …

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Marylebone

CITATION NOTE: This guide to the streets of Marylebone is largely based on the Survey of London’s chapter dealing with the area of south east Marylebone and published with the permission of the Bartlett School of Architecture at University College London: https://www.ucl.ac.uk/bartlett/architecture/research/survey-london/south-east-marylebone Smaller segments are derived from the various conservation areas classed as under Marylebone by the …

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The Fascination of London – Mayfair, Belgravia, and Bayswater

Mayfair, Belgravia, and Bayswater – The Fascination of London by Geraldine Edith Mitton Mayfair is at the present time the most fashionable part of London, so much so that the name has come to be a synonym for wealth or pride of birth. Yet it was not always so, as he who runs may read, …

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Old Park Lane, W1

Old Park Lane was formerly the southern extention of Park Lane when the latter was a simple country lane on the boundary of Hyde Park, separated from it by a brick wall. Once known as Tyburn Lane, the whole of Park Lane led from Piccadilly to Tyburn (Marble Arch). Before even that it was known …

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Street names of Mayfair

This is a list of the etymology of street names in the London district of Mayfair, in the City of Westminster. It utilises the generally accepted boundaries of Mayfair viz. Marble Arch/Cumberland Gate and Oxford Street to the north, Regent Street to the east, Piccadilly to the south and Park Lane to the west. Achilles …

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1766: Hyde Park

A PLAN of HYDE-PARK with the CITY and LIBERTIES of WESTMINSTER &c. Shewing the several IMPROVEMENTS propos’d by architect John Gwynn (1766). This plan shows renovations in Hyde Park and around Westminster. Two Royal palaces have been planned, in Hyde Park and Green Park. The red lines show an intention to regularise the street plan, replacing …

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