Finchley Way, N3

Road in/near West Finchley

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Road · West Finchley · N3 ·
December
27
2014

Finchley Way is named after the area it inhabits.


Finchley, probably denoting Finch’s clearing, is a late Anglo-Saxon name but was recorded only from the early 13th century. The common along the parish’s eastern side was a remnant of the woodland which once covered most of northern Middlesex and southern Hertfordshire; known as Finchley wood until the 17th century and later notorious for its highwaymen, it still contained more than a quarter of the parish in 1816.

The earliest settlement was probably in the south-west quarter of the parish at Church End, where people were living by the 13th century. East End and Parkgate, mentioned respectively in 1365 and 1375, together formed a scattered hamlet where the later East End Road met the Great North Road at the exit from Hornsey park.

Most building took place around the old centres until transport began to improve with the coming of the railway in 1867, whereupon North End was transformed into the suburb of North Finchley. By 1920 Church End had been joined to both North End and East End by building, although the eastern edge of the parish was largely kept open by the establishment of cemeteries. The southern part was built up mainly after the First World War, forming an extension of Hampstead Garden Suburb and a wealthy area, cut off from the rest of Finchley by the North Circular Road.

West Finchley dated only from the 1930s, when elsewhere in the parish large houses were giving way to smaller ones and flats, and when offices began to be opened in Whetstone.

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VIEW THE WEST FINCHLEY AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE WEST FINCHLEY AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE WEST FINCHLEY AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE WEST FINCHLEY AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE WEST FINCHLEY AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

West Finchley

West Finchley is a station on the High Barnet branch of the Northern Line.

West Finchley benefits from being near to several shopping areas and supermarkets. There is a large entertainment complex on the High Road with an eight screen cinema, bowling alley, lido, bar and restaurants. Sporting facilities include clubs for rugby with a leading junior club, tennis and squash. Finchley and Hendon Golf Clubs lie less than a mile away and there are several play and recreation areas with way-marked walks. Finchley Arts Centre opened in 2004 and caters for performing and visual arts.

In 1867 the Great Northern Railway opened a line to Mill Hill (later Mill Hill East) and Edgware with stations at East Finchley and Finchley (later Finchley Central). A branch from Finchley to High Barnet, with stations at Woodside Park and Whetstone (called Totteridge and Whetstone) opened in 1872.

West Finchley station at Nether Street, south of Woodside Park, was only added in 1933. The railway greatly increased accessibility from London. The railway became part of the London Passenger Transport Board’s Northern line, which was electrified to East Finchley in 1939, to High Barnet in 1940, and to Mill Hill East in 1941.

Intermediate or east-west journeys were less easy. Trams had been suggested in 1880 but it was not until 1898 that the Metropolitan Tramways and Omnibus Co. seriously proposed to introduce them to Finchley and only in 1905 that a route was opened by Metropolitan Electric Tramways (the M.E.T.) between Highgate and Whetstone. It was extended to the Hertfordshire boundary in 1906 and to Barnet in 1907 and was crossed by one from New Southgate to North Finchley and Golders Green from 1909.

A tramway depot opened just off the Great North Road near Tally Ho Corner by 1908 became the focus of the M.E.T.’s system before it was superseded by trolley-buses in 1938.All trolley-buses disappeared between 1959 and 1962. In 1959 and 1964 the deficiencies of London Transport buses were such that Finchley B.C. considered running its own.
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